Vande Mataram is the national song of India written by the Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1882 in novel, Anandamath. Originally it was written two languages, Bengali and Sanskrit.
National song is sung to the Mother Land on any national occasions. This song is very inspiring had help freedom fighters a lot during the Indian independence movement. It is very powerful and still inspires us to always fight for our nation wellness. It was first time sung by the Rabindranath Tagore in 1896 in a political meeting of Indian National Congress.
Two most beautiful stanzas of the original Vande Mataram song have been officially declared as the National Song of India in 1950 after the independence of India.
History of National Song of India
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee is also known by name Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. He was very famous novelist and great poet of India. He had written the Vande Mataram song (on 7th of November in 1875) from which the national song of India has been taken officially. These two words (Vande Mataram) is the most important word of the national song and have become words of great importance for our nation. These two words are very inspiring, motivating and most powerful which was recited by many freedom fighters of India when they were being sentenced by the Britishers.
Motherland is a most important essence of Hindu culture. All the great warriors of the India (Lord Rama, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, etc) had fought dedicatedly for saving the Motherland. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was graduated from Calcutta University. He was a government official when he composed the “Vande Mataram” song. He wrote this song by using words from both language, Sanskrit and Bengali which was first published in his novel Anandamatha (written in Bengali) in 1882. Soon he was asked to give a special tune for his song.
Vande Mataram is very famous quote which has been by the freedom fighters as the national cry for getting freedom from British rule. It has given lots of inspiration to us during the Indian independence movement. It was used to enhance nationalistic fervour and shouted as a slogan during all the independence movement. This song was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore (writer of national anthem) in the Congress meeting at Calcutta in 1896. Later it was sung by the Dakhina Charan Sen in 1901 after five years during another Congress meeting at Calcutta.
In 1905, it was again sung by the great poet, Sarala Devi Chaudurani in the Congress meeting in Benares. A journal was started with same name by the Lala Lajpat Rai and a political movie was made with same name by the Hiralal Sen in 1905. Vande Mataram was written in the centre of the first version flag of India by the Bhikaiji Cama in 1907.
Lyrics of National Song of India
The two stanzas of the original version Vande Mataram has been adopted as the “National Song” of India:
sasya syamalam mataram
sukhadam varadam mataram
Original Lyrics of Vande Mataram
This is the complete and original lyrics of the Vande Mataram from which the National Song of India has been taken:
Sujalam suphalam, malayaja shitalam,
Phullakusumita drumadala shobhinim,
Suhasinim, sumadhura bhashinim,
Sukhadam, varadam, Mataram!
Saptakotikantha kalakala ninada karale
Dvisaptakoti bhujair dhrita-khara karavale
Abala kena ma eta bale
Bahubala dharinim, namami tarinim,
Tumi vidya, tumi dharma,
Tumi hridi, tumi marma,
Tvam hi pranah sharire!
Bahute tumi ma shakti,
Hridaye tumi ma bhakti,
Tomarayipratima gari mandire mandire!
Tvam hi Durga dashapraharana dharini,
Vani, vidyadayini namami tvam,
Namami Kamalam, amalam, atulam,
Sujalam, suphalam, Mataram,
Shyamalam, saralam, susmitam, bhushitam,
Dharanim, bharanim, Mataram!”
Meaning of National Song of India in English
“Mother, I bow to thee!
Rich with thy hurrying streams,
bright with orchard gleams,
Cool with thy winds of delight,
Dark fields waving Mother of might,
Glory of moonlight dreams,
Over thy branches and lordly streams,
Clad in thy blossoming trees,
Mother, giver of ease
Laughing low and sweet!
Mother I kiss thy feet,
Speaker sweet and low!
Mother, to thee I bow.
Who hath said thou art weak in thy lands
When the sword flesh out in the seventy million hands
And seventy million voices roar
Thy dreadful name from shore to shore?
With many strengths who art mighty and stored,
To thee I call Mother and Lord!
Though who savest, arise and save!
To her I cry who ever her foeman drove
Back from plain and Sea
And shook herself free.
Thou art wisdom, thou art law,
Thou art heart, our soul, our breath
Though art love divine, the awe
In our hearts that conquers death.
Thine the strength that nerves the arm,
Thine the beauty, thine the charm.
Every image made divine
In our temples is but thine.
Thou art Durga, Lady and Queen,
With her hands that strike and her
swords of sheen,
Thou art Lakshmi lotus-throned,
And the Muse a hundred-toned,
Pure and perfect without peer,
Mother lend thine ear,
Rich with thy hurrying streams,
Bright with thy orchard gleems,
Dark of hue O candid-fair
In thy soul, with jewelled hair
And thy glorious smile divine,
Lovilest of all earthly lands,
Showering wealth from well-stored hands!
Mother, mother mine!
Mother sweet, I bow to thee,
Mother great and free!”