Population generally refers to the number of people living in a particular place. The study of the statistics pertaining to the size and composition of and changes in the population of a place is called demography. Statistics like birth rates and death rates are studied in demography. Demographic studies reveal many features of the population inhabiting a place.

Population has an effect on the economic and social conditions of a place. While a large population implies there is a large working force available for engaging in economic development, it also means there is a greater burden on the resources there.

Long and Short Paragraph on Population in English

You will find here below a number of short paragraphs on the topic Population of varying word lengths. We hope these paragraphs on Population will help students in completing their school assignments. These will also help children write and read out paragraphs in simple words and with small sentences. Students can select any paragraph on Population according to their particular requirement.

Paragraph on Population 1 (100 Words)

Population refers to the number of people living in a particular area. The study of a population in terms of statistics pertaining to its size, composition and other parameters such as birth rate, death rate, growth rate as also ageing is known as demography. The size of a country’s population influences its social and economic condition.

Population density is a parameter derived by dividing the population figure of a place by its area. A place with a smaller area would have a higher population density than one with a larger area if the population in the two places are equal.


 

Paragraph on Population 2 (150 Words)

Population refers to the number of individuals in a particular place. It could be the number of humans or any other life form living in a certain specified area. The number of tigers living in a forest is therefore referred to as the population of tigers in the forest. The number of people living in a town or city or an entire country is the human population in that particular area.

The number of people living in a place is obtained by a counting exercise. This is known as a census. A census conducted to count the number of people in the entire country is a huge exercise. It involves a number of people participating in the exercise to go to each house so that every person is included in the count. A census exercise for a large area like a whole country may be conducted once in ten years.


 

Paragraph on Population 3 (200 Words)

Population refers to the number of individuals inhabiting a place. It is a figure specific to a particular area or city or country. Population figures are arrived at by conducting a count or census. At the national level a census is a massive effort. It is conducted at regular intervals such as once in ten years. People who are part of collecting data for a census are assigned specific areas where they visit all households to collect all the required information. The information is related to number of family members, their gender, age, educational qualifications, profession, and other such details.

 

The data obtained from a census helps in arriving at statistics and parameters like the birth rate, death rate, sex ratio and child sex ratio. The study of population statistics, and inferences made on its basis is known as demography.

Population density is a statistic obtained by dividing the population figure of a place by its area. It shows how densely a place is populated. A place with the same population size as another will be more densely populated if its area is smaller than the other. In a more densely populated place there is greater pressure on available resources.


 

Paragraph on Population 4 (250 Words)

An increasing growth rate of human population has led to a population explosion in countries like India. With increasing health care facilities and life expectancy, and an increasing birth rate and declining death rate, there has been an increasing growth rate of human population. Population explosion leads to greater pressure on the available limited resources.

Population explosion has necessitated the increase in agricultural production, housing facilities and health care facilities to meet the increased demand. Increase in agricultural output has been attempted by intensive cultivation, use of large amounts of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and developing of genetically modified crops. This has resulted in various adverse effects.

The need for increasing agricultural produce has resulted in the clearing of forests and utilizing the land thus available for growing crops. Deforestation has caused ecological imbalance. Increased use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides to increase crop output has also had a deleterious effect on the soil, the food chain and human health.

 

Similarly, habitats like forests and grasslands have been cleared for creating housing facilities for people. High rise buildings are also built extensively to meet the high demand for housing.

Likewise, the demand on limited resources like drinking water, fuel for heating in wintertime, and automobile fuel for transport puts a heavy strain on the resources.

A large population also results in a high rate of unemployment as there may not be enough jobs to meet the high demand. A large population thus affects a country’s social, economic and environmental health.


 

Paragraph on Population 5 (300 Words)

If a place is inhabited by humans it is of interest to know how many people live there.

Population Statistics are obtained through a Census

The number of people living in a specific geographical area or territory is the population of the place. The population of a place is obtained by a count of all the people living within that geographical area. This activity is known as a census. A large-scale activity to determine the number of people living in an entire country, for example, involves people, who are part of the census exercise, going to each household to collect information. Information is collected on the number of members, as also on the gender, age, educational qualifications, and occupation of each of the members. A census reveals the size, composition and ageing trends of a population.

Population Statistics Reveal Different Aspects of the People

Population statistics of a place give us a great deal of information about the people, their impact on the environment, and the social and economic characteristics of the society there. There are many important statistics derived from a census. The birth rate, death rate, sex ratio and child sex ratio are some of the parameters obtained thus. The child sex ratio is a statistic that gives the number of girls per thousand boys in the age group of 0-6 years. The figure reveals the kind of gender discrimination that is prevalent in the population. A falling child sex ratio shows the discrimination against the girl child. There may be practices to kill off the foetus of a girl child that does not allow the child even to be born.

The study of the various population statistics and their analysis is known as demography.  The population of a place is its human resource. Wealth creation and economic development is possible only because of human activity. Human resource is, therefore, a valuable resource.


 

Paragraph on Population 6 (350 Words)

The number of people living in a place is referred to as the population of the place. Population is specific to a particular place. Population figures are obtained by counting all the individuals inhabiting the particular area.

Conducting a Nation-Wide Census Is a Massive Effort

Censuses are conducted at the national level regularly, such as once in ten years. As it is a massive effort and is time-consuming, it is not possible to do it at short intervals of time. The conducting of a census requires people, who are part of the exercise, to go to each household in the particular area assigned to them, and collect all required information. Information related to number of family members, their age, gender, educational qualifications, and occupation is gathered from each household. Many other details are obtained from a census.

Demography: Study of Population Statistics

The data obtained from a census is used to arrive at the population figures at the national and state levels. A number of other statistics are obtained from the census. Birth rate, death rate, sex ratio and child sex ratio are some of the statistics calculated from a census. By the term birth rate is meant the number of live births per thousand of population per year. Death rate refers to the number of deaths per thousand of population per annum. The sex ratio is also obtained from a census, and refers to the number of females per thousand males. Another statistic that is obtained is the child sex ratio. It is the number of girls per thousand boys in the age group of 0-6 years. The growth rate of a population is also derived from the census data, and the figure shows how fast the population is growing.

Demographic Statistics Indicate Social and Economic Trends

Population statistics can reveal many different aspects and trends prevalent in a society. For example, it is possible to get statistics related to unemployment from a census. It is also possible to derive the percentage of population working in the primary, secondary and tertiary or service sectors of the economy. Similarly, social ills such as gender discrimination can be inferred from population statistics such as the sex ratio and child sex ratio.


 

Paragraph on Population 7 (400 Words)

The term population refers to the number of persons inhabiting a particular place.

Population is Specific to a Place or Area

The unit may be a village, town or nation as a whole for which the population statistic is given. Population is counted at regular intervals of time. The study of various statistics related to the size, composition and changes in a population is known as demography. It is a discipline in its own right, and there are specialists who are experts in the field. Demographic studies reveal many different aspects of a population.

Population Statistics Are Collected Through a Census

A census is conducted in the whole nation to ascertain the population of all the villages, towns, cities and districts. This is a large scale exercise where ideally every person in the country should be included in the count. A census at a national level is a massive effort that involves people, who are part of the exercise, visiting every household in the country to collect information about every family member. A census provides information on population size, as also the age, gender, profession, religion and other details of the people.

The birth and death rates are also obtained from census figures. Birth rate refers to the annual number of live births per thousand of population. Death rate refers to annual number of deaths per thousand of population. The sex ratio is also obtained from a census. The sex ratio is the number of females per thousand males. The child sex ratio is also derived from census data, and it is the number of girls per thousand boys in the age group of 0-6 years. A declining child sex ratio indicates an unhealthy trend of discrimination against the girl child in society. The various ratios and parameters obtained from a census reveal many aspects of the population.

Population Size Impacts the Society, Economy and Environment

India is the second most populous country in the world. A large population means that there is a large working population that can engage in gainful employment. A large population also implies that there is a large market available. At the same time, a large population also casts a burden on the limited natural and other resources available. For instance, a large population puts a high demand on limited facilities such as housing. If the demand for housing is to be met not only has land to be made available from natural landscapes such as forests and grasslands, but high rise apartment buildings need to be built.

—-By N. Kalyani

 

 

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