Article on Natural Calamities in India

In India, natural calamities such as floods, droughts, cyclones and earthquakes have caused widespread damage and disruption. Disaster management emphasises the need for incorporating multi-functional, multi-disciplinary and sectoral approach involving engineering, social and financial processes. Unfortunately, India does not have a good record on the front of disaster management. Natural disasters cannot be prevented from occurring, because they are part of the natural environment in which we live. But what we can do, as far as possible, is to take precautionary measures at different levels of society to minimise the impact of these natural disasters on the people and their properties. Here we are providing you detail of all these aspects in the following four articles of varying words length 300, 500, 600 and 800 words each on Natural Calamities in India; you choose any of them as per your need. Natural Calamities Articles Article on Natural Calamities 1 (300 words) There is an urgent need to focus our attention on natural disasters that are taking place the world over due to damage to the environment. India and other countries are paying the price for environmental imbalance leading to natural disasters, which can be defined as natural phenomena, leading to extensive loss of lives and properties. Growing Awareness There is increasing consciousness across the world about the environment in the wake of natural calamities, but it is not making any difference on the actual ground. Only lip service is being paid to environmental protection. There is a mounting concern on environmental imbalance in India too and its impact on the individual, society and the life of the nation. But the efforts to reduce the environmental imbalance are proving to be inadequate. Human Factors aiding Natural Disasters There are human factors too for environmental imbalances. Prominent among them are a growing population giving rise to more human needs and consumerist tendencies. Both of these have an impact on natural resources and the sustainable capacity of the country is shrinking. Cutting of trees, land mines, misuse of water and atmospheric pollution are serious threats to the environment. All these factors have led to increase in natural disasters. The growing need for water is constantly decreasing level of ground water, the toxic industrial solvents and dirty gutters flowing into the rivers are polluting our water resources. Dirty smoke and greenhouse gases emanating from factories and vehicles lead to the pollution of the atmosphere. This situation might deteriorate in future and the life of creatures on earth will become very painful. Conclusion To avert calamities, sustainable development should be given top priority. Environmental considerations should be at the centre of all development projects....

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Article on Farmers Suicides in India

Farmers committing suicide can be a truly embarrassing situation for any society. The issues compelling the farmers to commit suicide are required to be paid attention immediately, as the farmers toil tirelessly to produce grain for us without which we can’t survive. In recent times the statistics have depicted an alarming rate of the incidents of farmers committing suicide in India which has become a matter of grave concern. If we fail to give timely attention to this growing issue, the situation may get even worse and the nation will have to pay very grave socio-economic costs. The students are required to properly understand the reasons why the farmers are taking such drastic steps like committing suicide. They are also required to delve deeply into this matter of grave concern to reach a solution. Here we are providing articles on the issue of farmers’ suicide while recommending solutions at the same time in 300, 500, 600 and 800 words in simple language. These are equally useful for the students as well as the other people. You can choose any article out of these as per your requirement: Farmers’ Suicides Articles Article on Farmers’ Suicides 1 (300 words) India is an agriculture-based nation; still the situation of the farmers in this country is more worrying than in any other developing nations. Over the past nearly two decades, the trend of the farmers committing suicide in our country has been on the rise. This extremely challenging issue for the first time came under sharp focus when some of farmers engaged in cotton cultivation in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra suddenly committed suicides. This trend which was started initially by the farmers of Maharashtra gradually spread throughout the country. Today the situation has become even worse and in almost every state the government is finding it tough to deal with rising statistics of farmers’ suicide. Liberalisation and globalisation It is due to the liberalisation and globalisation that the import of food grains at cheaper prices has already begun and on the other side, farmers in our country are forced to burn their ready crops right in the fields. The reason why they are doing so is that they are not able to get good price for their crops and sometimes the overall price which they get after selling their harvest falls far lower than the total sum invested by them in farming. Poverty, penury and the amount of the loans taken by them for harvesting coupled with the rising interest on their loan amount eventually push them and their entire family to commit suicide. Diagnosis is important Although the Government has been...

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Article on Female Foeticide

Female foeticide takes place when a foetus is aborted after it is determined to be female. Under this illegal practice, the sex of the unborn child is determined by using the technique of ultrasound and if it happens to be a female foetus, it is aborted through medicine or surgery. It is one of the most rampant social evils in the country. It is rooted in the patriarchal mindset where boys are preferred over girls for various irrational reasons, not only in rural but urban areas too. We have to raise awareness levels against the regressive practice of female foeticide, enforce laws far more stringently and provide much more incentives to the households for the birth of a girl child. We are providing here four articles on female foeticide useful for all people especially for students. All the articles are written in simple English language with different word counts of 300, 500, 600 and 800, respectively. Female Foeticide Articles Article on Female Foeticide 1 (300 words) The patriarchal social structure in India and the society’s preference towards a male child is the major reason behind female foeticide. To carry forward the generation, families in general prefer the birth of sons over daughters. The male child is also required by the Hindu family to perform the last rites of father in the absence of which, it is believed that the father would not attain salvation after death. Menace of dowry In most traditional, conservative families, a girl child is more or less considered a liability or a burden, due to the frequent demands of huge sum in the form of dowry at the time of her marriage. On the other hand, it is seen that the father of the male child bargains very hard to maximise the benefits of marriage for his son. Though the parents have to face similar ordeals in getting their kids educated and settled in their lives, whether they are boys or girls, however, the mindset inclined towards the baby boy refuses to go, giving way to killing of female foetuses. Sex determination tests put to wrong use With the progress of science and technology, it is quite easy to find out the gender of the foetus. Unfortunately, some unscrupulous medical practitioners are also found to be increasingly involved in the illegal trade of carrying out sex-determination tests and later complying with the wishes of the parents for abortion of the foetus, if it is found out to be female. Conclusion: Female foeticide is nothing but the misuse of pre-natal technology which was invented to detect abnormality in unborn child before it could actually take birth....

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Article on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

According to a survey, over 26 million people in India defecate in the open. Around 60 percent of Indians do not have access to safe and private toilets. Such overwhelming majority of those without access to sanitation facilities poses a formidable obstacle in the development of the nation. In this backdrop, Prime Minister Narendra Modi started the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Mission to address the challenges of water, sanitation, and hygiene on October 2, 2014 at Rajghat in New Delhi. This flagship programme of the Union government aims to realise the dream of a Clean India by October 02, 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Here we are providing you some useful articles on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan under various categories according to varying words limits. You can choose any of these as per your need: Swachh Bharat Mission Articles Article on Swachh Bharat Mission 1 (300 words) Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) on October 2, 2014, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The ambitious programme aims to make the streets, roads and infrastructure across the country clean by October 02, 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation. It is India’s biggest ever cleanliness drive. The relevance of the Swachh Bharat Mission Sanitation has emerged as a key issue since the 2011 Census highlighted e glaring data on lack of toilets in the country by stating that over 26 million people in India defecate in the open. Launched with an estimated cost of around Rs 62,009 crore, Swachh Bharat Mission aims to achieve the elimination of open defecation in the country. Among its other objectives are conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, putting an end to the inhuman practice of manual scavenging and carrying out Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM). Involvement of Eminent personalities Launching the mission, Prime Minster had nominated nine famous personalities for the campaign. They joined the campaign and nominated nine more people. Thus, the momentum has been built with people from all walks of life joining it. Eminent personalities such as Aamir Khan, Amitabh Bachchan, Kailash Kher, Priyanka Chopra and leading sportspersons like Sachin Tendulkar, Sania Mirza, Saina Nehwal and Mary Kom are part of the SBM. How far we have come Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala are the three states that have been   declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) this year. As per government data, as of December 16, over 58% of Indian households have become open defecation free. According to the Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Gujarat and Punjab will achieve the ODF status by March 31,...

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Article on Terrorism

Terrorism implies the use of violence to terrorise a population or government for certain political, religious or ideological purpose. The threat of terrorism has become a worldwide concern with several parts of the world reeling under frequent terrorist strikes. With little concern for human lives, terrorists continue to strike with impunity, leaving a trail of death and destruction, wherever they choose to inflict their blows. There have been several terror attacks in India, resulting in grievous loss of lives and properties. Here we are providing you some useful articles on terrorism under various categories according to varying words limits. You can choose any of them as per your need: Terrorism Articles Article on Terrorism 1 (300 words) Terrorism has emerged as a major threat to the unity and integrity of India. The masterminds of terror seek to achieve their objectives by creating an atmosphere of fear with a view to destabilise India. The major regions affected by terrorist activities in India include Jammu and Kashmir, east-central and south-central India (Naxalism) and the Seven Sisters (North-East). Causes behind terror: Unemployment has been one of the major causes due to which terrorist groups lure the young generation easily by providing them hoards of easy money. In return, the youngsters have to spread hatred, and indulge in bloodbath and killings on the street. Poverty stricken young people belonging to poor socio-economic background are the ultimate target of the ISI, as they get easily influenced to do their bidding in return of easy money. A Wide Network: India has already been ranked among the top ten terrorism affected countries in the world. Apart from radical terrorism affected states such as Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Tripura, Assam, Nagaland and Manipur, there are other states which have been victims of Naxalite terrorism, which emanated from Naxalbari village in West Bengal through a movement by the landless against the land owners of that village. This movement soon spread across the country. Currently, there are various terrorist organisations operating in the country in a clandestine manner with their members hard to be recognised. The authorities have established their links with various international terrorism organisations most of which are being operated on a global level to supply arms, ammunition in different countries to destabilise the nation. Conclusion: Poverty and unemployment are among the major reasons fuelling the growth of terrorism in India. If we want to curb terrorism, we are required to address the causes which have given rise to radicalisation of youth in different parts of the country. ———— Article on Terrorism 2 (500 words) Terrorism means the unlawful use of violence (or the threat of violence)...

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Article on Child Labour

Child labour takes place when children are forced to work at an age when they are expected to work, study and enjoy their phase of innocence. It implies lost or deprived childhood that leads to exploitation of children in various forms: mental, physical, social, sexual and so on. The society, voluntary organisations and law-makers have an obligation to put an end to the evil practice of child labour in India. Here we are providing you some useful articles on child labour under various categories according to varying words limits. You can choose any of them as per your need: Child Labour Articles Article on Child Labour 1 (300 words) Not all children in India are lucky to enjoy their childhood. Many of them are forced to work under inhuman conditions where their miseries know no end.  Though there are laws banning child labour, still children continue to be exploited as cheap labour. It is because the authorities are unable to implement the laws meant to protect children from being engaged as labourers. Unfortunately, the actual number of child labourers in India goes un-detected. Children are forced to work is completely unregulated condition without adequate food, proper wages, and rest. They are subjected to physical, sexual and emotional abuse. Causes of Child Labour: Factors such as poverty, lack of social security, the increasing gap between the rich and the poor have adversely affected children more than any other group. We have failed to provide universal education, which results in children dropping out of school and entering the labour force. Loss of jobs of parents in a slowdown, farmers’ suicide, armed conflicts and high costs of healthcare are other factors contributing to child labour. A widespread problem: Due to high poverty and poor schooling opportunities, child labour is quite prevalent in India. Child labour is found in rural as well as urban areas. The 2001 census found an increase in the number of child labourers from 11.28 million in 1991 to 12.59 million. Children comprise 40% of the labour in the precious stone cutting sector. They are also employed in other industries such as mining, zari and embroidery, dhabas, tea stalls and restaurants and in homes as domestic labour. Conclusion: Government authorities and civil society organisations need to work in tandem to free children engaged in labour under abysmal conditions. They need to be rescued from exploitative working conditions and supported with adequate education. Above all, there is a need to mobilize public opinion with an aim to bring about an effective policy initiative to abolish child labour in all its forms. Article on Child Labour 2 (500 words) A large...

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