Author: Anand Srivastava

Response of the Nationalists to the First World War

The history of the world has gone through two World Wars. The loss of lives and properties caused by both the Wars is almost impossible to meet. These wars were named as World War I and World War II. The World War I also said the First World War was started on 28th July 1914 and continued till 11th November 1918. The two forces against each other in World War I were Allied Powers and the Central Powers. The allied powers were Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States whereas the Central Powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. The Role of India in First World War In the First World War, the Great Britain took the help of India. In the support of Britain, more than 1 million people from all over British India participated in the war and fought against the German Empire. The Indian Forces were comprised of people of different religions like Hindu, Muslim and Sikh and they belonged to different places as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra etc. It was because of the huge support of Indian Forces that the First World War resulted in the favour of Allied Powers. Impact of First World War on India Since British was ruling India at the time of First World War and India had provided a huge support...

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The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny/Revolt 1946

We are all well aware that the British rule over India lasted for a long time and India got freedom from its unjust rule on 15 August 1947. But did we get the freedom by the efforts of just few people or few leaders. No, the freedom was achieved by the efforts of every Indian whether a farmer, a labourer, a students, a woman or an Indian soldiers. Sepoy Mutiny like Civilians rebellions have also played a very important role in throwing the British Government out of India. The Rebellion of 1857 was started as a Sepoy Mutiny which later took a very macabre form. Another similar mutiny took place in India in 1946 as well which was called The Royal Indian Navy Revolt. The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny also famous as Bombay Mutiny and Rebellion of 1946 is an important event of British India. What is Royal Indian Navy Mutiny? The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny/Revolt in India was started on 18th February 1946 just one and a half year before the Independence of India. It was a nationwide revolt which started as a mutiny of Royal Indian Navy Soldiers working under the sovereignty of British Government. Soon the people of India belonging to different communities and professions like Labourers, farmers and other came in the support of the Mutiny. The mutiny which had started as a hunger-strike of...

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Christmas Island Mutiny 1942

There had been many mutinies in the history of India and also in the history of the world. A mutiny is a rebellion inspired by the armed forces or soldiers. Every mutiny brings some changes indeed but we are told about only few of the mutinies which brought some worldwide and historic changes. Christmas Island Mutiny was one of them which led very major changes for India. I am sure that very few of us have actually heard about it and fewer than them must know what happened in this mutiny. So I decided today to let you be aware of the Christmas Mutiny and tell you every incident that I know about it. Christmas Island The Christmas Island Mutiny is especially concerned to Christmas Island. The Christmas Island is an Island in Indian Ocean and is about 250 miles in south of Java Island and 700 miles south of Singapore. The Christmas Island got its name from the day it was discovered. The Captain William Mynors, who was a merchant of the British East India Company, in his ship ‘The Royal Mary’ reached the Island on 25th December 1643 on the day of Christmas and so he named it Christmas Island. Settlement of Christmas Island At the time of Christmas Island Mutiny, the Christmas Island was under the possession of British Government. The Island was a place for...

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Partition of the Province of Bengal 1905

The partition of Bengal in Indian History is also well known as ‘Bang-Bhang’. It took place in the year 1905 and Lord Curzon, who was the Viceroy of British India, was the leading person behind the concept of Partition. Bengal was then covering a very large part of British India comprising many neighbourhood states like Bihar Assam etc. The then Viceroy of British India Lord Curzon took a major step towards the partition of it and separating Hindu part from the Muslim majority part. However the partition after application went through many protests. Finally the partition was taken back in 1911 and once again the Bengal was united to its original form. According to Lord Curzon, the Partition of Bengal was done due to some administrative reasons but Indians believed that it was a result of ‘Divide and Rule’ policy of The British Government. Structure of Bengal Since the partition of Bengal was not a piece of cake for the British Government and the whole Indian population was asking for its reason. So according to the British Government, Bengal was a very large province of India at that time. It is said that Bengal was equal to the France in terms of area. It had the population of more than 80 million living on the area of about Five hundred thousand kilometres square. Calcutta was the capital of Bengal...

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Rise of Indian Nationalism 1885-1905

India has been the subjection of British for a long time. They tortured Indians in many ways and also took away their assets and properties for their personal use. Although the condition of the Indians was not that good yet they were not tolerant and fought many times for their liberty. Every fight or revolt they organized before 1885 was failed, not completely but eventually. By the year 1900 the sense of Nationalism was growing rapidly among Indians and they stood together to fight for their right. Surendra Nath Banarjee and Bal Gangadhar Tilak are considered to be the father of the Nationalism. Indian Nationalism and Social Reforms However the Indian Nationalism had a widespread impact on upcoming years, it was greatly influenced by few important Social reforms. It won’t be fair if we don’t talk about them. So the few most important social reforms were: Brahma Samaj can be considered the earliest social reform that had an impact of nationalism. It was founded by Raja Ram Mohan Rai in 1828. It was an Indian awakening reform. Prarthana Samaj was established by Dr. Atmaram Pandurang in the year 1867. It taught people the lesson of universal brotherhood and unity. Arya Samaj by Swami Dayanand Saraswati in year 1875 also played a very key role in igniting the fire of Nationalism among the people of India. Theosophical Society, founded in...

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