As per the Government of India Act, there was first provincial election were held in India in 1937. Almost 30 million Indians had participated to vote in this election. The participants in the election were mainly from the Indian National Congress (INC) and All India Muslim League (AIML). There were also some other independent candidates contested.

The president of the Indian National Congress was then Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the president of the All India Muslim League. The result of the election was in the favour of Indian National Congress, while All India Muslim League failed to form a government. The result of the election was declared in February of 1937.

It was Madras, Uttar Pradesh of United Province, Central Province, Odisha, and Bihar where Congress party succeeded in winning with the majority and forming the government. On the other hand, Assam and Bombay were where it won but not with the majority.

There were also some places where other parties had their crown of victory. Perhaps it was the effect of the Congress Party’s victory over the All India Muslim League that pulled the Partition streak in the history of India, and a piece of India became Pakistan.