The Indian education system has changed over time. A major change in our education system came with the colonization of the country by the Britishers. It was the British Government that introduced modern education in India, as they wanted some educated Indians to assist them in administering the state. The Indian education system is mainly divided into four stages – lower primary, upper primary, high school and higher secondary. Students follow a fixed curriculum up to 10th standard; though, in higher secondary, they get to choose from various streams i.e. science, commerce, etc.
Long and Short Essays on Indian Education System
Essay 1 (250 words)
The Indian education system is said to be old and mundane. In the times, when the organizations are looking for creative and enthusiastic individuals, the Indian schools train the young minds, to follow a set curriculum and behave as they are told for almost fifteen years of their lives. There is no freedom to provide suggestions or share ideas. There is a serious need to reform the Indian education system which in turn helps in developing smarter individuals.
Need to Think Out of the Box
There is a dire need to think out of the box if we want to make new inventions, bring positive changes in society and prosper at a personal level. However, unfortunately, our schools train us otherwise. They tie us to a set study schedule and keep us so busy with completing the assignments and learning theoretical lessons that there is no room left for creativity.
The Indian education system must be changed to make way for creative thinking. Schools must focus on activities that challenge the student’s mind, hone their analytical skills and invoke their creative thinking ability. This will help them perform better in different fields as they grow up.
Need for All-Round Development
The primary focus of the Indian education system is on academics. Here also the focus is not on understanding the concept and enhancing knowledge but only on mugging up the lessons with or without understanding them with the sole aim of attaining good marks. Even though some schools have extra-curricular activities, there is hardly one class per week for these activities.
Education in Indian schools has just been reduced to gaining theoretical knowledge which is not enough to raise an intelligent and responsible individual. The system must be changed to ensure the all-round development of the students.
The people in power must understand that the Indian education system requires serious reforms. The system must change to develop students spiritually, morally, physically as well as mentally.
Essay 2 (400 words)
Indian Education System has seen quite a few changes ever since its inception. It has changed with the changing times and with the changes in society. However, whether these changes and developments are for good or not is still a question.
The Indian education system dates back to several centuries. From ancient times, children are being sent to the teachers to learn lessons on different subjects and to add value to their lives and make them skilled to live a self-dependent life. During ancient times, the gurukuls were set up in various parts of the country.
Children went to gurukuls to seek education. They stayed with their guru (teacher) in their ashram until they completed their education. The students were taught various skills, given lessons in different subjects and were even involved in doing the household chores to ensure their all-round development.
British Brought About Changes in the Indian Education System
As the Britishers colonized India, the Gurukul system began to fade away as the Britishers set up schools that followed a different education system. The subjects taught in these schools were quite different from those taught in the gurukuls and so was the way the study sessions were conducted.
There was a sudden change in the entire education system of India. The focus shifted from the all-round development of the students to academic performance. This was not a very good chance. However, one thing that changed for good during this time was that girls also began to seek education and were enrolled in schools.
Introduction of Educomp Smart Classes
The education system introduced by the British is still prevalent in India. However, with the advancement in technology many schools have adopted newer means to impart education to the students. Educomp smart classes have been introduced in the schools. These classes have brought about a positive change. Unlike the earlier times when the students only learned from the books, they now get to see their lessons on a big widescreen installed in their classrooms. This makes the learning experience interesting and helps the students grasp better.
In addition to it, many extra-curricular activities are also being introduced by the schools for the all-round development of the students. However, the marking system still remains as stringent and the students have to focus largely on their academics.
So, there has been a major shift in the Indian education system since ancient times. However, we require further reforms in the system for the proper development of the students.
Essay 3 (500 words)
The Indian education system is said to be largely flawed. It does more harm than good to young minds. However, some people may argue that it gives a good platform to the students as it challenges their mind and focuses on increasing their grasping power. The debate on whether the Indian education system is good or bad is ongoing.
The Good and Bad of the Indian Education System
While the people in power discuss the good and the bad in the Indian education system and whether there is a need to bring in reforms or not, here is a look at the pros and cons of the same.
Cons of Indian Education System
The Indian education system has many cons. Here is a look at some of the main cons in the system:
- Lack of Practical Knowledge
The focus of the Indian education system is on the theoretical part. Teachers read out from the book during the classes and explain the concepts verbally. Students are expected to understand even the intricate concepts theoretically. The need to impart practical knowledge is not felt even though it is highly essential.
- Focus on Grades
The focus of the Indian schools is on mugging up the chapters to get good grades. Teachers do not bother if the students have understood the concept or not, all they look at is the marks they have obtained.
- No Significance to All-Round Development
The focus is only on studies. No effort is made to build a student’s character or his physical health. The schools do not contribute to the all-round development of their students.
- Over Burdening
The students are overburdened with studies. They study for long hours in school and are given a pile of homework to complete at home. In addition to it, the regular class tests, first term examination, weekly examination, and mid-term examination puts a lot of pressure on the young minds.
Pros of Indian Education System
Here are some of the pros of the Indian education system:
- Provides Knowledge of Different Subjects
The Indian education system includes a vast curriculum and imparts knowledge on various subjects including maths, environmental science, moral science, social science, English, Hindi, and computer science to name a few. All these subjects form a part of the curriculum from the primary classes itself. So, the students gain knowledge about different subjects from an early age.
- Inculcates Discipline
The schools in India are very particular about their timings, time table, ethical code, marking system, and study schedule. Students need to follow the rules set by the school else they are punished. This is a good way to inculcate discipline in the students.
- Increases Grasping Power
Owing to the marking and ranking system in Indian schools, the students are required to learn their lessons thoroughly. They need to do so in order to fetch good marks and rank higher than their classmates. They look for different ways to concentrate and grasp better. Those who identify the tools that help them grasp better are able to enhance their grasping power which helps them throughout their lives.
The Indian education system has been criticized time and again. There is a tremendous need to change this system to ensure the proper development of our young generation.
Essay 4 (600 words)
The Indian education system is one of the oldest education systems around the globe. It is unfortunate that while the education systems of the other nations have undergone major changes with the changing times and technological advancement we are still stuck with the old and mundane system. Neither has our system seen any major change in the curriculum nor has there been any significant change in the way the education is imparted.
Problems with Indian Education System
The Indian education system has numerous problems that hinder the proper growth and development of an individual. One of the main problems with the Indian education system is its marking system. The intelligence of the students is judged by the way they perform in a 3-hour theoretical paper rather than by their overall performance in the class. In such a scenario, learning lessons to get good marks becomes the sole aim of the students. They are not able to think beyond it. They are not bothered about understanding concepts or enhancing their knowledge all they think about is to look for ways to get good marks.
Another problem is that the focus is only on theory. No importance is given to practical learning. Our education system encourages the students to become bookworms and does not prepare them for handling the real problems and challenges of life.
Academics are given so much importance that the need to involve the students in sports and art activities is overlooked. Students are also overburdened with studies. Regular exams are held and students are scrutinized at every step. This creates acute stress among the students. The stress level of the students continues to grow as they advance to higher classes.
Ways to Improve Indian Education System
Many ideas and suggestions have been shared to improve the Indian education system. Some of the ways to change our education system for good include:
- Focus on Skill Development
It is time for the Indian schools and colleges to stop putting so much importance on the marks and ranks of the students and focus on skill development instead. The cognitive, problem solving, analytical and creative thinking skills of the students must be enhanced. In order to do so, they must be involved in various academic as well as extra-curricular activities instead of caging them in the dull classroom sessions.
- Impart Practical Knowledge
Practical knowledge is very important to develop a thorough understanding of any subject. However, our Indian education system focuses mainly on theoretical knowledge. This needs to be changed. Students must be imparted practical knowledge for better understanding and application.
- Revise the Curriculum
The curriculum of our schools and colleges is the same for decades. It is the time to change it as per the changing times so that the students learn things more relevant to their times. For instance, the computer should become one of the main subjects in schools so that students learn how to work efficiently on the same from the very beginning. Similarly, there should be classes on developing good communication skills as it is the need of the hour.
- Hire Better Teaching Staff
In order to save a few bucks, the educational institutes in our country hire teachers who demand less salary even if they are not highly skilled and experienced. This approach must be changed. Good teaching staff must be hired in order to nurture the young minds well.
- Look Beyond Academics
The education system of our country must look beyond academics. Sports, arts and other activities must also be given importance to ensure the all-round development of students.
While the need to change the Indian education system has been emphasized several times nothing much has been done in this regard. It is time to understand the importance of changing this old system for the better future of the children as well as the country as a whole.