Krishna Janmashtami is a Hindu Festival celebrated by the Hindu community in India. The day is observed on the 8th day of Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in the Shraavana month of Hindu Luni-solar calendar. The festival commemorates the birth of Sri Krishna. The festival is fervently celebrated in several parts of India with reverence to Sri Krishna and his companion Radha. The festival is celebrated with exceptional zeal and enthusiasm in the northern states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, and Himachal Pradesh.

Short and Long Essay on Krishna Janmashtami in English

We have provided below Short and Long Essay on Krishna Janmashtami in English. These Janmashtami Essay are written effectively, though keeping the language simple to let you better understand the festival and its significance.

After going through these essays you will be able to answer questions like, when is Janmashtami celebrated; why is it celebrated; how does different states celebrate Janmashtami differently; how is Janmashtami celebrated in Krishna’s birthplace Mathura; what is special on Janmashtami celebrations in Mumbai etc.

These Krishna Janmashtami essays have been written especially for school going students to help them in their Janmashtami celebrations and essay writing, debate or other similar competitions.

Krishna Janmashtami Essay – 1 (100 Words)

Krishna Janmashtami is a significant Hindu festival celebrated in the Indian sub-continent to commemorate the birth of Sri Krishna, one of the most revered Hindu Gods. Krishna is also considered the 8th reincarnation of Vishnu and a Supreme God in his own way.

Hindus celebrate the day displaying immense joy of devotion and love to their beloved Krishna and his mate Radha. More ascetic ones wear white clothes and dance to the tune of “Hare Rama, Hare Krishna” (Hindi).

Some chose to show their devotion by observing a day long fast, even without water and performing veneration rituals for Sri Krishna in the house.


Krishna Janmashtami Essay – 2 (150 Words)

Krishna Janmashtami is observed on 8th day of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in the Hindu calendar month of Shraavana, which corresponds to Gregorian months of August and September.

Hindu’s believe that, nearly 6000 years ago, on the same day, Krishna was born to Vasudeva and Devaki, in the prison in Mathura, where they were confiscated by the evil demon Kamsa who was also the maternal uncle of Krishna.

It is believed that Lord Vishnu took avtaar (reincarnation) in form of Krishna to end the evil rule of Kamsa by slaying him. Hindus see Krishna as the God of Love and compassion, having exceptional wit and intelligence. Thus, they celebrate his birth day with harmony and love towards all living beings.

The festival is celebrated with enthusiasm and reverence throughout the country. Exhibitions, either big or small are organized around the temples of Sri Krishna. Ascetic people spend their day, chanting mantras of Krishna and Radha.


Krishna Janmashtami Essay – 3 (200 Words)

Sri Krishna is a Hindu deity, who is also considered a supreme God. His birthday is celebrated by the Indian Hindus as Krishna Janmashtami.

The festival is celebrated grandly in Braj Region (Mathura-Vrindavan) of Uttar Pradesh, where Krishna, grew up. Krishna temples in the region are all lighted up with beautiful decorative lights and flowers.

Devotees chant bhajans in reverence to their beloved Krishna. Priests give sermons on exceptional; wit and deeds of Krishna and his role in Mahabharata. Devotees also read Bhagavad Gita to gain spiritual consciousness.

Next place bustling with excitement and colour on Janmashtami are schools. Small children get dressed up as Krishna and Radha to perform in various events. Wearing mainly yellow coloured cloth and holding a flute, children look beautiful and add immensely to the festival fervor.

Temporary shops selling articles related to Sri Krishna could be seen erected in the market place. They sell small metal statues of Krishna, called Laddu Gopal or Bal Gopal, along with crown, cloth, flute and other accessories.

People adorn the little statue with complete accessories and perform veneration rituals in their respective homes. Some people also fast for 24 hours, even without water, as a mark of love and devotion to Krishna.


Krishna Janmashtami Essay – 4 (250 Words)

Almost all of Hindu festivals of India are celebrated in reverence to some God or Goddess of Hindu mythology. Krishna Janmashtami is also one of such festivals celebrated to commemorate the birth of Sri Krishna, who is believed to be the eighth reincarnation of Vishnu.

The festival is celebrated with exceptional zeal and enthusiasm, mainly in north and north-west India. Mathura, the place of birth of Krishna, witnesses a grand celebration. Every street, crossing and Krishna temples in Mathura are decorated with coloured ribbons, balloons, flowers and colourful decorative lights.


All Krishna temples in Mathura and Vrindavan get packed from devotees and tourists from every corner of the country as well as the world. Many foreign tourists could also be seen dressed in white ascetic cloth and chanting bhajans.

Even the houses get transformed into temporary places of worship with every member taking early morning bath and collecting at the place of worship to perform puja (veneration) of Krishna. Statues of Krishna and Radha are kept side by side and rituals performed with devotion.

A distinct celebration takes place in Dwarka, Gujarat, where Krishna is believed to have established his kingdom. A ritualistic custom “Makhan Handi” in line with Mumbai’s “Dahi Handi” is performed there.  Also, farmers in Kutch district of Gujarat decorate the bullock carts and take out processions on Krishna with several other groups dancing on the way.


Krishna Janmashtami Essay – 5 (300 Words)


Krishna Janmashtami is a Hindu festival celebrated in the months of August September as per the Gregorian calendar. Krishna Janmashtami marks the birth of 8th reincarnation of Lord Vishnu, the slayer of Kamsa and advisor of Arjuna in Mahabharata. Krishna is a popular and much revered Hindu deity.

When is Krishna Janmashtami Celebrated?

Krishna Janmashtami is typically observed on 8th day of the dark fortnight i.e. Krishna Paksha, in the Hindu Luni-solar calendar month of Shraavana. It corresponds to the Gregorian calendar month of August-September. The dates of actual celebrations of Krishna Janmashtami at different places may vary by a day.

Celebrations of Krishna Janmashtami

The Indian Hindu community celebrates Krishna Janmashtami displaying a mix of emotions – joy, fun, devotion, love and compassion. For some it is an opportunity to spiritually awaken the soul; for others it is just a day to sing bhajans and dance with compassion with reverence to Krishna.

Temples of Sri Krishna are profoundly decorated and every corner is lit up with lights of several colours. Groups of people dressed ascetically could be seen dancing and chanting bhajans. Surprisingly a good majority of devotees in Mathura-Vrindavan region of Uttar Pradesh constitute of foreign nationals.

Such is the aura and impression of Krishna that even someone not belonging to Indian soil, gets drenched in devotion and compassion for him.

Some people however, prefer to celebrate the day in private, in their house, either worshiping or fasting. Those who fast, usually do it for 24 hours, some even without water. During the fasting they abstain from negative thoughts and other infatuations and try to chant the name of Krishna.


Krishna Janmashtami is one of the most significant and awaited festival of Hindu’s mainly in the Braj region of Uttar Pradesh. People love to celebrate as much as they love their God and spare no time in worshiping their beloved God.


Krishna Janmashtami Essay – 6 (400 words)


Krishna Janmashtami is a significant Hindu festival of India celebrated throughout the country. It marks the birth of Sri Krishna, son of Vasudeva and Devaki. He is a major Hindu deity and played a major role in Mahabharata and teaching Bhagvad Gita to Arjuna. Janmashtami is celebrated on the 8th day of (Ashtami) of the dark fort night in the Hindu month of Shraavana.

Celebrations in India and Abroad

Every state of India has its own distinct way of celebrating Krishna Janmashtami. Like in Maharashtra, it is popularly known as Gokulashtami. Apart from decoration of temples and other usual celebrations, the ritual of Dahi Handi is widely famous in Maharashtra, especially in Mumbai. Young men and boys form a human pyramid to break a earthen pot filled with curd and hanging with ropes high above. It is symbolic of Bal Krishna as he would do the same for his fondness to curd and butter.

Janmashtami celebrations in western states of India are more spiritual than celebratory and mainly revolve around the teachings and philosophy of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. People in these regions usually celebrate the day by lyrical songs and practicing Bhakti Yoga, a form of spiritual practice.

Likewise in the north eastern state of Manipur “Raslila” is performed by communities, depicting the playful and loving nature of Sri Krishna.

In neighboring Bangladesh Janmashtami is a national holiday. A procession is taken out from the national temple of Bangladesh i.e. Dhakeshwari Temple in Dhaka, and taken to the streets of old Dhaka.

Significance of Krishna Janmashtami

According to Hindu mythology Krishna was born to Vasudeva and Devaki in Mathura, when the duo was imprisoned by Devaki’s brother Kamsa. Kamsa was an evil and barbarous king who was warned that Devaki’s eighth child will be born to slay him. Kamsa managed to kill six of Devaki’s sons but Vasudeva somehow managed to save the seventh and eighth child that is, Balrama and Krishna respectively.

Krishna was born in an environment of complete chaos and mismanagement. Persecution was common, there was now freedom, no liberty and people were denied even the most important of their rights. Krishna, the eighth avtaar of Vishnu was born to put an end to Kamsa’s evil reign.

Thus by celebrating Janmashtami people reaffirm their faith in their beloved lord Krishna as savior of world from evil forces.


Krishna Janmashtami is a major Hindu festival, celebrated not only in India but also in Nepal, Bangladesh, Fiji and other parts of the world with devotees of Sri Krishna. Such is the glory of Krishna that his devotees cut across the lines of religion as well as region.



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