The term Green Revolution is used to express the introduction of new farming techniques like high yielding seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, use of farm equipments like tractors, farm tools and other machineries. Green Revolution has increased the production of crops and has also improved its quality. Introduced to the world in 1950s by Norman Borlaug and the Ford Foundation, it has proved extremely helpful for developing nations like India, Africa and Brazil etc.
Short and Long Essay on Green Revolution in English
We have provided below short and long essay on Green Revolution for your information and knowledge. The essays have been written in simple yet effective English language so that you can easily memorize all the vital information and also present the same when required. After going through these essays, you will know what green revolution means, who is the father of green revolution in world, who is considered the father of green revolution in India, effects of Green Revolution, and advantages and disadvantages of green revolution etc. The essays will be helpful in your school/college assignments and competitions like speech giving, essay writing or debate.
Green Revolution Essay 1 (200 Words)
Green Revolution began in the world sometime into 1950s and reached India in early 1960s; though, its prominent effects were only visible by the late 1960s.
The Government of India under the Prime Minister Sri Lal Bahadur Shastri invited a bunch of experts sponsored by the Ford foundation to study India’s agriculture scenario and suggest methods for its improvement. In 1959 the team submitted the report titled “India’s Food Crisis and the Steps to meet it”.
The report suggested modernization of agriculture sector with introduction of new farm techniques, farming equipments, fertilizers, credit system and pesticides etc.
Based on the suggestion provided in the report, the Government of India introduced Intensive Area Development Program (IADP) in 1960, only in seven selected districts of India. They were West Godavari in Andhra Pradesh; Raipur in Chhattisgarh; Shahabad in Bihar; Aligarh in Uttar Pradesh; Pali in Rajasthan and Thanjavaur in Tamil Nadu.
In these places high yielding varieties of rice and wheat were introduced with fertilizers and pesticides. The results were extremely overwhelming causing an increase in not only the crop yield but also its quality as well.
This new strategy was put into widespread use in India during the Kharif season of 1966. It was named as the High Yielding Varieties Program (HYVP).
Green Revolution Essay 2 (300 Words)
Green Revolution is a term used to express the transfer of technology, in the agriculture field that took place in late 1960s. It opened new horizons of scientific methods into agriculture, resulting in better and more reliable crop yield. Green Revolution mainly helped the developing nations meet their food requirements and strengthen the condition of farmers.
Green Revolution in India
Green Revolution in India refers to the adoption of new farm techniques such as the use of high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, irrigation facilities, tractors, fertilizers, pesticides etc.
An Indian Geneticist and administrator M.S. Swaminathan a.k.a Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan is considered as the father of Green Revolution in India.
It was under his guidance and supervision that High Yielding Varieties of rice and wheat started being cultivated in India. The vision of M.S. Swaminathan was to get the world rid of hunger and poverty.
Swaminathan actually termed it as “Evergreen Revolution” and advocated sustainable development, sustainable agriculture, food security and elimination of hunger and poverty.
The Green Revolution in India commenced sometime in 1958 and tremendously benefited the farmers of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, by introducing high yielding varieties of wheat and rice.
Other practices of Green Revolution in India includes infrastructure of irrigation, use of pesticides, fertilizers, insecticides, herbicides etc. It also opened way for Indian land reforms and improvement of rural infrastructure.
Green Revolution in India was extremely helpful to the farming community apart from improving the condition of farmers and boosting the economy of the nation. Industrial development, better village infrastructure, employment generation, food security, improved financial condition of farmers, more and better crop yield are only few of the many advantages of Green Revolution.
Green Revolution Essay 3 (400 Words)
Green Revolution refers to a phenomenal change in the method of agriculture production that happened in the late 1960s. It was basically a technology sharing initiative which involved use of High Yielding Varieties (HYV) of Cereals, chemical fertilizers, water supply methods and mechanical equipments. Green Revolution was highly beneficial for the developing countries and resulted in better yield, better quality of produces among other advantages.
Effects of Green Revolution
1) Increase in Production
The methods adopted in the Green Revolution resulted in extremely favorable conditions for the crop to grow. Use of chemic fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals ensure that the crop faces less threat from pests and grows continuously without any hindrance.
2) Food Security
More crop yield and more resilience of crops towards changes in climate, pests and other threats have resulted in food security in the countries where Green Revolution is being practiced. Greater crop yield means less people sleep hungry and the nutritional demand of everyone is met.
3) Scientific Practices
The most important effect of Green Revolution is the practice of scientific methods rather than traditional methods in agriculture. Farmers are now using High Yield Variety (HYV) of seeds instead of traditional farm seeds. Also, traditional fertilizers are replaced by chemical fertilizers, boosting the yield.
4) Industrial Development
Green Revolution has led to industrial development, generating more employment and boosting economy. Industries producing fertilizers, pesticides, agricultural machinery, insecticides are set up in the country where green revolution is being practiced.
5) Confident Farmers
Today the farmers have become more confident than before as their yield has become more and more independent of external factors; thanks to the global warming. Farmer of today knows that he will be able to produce good quality of crops by adopting new techniques and also that the produces are safe from pests and insects. This has caused a phenomenal change in the confidence of farmers and has also let them think out of the box.
Green Revolution is a big name in the agriculture industry and has helped the developing countries a lot to meet their food requirements and also boost their economical statistics. Apart from resulting in more and better crop yield, the green revolution has also resulted in improving the social and economical condition of the farmers. Farmer, who is a part of Green Revolution, is more confident of his yield and its quality as well as of his own financial condition.
Green Revolution Essay 4 (500 Words)
The term “Green Revolution” is used to describe a global technology transfer initiative also termed as Transfer of Technology (TOT) that took place in 1960s in the field of agriculture. It immensely benefitted the developing countries during that time like Mexico, Brazil, Africa and India. Green Revolution paved way for the adoption of new technology in agriculture, leading to its industrialization.
Advantages of Green Revolution
Sharing of technology in the field of agriculture had many advantages including high yield per area, better quality of crops, and controlled water supply for irrigation among others. Some of the advantages of Green Revolution are stated below.
1) More Crop Yield per Area
Adaptation of new farming technologies and chemical fertilizers, tractors, pesticides etc have resulted in more crop yield over a particular area. Today, the world over, 20% more crops are being produced than what is required by the world’s population. This has been made possible only due to the changes brought by the Green Revolution.
2) Consistent Yield
Green Revolution has caused the yield to be consistent making it more resilient towards seasonal changes. Before the green revolution crops would depend highly on seasonal conditions and even a minor shift in rain or other conditions would considerably reduce the yield. But, thanks to the green revolution, due to the adoption of new farming techniques and support system, yield today is less dependent on climatic conditions.
3) Poverty Reduction
Green Revolution reduces the poverty levels in the country where it is practiced. Adoption of new farming techniques continuously generates new employment opportunities in agriculture and related sectors. Also the increase in the crop yield helps in tackling the hunger situation domestically.
Disadvantages of Green Revolution
Despite having numerous advantages, Green Revolution also has its own disadvantages as discussed below.
1) Harmful to Biodiversity
Green Revolution has opened up way for the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Though, they are beneficial for the crops, they are not good for the biodiversity of the region. The chemicals got washed into the natural water resources such as ground water, streams, lakes etc and pose a threat to the existence of flora and fauna. Some of the highly susceptible species of fish and animals have known to be declined because of the use of chemical fertilizers.
2) Health Hazards
Green Revolution poses a health hazard to humans due to exposure to harmful chemical fertilizers and pesticides. A direct exposure to chemicals used in farming, added by a lack of safe farming practices could lead to some of the most deadly diseases like cancer. Reportedly, over 20,000 people are killed globally because of over exposure to chemicals and also for not wearing masks.
Green Revolution brought a significant change in the world agriculture industry. It helped the developing countries a lot by improving their yield and the quality of it. Still, there is a need to regularly improve Green Revolution if we have to cope with the changing times