Global Terrorism refers to the presence of terrorism and terror modules at several significant locations throughout the globe. Unlike other isolated terror activities mainly targeting the government of a nation, merely to out throw it; global terrorism seeks to establish Islamic prophecy in the entire world, by killing innocent people and destabilizing the governments. There had been a series of terror attacks all across the world, thereby proving that global terrorism is a grim reality. Global terrorism operates through extremist terror organizations, sponsored mostly by Islamic countries and clerics. The only agenda is to convert the entire world into an Islamic state.
Long and Short Essay on Global Terrorism
Essay on Global Terrorism and its Effect (250 words)
The world is connected today in a manner never seen before in history. A direct result of this is that events in one part of the world affect other parts too. Nowhere has this been seen more than it has in the case of terrorism.
The world has changed significantly since the September 11 attacks. Security has become an all-encompassing concern. Ordinary citizens now have to plan business trips or vacations around factors such as whether the destination is safe or not, what routes pose the least danger and how much time to factor in for security checks. In addition, people no longer feel safe in their own countries since terrorist strikes have taken place in countries that were considered safe and at varied locations such as malls, pubs, and even thoroughfares.
Effects of Terrorism Globally
Terrorism also has economic impacts directly and indirectly. Terrorists target buildings and areas that are important financially or in terms of visibility or both. They destroy the building, machines, plants transportation and other economic resources that can cost anywhere between thousands and billions of dollars in reconstruction. In addition, stock markets, trade, insurance, and tourism also take serious hits due to terrorist attacks.
Terrorism has also contributed to the rise of nationalism and increased skepticism of foreign businesses and cultures and immigrants and refugees. Prejudice is on the rise across the world and countries are closing their borders to immigrants, thus reducing the diversity and size of economic transactions. This has political repercussions as well. Brexit and the election of Donald Trump as President reflect the increasingly insular and nationalist thinking of people who have become very suspicious of foreigners and are letting their prejudices hang out for everyone to see.
Terrorists have certainly succeeded in bringing attention to their political and religious agendas through modern methods of communication. However, the consequences are far more widespread and long-lasting than many have anticipated. The world is divided and countries are closing in on themselves. As long as reactionary policies continue, there will be enough mayhem that terrorists can take advantage of to further their agendas.
Essay on Global Terrorism: The Fight against Terrorism (350 words)
The September 11 attacks first brought to the fore the threat that terrorist activities pose to virtually every part of the world. Before these attacks, terrorism was thought to be limited to the Middle East. However, the attacks exposed the vulnerability of the most powerful nations in the world and subsequent attacks have only cemented this weakness.
War on Terror
After the September 11, 2001 attacks, an international military initiative was launched by the United States. This initiative was called the War on Terror. As per President Bush, it was targeted at the radical network of terrorists as well as the governments that supported them. To this end, US and allied troops were deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, both believed to be home to terrorist cells and leaders. Eventually, the Obama administration formally called an end to the War and announced the withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan. Osama bin Laden had allegedly been killed by US Navy Seals and Al-Qaeda wasn’t considered the threat it once used to be.
However, 2014 saw the emergence of ISIS or ISIL (the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant). The jihadist organization was dubbed a terrorist group by the UN. This led to the formation of a new operation called Operation Inherent Resolve that would target terror in South Asia and the Middle East.
The UN and the European Union have announced their own measures against terrorism, including sanctions against countries believed to be sympathetic to extremist causes. The European Union also determined to identify the causes of radicalization and combat it, secure borders and increase security on transportation, identify sources of support and communication for terrorists and cut them off and work on crisis management in the aftermath of a terrorist attack so as to reduce casualties as much as possible.
Terrorism seems to be the equivalent of the mythological hydra; if one head is cut off; two more take its place. Fighting terrorism isn’t a war in the ordinary sense of the word. Terrorism isn’t an organization so much as it is a strategy. This makes fighting against it and winning that much more difficult since the enemy is intangible and constantly changing.
Essay on Global Terrorism and India (400 words)
India has been emerging as a rapidly developing world power in the last few decades. This has made it a target for faith-based terrorism particularly related to disputes with Pakistan over the state of Kashmir. The Home Ministry has acknowledged that terrorism is one of the gravest threats faced by the Indian people. Other forms of terrorism are also prevalent in the country including ethno-nationalist, narco, and left-wing terrorism.
Chronology of Global Terrorist Attacks in India
Long before September 11, 2001, brought the world’s attention to the dangers of terrorism, India had already faced multiple terrorist attacks, the first of which were the bombings at the BSE or the Bombay Stock Exchange. 13 bombs exploded killing 257 people and injuring 1400 others. They also hold the dubious distinction of being the first instance of serial bomb blasts anywhere in the world.
Subsequently, there were many other attacks. A notable one took place on August 25, 2003, when two suitcase bombs went off – one near the Gateway of India and one near Zaveri Bazaar – killing 52 people and injuring over a hundred others.
The most infamous and deadly attack took place on November 26, 2008, and lasted for three whole days. During this time 10 terrorists from the Lashkar-e-Taiba or LeT carried out coordinated attacks that involved bombings as well as shootings. They left 164 people dead and 308 wounded behind them.
India’s Efforts against Global Terrorism
As per Indian intelligence, the terrorists involved in these attacks either had close ties with or were trained by handlers in Pakistan and groups such as Al-Qaeda. These agencies also determined that Pakistan’s ISI has been supporting these groups clandestinely.
Based on this and additional intelligence, India has been trying to have Pakistan classified as a terrorist state. However, these efforts have only had some success. Pakistan enjoys the patronage of China, which itself is a member of the UN Security Council and has a binding veto. In addition, countries like the US and UK have tried to downplay these attacks as a result of tensions between India and Pakistan rather than classifying them as the terrorist attacks that they are.
India has been trying to use global outrage to have Pakistan recognized as a terrorist state. In this effort, it hasn’t enjoyed much success. India is trying to drum up moral outrage in the international community but with a patron like China, Pakistan is quite safe for the moment. So far, India’s methods of tackling this menace have been non-violent. However, it may be time for a more militaristic solution to the problem of global terrorism’s attacks on India.
Long Essay on Global Terrorism (450 words)
Despite being the dominant topic in headlines globally, terrorism doesn’t have a definition that is universally agreed upon. In general terms, the use of threats or violence to achieve a particular goal is called terrorism. Legal definitions of what constitutes terrorism differ from country to country. Over the past century, acts of terrorism have increased across the world. However, terrorism itself is not a new phenomenon.
History of Terrorism
Terrorism has existed for a long time in human history. Some early examples are the Jewish Sicarii who wanted to overthrow Roman rule in the Middle East. They believed that Jews cannot be ruled over by other people and should only be ruled by God. To further their aims, they targeted Jewish sympathizers of the Roman Empire. Another example is Guy Fawkes who hatched a terrorist plot in order to install a Catholic monarch over England. In France, the establishment of the Republic was followed by the Reign of Terror, a period during which the state-sponsored terrorist acts against the nobility and anyone deemed to be supporting them.
20th and 21st Century
The modern version of terrorism, the one we are most familiar with, was engendered after World War II. Nationalist movements started spreading all across lands that were colonial outposts of European empires. Thanks to a well-connected world, these movements were able to direct attention to their causes and exercise influence over international policy. People in other parts of the world were quick to pick up on this strategy to bring local issues to global attention and modern terrorism was born.
This version of terrorism reached its apex in the September 11 attacks on the Twin Trade Towers and the Pentagon in the United States of America. The loss of life was staggering – almost 3000 people were killed and 6000 more were injured in the course of a few minutes. It focused global attention squarely on terrorism and became the reason behind the War on Terror that led the United States and its allies into Iraq and Afghanistan.
Terrorism is very much a reality of modern times and the mere threat of a terrorist attack is enough to generate panic and fear among the general populace. There is also no denying the fact that global terrorism has affected policy decisions to a great extent. The interconnectedness of the world through the internet has given terrorist organizations a global platform to spread their agenda and recruit more people. Battling them is no longer merely a matter of military strikes; it is necessary to disprove their radical ideology – a task that will by no means be easy.
Long Essay on Global Terrorism a Menace to Humanity (500 words)
While terrorism itself is nothing new, its global avatar is definitely something that has arisen over the last few decades. Thanks to how connected the world is now, news travels in a matter of seconds around the globe and reaches billions more than it used to earlier. This has created a fertile ground for terrorists to direct global attention to their causes by engaging in violent acts that are primarily directed at civilians and non-combatants. Moreover, these acts take place in places that have been considered safe for the longest time.
Threat to Humanity
The very word ‘terrorism’ indicates that extremists who use terror tactics want to inspire fear in the hearts of people everywhere. So far, this chilling tactic has worked. Because the targets are civilians and they are targeted in places where they would ideally be safe such as schools, malls, shopping thoroughfares, pubs, nightclubs, churches and mosques, the shock value of these tactics is much higher. In addition, the media jumps on such stories immediately since they generate better ratings without realizing that they are giving the terrorists the exact notoriety they want.
Terrorism is not an organization; it is a strategy that various organizations use to achieve their aims. This means that it is difficult if not impossible to attack terrorism itself. While world governments go after terrorist cells and leaders, extremists attack ‘soft’ targets. Ultimately, the civilian fatalities hugely outnumber the terrorists killed.
The immediate consequence is terror and anger. Everyone from governments to foreigners is blamed for the terror attack. However, the long term effects of terrorism are much more insidious. Terrorist attacks affect public morale and generate an atmosphere of fear. More importantly, such attacks create divides between people from different regions, ethnicities, and religions. Instead of coming together to fight this threat, people are suspicious of each other and close themselves up. Nationalism starts raising its ugly head as do prejudice and racism. The actions of a few taint the peaceful many.
Terrorism isn’t an outright war no matter what the extremists may call it. It is a war of attrition; an attack here and another attack there and a third attack somewhere else. Each time fear and suspicion grow and people who were united earlier become divided. The casualties of terrorism aren’t only the people killed or injured in terrorist attacks; humanity as a whole becomes a casualty. People who don’t look like us or talk like us or pray to the same God become ‘other’. Terrorism attacks the very fabric of human relations and if it isn’t checked will eat up humanity from the inside out.