Essay on Peacock

Peacock is one of the most beautiful birds on earth. It is particularly known for its colourful feathers that are a sight to behold. It looks best when it dances merrily in the rain.

Peacock is the national bird of India. It finds several references in the Indian mythology and history. It is known for its metallic blue and green colour and spectacular feather. These various essays on Peacock of varying lengths will help you with the topic in your exam. You can select any Peacock essay as per your interest and need.

Long and Short Essay on Peacock in English

We have provided below short and long essay on peacock in English language for children and students.

These Peacock essay will make you familiar with appearance and characteristics of peacock.

You will also know about distinct physical features and behaviour of peacock. You will also get a glimpse of the beauty of the bird because of which it is the national bird of India.

You can use these peacock essay in various school and college competitions wherein you need to write essay on peacock, or give a speech on national bird or be a part of debate on national bird of India etc.

Peacock Essay 1 (200 words)

Peacock is known for its mesmerizing beauty. This beautiful bird comes in different colours. There are mainly three species of peacock. These are the Indian peacock (found in India and Sri Lanka), the Green Peacock (found in Indonesia) and the Congo Peacock (found in Africa). While the Indian and Green peacock have an elaborate crest on their head and long colourful plumage, Congo peacock on the other hand, has a less attractive crest and short tail.

Both Indian and Green peacock look extremely beautiful whereas the Congo peacock appears rather dull. The colour of the body and crest is what mainly distinguishes the Indian peacock from the Green peacock. The Indian peacock has a blue coloured body whereas the Green peacock has a green coloured body.

The Indian peacock has been given the stature of the National Bird of India. This joyful and beautiful bird has been a significant part of the Indian history as well as mythology.

The colourful and bright feathers that add to the beauty of peacock also serve as an item to beautify various things and places. A number of home décor items are crafted around these feathers. These feathers are also considered auspicious and are used to bring in good luck and prosperity. Peacock has inspired many notable artists in the past and continues to do so.


Peacock Essay 2 (300 words)


Peacock is a bird of national importance for the Indians. It has held a very special place in the Indian history. Many prominent kings and leaders in the past have shown their fondness for this beautiful creature. Peacock is known worldwide for its mesmerizing beauty.

Peacock – Our National Bird

India boasts of a number of beautiful birds with different features and habits. Some of these birds such as cuckoo and bulbul are amazing when it comes to singing. Other birds have other unique qualities for instance parrot can mimic, white pigeon is just so beautiful and pure and Asian Paradise Flycatcher is known for its beautiful long tail. Choosing a national bird among such beauties was quite hard.


However, peacock seemed to be a clear winner here. Peacock outsmarts all the birds when it comes to looks. No other bird possesses such big, colourful and bright feather. Not just its looks, peacock is also loved for its positive and joyful nature. This can very well be seen by the joy with which the bird dances and makes merry during the monsoon season. Other reasons cited for choosing peacock as the national bird of India include its association with the Indian mythology and religion and the fact that it was found in almost every part of the country.

In India, peacocks are found in almost every part. However, these are found in greater numbers in Jammu and Kashmir, South Mizoram, East Assam and Indian peninsula.

Peacock was declared national bird of India in the year 1963. The bird is protected under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.


Peacock is one of the most beautiful creations of God. It seems like the almighty specially took out time to craft this rare beauty. It has rightly been chosen as the national bird of our country.


Peacock Essay 3 (400 words)


Peacock boasts of immense beauty. It is loved for its blue and green coloured body, its turquoise, green, blue and brown coloured feathers and its beautiful crest. Catching a glimpse of peacock dancing during the monsoon season can make your day. Peacock has been a source of inspiration for painters, poets and other artists since times immemorial.

Historical References

Peacock finds many references in the Indian history. Mughal emperor Shah Jahan especially got his throne crafted in the form of peacock. The peacock throne was embedded with numerous jewels that added to its beauty. The Mughal Empire lost this magnificent throne to the Persian emperor Nadir Shah in 1739.

Hunting was a popular activity during the earlier times and the kings indulged in the same quite often. However, King Asoka particularly ensured that people did not hunt down peacock. During his reign, he made killing of peacock an offence. Interestingly, Aurangzeb, who was otherwise known for his cunning nature also ensured safety of peacocks. He put a ban on shooting this beautiful bird. During the Gupta period peacock was recognized as royal bird.

Besides, numerous paintings, engravings and pieces of literature in India have been inspired by peacocks. Many invaders were also fascinated by the beauty of peacock.


Mythological Reference

Peacock has been associated with various Indian Gods and Goddesses. It is believed that peacock came into being from the feathers of Garuda. Garuda is a mythical bird that serves as a mount for Lord Vishnu.

Peacock is the conveyance of God Kartikeya. Kumari, who is a form of Shakti, also rides peacock. This beautiful bird also serves as conveyance for Vikata, an incarnation of Lord Ganesha.

Lord Krishna is seen adorning the beautiful peacock feather on his head. Peacock has also been associated with Goddess Laxmi and Goddess Saraswati. Goddess Laxmi is known as the Goddess of luck, beauty and prosperity and Goddess Saraswati is known as the Goddess of wisdom, kindness and patience.

It is said that Lord Indra took refuge under peacock wing when it was unable to defeat Ravana. He then blessed the bird with courage to take on the snakes. It is also said that as a result of a curse, Lord Indra was transformed into a peacock with thousand eyes.

Peacock feathers are considered sacred in the Hindu religion. People hang peacock feathers at home to bring in good luck and prosperity.


Thus, peacock is not only associated with beauty and vibrancy but also holds an important place in the Indian history and mythology thereby making it all the more special.


Peacock Essay 4 (500 words)


Peacock is one of the most beautiful birds on earth. Mostly found in Asian countries, these are famous for their beauty worldwide. People specially visit these countries to catch a glimpse of this beautiful bird. It holds a special relevance to the Indians as it is the National Bird of India.

Peacock Habitat

Peacocks prefer living in the forests or places inhabited by a good number of trees such as the outskirts of cities. These are also found in farmland. They look for a place with water body nearby. They do not build nests. Nests are built by peahen for the purpose of laying eggs. Peacocks usually rest on the ground. Many of them also sleep on the trees, mostly on the low-hanging branches.

Though they love pleasant weather and are particularly fond of the rainy season, peacocks have an amazing ability to adapt in different kinds of climatic conditions. They can survive in extreme climate. These are thus found in hot desert region as well as in cold and snowy areas. Average age of a peacock is around 20-25 years.

Physical Features of Peacock

Peacock is known for its attractive physical features. Here are the physical features of peacock that distinguish it from other birds:

  • It is blue and green in colour.
  • It has a beautiful crest on its head that adds to its beauty. This crest is unique to peacock.
  • It is known to have a long, colourful and bright tail.
  • The tail comprises of beautiful feathers and constitutes more than half of peacock’s body length.
  • A peacock has around 200 feathers.
  • The feathers are gold, blue, green and brown in colour with oval shaped eye marking.
  • Its long metallic blue coloured neck is equally mesmerizing.
  • Its beauty can best be seen when it spreads its feathers to dance.
  • Some peacocks are white in colour. These peacocks have a white coloured body and white feathers. These look equally spectacular.

Peacock: Nature and Activities

Peacocks are said to be quite shy in nature. They shy away from the humans and are scared of animals. It is common to see peacocks run away and hide in bushes at the sight of people. They love to roam around in groups. It makes them feel safe and secure.

Peacocks are quite observant and vigilant. They can sense danger from far away. Peacocks do not only run or hide to save their own lives but also ensure that their fellow peacocks, peahens and other birds are safe. For this, they shrill to alert everyone around about the danger at hand.

On a usual day, peacock’s voice can be heard during the morning and evening hours when the weather is pleasant. Their voice can be heard more frequently during the monsoon season. Peacocks love the rains. They open up their vibrant and colourful plumes and look their best as they dance during the monsoon season.


Peacocks are the largest flying birds on earth. They are also the most beautiful birds seen on our planet. The sight of peacock dancing is simply mesmerizing.


Peacock Essay 5 (600 words)


Peacock, also known as peafowl, is one of the most spectacular creations of God. It is loved for its beauty as well as nature. It is a joyful and harmless bird. Peacock has inspired several pieces of art, particularly in India.

Types of Peacock

There are mainly three types or species of peacocks. Here is a brief look at all these:

  • Indian Peacock

Mostly found in India, Sri Lanka and certain other East Asian countries, it is known to be one of the most popular and beautiful species of peacock. It is metallic green in colour. It has a long blue, green, brown and gold coloured plume which is a treat to the eyes. The blue crest on its head enhances its beauty further. Indian peahen, on the other hand, is brown in colour. It has a short tail and green or blue heads.

  • Javanese Peacock

Also known as Green peacock, this species of peacock hails from Indonesia. It looks quite similar to the Indian peacock and is as beautiful. It has a metallic green body. It has a bright coloured long plume that looks stunning. The head of this peacock is adorned with a green-coloured crest. Green peahen also has a beautiful green coloured body. However, it has a short tail.

  • Congo Peacock

Found in Africa, the Congo peacock looks extremely different from the other two species of peacock. It has blue coloured feathers on its upper body. It does not have long plumage like the Indian and Green peacock. Its crest is also shorter compared to the other two species. Congo peacock thus does not appear attractive. Congo peahen has green and brown feathers.

Peahen is Very Different from Peacock

Peahens are female, extremely plain looking, unlike the peacocks that look splendid. Indian peahens particularly look quite different from the Indian peacock. While the peacock is metallic blue in colour and adorns a colourful plume which is extremely attractive, peahen has a plain brown coloured body. It is also devoid of the beautiful long plume. It has a short brown coloured tail. Peahen thus looks quite dull compared to the peacock. It also appears quite small in size as it does not have a plume. The dull brown colour of the Indian peahen helps it camouflage.

Eating Habits of Peacock

Peacocks are omnivores. This means that they eat flesh as well as vegetation. Peacocks eat grains, fruits, ants, crickets, termites, snakes, lizards, scorpions and other insects and reptiles. Their vigilant eyes and the ability to act quickly help them hunt down snakes with ease.

Peacocks are particularly loved by the farmers. This is because they eat insects that cause harm to the crops in the farms.

Uses of Peacock Feather

Peacock feathers are extremely beautiful. These are used in various home decor items and other fancy items.  Peacock feather earrings, bracelets and other jewellery items are also quite popular.

These are not just loved for their beauty but also symbolize prosperity and peace.  These are considered auspicious and are kept at home to bring in positive energy. Its use it quite popular in Vastu Shastra. As per this ancient Hindu system, different number of peacock feathers are tied together and clubbed with various chants for various purposes. Among other uses, these beautiful feathers help in attracting wealth and beauty. Peacock feathers are also used during religious rituals.

Peacock feathers are also known for their miraculous healing properties. These were used in the ancient times to heal certain illnesses. The ancient Indian and Sri Lankan literature has a mention of the same.


Though mainly found in the Asian countries, peacocks are popular for their beauty worldwide. They look their best when they spread their feathers to dance and make merry during the rainy season.



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