Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, a cleanliness drive, was launched aiming to cover 4,041 statutory cities and towns all through the country in order to keep India clean by cleaning the streets, roads, hospitals, ghats, temples, all crowded public places  and other infrastructures. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a cleanliness campaign run by the government of India and initiated by the Honourable Prime Minister, Narendra Modi in 2014. It is a most important topic which our kids and students must know about and be aware of this mission in detail.

Long and Short Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan with Headings in English

It is a general and most important topic which students are generally given in their schools to write essay, paragraph or narrate speech on Swachh Bharat or Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. So, in order to help them, we have provided below some simply written essays on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan for your kids/students to get participated in the essay writing competitions or group discussions or speech narration.

You can select any Swachh Bharat Abhiyan essay given below:

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 1 (100 words)

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is also called as the Clean India Mission or Clean India Drive or Swachh Bharat Campaign. It is a biggest national level campaign run by the Indian Government to cover all the backward statutory towns to keep them clean.

This campaign involves the construction of latrines, promoting sanitation programmes in the rural areas, cleaning streets, roads, crowded public places and changing the infrastructure of the country to lead the country ahead. This campaign was officially launched by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi on 145th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi on 2nd of October in 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 2 (150 words)

‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ or ‘Clean India Mission’ is an initiative led by the Government of India on 2nd of October in 2014 to make our country a clean country. It was 145th birth anniversary of Indian Freedom Fighter Mahatma Gandhi when this campaign was officially launched by the Government of India. It was launched at the Rajghat, New Delhi which is the cremation ground of Mahatma Gandhi.

This campaign was launched to make India a clean country by 2nd of October 2019 that was 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. And, yes, it has proved itself a successful campaign. Now, the aim is to keep India always clean. It is a politics free campaign inspired by the patriotism and nationalism. And it is a best award to Indian citizens by the government and citizens itself.

It is launched as a responsibility of each and every citizen living in the country to make India a Swachh country. This campaign has motivated people globally towards cleanliness. Teachers, students, political people, and other social groups including common people join this ‘Clean India Campaign’ time to time very actively with commitment. Under this campaign, another cleanliness initiative was started by the UP CM, Yogi Adityanath in March 2017. He has banned chewing paan, gutka and other tobacco products in the government offices all over UP.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 3 (200 words)


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a nationwide cleanliness campaign that was launched by the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. It was implemented to fulfil the vision and mission of clean India by 2019.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan – An Inspired by, Dedicated to and Successful Cleanliness Campaign

It was launched especially on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi as he always dreamed of Clean India and was very keen to make this country a clean country. He had tried for clean India during his time by motivating people through his campaigns and slogans however it was partially successful because of the limited involvement of Indian citizens.

But after so many years, Swachh Bharat Mission was again started by the Government of India to make the Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of clean India come true till his 150th birth anniversary in 2019. It was started in 2014 on 2nd of October at 145th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. It was a big challenge for all the citizens of India. And it was only possible if each and every person living in India understand – this campaign, their own responsibility and take part actively together to make it, a successful mission.


In the starting, the mission was promoted by many famous Indian personalities to spread this mission as an awareness programme throughout the country. And, yes of course, it is a successful campaign by date. And we can say: this campaign is inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s dream, dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi and proved to be a Successful Cleanliness Campaign.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 4 (250 words)


Swachh Bharat Mission or Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a campaign run by the Government of India as a huge mass movement to initiate the theme of cleanliness all through the country. It was launched in seeking the way to create a ‘Clean India’ target by 2nd of October 2019 that was the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Importance of this Cleanliness Initiative

The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi had always dreamed of cleanliness to make India a clean country and always put his hard efforts towards the cleanliness in India. This is the reason, why Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on 2nd of October 2014 means the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. To complete the vision of the father of the nation, Indian government had decided to launch this campaign in 2014 and make it successful by 2019. Also, in March 2017, UP CM Yogi Adityanath has also banned chewing of paan and gutka to ensure the cleanliness in UP government offices.

Aim of the Mission

The aim of the mission is to cover all the rural and urban areas in order to present this country as an Ideal Clean Country in front of the world. The mission had targeted aims like eliminating the open defecation, converting insanitary toilets into pour flush toilets, eradicating manual scavenging, complete disposal and reuse of solid and liquid wastes.


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aims at bringing behavioural changes in people and to motivate health practices, spreading cleanliness awareness among people and strengthening the cleanliness systems in all the areas of country. It helps in creating user friendly environment for all private sectors interested for investing in India for cleanliness maintenance. This mission had targeted an interesting theme of inviting nine new people by each person involved in the campaign and continuing this chain until each and every citizen of India gets involved in this campaign.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 5 (300 words)


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a nationwide cleanliness campaign run by the Government of India. It was initiated by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi on 2nd of October 2014 at 145th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi. It was launched to fulfil the aim of cleanliness all over India.

What is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

The campaign of Swachh Bharat is a biggest ever cleanliness drive of India. During the launch of this abhiyan around 3 million government employees including students from schools and colleges participated in the campaign.

On the day of launch, Prime Minister has nominated the names of nine famous personalities of India to initiate the campaign in their own areas at their decided dates so that cleanliness can be promoted among common public. He also requested all nine personalities to invite other nine people from their end to individually participate in this event as well as to continue this chain of inviting nine people until the message reach to each and every Indian citizen.

How it is Observed

People across the nation clean their locality and pledge to keep their surroundings clean and green. Prime Minister requested that every Indian should take this campaign as a challenge and try his/her best to make it a successful campaign ever. The chain of nine people is like a branching of the tree. He requested common people to involve in this event and upload the videos or images of cleanliness over the internet via various social media websites like Facebook, Twitter etc. So that others can also get motivated to do the same in their own area. In this way India can be a clean country.

In the continuation of this mission, UP CM Yogi Adityanath has banned chewing paan, gutka and other tobacco products all over UP in March 2017 to ensure cleanliness in the government official buildings.


This mission is leaving no stones unturned in providing as well as improving cleanliness and sanitation facilities in the country. The effect of the mission has already started showing its result in almost all the corners of the country with the active involvement of people from all walks of life. If the same pace continues in future, our country will look clean and green always.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 6 (400 words)


The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi had once said that, “Sanitation is more important than Independence” during his time before the independence of India. He was well aware of the bad and unclean situation of India. He had emphasized a lot to the people of India about cleanliness and sanitation as well as its implementation in the daily lives. However, it was not so effective and remained unsuccessful because of the incomplete participation of people.

Launch of Swachh Bharat Campaign

The Former President of India, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee has said in June 2014 while addressing the Parliament that, “For ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation a Swachh Bharat Mission will be launched. He said it will be our tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary that is to be celebrated in 2019”. In order to fulfil the vision of Mahatma Gandhi and make India an ideal country in the world, the Prime Minister of India had initiated a campaign called Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi (2nd of October 2014). This campaign had targeted the completion of mission till 2019 i.e. 150th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi.

Importance of Swachh Bharat Campaign

Through this campaign, the Government of India has solved the sanitation problems by enhancing the waste management techniques. Clean India movement is completely associated with the economic strength of the country.

The basic goals behind launching the Swachh Bharat Mission were to make the country full of sanitation facilities as well as eliminate all the unhealthy practices of people in daily routines.

Benefits of Swachh Bharat Campaign

This mission would indirectly draw the attention of business investors in India, enhance the GDP growth, draw tourist’s attention from all over the world, bring variety of sources of employment, reduce health costs, reduce death rate, and reduce lethal disease rate and many more. Clean India would bring more tourists and enhance its economical condition. The Prime Minister of India had requested every Indian to devote their 100 hours per year for the cleanliness in India which was very sufficient to make this country a clean country by 2019. Swachh Bharat cess was also started to get some fund for this campaign. Everyone has to pay extra 0.5% tax (50 paise per 100 rupee) on all the services in India.


To make India shine in the world, we required the most is active participation of each and every individual irrespective of caste, creed or religion. It is also required spreading the awareness of Swachh Bharat Mission then only the dream of Mahatma Gandhi could be achieved in real sense.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 7 (500 words)


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a Clean India drive and Mission launched as a national campaign by the Indian Government in order to cover 4041 statutory towns aiming to maintain cleanliness of streets, roads and infrastructure of the country.

Who Launched this Initiative?

Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi had officially launched this mission on 2nd October 2014, Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary at Rajghat, New Delhi (cremation ground of Bapu). While launching the event PM himself had cleaned the road. It is the biggest cleanliness drive ever in India where approximately 3 million government employees including students from schools and colleges took part in the cleanliness activities.

On the day of its launch, PM nominated nine people to participate in it in their own areas. PM also requested all those nine nominees to call another nine people to participate in this event. The aim is to continue the chain of nominating nine people by each and every participated candidate of the mission until the message reaches every Indian in every corner of the country to make it a national mission.

Objectives of Swachh Bharat Mission

The mission aimed to connect each and every individual from all walks of life by making the structure of branching of a tree. The major objectives of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was to construct individual sanitary latrines for household purposes especially for the people living below poverty line, removing the trend of open defecation, changing insanitary toilets into pour flush toilets, removal of manual scavenging, proper disposal of solid and liquid wastes, bring behavioural changes among people, enhance awareness about sanitation, and facilitating the participation of private sectors towards cleanliness facilities.

People Nominated for the Swachh Bharat Campaign

First nine nominated people by the PM were Salman Khan, Anil Ambani, Kamal Hassan, Comedian Kapil Sharma, Priyanka Chopra, Baba Ramdev, Sachin Tendulkar, Shashi Tharoor and team of ‘Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashmah’ (a most famous TV series). Indian film actor Aamir Khan was invited on the launch of the mission. There were various brand ambassadors who were chosen by the PM to initiate and promote the campaign in various fields.

He also nominated some other dignitaries like Akhilesh Yadav, Swami Rambhadracharya, Mohammad Kaif, Manoj Tiwari, Deviprasad Dwivedi, Manu Sharma, Kailash Kher, Raju Srivastava, Suresh Raina etc on 8th November 2014 and Sourav Ganguly, Kiran Bedi, Padmanabha Acharya, Sonal Mansingh, Ramoji Rao etc on 25th December 2014.

Effects of Swachh Bharat Mission

There were many positive results of the campaign. Programmes like Swachh Bharat Run, Swachh Bharat apps, Real-time monitoring system, Swachh Bharat short film, Swachh Bharat Nepal – Swasth Bharat Nepal Abhiyan were initiated and implemented to actively support the purpose of the mission.

To ensure cleanliness in the official buildings of UP, chewing of paan, gutka and other tobacco products were completely banned by the UP CM. In order to continue and make this campaign successful, Finance Ministry of India has started a programme named Swachh Bharat cess to raise fund for this campaign.


This Mission should not only be the responsibility of government or ministries, it is the unison responsibility of every citizen of the country. Let us pledge together continuing this mission to keep our surroundings and environment clean and green to make India shine in the world.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 8 (1400 words – Long Essay)


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was started by the Indian government to make Mahatma Gandhi’s dream “Sanitation is more important than Independence” come true. He was well aware of the poor and dirty condition of the country that’s why he made various efforts to complete his dream however could not be successful.

As he dreamt of clean India one day, he said that both cleanliness and sanitation are integral parts of healthy and peaceful living. Unfortunately, India is still lagging behind in cleanliness and sanitation even after 77 years of independence. According to the statistics, it was noted that very less percentage of total population had access to the toilets. It is a programme run by the government to seriously work to fulfil the vision of Father of Nation (Bapu) by calling people from all walks of life to make it a successful campaign globally.

This mission had to be completed by 150th birth anniversary of Bapu (i.e. 2nd October 2019) in next five years (from the launch date). It was urged by the government to the people to spend at least 100 hours in a year towards cleanliness in their surrounding areas or other places of India to make it a successful campaign. There are various implementation policies and mechanisms for the programme including three important phases such as planning phase, implementation phase and sustainability phase.

What is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a national cleanliness campaign established by the Government of India. It was aimed covering 4041 statutory towns in order to clean roads, streets, and infrastructure of the India to create a Clean India by 2019. It is a step ahead to the Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of swachh Bharat for healthy and prosperous life.

This mission was launched on 2nd October 2014 (145th birth anniversary of Bapu) by targeting its completeness in 2019 on 150th birth anniversary of Bapu. The mission was implemented to cover all the rural and urban areas of India under the Ministry of Urban Development and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation accordingly.

The first cleanliness drive held on 25th September 2014 was started by Indian PM, Narendra Modi earlier to its launch. This mission had targeted to solve the sanitation problems as well as better waste management all over India by creating sanitation facilities to all.

Need of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Swachh Bharat mission is very necessary to run continuously in India until it gets it’s all the goals. It is very essential for the people in India to really get the feeling of physical, mental, social and intellectual well being. It is to advance the living status in India in real means which can be started by bringing all over cleanliness. Below I have mentioned some points proving the urgent need of ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ in India:

  • It is really very essential to eliminate the open defecation in India as well as making toilets facility available to everyone.
  • It is needed in India to convert the insanitary toilets into flushing toilets.
  • It is necessary in order to eradicate the manual scavenging system.
  • It is to implement the proper waste management through the scientific processes, hygienic disposal, reuse, and recycling of the municipal solid wastes.
  • It is to bring behavioural changes among Indian people regarding maintenance of personal hygiene and practice of healthy sanitation methods.
  • It is to create global awareness among common masses living in rural areas and link it to the public health.
  • It is to support working bodies to design, execute and operate the waste disposal systems locally.
  • It is to bring private-sector participation to develop sanitary facilities throughout India.
  • It is to make India a clean and green India.
  • It is necessary to improve the quality of life of people in rural areas.
  • It is to bring sustainable sanitation practices by motivating communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions through the awareness programmes like health education.
  • It is to bring the dream of Bapu to come true.

Swachh Bharat Mission in Urban Areas

The Swachh Bharat Mission of urban areas aimed to cover almost 1.04 crore households in order to provide them 2.6 lakhs of public toilets, 2.5 lakhs of community toilets together with the solid wastes management in every town. Community toilets were planned to be built in the residential areas where availability of individual household toilets is difficult and public toilets at designated locations including bus stations, tourist places, railway stations, markets, etc.

Cleanliness programme in the urban areas (around 4,401 towns) was planned to be completed over five years till 2019. The cost of programmes was set, like Rs. 7,366 crore on solid waste management, Rs. 1,828 crore on public awareness, Rs. 655 crore on community toilets, Rs. 4,165 crore on individual household toilets etc.

Programmes which were targeted to be completed are complete removal of open defecation, converting unsanitary toilets into flush toilets, eradicating manual scavenging, bring behavioral changes among public, and solid waste management.

Gramin Swachh Bharat Mission

Gramin Swachh Bharat Mission is a mission implementing cleanliness programmes in the rural areas. Earlier the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (also called Total Sanitation campaign, TSC) was established by the Government of India in 1999 to make rural areas clean however now it has been restructured into the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin).

This campaign was aimed to make rural areas free from open defecation till 2019 for which the estimated cost was one lakh thirty four thousand crore rupees for constructing approximately 11 crore 11 lakh toilets in the country. It planned converting waste into bio-fertilizer and useful energy forms. This mission involved the participation of gram panchayat, panchayat samiti and Zila Parishad. Following are the objectives of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin):

  • To improve quality of life of people living in the rural areas.
  • Motivate people to maintain sanitation in rural areas to complete the vision of Swachh Bharat by 2019.
  • To motivate local working bodies (such as communities, Panchayati Raj Institutions, etc) to make available the required sustainable sanitation facilities.
  • Develop advance environmental sanitation systems manageable by the community especially to focus on solid and liquid waste management in the rural areas.
  • To promote ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation in the rural areas.

Swachh Bharat – Swachh Vidyalaya Campaign

The Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya campaign run by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development had aimed for cleanliness in the schools. A major programme was organized under it from 25th of September 2014 to 31st of October 2014 in the Kendriya Vidyalayas and Navodaya Vidyalya Sangathans.

Lots of cleanliness activities were held such as discussions over various cleanliness aspects in the school assembly by the students, teachings of Mahatma Gandhi related to cleanliness, cleanliness and hygiene topics, cleaning activities (in the class rooms, libraries, laboratories, kitchen sheds stores, playgrounds, gardens, toilets, pantry areas, etc).

The cleaning of statue in the school area, speech over the contribution of great people, essay writing competitions, debates, art, painting, film, shows, role plays related to hygiene including other many activities on cleanliness and hygiene were also conducted. It was also planned to hold a half an hour cleaning campaign in the schools twice a week involving the cleanliness activities by the teachers, students, parents and community members.

Swachh Bharat Cess

Swachh Bharat cess is an improvement in the service tax by 0.5% on all the services in India. It was started by the Finance Ministry to collect some fund from each and every Indian citizen for the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in order to make it a huge success. Everyone has to pay extra 50 paise for each 100 rupees spent as service tax for this cleanliness campaign.

Another Cleanliness Initiative in Uttar Pradesh

Yogi Adityanath (Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh), in March 2017, has banned chewing of paan, paan masala, gutka and other tobacco products (especially in the duty hours) in the government offices to ensure cleanliness. He started this initiative after his first visit to the secretariat annex building when he saw betel-juice stained walls and corners in that building.


We can say Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, is a nice welcome step to keep India clean and green. As we all heard about the most famous proverb that “Cleanliness is Next to Godliness”, we can surely say that Clean India Campaign (Swachh Bharat Abhiyan) will really bring godliness all over the country in few years if it is followed by the people of India in an effective manner.

So, the cleanliness activities to warm welcome the godliness have been started but it should not need to be ended if we really want godliness in our lives forever.

Naveen Tyagi

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Naveen Tyagi