Author: Archana

Second World War (1939-45) and its Impact on Indian Independence

Second World War was one of the biggest global wars. It lasted for six years. The world was divided into two major groups the Allies and the Axis. When Germany invaded Poland on 1st September 1939, then the War was started. Britain, US, and other powers were Allied forces and they announced a War against Axis forces Germany, Italy, and Japan. There were many countries that war directly or indirectly affected by the war. India was also affected by the Second World War or World War II. As Britain was the allied forces during World War II, its control over India was slowly loosening the grip. The protests were peak in India against fascist Britain during World War II. Britain was running out of resources and people during the Second World War. Quit India Movement was one of the historic movements against Britishers, when Cripps negotiation was rejected by Congress, the Quit India Movement initiated by many leaders against Britishers. During the Wartime Indian Army was expanded by Armed and naval troops with over 2,50,000 soldiers. The Bengal Famine of 1943 killed millions of people. It was also one of the incessant impacts on India by Japanese and Burma war. Lahore Resolution and India Pakistan Division took place during War as the Mohammad Ali Jinnah got the support of 2 million Muslim followers. After the end of WWII, Great...

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Arrival of Mahatma Gandhi in India

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He was a great freedom fighter and a great supporter of non-violence. His ideologies were unique and people were very fond of him. His theory of non-violence motivated many people; his struggles were made India free from the British Rule. He completed his Graduation from Bhavnagar, Gujarat for further studies he went to England on 4th September 1988. He completed his Law Degree from the Inner Temple College, England. He returned back to India on the call of Wales Bar Association but he didn’t succeed in Mumbai Court. He went to South Africa in 1893 on a proposal made by Dada Ablluah. Gandhi Ji faced racial discrimination over there, he even thrown out from the train. He fought against discrimination in South Africa. Gopal Krishna Gokhale invited M. K. Gandhi to return back India. Gandhi Ji returned back India 1915. He received the title “Kaiser-E Hind” in a welcome party organized for him. Shri Krishna Gokhale asked him to visit India to see the current scenario going on during the British Empire. He sees the miserable and poor people and he decided to raise his voice against Britishers. Champaran Satyagrah, Kheda Satyagrah, Khilafat Movement, Dandi March, Bharat Choro Andolan, Swadesi Movement were many movements that were taken out by him. For his contribution to...

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First World War 1914-18

The First War was one of the worst historic war. It went down in history as one of the saddest events that took millions of life and destruction. The war was started in the year 1914 and ended in 1918. It is also said as the War of Nations or War to End All Wars. It was fought between European countries. The war was fought especially between Germany and Britain. There were a total of 65 million people involved in the war. The war was fought at different locations and different times between 1914 and 1918. There were many reasons behind the First World War. The nationality, militarism, communism, economic conflicts, diplomatic webs, societal mismanagement, were the major reason behind the war. The killing of Austria’s Duke Francis Ferdinand in Bosnia was the reason for conflict. Serbia was accused of killing Duke. The unrest was from a very long period. On 28th July 1914, Austria announced a war against Serbia. There were many countries involved in the war one by one. The Allied Powers- France, Britain, Russia, and the USA fought against Central Powers- Germany, Ottoman Empire, Japan, and Italy. On the 11th of November 1918, the War was...

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First Non Co-operation Movement 1920 to 1922

Non-Cooperation Movement was started on 4th September 1920 by Mahatma Gandhi for getting full independence from the British Empire. The Indian National Congress withdrawal the support for the British Government after the Rowlatt Act of 21 March 1919 and the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre of 13th April 1919. People were really fed by the oppressive rule of the British Empire. They want to take some harsh political actions against the cruel Britishers. Gandhi and other leaders of Congress raise their voices against a complete boycott of British Rule. They stated that Tall organizations running under the East India Company should be completely banned. The schools, colleges, Government Institutes, Foreign Manufacturing units, Foreign goods, and other foreign things that are slowly obstructing India for its own governance. The word Swadeshi was coined during this period of protest. For shaking the roots of the British Government, there were many movements and protests that were taken. The actual idea of Non-Cooperation was discussed in the Nagpur Session. The British government was totally shocked by the millions of revolters. On the 5th of February, 1922 Chauri Chaura event took place, Mahatma Gandhi said that the revolt was taking a violent shape, he asked people to call off the Movement and he...

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Sovereignty and Partition of India 1947

India and Pakistan were parted in 1947. Some people were not in favor of partition. Due to the divide and rule policy of the British Government, revolt of Muslim League and relaxation of Congress and their behavior lead to the partition of India. The story of Independence of India and Partition of India was filled with the deep grief and Hindu-Muslim Riots. Many nationalists said d that the partition is due to a communal dispute and religious conflict and it should be in such a way that it would not hurt the sentiments of people. India and Pakistan came into existence from the midnight on 15 August 1947. A total of 12 Million people lost their residents and property during the partition of India and Pakistan. The violence and riots were all over the country. The migrants from Pakistan occupied area and India were faced most unpleasant times, some lost their family, their lives, houses were burnt, only bloodbath and revenge were seen among people. During the partition of India and Pakistan, the riots were broke out in Hyderabad, Bengal, Sindh, J & K, and Punjab. Hindus and Sikhs were threatened and forced to leave Pakistan immediately. Their property and homes were seized. Similarly, both community faced hatred and violence during the...

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