Conservation of Nature refers to the preservation of resources that are produced naturally. These include water, sunlight, atmosphere, minerals, land, vegetation and animals. Many of these resources are depleting at a rapid pace due to overutilization. The importance of conservation of nature must be understood and steps must be taken to ensure the ecological balance. Conservation of nature implies the conservation of resources that are formed naturally, without any human intervention.
Short and Long Essay on Conservation of Nature
Essay 1 (300 words)
Nature fulfills our basic requirement to live by providing us air, water, land, sunlight, and plants. These resources are further used to manufacture various things that make life more convenient and comfortable for human beings. Unfortunately, man has grown so engrossed in over-utilizing these resources to invent newer things that he has almost forgotten the importance of conserving them. As a result, many of these resources are depleting at a fast pace and if it continues this way then the survival of human beings, as well as other living beings on Earth, would become very difficult.
What Conservation of Nature Means
Conservation of nature means the preservation of forests, land, water bodies and conservation of resources such as minerals, fuels, natural gases, etc to ensure that all these continue to be available in abundance. There are many ways in which the common man can help in the conservation of nature. Here are some of those that can be done easily and can make a huge difference:
- Restrict Usage of Water
Water must be used wisely else that day wouldn’t be far when we will have to pay a huge price for it. Turn off the tap while brushing your teeth, limit the number of showers, use the waste RO water to water the plants or clean the house so as to ensure wise usage of water.
- Limit Usage of Electricity
Limiting the usage of electricity is also essential for the conservation of nature. Simple things such as turning off the electric appliances when they are not in use and switching to energy-saving lights, such as LED lights, to save electricity can help in this direction.
- Plant Trees and Grow Vegetables
It is advised to plant as many trees as possible to make up for those that are cut each day. Also, grow vegetables at home to restrict the usage of chemical fertilizers used in professional farming.
Besides these, people can do their bit by limiting the usage of paper, employing the rainwater harvesting system, restricting usage of cars and lastly by spreading awareness about the conservation of nature.
To keep the earth in its serene and pristine form, it is very essential to conserve nature and its resources in their present form, maintaining both quality and quantity. “Conservation of Nature” relates to not just conserving one or two elements of nature, but all the elements - water, soil, forests, flora & fauna, oceans, air, plants, insects, birds, etc, which together constitute nature or our natural habitat. In the preceding essay, we have gone through some of the methods for conserving nature, which indeed will help us in achieving the goal of nature conservation.
Essay 2 (400 words)
Nature has given us several gifts such as air, water, land, sunlight, minerals, plants, and animals. All these gifts of nature make our planet a place worth living. Survival on Earth would not be possible without any of these. Now, while these natural resources are present on Earth in abundance, unfortunately, the requirement of most of these has increased tremendously over the centuries due to growth in the human population.
How to Conserve Nature and Its Resources
Many of the natural resources are being consumed at a far greater speed as compared to their rate of production. There is thus a need for conservation of nature and the natural resources it offers. Here is a look at some of the ways in which these resources can be conserved:
- Reduce Water Consumption
Water is available in abundance on Earth and this is one of the reasons people do not think much before using it. However, if we continue to use it at this pace we may not be left with as much of it in the future. Simple things such as turning the tap off while brushing, using a washing machine only when its tub is full, using the leftover water in the bottles to water the plants, etc can help in this direction.
- Reduce Usage of Electricity
Energy saved is energy produced. It is thus suggested to restrict the usage of electricity. Simple practices such as turning off the lights before leaving your room, turning off the electric appliances after use and switching to energy-saving fluorescent or LED bulbs can make a difference.
- Restrict Usage of Paper
Paper is made from trees. Using more paper means encouraging deforestation which is one of the main causes of concern in today’s time. Make sure you use only as much paper as is required. Stop taking print outs and use e-copies instead to do your bit.
- Use Newer Agricultural Methods
The government must teach methods such as mixed cropping, crop rotation and appropriate use of pesticides, insecticides, manures, biofertilizers and organic fertilizers to the farmers.
- Spread Awareness
Spreading awareness about the conservation of nature and the methods to be used for the same is very important. It can be achieved only when more and more people understand its importance and the ways in which they can help.
Apart from this, it is important to plant more and more tress, contribute towards lowering air pollution by using shared transport and employing rainwater harvesting systems to conserve nature.
Nature consists of everything that surrounds us which is also not human-made. The trees, forests, rivers, rivulets, soil, air all are part of nature. Keeping nature and its resources intact is very essential for the continuation of life on earth. It would be hard to imagine life on earth, which has a damaged natural environment. Therefore, taking appropriate steps to conserve nature in its pristine form must remain a priority for the human race. Only humans are bestowed with power and ability to help save nature in its purest forms.
Essay 3 (500 words)
Conservation of nature refers to the conservation of all those resources that are formed naturally without any kind of help from human beings. These include water, air, sunlight, land, forests, minerals, plants as well as animals. Together, all these natural resources make life worth living on Earth. Life would not be possible without air, water, sunlight as well as other natural resources present on the planet. It is thus essential to conserve these resources in order to keep the environment intact. Here is a look at the kind of natural resources present on Earth and the ways to conserve these:
Types of Natural Resources
- Renewable Resources: These are resources such as air, water, and sunlight that replenish naturally.
- Non-Renewable Resources: These are resources like fossil fuels and minerals that do not replenish or form very slowly.
- Biotic: These come from living beings and organic material like plants and animals.
- Abiotic: These are derived from non-living things and non-organic material. These include air, water, and land as well as metals like iron, copper, and silver.
Natural resources are also divided into categories such as actual resources, reserve resources, stock resources and potential resources based on their development stage.
Methods for Conservation of Nature
Conservation of nature is a subject that requires serious attention. Most of the resources of nature are depleting at a fast rate. This is because the demand for these resources is high while the rate of their formation is low. However, it needs to be understood that nature has given us an abundance of all that we require. We require using the available natural resources wisely and must employ the below-mentioned methods to conserve these:
- Limit Usage
Water and electricity are two things that are being wasted the most. It is essential to understand the importance of saving both these. Use only as much water as you require. The same goes for electricity. Use electric appliances wisely and turn them off when they are not in use. Similarly, the use of other resources such as paper, petroleum, and gases must also be restricted.
There are a lot of things such as paper, cardboard, metal, tin, aluminum foil, glass bottles, plastic containers as well as water that can be recycled and reused. The government is using methods to pick these things from the waste to recycle them. You can also do your bit by employing a rainwater harvesting system to reuse water.
- Replenish Nature
Plant more and more trees to make up for those that are cut for manufacturing paper, furniture and other items made of wood. Also, ensure cleanliness around your area. Do not throw waste products in water bodies and elsewhere.
- Spread Awareness
Lastly, spread as much awareness as you can about the importance of conservation of nature.
The consumption of natural resources has far exceeded its production. It is the duty of each one of us to stop wasting these gifts of nature and start using them wisely so as to maintain the ecological balance on Earth. The aforementioned methods should help in this direction.
Essay 4 (600 words)
Conservation of nature is basically the conservation of all those resources that nature has gifted to mankind. These include minerals, water bodies, land, sunlight, and atmosphere. It also includes the preservation of flora and fauna. All these help in creating a balanced environment that is fit for the survival of human beings as well as other living organisms on Earth. Conservation of nature is thus vital.
Natural resources have been categorized based on their characteristics. Here is a look at this classification, the ways employed to conserve each of these and the related concerns.
Classification of Natural Resources
Natural resources are broadly classified based on their capacity to renew, source of origin and stage of development. These are further divided into subcategories. Read on to learn about these in detail:
Certain resources are renewable while others are non-renewable. Here is a detailed look at both these categories:
- Renewable Resources: These are the resources that replenish naturally. Some of these include air, water, land, and sunlight.
- Non-Renewable Resources: These resources either form at a very slow speed or do not form naturally. Minerals and fossil fuels are some of the examples of this category.
Based on their origin, natural resources are divided into two types:
- Abiotic: These are those resources that come from non-living things and non-organic material. A few examples of this type of natural resource include water, air, land, and metals such as iron, copper, gold, and silver.
- Biotic: These resources are derived from living beings and organic material such as plants and animals. This category also includes fossil fuels as they are obtained from decayed organic matter.
On the basis of their stage of development, natural resources are categorized in the following way:
- Actual Resources: The development of these resources is dependent on the availability of technology and the cost involved. These are used in the present times.
- Reserve Resources: That part of the actual resource that can successfully be developed and used in the future is known as reserve resource.
- Potential Resources: These are the resources that exist in a certain region but require some work before they can actually be put to work.
- Stock Resources: These are those resources that are surveyed but cannot be put to use because of a lack of technology.
Methods for Conservation of Nature
Whether renewable or non-renewable, biotic or non-biotic, the resources of nature must be conserved. Here are some of the methods that the government and individuals should employ for the conservation of nature:
- Overutilization of natural resources must be stopped. The available resources must be used wisely without any wastage.
- Hunting of wild animals must be stopped for the preservation of wildlife.
- Farmers must be taught the method of mixed cropping, use of fertilizers, insecticide, pesticide, and crop rotation. The use of manures, organic fertilizers and biofertilizers should be encouraged.
- Deforestation should be controlled.
- Rainwater harvesting systems should be installed.
- The use of renewable resources such as solar, hydro and wind power must be encouraged.
- Water must be recycled for use in agricultural processes.
- Car-pooling is a good way to bring down the consumption of fossil fuels.
- Restrict the use of paper and encourage recycling it.
- Save electricity by replacing old light bulbs with energy-saving fluorescent bulbs. Also, turn off the light and electronic items when you do not require them.
Conservation of nature is important to ensure a balanced environment. However, sadly enough many natural resources are depleting at a fast rate. Each one must contribute his/ her bit towards conservation of nature by employing the above-mentioned methods.