Litter means rubbish such as paper, plastic materials, plastic cans and bottles left lying in an open or public place. Doing such activities which makes the places dirty is known as littering. We can see heaps of garbage at all the nook and corner of our country that not only creates various kinds of problems for the people but the people coming from other countries as a tourist also discuss with the people when they return to their home country.

Litter usually includes plastic, paper and cardboard, rubber, wood, metal and pieces of glass in the garbage. Its origin is mainly land-based. The used materials when becomes defective and unfit for the use of human being, is thrown away by the people in an unjust and selfish way that remains on the open places for a long period of time due to ineffective methods of its disposal.

This litter leaves harmful effect on the flora and fauna and also pollutes the environment in many ways. Many kinds of germs and viruses grow that affects the life of the people. Many kinds of fatal ailments and chronic diseases are born and these vectors also spread epidemics.

Long and Short Essay on littering in English

Some essay on Littering are provided below in different word limits that will allow you to know in detail about the litter, its harmful effects, and the solution of its disposal.

These littering essay will help you in your academic assignments and will also enhance your knowledge.

Following Essay on litter has been written using simple words and the language used here is easy. We have also tried to convey the whole concept of litter and littering through these essays.

Littering Essay 1 – (200 Words)

The solid waste found on the Earth surface is called litter. In India, it is a common scene. In every place such as the lanes, streets, roads, parks, public places etc are covered by some kind of solid waste. Heaps of solid waste can be seen in many areas that emits foul smell and dangerous for the animal and human life.

Among the solid wastes, plastics and its by-products are more prone to this danger. Cattle eat plastic carry bags in delusion that they cannot digest and finally dies. It chokes the flow of water in the drainage system causing a lot of trouble. The water flows out of the drains on the roads cause difficulty for the passersby and also damages the roads, so there is a loss of economy too.

Therefore it is needed to bring awareness among the people about its consequences. It is a public responsibility and feeling of nationalism that the people will understand their duties towards the nation and the society and stop throwing their waste hither and thither to keep the country in the list of clean countries.

This cannot be done without participation of every individual. We have to learn the proper ways of disposing the waste and keep close look on the people as well as the government authorities who are responsible for its disposal on the correct time.


Littering Essay 2 – (300 Words)

Littering means the act of putting garbage anywhere. It is often seen that household waste, including iron cans, paper, plastic, glass pieces such as inorganic material, animal bones, vegetable peels, etc., are thrown at open places. In areas where people raise mulching animals, poultry or other animals the feces of these animals also pollute the atmosphere there.

The environment is being polluted due to non-performance of the disposal of waste. Mosquitoes, flies and many kinds of germs and viruses also thrive at such places. Therefore, garbage lying in the house, outside the house or in settlements can cause severe ill effects for the health of the community.


Municipal facilities are not available in the rural areas. Therefore, the disposal of wastes is done by the people. Cattle Dung, domestic and agricultural waste are not completely used there. Therefore, it is necessary to inform the villagers about the production of manure from the waste and by this the pollution of the villages should be stopped.

Along with this, the waste can also be utilized properly. The major waste in rural areas is dung. Villagers should be know about making compost and Vermi-fertilizer from it so that it can be utilized by them in their fields that not only increase the yield but also they can get  rid on the their waste.

In urban areas, the major domestic waste is plastic that is non-biodegradable and very dangerous for the whole environment. A proper disposal system of urban waste should be developed by the government as well as the people should know about its bad impact on their future life.

An awareness programme should be launched by the government and strict rules are needed to overcome this burning issue of the time lest soon the entire world would suffer from the bad effects of garbage and pollution that will create a huge loss.


Littering Essay 3 – (400 Words)


Litter i.e. Solid waste is a major issue of the world and its management has become a major problem in many underdeveloped, developing and developed countries. The main reasons for the increase in municipal solid waste or litter are over-corruption, industrialization, economic development and urbanization.

Waste management is a global issue but its consequences are more pronounced in developing countries. In India, solid waste management systems have failed to keep pace with social and economic development in many areas. Inability to manage municipal solid waste can adversely affect public health, the environment, and the economy.


The Main Factors of Littering in India:

  • Population: The over-population is a clear reason for our country’s major issues. Increase in population results in solid municipal waste. High population leads to increased demand for basic resources leading to waste generation.
  • Urbanization: Increasing population, decreasing employment opportunities in rural areas and migration from rural areas to enjoy the benefits of urban economic and social development are some other reasons for urbanization.

Urbanization is the main reason of global warming. Large amount of waste is produced by the industries in the process of manufacturing goods. This waste is not managed properly and remains on ground for a long period of time or mixed with the water bodies that contaminate the water and the environment.

  • Luxurious life: As the income of the people is increasing, the use of packed items increases in the same ratio. The need of luxury goods made their life easy but it is leading towards environmental depletion. For example air-conditioners release a harmful CFC gas; which is a great source of Ozone Layer depletion.
  • E-waste: Technology advancement increases the demand for further technological improvement. Mobile, TV, Play Station, Refrigerator etc. have been changed by the people frequently as advance technology has been introduced. Old gadgets and electronics become garbage as a result.
  • Problem of plastic waste: Plastic is easy in use and it costs less so people use plastic freely for their convenience. It creates a large amount of waste that is thrown after its use. This plastic waste remains for long time if has not been disposed off properly.


The government should start awareness campaigns and advertisements to inform people about the side effects of excess waste. New and advanced technology should be used for disposal of waste. Maximum reuse of waste should be encouraged. If people are aware about 3 R’s of the waste i.e. reduce, reuse and recycle there will a great change be seen in future. For this an honest effort should be followed by the people as well as the concerning authorities.


Littering Essay 4 – (500 Words)


Today the soil, water and air of the entire country are being polluted by littering of household waste. The litter caused by the household waste being dumped in thousands of tons daily has increased so much that, despite our millions of efforts and restrictions, the solution of the problems caused by it is not being found. Domestic solid waste has emerged as a major problem in cities today.

Littering is a common problem of every city in India. People throw their useless items in an unjust way anywhere that not only pollute the atmosphere there but also leave its harmful effect on the environment. Population explosion is also a cause.

Production of Litter and its Management

Millions of tons of waste are generated daily from homes, hotels, and other business places, including paper, cardboard, glass, plastic, polythene packets, metals, rotten vegetables, and other items. This waste is collected by the municipal corporation, municipalities at various places in the city by placing dustbins, and then thrown out of the city at a certain place where it keeps rotting.

Effects of Littering

Foul smell is produced on the rotting of this waste, which comes out after daily use from the houses, as well as different kinds of insects such as flies and mosquito etc. flourish. The bacteria and viruses that result from this, dissolved in air and water, cause a variety of deadly infectious diseases not only in metros but also in small towns.

The Rule and its Ignorance

Today the situation has become such that, as we become aware of cleanliness and health, at the same pace, citizens are shying away from the duties reflecting its basics. According to the Solid Waste Management Rules 2016 “no person shall throw or burn waste or self-generated waste outside their premises on roads, open public places, in drainage or aquatic areas’’, but the city is seen to have blown off its common sense.

Our Responsibilities

It is the first responsibility of the common people to collect, to segregate, dispose of household waste at the given time and place. They are obliged to collect household waste properly and separate it because mixed waste cannot be managed properly. Also put it in the dustbin in the fixed place, only then the correct method of disposal of that waste can be determined.

After this, it is the responsibility of the Municipal Corporation not to reduce the availability of dustbin, collect door-to-door garbage, instead of picking up and throwing waste, work on its management.

This may include different tasks related to waste management, including filling pits emptied with waste for composting. At the same time recycling methods can be adopted for the management of plastic waste, revenue can also be obtained by some methods, including manure making, energy generation etc.


Ultimately, to deal with this problem, the only thing that is understood is that until the general public does not realize that the diseases caused by littering, rotting of the dumped waste will harm their health; then there is no permanent solution can be found out. Garbage cannot be prevented from being generated, but a solution can be found through its management.


Littering Essay 5 – (600 Words)


The word litter has three meanings: A stretcher used to carry a person lying down; Debris lying on the ground like hamburger wrappers and paper cups made up of plastic; and a group of baby animals born to the same mother at the same time.

Here we are going to discuss about the debris that is seen in almost every part of the country. There are many reasons of littering but the main reason is the population growth and illiteracy. If steps are not taken to develop appropriate and successful technology the environmental consequences are likely to become even more serious.

Littering the places around our living areas is a common practice nowadays. You can see every nook and corner of the entire country is littered among which the plastic materials, paper, cups and plates are thrown hither and thither which makes the places look clumsy.

Definition of Litter

Litter is a general term used to refer to useless by-products arising during the production process, as well as useless goods that have no utility to their owners.

Origin of Litter

  • Natural Garbage: Dust flew off the waste land, dead and rotten trees, and seeds flying on the roads and surrounding areas.
  • Road traffic litter: Litter generated due to wear and tear of roads and vehicles. In developing countries, such litter includes mud, cattle dung of cattle, plastics etc.
  • Habitual Litter: Garbage thrown by pedestrians and passengers of motor vehicles such as food material packaged wrappers, plastic bottles, and other things.
  • Market waste: Waste packaging materials of waste paper, cardboard and straws coming out of shops and markets, rotten fruits, vegetables and similar items.
  • Cigarette Butts and Small Sachets: Cigarette Butts and Small Sachets like chocolate wrappers and similar items thrown by people.
  • Others: Solid waste generated from hospitals, schools, offices, small and cottage industries etc.

Consequences of Littering

Littering leads to pollution that leaves harmful effect on the living beings as well on the environment. Many kinds of diseases are born in human beings and animals are more prone to extinction. The depletion of the environment is a cause of concern and anxiety that is leading the entire world towards an end some day in future.

Policy and Action Plan for Solid Waste Management

The task of locating the urban concrete garbage falls under the jurisdiction of many departments. In all such efforts, it is necessary to formulate a national policy and action plan for litter management for coordination, uniformity and coordination. The main emphasis in the suggested policy in this regard has been given to these things:

  • Reduction of garbage.
  • Separating different types of garbage in the source i.e. homes, hospitals and industries.
  • Removal and recycling of litter from recyclable materials to give garbage a useful material for use in everyday life.
  • Development of appropriate technology for transportation and disposal of solid waste collection safely.

The important features of the National Action Plan for the disposal of litter are:

  1. To create awareness at all levels i.e. industries, hospitals and people etc.
  2. To help in efforts to establish garbage disposal and to take legal measures to strengthen them.
  3. Human resource development for better disposal of urban solid waste.
  4. Research and development for development and evaluation of appropriate technology of waste management.


To implement the National Action Plan, it is very important to raise sufficient resources and increase synergies between different sectors both in terms of money and well-trained labour force. This work can be done like a project run as a mission in which different departments can make many ‘mini missions’ related to each other. But adopting such a policy can impede the determination of appropriate priority among competing activities and provide adequate financial support.



Related Information:

Essay on Waste Management

Speech on Waste Management