Peace and Harmony is the basic requirement of any nation. The citizens of a country feel safe and secure and can prosper only if a peaceful environment is maintained. While the people of India largely enjoy a peaceful environment, however, the peace and harmony of the country is disrupted many a times owing to various factors.
India enjoys unity in diversity. People belonging to different religions, castes and creeds live together in the country. The Constitution of India gives its citizens the freedom of equality and various laws are in force to ensure peace and harmony in the country. However, there have been several instances when peace has been disrupted in the country owing to different reasons. Here are essays of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exam.
Long and Short Essay on Peace and Harmony in English
Peace and Harmony Essay 1 (200 words)
Peace and Harmony is the basic need of any nation. Only if a nation enjoys peace and harmony would it be able to prosper. The Constitution of our country includes laws to ensure political and social equality among the citizens in order to avoid clashes and maintain harmony among its citizens.
Though the people of our country live peacefully with each other, often the peace is disturbed owing to some political, social, economic and religious factors. Price rise and unemployment also creates unrest among the people. People often come forward to protest against these issues due to which the normal functioning of the society is disrupted.
Terrorism is another factor that hampers the peaceful living of the people. Several terrorist attacks have been carried out in the past and the life of people has been disturbed owing to these. Some of these include the 1996 Brahmaputra mail train bombing, 1998 Coimbatore bombings, 2003 Mumbai bomb blasts, 2006 Varanasi blasts, 2013 Bangalore blast and 2015 Gurdaspur attack.
Communal riots such as the 1980 Moradabad Riots, 1984 Anti-Sikh Riots, 1985 Gujarat Riots and 2013 Muzaffarnagar riots have also caused mass destruction.
The government as well as the citizens of the country must work together to bring about peace and harmony in the country.
Peace and Harmony Essay 2 (300 words)
Peace and harmony are the building blocks of any society. Only if there is peace and harmony in the country would there be growth and development. The government of the country makes every attempt to ensure peace and harmony in the country. However, it is often disrupted due to vested interests. Here is a look at these and also the instances when peace in the country was disturbed.
Factors Impacting Peace and Harmony
- Terrorist attacks have been one of the major reasons for the disruption of peace and harmony in the country.
- Peace and harmony in the country is often disrupted in the name of religion. Certain religious groups try to belittle other religions, thereby causing discontent in the society.
- Political parties often instigate people against other parties to fulfil their own selfish motifs and this often hampers the peace in the state.
- The reservation system has also led to a lot of unrest among the people belonging to the general category. Certain communities have carried out protests demanding reservation for their people as well.
Likewise, inflation, unemployment and inter-state issues have also led to disturbance in the society time and again.
Instances of Disruption of Peace and Harmony
There have been several instances when the peace and harmony of the country was disturbed. Some of these are as follows:
- 1957 Ramnad Riots
- 1967 Ranchi-Hatia Riots
- 1987 Haryana Killings
- 1990 Hyderabad Riots
- 1993 Bombay Bombings
- 2000 Terrorist attack on Red Fort
- 2001 Indian Parliament Attack
- 2002 Gujarat Riots
- 2006 Vadodara Riots
- 2007 Delhi Bomb blasts
- 2008 Jaipur Bombing
- 2008 Gujjar Agitation
- 2012 Pune Bombings
- 2013 Muzaffarnagar Riots
- 2013 Bodh Gaya Bombings
- 2016 Jat Reservation Agitation
It is difficult to maintain peace and harmony in the country until each one of us is sensitized about its need and contributes towards the same. The government alone cannot ensure sense of brotherhood and amity in society.
Peace and Harmony Essay 3 (400 words)
Peace and harmony is very important for the smooth functioning of any society. In order to give a safe and secure environment to its citizens, the government of India takes steps to maintain peace in the country. However, often, it is disrupted due to different social, political and economic factors. Here is a look at these factors and the instances when peace and harmony of the country has been hampered.
Factors Affecting Peace and Harmony
- Political Issues
In an attempt to score partisan goals, political parties usually instigate people against them and this often leads to disturbances in the country.
Terrorist attacks disrupt peace and harmony in the country. Such attacks create a lot of panic among the people.
Certain religious groups try to influence other people and force them to follow their religion or simply belittle other religions. This has led to communal violence many a times.
Apart from these, inter-state issues, reservation system, price rise, poverty and unemployment also disrupt the peace and harmony in the country.
Instances of Peace and Harmony being Hampered
- 1967 Ranchi Hatia Riots
These communal riots occurred in and around Ranchi in August 1967. They continued for almost a week. 184 people were reported to be killed during this.
- 1969 Gujarat riots
Known to be the most deadly Hindu-Muslim riots after the Partition of India, these occurred during September-October 1969.
- Worli Riots
These riots occurred on the issue of reservation between the members of Shiv Sena and Dalit Panther in Mumbai. The Dalit Panther leader Bhagwat Jadhav was killed during this in 1974.
- Moradabad Riots
Occurred during the August 1980, these were partially a Hindu-Muslim clash and partially a Muslim-Police conflict. The riots began when Muslims threw stones at the police as they refused to remove pig from the local Idgah. The violent incidents continued till November 1980.
- 1993 Bombay Bombing
A series of 12 bomb explosions took place on the 12th of March 1993 in Bombay. One of the most destructive bomb explosions in India, it was carried out in reaction to 1992 Babri Masjid Demolition.
- 2000 Church Bombings
It refers to the serial bombing of churches in the states of Goa, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. These bombings were done in the year 2000 by the Islamist extremist group, Deendar Anjuman.
It is necessary for every citizen of India to understand the importance of peace and harmony in the country and together each one should work towards maintaining the same.
Peace and Harmony Essay 4 (500 words)
India is known for its democratic system and secularism that gives both political and religious equality to all its citizens to ensure peace and harmony in the country. However, there are several factors that disturb peace in the country. Here is how the Constitution binds people from diverse backgrounds as well as the factors that hamper the peace and harmony of the country.
Secularism Promotes Peace and Harmony
India is a secular country. The Constitution of India gives each of its citizens the right to practise his/her religion. The country does not have any official religion. All the religions are treated equally by the state. Equal respect to all the religions is a way of promoting peace and harmony in the country. People belonging to different religions rejoice each other’s company and celebrate all the festivals with equal zeal. In schools, at work places and various other places, people study and work together harmoniously.
Factors Impacting Peace and Harmony
The citizens of India largely live in harmony with each other. However, there are times when the peace is disrupted owing to various reasons. Some of these are mentioned below:
Terrorist attacks create panic in the society. The terror spread through these attacks remains for days to come thereby impacting peace and harmony in the country. There have been several instances of terrorist attacks in India.
Though India does not have any official religion and gives its citizens the freedom to choose or change their religion as per their will, however, there are certain religious groups that propagate and promote their religion to the level that they end up offending people belonging to the other religions. This often leads to communal violence.
- Political Motives
Often, lack of principles is observed in political parties. One party tries to defame the other in an attempt to come to the power and stick there. Many times people belonging to a particular religion are incited to create unnecessary disturbance in the state.
- Reservation System
In an attempt to ensure social and economic equality for the people belonging to the lower classes, the Constitution initiated the reservation system. This system has largely been opposed and many people belonging to the other castes have also come forward to demand reservation for their community. This has caused a stir and hampered peace many times.
- State Issues
Parties such as Shiv Sena have shown intolerance towards allowing people belonging to other states to work in Maharashtra. Such issues among the states also lead to disruption of peace.
The growing rise in the prices of commodities, especially the ones that are required for daily use, is another reason for unrest in the society. People often come forward to protest against sudden rise in the prices and normal functioning of the society is often disrupted due to this.
While the government of India takes every possible means to ensure peace and harmony in the country, we still have a long way to go. It is only when each citizen recognizes the dangers of disunity, would there be complete peace and harmony in the country.
Peace and Harmony Essay 5 (600 words)
People belonging to different religions and castes reside in different parts of India. While these people largely live in harmony with each other, however, often the peace and harmony of the country is disrupted owing to various reasons. Here is how harmony is maintained amid diversity and the factors that disrupt peace.
Factors Affecting Peace and Harmony
While the government of India is taking every possible step to maintain peace and harmony in the country, there are a number of factors that disturb it. Here is a look at the same:
Though the state does not follow any official religion and allows its citizens to choose or change their religion at any point, however, there are certain religious groups that propagate their religion to the extent that it hampers the peace and harmony of the country.
- Caste System
There is a lot of discrimination done based on a person’s caste and creed even though the Constitution gives the right to equality to all. This discrimination sometimes leads to social outbursts and disrupts peace.
- Reservation System
The reservation system in the country was initiated with an aim to raise the standard of living of the people belonging to the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. However, people belonging to other castes such as the Gujjar and Jat have also started demanding for reservations, thereby, hampering the peace.
- Inter-State Issues
Many regional parties do not encourage people from other states settling in there. This often creates a lot of tension among the Shiv Sena members and the people belonging to other states in Maharashtra.
- Unemployment and Poverty
Lack of education and good job opportunities lead to unemployment that eventually add to the poverty and raise the crime rate in the country.
- Political Menace
Many times, the opposition instigates the general public against the party in power to fulfil their own selfish motives and this eventually leads to disturbances.
- Price Rise
Price rise is another problem that can disrupt the smooth functioning of a society. There have been several instances when people have come forward to revolt against undue price rise and hampered the peace.
India has faced several terrorist attacks that have created fear among the citizens. The disturbance caused due to such attacks disrupts the normal functioning of the society.
Instances of Disruption of Peace and Harmony
There have been several instances when the peace and harmony of the country was compromised by different groups and communities. Some such instances have been shared below:
- 1969 Gujarat Riots: The Indian state of Gujarat saw communal violence between Hindus and Muslims during September-October 1969. This was first major riot in the state that involved massacre and loot on a wide scale.
- 1984 Sikh Massacre: The Sikhs in the country were attacked, by violent mobs. This was done as a response to the murder of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards.
- 2008 Mumbai Attack: Some members of the Islamic militant organization, Lashkar-e-Taiba entered Mumbai and carried out a series of shooting and bomb attacks for four days.
- Jat Reservation Agitation: Several protests were organised by Jat people in Haryana in February 2016. They demanded the inclusion of their caste in the Other Backward Class category. This disrupted the normal functioning of the state and the agitation is far from over even today.
Though the Constitution of India gives the right to equality to all its citizens to ensure complete harmony among them, there have been several instances wherein the peace has been disrupted owing to different social, political and economic reasons. The government alone cannot responsible for maintaining peace and harmony in the country. Each one of us should take it as our responsibility to nurture feelings of brotherhood with fellow citizens.