Statue of Unity is the statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875-1950), situated on an island facing Sardar Sarovar Dam in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is symbolic of unity and peace. It has been built to commemorate the contribution of Sardar Patel, the first deputy Prime Minister of India and a revered freedom fighter. Inaugurated recently on 31st October 2018, the statue has become a popular tourist spot.
Long and Short Essay on Statue of Unity
Essay 1 (250 words)
Statue of Unity, located in Gujarat, India, is the tallest statue in the world. It was inaugurated on the 31st of October 2018 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi who is the man behind initiating the idea of building this statue.
The idea behind Establishing the Statue of Unity
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel played a significant role in driving the British out of the country and building the nation. It was he, who took the initiative to unite all the 562 princely states of the country to build the Republic of India. He was known for his strength and determination and was given the title of the ‘Iron Man of India’.
PM Modi decided to build Sardar Patel’s statue as a mark of respect to this noble soul. He came up with the plan of building the tallest statue in the world so that Sardar Patel’s contributions to our nation will not only be remembered by the Indians but even throughout the world. By building this statue he aimed to ensure that the contribution of this eminent leader is cherished for years and years to come. It was given the name, the Statue of Unity as Vallabhbhai Patel played a vital role in both pre and post-independence India.
Talking about the Statue of Unity, PM Modi said, “My vision is to develop the place as a source of inspiration for ages to come”.
Fund Collection for Statue of Unity
The enormous statue required huge funds. It was constructed by a Public-Private Partnership model. Most of the investment for its construction was done by the Gujarat Government. Contributions of funds were also made by Public Sector Undertakings under the Corporate Social Responsibility scheme.
Statue of Unity, a symbol of unity, strength, and peace, is open for the public. People from far away are visiting Gujarat, just to have a view of this huge edifice.
Essay 2 (400 words)
Statue of Unity is the statue of the Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. It is located on Sadhu Bet, a river island that stands at a distance of around 100 km from Vadodara. It is by far the tallest statues constructed in the world.
Statue of Unity: When it All Began
Narendra Modi came up with the proposal to construct a huge statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He announced the project on 7th October 2010. The project was named, “Gujarat’s tribute to the nation”.
The plan garnered support from the public as well as many prominent political leaders. However, the tribal people and farmers living in the area opposed this decision of the Modi government. They organized protests, supported by the politicians from the opposition parties. Despite the criticism and opposition, the construction of this statue finally began in 2014. Several architects and laborers were employed to accomplish the task. The construction of the statue was finally completed in 2018. It was inaugurated by PM Modi on 31st October the same year.
Run for Unity
A marathon by the name ‘Run for Unity’ was organized in Surat on the 15th December 2013, to support of the Statue of Unity project. Since then, it’s been held each year on the 31st of October and is dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
On 31st October 2018 when Sardar Patel’s statue was unveiled in Gujarat, Run for Unity was organized in the National capital. Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Home Minister Rajnath Singh flagged off the event. Around 12,000 people participated in the marathon.
Statue of Unity: A Popular Tourist Attraction
Statue of Unity which was inaugurated on the 143rd birth anniversary of Sardar Patel has garnered immense popularity. It was opened for the public from the 1st of November and has been flooded with tourists ever since. People from around the world are visiting this place to see this architectural marvel. It has become a major attraction for tourists. Its popularity can be judged by the number of tourists visiting here.
As many as 128, 000 tourists visited this monument within 11 days of its inauguration. Modi envisioned that the construction of the statue would help in boosting the state's tourism which would be beneficial for the people living there.
The monument is closed for visitors only on Mondays.
Statue of Unity is drawing worldwide attention. It is being appreciated for its tall structure and architectural excellence. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has certainly added a feather in the cap of the nation by accomplishing this project.
Essay 3 (500 words)
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is known as the architect of independent India. Had it not been for his efforts, the various princely states of India would not have come together. Sardar Patel also worked for the welfare of the farmers. In order to pay homage to Patel and honor his contribution to the country, Narendra Modi announced the construction of a huge statue of this great Indian leader. The announcement was made in 2010 when Narendra Modi was the Chief Minister of Gujarat.
Statue of Unity: Structure and Design
Statue of Unity dedicated to Sardar Patel is known for its enormous structure and elaborate design. A lot of sweat and hard work went into the making of this structure. A team of artists, historians and architects were selected to further this task. They studied various statues of Sardar Patel set up in different parts of the country. Finally, the design suggested by sculptor, Ram V. Sutar was approved and the work for the construction of this unique statue began.
The Statue of Unity is said to be a replica of the statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel installed at Ahmadabad International Airport. It is just that this statue is much larger than that. The total height of the statue is 240 m (including base). The base built for the statue is as high as 58 m. The statue built on it stands tall at a height of 182 m. It is the height of this statue that draws attention. It is the tallest statue around the globe.
Statue of Unity reflects Sardar Patel’s robust personality. In this statue, he is seen wearing a dhoti, his head is held high and there is a shawl on his shoulders. His hands are on his sides and he is wearing a pair of sandals. The height weight and other measures of the statue have been decided in a way that it stands intact amid adverse climatic conditions. This one of a kind statue can withstand wind up to 220 km per hour. It can also withstand earthquakes up to 6.5 on the Richter scale.
The Statue of Unity Movement
A drive to support the construction of the Statue of Unity was initiated by the state government of Gujarat. This was named the Statue of Unity Movement. By way of this movement, the government of Gujarat received immense help from the masses. It urged the farmers and artisans to donate their old and used types of equipment and people came forward to donate these in vast numbers. Scrap iron amounting to 135 metric tonnes was collected by the year 2016 with the help of this movement. Out of this, 109 tonnes were used to establish the foundation of the Statue of Unity.
Statue of Unity is a symbol of unity and strength. It reflects the true personality of Sardar Patel who was strong and robust. The initiative taken by PM Modi has been supported and appreciated by people in power as well as the general public. PM Modi sees this statue as an inspiration for the people of our country.
Essay 4 (600 words)
Statue of Unity is a spectacular statue of the eminent Indian leader, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He played an important part in the unification of India. He united the numerous princely states of the country to give shape to modern India. To honor this noble soul, Prime Minister Narendra Modi decided to build a big statue of him in Gujarat. He came up with the idea in 2010 that marked his tenth year as the Chief Minister of Gujarat. The announcement received a mixed response from the general public as well as political leaders. The statue was unveiled on 31st October 2018 coinciding with the 143rd birth anniversary of Sardar Patel.
Construction of the Magnanimous Statue
Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of the Statue of Unity on Sardar Patel’s 138th birth anniversary i.e., on 31st October 2013. In order to lay the foundation stone and begin with the construction, the Sadhu Bet hillock was flattened from 70 to 55 meters.
The construction of the magnanimous statue began in 2014 after a lot of research by the architects and engineers. The total time taken to build this statue was 56 months. This involved 15 months of research and planning and 40 months of construction. It took 2 months to hand it over. The architects and artists appointed for the task observed and studied Sardar Patel’s statues installed across India.
After a lot of analysis and discussions, it was unanimously decided to come up with a statue similar to that constructed at Ahmadabad International Airport, but much bigger in size. The Statue of Unity stands tall at a height of 182 m. The total height of the monument including the base is 240 m. The statue’s height (182 m) was tactfully chosen to match the number of seats in the Gujarat Legislative Assembly.
The project was supervised by a consortium of Meinhardt Group, Michael Graves and Associates and Turner Construction. The total cost involved in the project was around 3000 crore. This was the lowest bid received for the construction of the statue. Larsen and Toubro made this bid and got the contract. The cost did not just involve the construction of the monument but also it is designing and maintenance costs for the next fifteen years.
Around 250 engineers and more than 3000 laborers were employed to construct this huge monument. Thousands of tonnes of structural and reinforced steel, bronze and iron were utilized for the construction of the statue.
Statues around the World
There are many statues around the world that fetch tourists from far and wide. Some of these include the Statue of Liberty in New York, United States, Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, The Thinker in Paris, David Statue in Italy, The Motherland Calls statue in Volgograd, Russia; The Little Mermaid in Denmark and the Spring Temple Buddha in China. However, none of them is even closer when it comes to the Statue of Unity’s height. The Statue of Unity is the tallest statue in the world.
Quick Facts about the Statue of Unity
Here are a few facts about the Statue of Unity:
- The statue has been divided into five zones. Out of these, only three are accessible to the public.
- It includes an exhibition area, a memorial garden, and a museum.
- It is constructed on Sadhu Bet which is a river island.
- It stands at a distance of 3.2 km from the Narmada Dam downstream.
- The Statue of Unity is surrounded by a 12 km long artificial lake formed by Garudeshwar Dam on the Narmada River.
Statue of Unity is truly an engineering marvel. It is a tribute to Indian engineering skills. Our skilled laborers, architects, and engineers have received immense appreciation for constructing this intricately designed an enormous piece of art. We are proud to have the tallest statue of the world in our country.