National Anthem of India

Jana Gana Mana National anthem of the India is a song sung by the people of India on some national occasions. National anthem of India starts from “Jana Gana Mana” and ends at “Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, jaya jaya jaya jaya he”. It was written in the highly Sanskritised language (mens Tatsama) Bengali. The original national anthem song was written by the Rabindranath Tagore which was then translated into the Hindi and Urdu by the Abid Ali. The conversion of original song into the Hindi version by the Ali was little different. The full version of the national anthem takes fifty-two seconds to sung however shortened version (having first and last lines) takes 20 seconds to sung. It was again translated to the English version by the Tagore. The full version National Anthem song is sung using the orchestral/choral adaptation (made by English composer, Herbert Murrill on request of Nehru). Another song (Amar Sonar Bangla) written by the Tagore has been selected as the national anthem of Bangladesh. History of National Anthem of India National anthem (Jana-gana-mana song) was originally composed by the Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali. The Hindi version of the national anthem was adopted in 1950 on 24th of January by the Constituent Assembly. The lyrics and music of the national anthem was given by the Rabindranath Tagore in 1911. It was first sung in Calcutta in the meeting of Indian National Congress on 27th of December in 1911. Full version national anthem was translated to English from Bengali and music was set in Madanapalle (it is city in Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh state). Lyrics of National Anthem of India The text of the national anthem written in Bengali which is highly sanskritised language (also called as Sadhu bhasa). It is written completely using nouns which also used as verbs. The translated version is easily understandable by everyone however its pronunciation varies in various regions of India. It is sung on various national occasions in India. The words and music to the national anthem is given by the late poet Rabindra Nath Tagore. Full version National Anthem takes 52 seconds to sing. The full version national anthem song consists of five stanzas. Full Version National Anthem of India “Janaganamana-adhinayaka jaya he bharatabhagyabidhata! Panjaba sindhu gujarata maratha drabira utkala banga bindhya himacala yamuna ganga ucchalajaladhitaraṅga taba subha name jage, taba subha asisa mage, gahe taba jayagatha. Janaganamangaladayaka jaya he bharatabhagyabidhata! Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, jaya jaya jaya jaya he…” Short Version National Anthem of India Short version of the national anthem consists of only first and last lines. It takes approximately 20 seconds to...

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National Flag of India

Indian Flag The National Flag of India is a national symbol designed in horizontal rectangular shape. It is designed using three colours such as deep saffron (top most), white (middle) and India green (lower most). The middle white colour contains navy blue Ashoka Chakra (means Wheel of Law) in the centre having 24 spokes in the wheel. The present form of the national flag was adopted in the meeting of Constituent Assembly on 22nd of July in 1947. The present Indian Flag was declared as the official flag by the authority of India. As Indian Flag contains three colours, it is also called as Tiranga. It is based on Swaraj flag (means flag of Indian National Congress, designed by Pingali Venkayya). The Flag of India means a lot to the people of India. It is of great significance and honour to the Indian public. Indian Flag is made using a special type of clothe called Khadi (hand-spun cloth popularized by the Mahatma Gandhi). Bureau of Indian Standards is responsible for the manufacturing and designing process of the flag however, Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission has right to manufacture the flag. Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha has been a sole manufacturer of Indian flag in 2009. Download Indian Flag – Size: 3000px * 2000px Download Indian Flag – Size: 2000px * 1333px Download Indian Flag – Size: 1000px * 666px Download Blank Indian Flag to Colour for Kids The national Flag Code of India governs the usage of Indian flag (with any other national or non-national flags) as well as laws related to the national emblems. The use of National flag is totally prohibited by the private citizens (except national days). However, on the request of Naveen Jindal (a private citizen) in 2002, the law has been altered for limited usage of Flag by the Government of India (Union Cabinet of India) on the order of Supreme Court of India. It was again amended in 2005 for some additional use of Flag. Meaning and Significance of Indian Flag The national flag of India is also known as Tricolour Flag means Tiranga as it contains tricolours. Indian flag is designed-horizontally using three colour, wheel in the centre and Khadi clothe. The national flag was adopted on 22nd of July in 1947 in the wake of Indian independence from British rule. Indian Flag was designed and adopted as a symbol of the nationalism and freedom. Indian flag means a lot for us. It is our symbol of unity to lead us on one common way of Dharma even after being of different faiths and religions of Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, Islam and...

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National Song of India

Vande Mataram Vande Mataram is the national song of India written by the Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1882 in novel, Anandamath. Originally it was written two languages, Bengali and Sanskrit. National song is sung to the Mother Land on any national occasions. This song is very inspiring had help freedom fighters a lot during the Indian independence movement. It is very powerful and still inspires us to always fight for our nation wellness. It was first time sung by the Rabindranath Tagore in 1896 in a political meeting of Indian National Congress. Two most beautiful stanzas of the original Vande Mataram song have been officially declared as the National Song of India in 1950 after the independence of India. History of National Song of India Bankim Chandra Chatterjee is also known by name Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. He was very famous novelist and great poet of India. He had written the Vande Mataram song (on 7th of November in 1875) from which the national song of India has been taken officially. These two words (Vande Mataram) is the most important word of the national song and have become words of great importance for our nation. These two words are very inspiring, motivating and most powerful which was recited by many freedom fighters of India when they were being sentenced by the Britishers. Motherland is a most important essence of Hindu culture. All the great warriors of the India (Lord Rama, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, etc) had fought dedicatedly for saving the Motherland. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was graduated from Calcutta University. He was a government official when he composed the “Vande Mataram” song. He wrote this song by using words from both language, Sanskrit and Bengali which was first published in his novel Anandamatha (written in Bengali) in 1882. Soon he was asked to give a special tune for his song. Vande Mataram is very famous quote which has been by the freedom fighters as the national cry for getting freedom from British rule. It has given lots of inspiration to us during the Indian independence movement. It was used to enhance nationalistic fervour and shouted as a slogan during all the independence movement. This song was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore (writer of national anthem) in the Congress meeting at Calcutta in 1896. Later it was sung by the Dakhina Charan Sen in 1901 after five years during another Congress meeting at Calcutta. In 1905, it was again sung by the great poet, Sarala Devi Chaudurani in the Congress meeting in Benares. A journal was started with same name by the Lala Lajpat Rai and a political movie was made...

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National Symbols of India

Indian National Symbols National symbol of India means national identity elements of India. National symbols are the reason of its unique identity and heritage which bring a sense of pride and patriotism in the heart of Indian citizens. National symbols of India help in making a unique image of it to the world. There are various national symbols with their unique meaning such as national animal (tiger) symbolizes the strength, national flower (lotus) symbolizes the purity, national tree (banyan) symbolizes the immortality, national bird (peacock) symbolizes the elegance, national fruit (mango) symbolizes the tropical climate of country national song and national anthem symbolizes inspiration, national emblem (four lions) symbolizes power, courage, pride and confidence, etc. Various national symbols have been chosen to project the specific image of country, reflect people’s mind towards its culture as well as show its positive attributes to the world. Following are the mentioned national symbols with their details: National Flag of India Indian national flag is a horizontal rectangular shape divided in tricolor bands of equal proportion (also called as the Tiranga). The topmost band is of deep saffron color (represents courage), middle one is white color (represents purity) and lowermost band is of green color (represents fertility). The middle white band contains a navy blue wheel (also called as Dharma Chakra or the Wheel of Law) having twenty-four spokes in the center. It is called as the Ashoka Chakra. The Indian national flag is designed by the Pingali Venkayya based on the Swaraj flag. The present form of Indian national flag was officially adopted as an official flag of the Dominion of India by the Constituent Assembly in a meeting on 22nd of July in 1947. A flag is made by using a special type of hand-spun cloth called Khadi by law. Flag Code of India governs the usage and display of flag and prohibits the usage of flag by private citizens except on national days. The flag is solely manufactured by the Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha from of 2009. The standards of manufacturing a flag were created in 1968 however updated in 2008. there are nine standard sizes of the flag has been specified by the law. National Emblem of India Lion Capital of Asoka at Sarnath has been adopted by the Indian Government as the National Emblem of India. It was adopted on 26th of January in 1950 when India became a republic. Lion Capital of Asoka is written with a quote in Devanagari script called “Satyameva jayate” (represents truth alone triumphs) taken from Mundaka Upanishad, (part of sacred Hindu Vedas). Lion Capital of Asoka contains four lions standing with...

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Presidents of India

Presidents of India (1947 – Till Date) The President of India become the head of state and the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces and known as the first citizen of India. The President of India is called as Rashtrapati in Hindi and lord of the realm in Sanskrit language. The election of presidential post takes place by the Electoral College having elected members of the parliament houses, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha as well as members of Vidhan Sabha and state legislative assemblies. Since the independence of India, around 14 presidential elections have been done for which 13 persons have been the President of India and three acting presidents in between the terms for short periods of time. The President is selected to serve the country for a tenure of five years by the article 56, part V, of the Indian constitution. The office is assumed by the vice president in case if president is terminated or absent because of any reason. The parliament has rights to discharge president’s functions by article 70 of part V. In order to win the president’s election, a candidate must be of 35 years or above, qualified for election to Lok Sabha and not be a member of parliament or state assembly. He/she should not hold any office of profit. Vice Presidents, Governors of State, Ministers of the Union and Ministers of the State can stand for presidential election after resigning that office. Below is the list of all the Presidents of India (after independence of India till date) with their important details:   Current (14th) President of India: Pranab Mukherjee Office Term: 25-Jul-2012 to Incumbent Political Party: Indian National Congress Shri Pranab Mukherjee is the current president of India. He took charge as the 14th President of India (however the 13th person) on 25th of July in 2012. He won the Presidential election as the official nominee by the UPA Government after defeating the opposition candidate (ex-speaker of Lokh Sabha, Mr. P.A. Sangma). He has been at various posts in the cabinet ministry, Government of India (Finance Minister, Defence Minister, Foreign Minister, and Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission). Originally he belongs to the West Bengal and became the first Bengali who hold the President post of India. He was a senior leader of the political party, Indian National Congress till the date he resigned to precede his presidential election on 22nd of July in 2012. According to the survey of Euromoney magazine, he has been the best finance minister of India all over the world. He was born on 11th of December in 1935 in a Bengali Brahmin family in...

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Prime Ministers of India

Current Prime Minister of India: Narendra Damodardas Modi. First Prime Minister of Republic of India: Jawahar Lal Nehru. First Female Prime Minister of India: Indira Gandhi. Since the independence of India, there has seen 15 Prime Ministers (however, person 14). The Prime Minister of India becomes the chief executive of the Indian Government and representative of the Country. The Prime Minister becomes leader of party having majority in the parliament. He becomes the chief adviser to the President of India as well as head of the Council of Ministers. Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru was the longest-serving prime minister of India who served until his death in May 1964. The Prime Minister of India becomes the in charge Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Department of Atomic Energy, Ministry of Planning, Department of Space and Appointments Committee of the Cabinet. He becomes the member of Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. He performs the functions of formation of ministry, distribution of portfolios, chairman of the cabinet committee, chief co-ordinator of the policies and sole adviser to the President. Below, we have mentioned the name and details of the Prime Ministers of India since the independence of India till date. Indian Prime Ministers Jawaharlal Nehru Office Term: 15 August 1947 to 27 May 1964 Political Party: Indian National Congress Constituency: MP for Phulpur Jawaharlal Nehru was the 1st Prime Minister of India after the independence of India and served the country from 15 August 1947 to 27 May 1964 (for 16 years and 286 days). He won the election for Prime Minister of India for four times. He also served the country as Minister of Defence (from 31 October 1962 to 14 November 1962, 30 January 1957 to 17 April 1957 and 10 February 1953 to 10 January 1955), Minister of Finance (from 13 February 1958 to 13 March 1958 and 24 July 1956 to 30 August 1956) and Minister of External Affairs (from 15 August 1947 – 27 May 1964). He was a paramount leader of Indian independence movement and served India from 1947 until his death. He was famous as Pandit Nehru (Scholar Nehru or Panditji) whereas by the children as Chacha Nehru (or Uncle Nehru). He was born on 14th of November in 1889 in Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India (now in Uttar Pradesh, India). By Profession, he was a Barrister, Writer and Politician. He completed his honours degree in Natural Science in 1910 from Trinity College, Cambridge and law degree from Inns of Court School of Law (Inner Temple), London. He died on 27th of May in 1964 at age 74 in New Delhi, Delhi, India because of...

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