Dr. Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Diwas is observed every December 6th as the death anniversary of Bharat Ratna Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar. Babasaheb throughout his life progressively worked for the rights of the untouchables and other marginalized sections of the society. He was instrumental in fighting for the social recognition, electoral rights of the untouchables. Babasaheb was also the main brain behind the drafting of the Constitution of India. After his death on 6th December 1952, he was cremated at Chaitanya Bhoomi in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Speech on Dr. Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Diwas

Speech 1

Good morning everyone! Hope to find you all in good spirit! I am ———- from class ———-.

Today we have gathered here to remember one of the greatest sons the motherland has ever produced. You guessed it right; the man is no other than Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar or our beloved Babasaheb, as he is fondly called throughout India.

Friends, the contribution of Babasaheb in the formation of the nation post-independence and also for the rights of untouchables and marginalized sections of India, is immense and of course unforgettable.

His whole life had been an inspiration for others and his legacy will continue to inspire generations after generations for centuries to come. A man with such extraordinary talents is born only once in a thousand years. Let us have a quick look at his life and achievements.

I really feel honored to have been given the opportunity to speak about the man in Indian history I personally admire the most.

Born in a poor Mahar Dalit family of Maharashtra, Babasaheb, himself faced caste discrimination from his early childhood. At school, he wasn’t even allowed to drink from the same container as that of the upper castes. A bitter experience enough to make one angry and filled with vengeance. But, he was Babasaheb and destined to create history. The adversities and discriminations he faced, only molded his character and made him more determined to fight, all in a better way.

As the coming events cast their shadow long before, Babasaheb also showed extraordinary talents during his college years. He was the only untouchable enrolled in the prestigious Elphinstone High School in Mumbai.  Just at the age of 22, he obtained a scholarship to study post-graduation at Columbian University in New York City.

His first attempt towards the uplift of the untouchables was in 1924 when he formed “Bahiskrit Hitakarini Sabha”. After that there was no looking back for him and years after years, his efforts transformed him into a cult figure for the Indian untouchables.

Ambedkar organized a mass conversion to Buddhism for himself and his supporters at Nagpur. It was on 14th October 1956, at Deekshabhoomi, Nagpur, where Ambedkar converted to Buddhism with around half a million of his supporters. After Nagpur, he successfully converted another three lakh to Buddhism at Chandrapur in Maharashtra.

Babasaheb was a social reformer as well as a political figure. He was also instrumental in drafting the constitution of India after India gained independence on 15th August 1947. He was the chairman of the Constitution drafting committee. He thoroughly studied the constitution of sixty countries, transforming himself into a constitutional expert. Due to his efforts in drafting the constitution, he is remembered as the father of the Indian Constitution.

 

Sri T.T. Krishnamachari, a member of the Constitution Drafting Committee, had stated that the burden of drafting the constitution was solely on Dr. Ambedkar and thankfully he achieved the task with almost impeccable accuracy.

While drafting the constitution, Babasaheb took care to provide a wide range of civil liberties to all the citizens of India irrespective of their caste, creed or religion. Even though he faced discrimination for being a Dalit, never ever he was biased against the upper caste while drafting the constitution.

Babasaheb introduced a temporary system of reservation in services, schools, and colleges for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, for their uplift.

The father of the Constitution and the God of millions of poor and suppressed Indians left for heavenly adobe on 6th December 1952 at his residence in Delhi. His cremation was organized at Chowpatty beach, Mumbai, attended by half a million grieving followers. As you all know that the day is still observed as Dr. Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Diwas, or the day when Babasaheb gained Nirvana.

It is an occasion for us to look back on his life, achievements, and teachings so that we could understand the true spirit of our nation. We must remind ourselves and others of his immense contribution to the society and the nation as well.

It is my request to you all to celebrate Mahaparinirvan Diwas to the fullest and pay homage to the father of our constitution and the man who transformed the lives of millions by fighting for their civil rights.

Jai Bharat! Jai Bheem!


 

Speech 2

Good Morning everyone! My name is ——– from the department of ————-. Today is a very special day when we remember one of the most popular sons of mother India in ages. Yes! It is none other than our own Babasaheb or Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar.

Ladies and gentlemen, Babasaheb was a jewel; his life was and is still an inspiration – from humble family background to becoming one of India’s greatest leaders and social reformers.

 

There are some lesser-known facts about Dr. Ambedkar that most of us don’t know and I would like to present them here. Few of us know that Ambedkar was the first Indian to pursue a doctorate of an economics degree in a foreign university. Not only that, but he was also the first person in the whole south Asia to hold a double doctorate in economics.

Babasaheb was also instrumental in the establishment of the Reserve Bank of India. He was an economist par excellence and had stated that “nothing will stabilize the Rupee unless we stabilize its general purchasing power.

Ambedkar also served as the member for labor in the viceroy’s council from 1942 to 1946. He brought several labor reforms and also reduced the number of working hours from 12 hours to 8 hours.

Ambedkar wrote a book on his life experiences and named it “Waiting for a Visa”, describing his experiences on untouchability. The 20-page book is used as a textbook in the Columbian University.

Similarly, like this, there are many other examples suggesting Babasaheb’s vision and foresightedness. He was the first to suggest the partition of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh in his book “Thoughts on the Linguistic States”.

The efforts of Ambedkar played a vital role in the development of the water and electricity policy of India. He was the mind behind some of the significant river projects in India like the Damodar Valley Project, the Bhakra Nangal Dam Project, the Son River valley project and the Hirakud Dam Project.

It was Ambedkar who established the Central Water Commission and Central Technical Power Board to look into the matters of irrigation and electricity respectively.

Apart from all these contributions Dr. Ambedkar also was instrumental in fighting for the rights of untouchables in India. He also framed a constitution that is unbiased and marked the foundation of a progressive and united India.

Sadly, the father of the Indian Constitution, left for heavenly abode on 6th December 1956, leaving millions mourning the loss. At his cremation around half a million supporters from different parts of the county were present.

Still every year thousands gather at Chaitanya Bhoomi on Dr. Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Divas to pay their due respect to Babasaheb and retrospect on his life and achievements.

From this stage, I would like to request you all to celebrate the day sincerely with respect and love for Babasaheb. As long as you remember him, you will also remember the fundamental changes that he brought to the nation and society. Thank You!