Essay on Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, fondly remembered as the Iron Man of India, played an important role in freeing the country from the clutches of the British government.

Vallabh Bhai Patel was given the title of Sardar because of the outstanding leadership qualities he portrayed. He led various movements and united people for common cause. Here are essays on Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exam. You can select any Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel essay as per your need and interest:

Long and Short Essay on Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel in English

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After going through these Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel essay you will know about the life and achievements of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, his political prowess, his resolve to keep India united, significant posts held by him in the government, why is he called the iron man of India etc.

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Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Essay 1 (200 words)

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was one of the prominent leaders of his time. He was actively involved in India’s freedom struggle. Patel was deeply influenced by the Gandhian ideologies and followed the path of non-violence. He supported various freedom movements including the Non-Cooperation Movement, Satyagrah Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement. He did not only participate in these movements but also brought large number of people together to participate in the same.

He went around India with Mahatma Gandhi and helped collect more than 1.5 million and recruit 300,000 members. He was known for his hard working nature ever since he was a child. During childhood, he toiled the land with his father who was a farmer. He worked hard to attain the law degree and studied dedicatedly to become a barrister. His hard work and dedication towards freeing the country from the clutches of the British government was also quite evident. He gave his heart and soul for the cause. He worked in association with various Congress Party officials to further this aim.

He was given the title of Sardar because of the impeccable leadership qualities he possessed. He was indeed one of the most popular leaders. A number of monuments and institutes have been built in his memory. These include the Sardar Patel University, Gujarat, Sardar Patel Vidyalaya, New Delhi, Sardar Vallabh Bhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Sardar Patel Memorial Trust, Sardar Sarovar Dam, Gujarat and Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad.

We salute this great leader!


Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Essay 2 (300 words)


Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, a well known Indian freedom fighter, actively participated in various freedom movements. He knew that freedom could be achieved only if we stood united against the British. He thus came forward to motivate the common people of the country. His efforts proved to be fruitful as large number of people stepped out to participate in the freedom struggle.

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel’s Active Participation in Quit India Movement

The movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi in the year 1942. It is said that initially Sardar Patel wanted to launch this movement. Though it was Gandhi ji who launched the Quit India movement ultimately, Patel extended maximum support to the movement compared to other Congress officials. He worked closely with Gandhi ji and other freedom fighters to ensure that the movement impacted the British government hugely and forced them to move out of the country.

The feeling of patriotism and the urge to drive the British out of the country could very well be seen among the masses during the Quit India movement. Patel played a vital role in bringing people together for this movement. During this movement, Patel was even jailed along with various Congress Working Committee leaders. He was kept in the Ahmednagar Fort from 1942 to 1945.


Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel’s Last Days

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel had been an epitome of strength all through his life. However, his health began deteriorating in the year 1950. He became weaker and weaker and mostly confined to his place. He got bed ridden in November 1950 and suffered a massive heart attack on December 15, 1950 leading to his death. The loss of this great soul was mourned by the entire nation.


Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel’s contribution in freedom struggle and building the country has been impeccable. He was bestowed with the Bharat Ratna Award post his death.


Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Essay 3 (400 words)


Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was one of the most prominent leaders during the Indian freedom struggle. He played a significant role in driving the British out of the country.

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel’s Early Life

Vallabh Bhai Patel was born on the 31st of October, 1875. He was born in a Patel family in Nadiad Village, Bombay Presidency that now forms a part of the Indian state of Gujarat. His father Zaverbhai Patel was a part of the army of Queen of Jhansi. His mother, Ladbai was spiritually inclined. Patel was given good values and raised to be a gentleman.

He completed his matriculation when he was 22 years old that is at an age when he should ideally have graduated. This is the reason why no one thought he would do very well professionally. It was believed that he would settle for an ordinary job. However, he proved everyone wrong as he pursued the law degree. He later went on to study law in London and acquired the position of a barrister.

Participation in Freedom Struggle

While Vallabh Bhai Patel was practicing law in Ahemdabad, he attended a lecture by Mahatma Gandhi whose words had a profound impact on him. He admired Gandhiji for his ideologies and soon followed the same. He had always opposed the British government and its stern laws. His belief in Gandhi ji’s ideologies and detest for the British government led him to dive in the Indian struggle for independence.


He was a born leader and his dedication towards what he believed strongly was quite evident. These qualities helped him acquire the position of the Secretary of the Gujarat wing of the Indian National Congress in the year 1917.

Unhappy with the tyranny of the British, he led a No Tax Campaign against the government. He asked the farmers not to pay taxes as the government demanded taxes from them post the Kaira floods. As Sardar Patel believed in the Gandhian ideologies, the movement led by him was non-violent. However, it had the impact he intended. The British government finally returned the farmers’ land it had seized. The successful completion of this movement also gave him the title of Sardar.

Then, there was no stopping for Sardar Patel. He actively participated in various freedom movements and led many others.


A barrister by profession, Patel left his flourishing career to join the struggle for India’s independence. He became actively involved in the freedom movements and gave his heart and soul to it.


Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Essay 4 (500 words)


Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was a successful barrister who took active part in India’s freedom struggle. He worked in association with Mahatma Gandhi and various other freedom fighters to drive the British out of the country.

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel’s Education and Career

While everyone in Vallabh Bhai Patel’s family and friend’s circle regarded him as an unambitious child, he secretly nurtured the dream of becoming a barrister. After completing his matriculation, he furthered his dream by studying law. He stayed away from his family and studied dedicatedly to achieve his goal. Patel soon became a lawyer and began practicing law.

However, this was not it. He wanted to climb up the ladder of success. He had plans to travel to England and study law further to become a barrister. Everything went as per plan and his papers arrived. However, Patel’s elder brother somehow convinced him to let him go for further studies instead. The two had same initials and hence his brother could use the same documents to travel and study in England. Patel could not deny his brother’s request and allowed him to go in his place.

He continued to practice law in the country and applied for the course in London yet again and finally went to chase his dream at the age of 36. It was a 36 months long course but Patel completed it within 30 months. He topped in his class and returned to India as a barrister. It was a moment of pride for him and his family. He settled in Ahmadabad after his return and practiced law in the city. He became one of the most successful barristers in Ahmadabad. Patel wanted to earn good for his family as he wished to provide top class education to his children. He continually worked in this direction.

Why Sardar Patel is called the Iron Man of India?

Sardar Patel’s life journey has been an inspiring one. He worked against all odds to achieve his professional goals without much guidance and support from his family. He also helped his brother further his aspirations, took good care of his family and motivated and supported his children to do well in life.

He also played a vital role in bringing the people of India together to fight for the nation’s independence. His aura was so strong that he was able to unite the people against the common cause without much bloodshed. This is the reason why he came to be known as the Iron Man of India. He took part in various freedom movements and inspired those around him to join the same. He had good leadership qualities and led several movements successfully. He was eventually given the title of Sardar, meaning leader.


Sardar Patel’s aspiration to achieve his professional goal and the efforts put in that direction are truly inspiring. He was a source of inspiration not only for the people of his era but also for the youth today. He was a self made man in the true sense.


Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Essay 5 (600 words)


Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, a barrister by profession, was saddened by the condition of the common people around him. He was against the laws and tyranny of the British government. He wanted to work against the same and with a strong urge to change the system he dived into the freedom struggle.

Sardar Patel Secured Various Positions of Prominence

Sardar Patel held various positions of prominence throughout his life. Here is a look at these:

  • He contested for the seat of Councillor of Ahmadabad Municipality in January 1917 while he was working as a barrister in the city. He was elected for the position.
  • His way of working was appreciated and he was elected as the president of Ahmadabad Municipality in 1924.
  • He was appointed as the Congress president for Karachi session in the year 1931.
  • He became the 1st deputy Prime Minister of India post independence.
  • He held the position of Minister of Home Affairs from 15th August 1947 to 15th December 1950.
  • He held the position of Commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces from 15th August 1947 to 15th December 1950.

Corruption Charges against Patel

Unfortunately, Sardar Patel was charged with corruption along with 18 other councillors who formed a part of the Ahmadabad Municipality. A case of misrepresentation of funds was filed against him in the year 1922. He won the case in ADC however he was soon called to the Bombay High Court. It was Mohammad Jinnah who came forward to help Patel at that time. He led a panel of lawyers to defend Patel in this case and they won.

Association with Gandhiji

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was quite career oriented. He did not only attain a degree in law to become a lawyer but aspired for greater heights. He went ahead to enroll at a reputed institute in London to become a barrister. He wanted to earn wealth and give good education to his children. He was driven to achieve this goal. However, his vision changed after he met Mahatma Gandhi in the year 1917. He was greatly impressed by the Gandhian ideologies and was inspired to take part in the freedom struggle. He regarded Mahatma Gandhi as his elder brother and supported him at every step.

Henceforth, he became a part of all the movements led by Mahatma Gandhi and also initiated various movements with his support. He participated whole heartedly in the civil disobedience movement. He also urged other Congress High Command leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana Azad and Rajagopalachari to take part in the movement.

He was a strong contender for the post of first Prime Minister of the Independent India. However, on Gandhiji’s request he left his candidacy for the post giving way to Jawahar Lal Nehru to hold the position. However, Patel was never happy with the way Nehru was handling his responsibility as a Prime Minister. It is said that on the day of Gandhiji’s assassination, Patel met him in the evening.

He went to Gandhiji to discuss how he was dissatisfied with Nehru’s ways of handling things. He even told Gandhiji that he would resign from his post as the Deputy Prime Minister if Nehru did not mend his ways. However, Gandhiji convinced Patel otherwise and asked him to promise that he wouldn’t take any such decision. It was their last meeting but Patel kept the promise given to Gandhiji.


Sardar Patel worked hard to unite the people of India to fight against the British. He was known to bring the people together and drive them towards a common goal. His leadership qualities were appreciated by one and all. His efforts in this direction were honoured by declaring his birthday, October 31 as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas.

Long Essay on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – Essay 6 (800 Words)


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, also known as iron man of India held the posts of first deputy Prime Minister, first Minister of Home Affairs and first Commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces of India, in office from 15th August 1947 to 15th December 1950. He was also a successful barrister and a senior leader and 49th President of the Indian National Congress. Vallabhbhai’s contribution in the freedom struggle as well as in India’s integration post independence was immense. The united India that we have today could be attributed to the efforts of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

After India gained freedom, he was instrumental in persuading all the princely states to accede to India, often threatening them with military action when needed. This uncompromising attitude for an integrated India has earned him the title of “Iron Man of India”. On 31st October 2018, the Prime Minister of India inaugurated a colossal statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, called the “Statue of Unity”, in the state of Gujarat India.

Ambition and Education

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born as Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel, on 31st October 1875. His father was Jhaverbhai Patel and his mother was Laad Bai. Sardar Patel was a mediocre student; though, he developed a philosophical attitude, since his childhood. He cleared his matriculation at a late age of 22 years and was considered as unambitious and someone who is fit only for a mediocre job.

This however, wasn’t exactly the case as Vallabhbhai nurtured a dream of studying law from England and become a successful barrister. Thus, he pursued his studies, by borrowing books from other lawyers and passed the examination within two years. Subsequently, he was called to bar and settled down in Godhara, Gujarat with his wife Jhaverbaben Patel.

It took him many years of successful practice as a lawyer and saving money, at the same time dispensing his family’s financial obligations, before he had enough money to travel to England to become a barrister.

Sardar Patel applied for a pass and a ticket to England in the name of V.J. Patel and the correspondence was addressed to his brother, who also had the same initials. However, a surprise awaited him as his elder brother declared that he had also nurtured a dream of studying in England and if he follows on the footsteps of his younger brother, it would bring bad name to the family’s reputation. Such was the level of sacrifice of Sardar Patel for his family, that he let his elder brother go to England and continued his practice in Godhara.

Not before he was aged 36, that Sardar Patel again got a chance to travel to England and study in the Temple Inn in London, completing a 36 months course in 30 months. He returned and settled in Ahmadabad, becoming the city’s most successful barrister. At this stage, Sardar Patel had no political ambitions and only thought of amassing wealth practicing as a barrister and giving best education to his children – daughter named Maniben Patel and son named Dahyabhai Patel.

Political Activism

Vallabhbhai Patel was elected as the sanitation commissioner of Ahmadabad in 1917. Though, he confronted the British Officials on several civic issues, he never showed keen interest in politics. Things began to change after Patel met Mahatma Gandhi in person in October 1917. On the insistence of Gandhi, Patel became the secretary of Gujarat Sabha, which was the Gujarat arm of Indian National Congress. From there began Patel’s journey for the freedom struggle; fighting for the rights of peasants, farmers and supporting reforms like Satyagraha and Quit India Movement.

Post Independence

Sardar Patel played a prominent role in the integration of India after independence. He persuaded Jawaharlal Nehru and other senior congress leaders to accept the Cabinet Mission Plan of 16th May 1946, which proposed the partition of India of religious grounds. Patel knew that rejecting the plan would mean that the Muslim league will be called for forming the government. The government was finally formed under the Prime Ministership of Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Patel as the Minister of Home Affairs and Information and Broadcasting. Patel took a lead in dividing public assets in the partition of India.

In the ensuing violence following the partition of India, Patel travelled extensively to refugee camps and border areas in order to subdue the riots.

Sardar Patel was one of the three leaders who led India from 1948 to 1950, the other two being Governor General of India – Chakravarti Rajagopalachari and Jawaharlal Nehru.

Statue of Unity

The Prime Minister of India, Mr. Narendra Modi inaugurated a colossal statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in Gujarat on 31st October 2018. It is named the “Statue of Unity” and is located on a river island facing the Sardar Sarovar Dam, 100 Kms southeast of Vadodara.


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a man of distinguished resolve and determination. He also had a foresight which is only a trait of good political leaders. Without his contributions, the India that we have today would have been a distant dream.


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