Environmental Pollution refers to the substance pollution of the environment, involving the introduction of harmful and toxic substances into the atmosphere. These harmful substances are generated as byproducts in industries, agricultural activities, urbanization and other similar human activities. Today, environmental pollution has become the greatest threat to the environment and must be prevented at any cost if we want the planet to be livable and healthy.

Short and Long Essays on Environmental Pollution

We have provided below short and long essay on environmental pollution in English for your information and knowledge. All the essays have been written in simple yet effective English language so that it would be easy for you to remember it and present it when required. After going through these environmental pollution essay, you will know the definition of environmental pollution; facts of pollution for kids; types of environmental pollution and their causes; ways to prevent environmental pollution etc. These environmental pollution essays will prove extremely helpful in your school/college assignments and competitions like debate, essay writing and speech giving.

Environmental Pollution Essay 1 (100 words)

Environmental pollution refers to the introduction of undesirable polluting substances into the environment. These substances are produced mainly due to human activities like transportation, industrialization and urbanization among others. There are even some natural factors that cause environmental pollution like volcanic eruption, storms etc, but their impact on the environment is temporary as well as negligible as compared to the human induced pollution.

Pollution poses a serious threat to the environment and also to the life and heath of humans, plants and animals. Any living species could only survive if the environment remains clean and pure, otherwise life on the planet would be really difficult and impossible to imagine.

Environmental Pollution Essay 2 (150 words)

Very often we hear the term environmental pollution while talking about harm human’s quest for progress is doing to the environment and what impacts it has on the health of humans and other species as well.

Pollution of the environment happens when our natural environment is disturbed by the introduction of unwanted and harmful substances known as pollutants. Many human activities like use of fossil fuels in the vehicles, dumping of industrial waste, cutting down trees and forests for urban settlements and large use of plastic are some of the main human induced causes of environmental pollution.

Environmental pollution leads to a series of undesirable outcomes like global warming, acid rain, species depletion, flood and famines among several other severe consequences. If we want the planet to be green and inhabited for millions of more years then it is very necessary that we should take all the necessary steps to prevent environmental pollution.

Environmental Pollution Essay 3 (200 words)

Environmental pollution is described as the introduction of external pollutants into the environment. Our natural environment consists of the air, forests, rivers, streams, land, soil, vegetation etc. If anything unwanted generated due to human activities enter this otherwise pristine environment, this phenomenon is termed as environmental pollution.

Some of the major human activities causing environmental pollution are industrialization, deforestation, urbanization, nuclear spills etc. Often the production industries are set up near the natural water sources as water is a major resource for several kinds of industrial works.

Water is used as coolant and also used for purposes like cleaning, washing etc. But also the waste produced by industries is dumped into the water bodies resulting in their pollution.

Water is a precious natural resource and though, almost 70% of earth’s surface is covered with water, only 1% of it is actually fresh water and suitable for consumption.  Industrial waste pollutes that 1% of extremely rare reserve of fresh water, which has actually taken hundreds of years to be build.

It is very necessary therefore to prevent any damage to the environment and natural resources caused by the human activities. Environmental pollution is a global threat and it must be prevented by making new laws and implementing them with full diligence.

Environmental Pollution Essay 4 (250 words)

The term environmental pollution is used to describe the contamination of environment by external substances called pollutants. These pollutants are generated due to human activities and could be in gaseous, solid or liquid state, depending on their respective process of generation.

Gaseous pollutants include gases like Carbon dioxide (CO2), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) generated due to the combustion of fossil fuels. These gases are toxic in nature and harmful to breathe in, when present in the atmosphere in large quantities.

Solid pollutants include industrial waste and waste from human settlements. They consists of all types of solid compounds like plastic, metal, wood, leaves, etc. Solid pollutants not only cause land and soil pollution but also reach our water bodies and pollute them.

Liquid pollutants on the other hand consist of oil and other petroleum products, chemicals, acids etc. The main source of liquid pollutants is petroleum and fuel production industries.

Environmental pollution has an adverse effect on the vital resources like air, water and plants as well as on the health and life of humans. Air pollutions causes respiratory ailments while the pollution of water bodies leads to water borne diseases. Soil pollution also causes contamination of soil affecting the crop production in that particular area.

There is an urgent need to control the environmental pollution by effectively controlling the production of pollutants by adopting more environment friendly policies. Use of more eco friendly fuel sources and proper collection and disposal of waste are some of the methods that could be adopted to control environmental pollution.

Environmental Pollution Essay 5 (300 words)


When an unwanted toxic substance enters our otherwise pure environment, it is termed as pollution. Environmental pollution is serious threat to the environment and its resources. Ironically, almost all of the causes of environment pollution are human induced. Below we have presented some important pollution facts for kids, to improve their knowledge.

Pollution Facts for Kids

Below we have provided bulleted point wise narration of environmental pollution facts for kids.

  • Pollution is a serious health concern for people around the world, including the children and adults. Nearly 10 million people worldwide are suffering due to pollution related issues and it is also responsible for the death of more than 2 million children under the age of 5.
  • Water pollution in developed countries is chiefly due to industrial waste. Around 70% of industrial waste in developed countries is dumped into water, making the lakes and rivers too polluted for any activity.
  • Pollution of fresh drinking water is one of the main causes of loss of life throughout the world. Every year at least 250 million cases of water borne diseases are reported, which subsequently causes 2 to 10 million deaths.
  • A normal human being breathes in around 11,000 liters of air per day. Therefore, breathing polluted air causes severe lung diseases and people living in places with poor air quality are more susceptible to it.
  • Motor vehicles are the main source of air pollution than anything else. An average car produces at least half a ton of carbon dioxide.


Though, the pollution affects the environment and the health of flora and fauna; it is the children who are more susceptible to it health hazards. We must take necessary steps to curb pollution in order to safeguard the health and future of our children.

Environmental Pollution Essay 6 (350 words)


Environmental Pollution refers to the introduction of external pollutants into the environment. These pollutants are primarily generated from several human activities like transportation, industrialization etc. Environmental pollution has many effects on the environment. Some of the major effects of environmental pollution are described below.

Major Effects of Pollution

1) Global Warming

Global warming refers to the rise in average surface temperature of earth. The main reason of global warming is the greenhouse effect which in turn is caused due to a large concentration of green house gases into the atmosphere. Gases like Carbon dioxide (CO2), Water vapor (H2O), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O) are green house gases and emitted mainly due to the fossil fuel combustion. Greenhouse gases help retain the sun’s heat into the atmosphere, consequently resulting in a rise in earth’s surface temperature.

2) Acid Rain

Acid rain is another environmental degrading effect of pollution. It refers to a rain or a kind of precipitation that is acidic in nature with more concentration of Hydrogen ions, in other words the pH level of Acid Rain is low. It is very harmful to the plants, aquatic species and buildings also.  The main human induced causes of acid rain are nitrogen and sulfur compounds generated due to activities like generation of electricity, meat production industries and transportation.

3) Species Depletion

One of the most serious effects of environmental pollution is species depletion both on land and in water. Water pollution severely impacts the quality of water, making it toxic and harmful to live in for the aquatic animals like fishes and tortoise etc. They are highly sensitive to the pollution and often succumb to it. Land pollution and air pollution also causes the depletion of the species of flora and fauna respectively. Air pollution causes some serious respiratory ailments in humans as well as animals.


Pollution not only effects the environment, but it also threatens the very existence of life on earth. It has a large degrading effect on the environment and we must take necessary remedial measures for its prevention if we want our planet to stay healthy and green.

Environmental Pollution Essay 7 (400 words)


Environmental pollution refers to the inclusion of unwanted toxic pollutants into the environment. These pollutants are mainly generated due to several human activities and causes environment degradation. Different types of pollutants lead to different types of environmental pollution which we will discuss below.

Types of Environmental Pollution

1) Water Pollution

Water Pollution occurs when toxic substances like chemicals, plastic and other waste enters our water resources. The pollutants could include chemicals from agricultural runoff, industrial waste, urban sewage, oil spills by boats etc. Fresh water is very precious natural resource and must be kept clean at any cost. As per an estimate provided by the Environment Protection Agency (EPA), 64% of lakes are not suitably clean for activities like fishing and swimming.

2) Air Pollution

Air Pollution occurs when particles and other harmful gases generated due to human activities get mixed with the environmental air and causes its degradation. A main cause of the air pollution is the production and use of fossil fuels. The fossil fuel production industry produces harmful gases like SO2 (Sulphur dioxide), CO2 (Carbon dioxide) etc. These gases are toxic in nature and cause other serious complications like greenhouse effects and acid rain.

3) Land/Soil Pollution

The main cause of land/soil pollution is urban waste and agricultural runoff. Urban waste consists of all type of degradable, and non degradable waste likes vegetables, waste food, plastic, hospital waste etc. In the absence of a proper waste collection and disposal mechanism, these wastes get disposed on land resulting in land pollution. Moreover, the use of chemical fertilizers in the agricultural industry causes the chemical pollutants to get absorbed in the soil, causing soil pollution.

4) Noise Pollution

Noise pollution is also known as sound pollution and is caused when the noise level into the environment reaches up to dangerously high level so as to interfere with normal activities of humans and animals. Transportation vehicles, heavy machineries, aircrafts are the main sources of noise pollution. Noise level is measured in Decibel (dB) and the permissible limit of noise as described by the World Health Organization (WHO) is 50 dB. Though, in the areas of dense population, urban settlement and traffic it often reaches up to 98 dB, which is very harmful to the humans and animals.


There are many types of pollution depending on the activities they are generated from; nevertheless, the ability to deal with all of them lies only with humans. It is required that we take immediate responsibility of our environment and also take necessary steps towards preventing its pollution.

Environmental Pollution Essay 8 (500 words)


Everything that surrounds us constitutes the environment. It is the condition in which humans, plants, animals and other creatures live and operate. Environmental Pollution on the other hand is the introduction of unwanted and often toxic substances in to the environment. These substances are termed as pollutants and are mainly produced due to human activities. In the following essay we will go through causes, effects and control of environmental pollution.

Causes of Environmental Pollution

There are many causes of environmental pollution including oil spills, burning of fossil fuels, industrial waste, use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture, use of plastic etc. for instance, the transportation industry relies on fuel like petrol and diesel that has been derived formed due to anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms. The main pollutant gas emitted when fossil fuel is burned in a transport vehicle are CO2 (Carbon dioxide) and CO (Carbon Monoxide). Former is a potent greenhouse gas while the latter is toxic in nature.

Similarly, the industrial waste generated in the industries throughout the world, is carelessly dumped in to the environment due to lack of proper planning and infrastructure. It pollutes our water bodies, land and is also harmful to the health of human and other living species.

Effects of Environmental Pollution

The effects of Environmental Pollution are on a number of factors including the human health as well as the survival and health of other living organisms, animals and plants.

Air pollution causes severe respiratory ailments in humans and animals alike. Water pollution renders the water toxic and natural water resource unusable. It also causes the depletion of aquatic species and the flora and fauna that depends on it.

Apart from the above mentioned effects of the environmental pollution, there are some more severe effects like global warming, floods, famine and acid rain. Global warming is caused due the excess environmental concentration of the gases like CO2 (Carbon dioxide), CH4 (Methane), N2O (Nitrous Oxide) and O3 (Ozone). These gases are primarily released due to human activities like transportation, industrialization etc.

Environmental Pollution Control

Pollution control refers to the controlling of emissions from human activities, into the environment. The waste products that are generated by transportation, industrialization, and several other similar activities; leads to the degradation of the environment.

The pollution caused by these waste products could be controlled by adapting to new environmental friendly norms for the industries and by allowing recycling or proper disposal of waste.

Methods like dust collection system and electrostatic precipitation can be used to control air pollution; sewage treatment like sedimentation can be used for treating industrial and urban waste.


Environmental pollution is one of the greatest threats to health of the planet. Ever growing human needs and man’s quest for progress is consistently degrading the atmosphere and its elements. There is an urgent need to take necessary action for controlling the environment pollution caused due to human activities by taking necessary remedial measures.