“Beti Bachao Beti Padhao” is a scheme launched by the Government of India with the prime objective of eliminating the incidents of female foeticide and also to ensure the fundamental right to health and education of a girl child. The scheme ensures that no female foetus is prematurely aborted and every girl child gets equal rights to nutrition and education as boys, without any kind of discrimination.
Short and Long Essay on Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
Essay 1 – (250 Words)
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao is an ambitious scheme launched by the government of India on 22nd January 2015. It was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of India, Sri Narendra Modi at Panipat in Haryana.
Aim of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojna
The objectives of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojna is to eliminate the number of female foeticides taking place and also ensure good health and education of the girl child.
Why is Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojna Needed?
It was found in 2011, census that some of the states have a poor child sex ratio. That means there was a lesser number of girls per 1000 boys, than what was required. The situation was most critical in the states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar. Therefore, to normalize the child sex ratio in these states and other parts of India, the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme was put into service.
How the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme Functions?
The MoWCD (Ministry of Women and Child Development), MoHFW (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare) and MoHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development) work in close coordination with each other to monitor the implementation and progress of the scheme.
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojna is an ambitious scheme of the government of India to tackle orthodox traditions and customs that consider girl child as a burden to the society and restrict her rights and other growth opportunities. In reality, a girl child should be provided the same opportunities for nourishment, education, and growth as boys.
Essay 2 – (400 Words)
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojna is a scheme launched by the government of India to deal with a poor child sex ratio revealed in the 2011 census.
When was the Scheme Inaugurated?
The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojna was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister of India, Mr. Narendra Modi on 22nd January 2015. He inaugurated the scheme from the Panipat district of Haryana, a state which had the poorest child sex ratio. Speaking on the occasion the Prime Minister had raised concern over the declining number of girls per 1000 boys and expressed hopes that the scheme would be able to increase the ratio for good.
How Did the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme Functions?
The Beti Bachao and Beti Padhao Yojna had been effective since 22nd January 2015 with an initial fund allotment of Rs 100 crore. The scheme functions through the three ministries of the Government of India – MoWCD (Ministry of Women and Child Development), MoHFW (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare) and MoHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development).
These ministries tend to work in close coordination together with the district level staff of Anganwadi (Rural child care centers) and other departments. 100 districts across India, with poor child sex ratio, have been selected and the District Collectors of these districts have been authorized to monitor the progress of the scheme.
The Anganwadi workers in all the villages of these districts have been trained for the effective implementation of the scheme. They work in close coordination with villagers and advise them from time to time on schemes of the government. Anganwadi workers also keep a record of a pregnancy in the village and monitor the progress. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare keeps a record of the entire girl child born and ensures that the benefits awarded as under the scheme are reached out to them.
The government also ensures that every girl child reaches school and gets equal education rights as the boys. The government and the concerned agencies also have the responsibility to ensure the implementation of the Right to Information Act.
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao is an ambitious campaign of the Government of India. The success of the campaign depends on the functioning of the government machinery as well as the response of society. As a progressive society, we must disdain old customs and orthodox beliefs that restrict the growth of a girl child and the well being of the nation on whole.
Essay 3 – (600 Words)
The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of India, Mr. Narendra Modi on 22nd January 2015, at Panipat in Haryana. The scheme was launched to tackle the situation of poor child sex ratio in some Indian states.
Importance of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojna
In the 2011 census, it was found that the number of girls per 1000 boys was declining in states like Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, and Punjab.
Further investigation revealed that this declining trend was mainly due to the practice of female foeticide carried out in these states. Female foeticide is the practice of prematurely aborting a female foetus due to a social taboo that considers girls as a burden to the family.
The prevalent practice of dowry system in these states was also up to some extent responsible for female foeticide. The society was considering the birth of a female child as a financial burden on the family and so families were conspiring with medical professionals in the pre-pregnancy foetus determination and its abortion if it was that the child was a girl.
Advancements in ultrasound technology have made it easy to determine the gender of the fetus. To eliminate this practice of female foeticide and to ensure that every girl child gets the same nourishment and education opportunities as boys, the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme was initiated.
Responsibilities of the Government
To deal with the problem of female foeticide, the Government of India had brought into effect the 1994 Pre Conception and Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, which made the prenatal sex determination as a crime punishable with imprisonment and penalty. One prime responsibility of the government under the Beti Bachao and Beti Padhao is to ensure that the PCPNDT Act is strictly implemented in word and in spirit.
The government aims to implement the scheme with the help of its three ministries – MoWCD (Ministry of Women and Child Development), MoHFW (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare) and MoHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development). Each of the ministries has been assigned with separate responsibilities and work in close coordination with each other to monitor the implementation and progress of the scheme.
The Ministry of Women and Child Development reach out to the families in villages through its Anganwadis or Child Day Care Centers. The workers are trained about the scheme from time to time. They reach out to the villagers raising awareness and encouraging the birth of a girl child. Workers also keep the record of all the pregnancies and ensure that the child gets complete nourishment.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is entrusted to make sure that every birth in the village takes place under the supervision of a registered medical professional. It also ensures that the ambulances are readily available for the transit of the mother and the baby. Thereby, it ensures that every birth including that of the girl child is registered. One of the main objectives of the MoHFW is to see that the Pre Conception and Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act is strictly enforced.
The Ministry of Human Resource and Development is given the responsibility to ensure the nourishment and education of the girl child. Its job is to make sure that every girl child gets proper nourishment and also is sent to school. It holds its commitment to the Right to Education Act and ensures that no girl child is being devoid of an opportunity to education. The ministry also makes sure that there are separate toilet facilities for both the girls and the boys in the schools.
The success of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme depends on the sincerity and functionality of the concerned departs of the government. But, to a large extent, its success also depends on the society and how effectively it disdains ages-old orthodox customs and beliefs.