Vande Mataram

Vande Mataram is the national song of India written by the Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1882 in novel, Anandamath. Originally it was written two languages, Bengali and Sanskrit.

National song is sung to the Mother Land on any national occasions. This song is very inspiring had help freedom fighters a lot during the Indian independence movement. It is very powerful and still inspires us to always fight for our nation wellness. It was first time sung by the Rabindranath Tagore in 1896 in a political meeting of Indian National Congress.

Two most beautiful stanzas of the original Vande Mataram song have been officially declared as the National Song of India in 1950 after the independence of India.

History of National Song of India

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee is also known by name Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. He was very famous novelist and great poet of India. He had written the Vande Mataram song (on 7th of November in 1875) from which the national song of India has been taken officially. These two words (Vande Mataram) is the most important word of the national song and have become words of great importance for our nation. These two words are very inspiring, motivating and most powerful which was recited by many freedom fighters of India when they were being sentenced by the Britishers.

Motherland is a most important essence of Hindu culture. All the great warriors of the India (Lord Rama, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, etc) had fought dedicatedly for saving the Motherland. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was graduated from Calcutta University. He was a government official when he composed the “Vande Mataram” song. He wrote this song by using words from both language, Sanskrit and Bengali which was first published in his novel Anandamatha (written in Bengali) in 1882. Soon he was asked to give a special tune for his song.

Vande Mataram is very famous quote which has been by the freedom fighters as the national cry for getting freedom from British rule. It has given lots of inspiration to us during the Indian independence movement. It was used to enhance nationalistic fervour and shouted as a slogan during all the independence movement. This song was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore (writer of national anthem) in the Congress meeting at Calcutta in 1896. Later it was sung by the Dakhina Charan Sen in 1901 after five years during another Congress meeting at Calcutta.

In 1905, it was again sung by the great poet, Sarala Devi Chaudurani in the Congress meeting in Benares. A journal was started with same name by the Lala Lajpat Rai and a political movie was made with same name by the Hiralal Sen in 1905. Vande Mataram was written in the centre of the first version flag of India by the Bhikaiji Cama in 1907.

Lyrics of National Song of India

The two stanzas of the original version Vande Mataram has been adopted as the “National Song” of India:

“Vande mataram

sujalam suphalam


sasya syamalam mataram

vande mataram

subhra jyotsna

pulakita yaminim

phulla kusumita



sumadhura bhasinim

sukhadam varadam mataram

vande Mataram”


Original Lyrics of Vande Mataram

This is the complete and original lyrics of the Vande Mataram from which the National Song of India has been taken:

“Vande Mataram!

Sujalam suphalam, malayaja shitalam,

Shasyashyamalam, Mataram!

Shubhrajyotsna pulakitayaminim,

Phullakusumita drumadala shobhinim,

Suhasinim, sumadhura bhashinim,

Sukhadam, varadam, Mataram!


Saptakotikantha kalakala ninada karale

Dvisaptakoti bhujair dhrita-khara karavale

Abala kena ma eta bale

Bahubala dharinim, namami tarinim,

Ripudalavarinim Mataram!


Tumi vidya, tumi dharma,

Tumi hridi, tumi marma,

Tvam hi pranah sharire!


Bahute tumi ma shakti,

Hridaye tumi ma bhakti,

Tomarayipratima gari mandire mandire!


Tvam hi Durga dashapraharana dharini,

Kamala, Kamaladalaviharini,

Vani, vidyadayini namami tvam,


Namami Kamalam, amalam, atulam,

Sujalam, suphalam, Mataram,

Vande Mataram!


Shyamalam, saralam, susmitam, bhushitam,

Dharanim, bharanim, Mataram!”


Meaning of National Song of India in English

“Mother, I bow to thee!

Rich with thy hurrying streams,

bright with orchard gleams,

Cool with thy winds of delight,

Dark fields waving Mother of might,

Mother free.

Glory of moonlight dreams,

Over thy branches and lordly streams,

Clad in thy blossoming trees,

Mother, giver of ease

Laughing low and sweet!

Mother I kiss thy feet,

Speaker sweet and low!

Mother, to thee I bow.


Who hath said thou art weak in thy lands

When the sword flesh out in the seventy million hands

And seventy million voices roar

Thy dreadful name from shore to shore?

With many strengths who art mighty and stored,

To thee I call Mother and Lord!

Though who savest, arise and save!

To her I cry who ever her foeman drove

Back from plain and Sea

And shook herself free.


Thou art wisdom, thou art law,

Thou art heart, our soul, our breath

Though art love divine, the awe

In our hearts that conquers death.

Thine the strength that nerves the arm,

Thine the beauty, thine the charm.

Every image made divine

In our temples is but thine.


Thou art Durga, Lady and Queen,

With her hands that strike and her

swords of sheen,

Thou art Lakshmi lotus-throned,

And the Muse a hundred-toned,

Pure and perfect without peer,

Mother lend thine ear,

Rich with thy hurrying streams,

Bright with thy orchard gleems,

Dark of hue O candid-fair


In thy soul, with jewelled hair

And thy glorious smile divine,

Lovilest of all earthly lands,

Showering wealth from well-stored hands!

Mother, mother mine!

Mother sweet, I bow to thee,

Mother great and free!”


Related Information:

Independence Day

Republic Day

Indian Flag

National Anthem of India