Traffic Rules are definite rules and regulations formed by the government and other relevant agencies for the safety and convenience of daily road commuters and other travelers. Some rules vary for different types of road users i.e. cyclists, pedestrians, car drivers, etc, while some are common. Whatever the rule may be, it is formed with just one prime objective – to ensure the safety of all road users.
Long and Short Essay on Traffic Rules
Essay 1 (250Words)
Traffic rules and regulations are formulated to regulate traffic, for the safety and convenience of all types of road users. They are very essential to ensure the safety of various road users and as well as their easy commuting.
What Makes Indian Roads Unsafe
Indian roads are overcrowded with a variety of vehicles and daily commuters. Our highways and city roads are carrying much more traffic than what they were actually designed for. But, it is only the tip of the iceberg; the main problem lays in the variety of vehicles on the same road and of course, they all want to reach on time.
We have slow-moving traffic like – rickshaws, carts along with cars, buses, trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, pedestrians and often animals; all using the same road. Besides, motorcyclists, bicycle riders and pedestrians are the most vulnerable, as they are difficult to spot on a crowded and busy road. Not to mention the roadsides stalls and eateries, those have encroached on the road and footpaths, only making things vulnerable for pedestrians. In this scenario, a collision is the only next reality, if traffic rules are not followed promptly.
How Traffic Rules Improve Safety
The traffic rules and regulations are designed in such a way so that they ensure the safety of all the commuters. Some rules are formulated for specific types of users, while some are common. A rule like “keep left” is meant to give a pass to vehicles coming from the opposite direction, as well as to other vehicles approaching from behind and traveling in the same direction. A rule mandating a slow down while approaching a zebra crossing is meant for the safety of pedestrians.
Wearing a helmet while riding a bike or bicycle is meant for the safety of the rider. Likewise, there are many rules like wearing seat belts while driving, driving within the limited speed, no drunken driving, giving way to pedestrians (as they are most vulnerable), following traffic signals and signs; all are designed for the safety of road users and ensure their easy transit.
Essay 2 (400 Words)
Traffic signals constitute an essential part of traffic rules and regulations. Every city commuter faces traffic signals, while on the road and must follow them in order to ensure safe and regulated transit. The main objective of traffic signals is the regulation of traffic. Traffic signals are also commonly called traffic lights, traffic lamps, and signal lights.
Where and Why Are Traffic Signals Installed
Traffic signals are installed at road intersections and at pedestrian crossings. Intersections are the vital junction points where an unregulated traffic flow could lead to accidents and long traffic congestions. Traffic lights alternate the right of way for vehicles passing through the intersection, thus making the commuting easy. Traffic signals are also installed at pedestrian crossings to regulate their movement, alternatively it with the vehicles’. Traffic signals are also installed at railroad crossings and on connecting roads to hospitals, schools or other significant junctions.
Traffic Signals History
The world’s first traffic signal was installed in London in 1868, it was a gas-lit signal operated manually. Though, it didn’t last for even a month and exploded. The first traffic light in India was installed in 1953, at Egmore Junction near Chennai – the capital of southern Indian state Tamil Nadu. Next, the city of Bangalore, now the capital city of southern Karnataka state, installed its first traffic signal at the corporation circle in 1963.
Traffic Signals/Rules in India
Traffic signals or traffic lights are signaling devices installed at various intersections. They use a definite color representation system with a vertical display of colored lights. Indian traffic signals have three primary colors – red, orange (amber) and green. Red instructs to stop; orange to get ready and green gives permission to wade through. Traffic lights are also installed for pedestrians, often having the same color codes (Red-Stop, Amber-Wait, and Green-Go).
While following the traffic signals, there are a few more things that one should keep in mind. While stopping on a red light, one should make sure to stop well before the zebra crossing meant for the pedestrians; turn left on a red signal only when there is no sign prohibiting the move; even though the signal turned green, don’t accelerate instantly, rather make sure that the traffic from other side has stopped and also that there is no stray vehicle. A flashing red signal is a strict indication to stop, while a flashing orange (amber) light directs to proceed with caution.
There are various manual signals using the gestures of hand for the regulation of traffic. These signals are used by the traffic policemen as well as vehicle riders. They include stop signal, slow down signal, right turn signal, left turn signal, etc.
Essay 3 (500 Words)
The reluctance to follow the traffic rules in India varies from place to place, similarly to its cultures and languages. People in some parts of India diligently obey the traffic rules while in some other parts they tend to be habitual offenders. Surprisingly, those who disobey the rules are well aware of them, and also the consequences that could arise by not following them. Still, they display their reluctance and regularly flout the rules, putting their own life as well as the life of others in danger.
Present Indian Scenario
Our reluctance to follow the road traffic rules could be assessed from a recent 2018 statics, which states that road accidents in India claim 400 lives every day. Prime causes behind the fatalities are - over speeding, jumping signals, overloaded commercial vehicles, overcrowded passenger vehicles, not wearing safety gear, etc. Most vulnerable are the two-wheeler riders and pedestrians, who are difficult to spot on crowded and busy roads. According to a recent study, two-wheeler drivers in India constitute 40% of total road accident deaths annually.
Reasons for Low Awareness
People’s reluctance to follow traffic rules could be attributed to various factors. There is no organized road safety education in the Indian system. Children come to know about the general traffic rules by their parents or by self-observation. There are hundreds of traffic signs that the children have never been told about.
The usual “let go” attitude also plays a significant role in the Indian context. People tend to follow the irresponsible drivers. If a single driver jumps a red signal, he will be followed by many others. As if, they were not waiting for the lights to turn green, but for someone to jump it.
Another reason behind low awareness is liberal monitoring. People disobeying traffic rules are seldom confronted, thus making them more reluctant. When not stopped for a number of times, they become habitual offenders, compromising their own safety as well as the safety of others.
Methods to Increase Awareness
There are many initiatives that could be taken to increase public awareness. An organized structure for providing education regarding road safety and rules, in the schools must be provided. Road safety and rules could be started as a subject in schools and professional courses. The use of print and electronic media could also be a vital tool in raising awareness. Any message sent by celebrities, through print or electronic media will have a greater influence on the attitude of people. A mandatory training session for are new driving license holders, on road safety and rules too will help in raising awareness.
Regular campaigns should be organized by the governments in coordination with relevant departments, wherein people must be taught about traffic rules and regulations, also encouraged to use proper safety gear. Strict monitoring and a policy of zero tolerance towards offenses like drunken driving, over speeding, etc, will send a strong message to the public and deter them from flouting the rules.
Essay 4 (600 Words)
Road traffic rules are mandatory for all the occupants of the roads, including car drivers, bike riders, bus drivers, truck drivers, pedestrians, and passengers. They are designed to regulate the flow of traffic and make daily commuting safer for every user.
Various Traffic Rules and Their Significance in Our Daily Life
Traffic rules that we follow daily while commuting from one place to another, help us reach our destination safely. Some of the most common traffic rules that one should follow while using the road and their significance are described below-
1) Driving With a Valid Driving License
If you are driving with a valid driving license, you have probably reached the permissible age limit to drive. Also, you must have undergone the necessary training provided about road safety rules and regulations by the licensing authority; making you a responsible driver behind the wheels.
2) Keeping Left
This is another significant rule obeyed while daily commuting. You must keep left of the road while leaving or entering, to make way for the approaching vehicles, already at high speed on the road. You must also keep left to make way for an emergency or other vehicle coming from behind at high speed. This way you ensure that both reach their destinations safely.
3) Never Approach a Road From the Wrong Side
Approaching a road suddenly from the wrong side might have fatal consequences. A wrong and sudden approach might surprise the other drivers/riders, resulting in confusion and collision. It’s advised to look for any approaching vehicle on the main road and in case they seem far, approach the road slowly, keeping left always.
4) Always Wearing Safety Gears
A driver must wear all the safety equipment required for the vehicle. Wearing a seat belt or a helmet could be all the difference between life and death. The general conception that safety gear is not required while city commuting is a myth. Either on city roads or highways, safety belts and helmets have proven their mettle in saving lives.
5) Following Traffic Signals
A junction or a road intersection is the most critical point that an everyday commuter has to pass through many times in a day. It is difficult to judge which way the vehicle coming from the front will turn or see any approaching vehicle from either left or right. Continuing blindly on a junction might have fatal consequences. Always follow the traffic rules or the signals of the policeman, who alternate the movement, ensuring safe transit for all.
6) Waiting For The Pedestrians
On foot, pedestrians are the most vulnerable users of the roads. They depend on other drivers for their own safety. A negligent driver could hit an unsuspecting pedestrian, crossing the road or waiting for a bus to arrive. While daily commuting one should always make way for the pedestrians at zebra crossings or other spots, and ensure safe transit for all.
7) Don’t Drink and Drive
A Drunken driver not only risks his own life but also the lives of other road users. Drinking hampers one’s ability to make decisions and foresee the consequences. The drivers get negligent and over speed compromising the safety of their own as well as others. Either for daily commuting or for sometimes, drunken driving must be strictly prohibited.
Traffic rules play a vital role in ensuring our safe transit to the office and house every day. Even if someone flouts the rules and reaches safely is only because of other good commuters who follow and respect traffic rules. That is, if all the vehicles jump the signal, then no one is going to get to the destination safely or at least on time. It is therefore imperative for all, to diligently follow the traffic rules and regulations while on the road.