Author: Anand Srivastava

Essay on Abraham Lincoln

Introduction Abraham Lincoln was a popular political personality and the sixteenth president of the United States. He was a Christian and belonged to the Republican Party of the United States. Life-Story It was 12 February 1809, when Abraham Lincoln had born in Sinking Spring Farm, Kentucky of the U.S. There’s not abundant information available regarding his family background.  He had lost his mother when he was only 9 years old. He completed most of his basic education through self-study. On 4 November 1842, he married Mary Todd Lincoln. Soon, four children were born to them. He serves as a captain in the Illinois Militia when the Black Hawk War was going. In the later years, he served as a post-master and a lawyer too. He was the Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois’s 7th district from 4 March 1847 to 3 March 1849. Later, he became the 16th President of the U.S. on 4 March 1961. While in service, he was assassinated on 15 April 1865. He was cremated at Lincoln Tomb, Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Illinois. Conclusion Abraham Lincoln was a man of determination and peace. His thoughts still fill the young generation with enthusiasm and...

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Essay on Indira Gandhi

Introduction Indira Gandhi was the female prime minister of India. She was a woman who dominated not only Indian politics but the whole world. Biography Indira Gandhi had born on 19 November 1917 in Allahabad. She was the daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India. She studied at Shanti Niketan, founded by Mr. Rabindranath Tagore, and subsequently in Switzerland, England. She took an active part in the freedom struggle and became the President of the Congress Party. She was married to Mr. Feroze Gandhi. She had two sons – Rajiv and Sanjay. Feroze Gandhi died on 8 September 1960. On 24 January 1966, Mrs. Indira Gandhi became the third and first woman Prime Minister of India after the untimely death of Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister of India. After this, she became the Prime Minister of the country for three consecutive times. Indira Gandhi had to face heavy protests and sharp criticisms on several issues such as the Sikh riot in 1984, the 1984 Emergency. On 31 October 1984, she was shot by her bodyguard and she died on the spot. Conclusion Indira Gandhi was an inspiration for Indian women. He awakened the women of the society in which women were considered inferior to...

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Essay on Kalpana Chawla

Introduction Kalpana Chawla was an American astronaut primarily belonging to India. She made India feel proud not only in the United States but the entire world. She has the privilege to be the first Indian woman reaching into space. Early Life She was born in Karnal, Haryana on 17 March 1962. Initially, she dreamt of becoming a successful engineer, but she also wanted to travel space in her life. Her desire to travel space was inspired by JRD Tata, a pioneer Indian pilot and industrialist. Education She graduated in Engineering in 1982 and completed masters in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Texas. Career in NASA She joined NASA in 1995. Her first space mission began on 19 November 1997 with flight STS-87. Kalpana travelled 1.04 million miles in this mission and spent more than 360 hours in space. Marriage Kalpana married to Jean-Pierre Harrison, a flight instructor and aviation writer in 1983. Death She got her second space flight in 2000 through STS-107. The mission finally started on 16 January 2003. There were six other people with her when her flight crashed on 1 January 2003, and they all died. Conclusion Governments of India and other countries posthumously honoured her with several awards and named many monuments such as airports, schools, hospitals, etc after...

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Essay on Rani Lakshmi Bai

Introduction Everyone is well familiarised with the valiant stories of Rani Lakshmi Bai. Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi had made Indians proud. Early Life She was born as Manikarnika on 19 November 1828. Her father’s name was Moropant Tambe and mother’s Bhagirathi Bai. Her father was a general in Bajirao Peshwa’s army. Due to the mischievous and playful nature of Manikarnika, everyone used to call her Manu. Marriage Rani Lakshmi Bai was married to a widower Gangadhar Rao at the age of 22. They adopted a son Damodar Rao to be the next king of the empire, and Gangadhar Rao died in 1853. But the East India Company rejected the adopted son. Struggle After the death of King Gangadhar Rao, Rani Lakshmi Bai was put to suffer to survive by the East India Company. She was sent to live in Queen’s palace on the pension of her husband. Support She got the support of King Mardan Singh, Tatya Tope, and other kings. She tied Damodar Rao tightly on her back and started the battle on 23 March 1858. She fought bravely and later died. Conclusion The life of Rani Lakshmi Bai inspires all of us. She teaches us that struggle never ends until we accept...

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Essay on Aryabhatta

Introduction Aryabhata was a great astronomer and mathematician of ancient India. He is known to use Algebra for the first time. He has given 33 rules of mathematics in his book ‘Aryabhatiya’. A Short Biography According to some sources, Aryabhatta was born in Kusumpur in Saka Samvat 398 (476). While some other sources spot his birthplace in the Ashmak region of Maharashtra. Aryabhatiya, Dasgeetika, Tantra, and Aryabhata Siddhanta are some of his greatest compositions yet. Among these, Aryabhatiya is his greatest work. In it, he has described the concepts of square root, cube root, parallel series, and equations of different types. Aryabhatiya holds a wide range of information about Mathematics and Astronomy. His calculated value of ‘Pie’ was more significant than Archimedes, who was a great mathematician of that era. Aryabhatta had first described that earth rotates on its axis. His field of study in astronomy has been mainly periodic movements of the solar system, eclipses, and constellations. India’s first artificial satellite was named ‘Aryabhata’ after him. Conclusion His theories and concepts in mathematics and astronomy are still a subject to learn and research for the greatest scientists of the present era. Many modern discoveries have already been mention by him in his...

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