Save Water and Electricity Essay

Water and electricity are the two important necessities of today’s world. A human settlement cannot be imagined without the two of these basic amenities, but ironically the world is losing out fast on both of them. Though, water constitutes over 70% of earth’s mass; only 1% of it is fresh water that we use for our everyday works. On the other hand, growing population and the capacity to purchase electrical equipments have increased the demand for electricity; although, the electricity production capacity hasn’t improved much. There isn’t any feasible solution in view to counter this crisis, except to save water and electricity by whatever means possible. Any effort in this regard must be collectively thought and executed. It is our duty to save these two prime resources for our future generation.

Long and Short Essay on Save Water and Electricity in English

We have provided below short and long essay on save water and electricity in English.

The essays have been written in simple yet effective English language so that they can be easily remembered and presented when needed.

After going through these save water save electricity essays you will know the importance of water and electricity conservation, how to teach students about water and electricity consumption, tips to save water and electricity etc.

These ‘short and long’ save water and electricity essay will be helpful in your school/college events of speech giving, essay writing or debate.

Short Essay on Save Water and Electricity – Essay 1 (350 words)


Without water there is no life. Even desert dwelling fauna and flora need some measure of water to survive and thrive. Yet, most of us don’t think twice about leaving water running from a tap or polluting the rapidly diminishing sources of fresh water. This ignorance and inaction has resulted in a growing crisis – the possibility that we will run out of drinkable water in the near future.

The situation is slightly different when it comes to electricity. Electricity is a modern discovery but in just over a century it has become a mainstay in our existence. We use electricity for pretty much everything – from lighting up our homes to running machinery and even helping us come up with new technological innovations. However, the sources that provide us energy are non-renewable resources such as natural gas and coal. Sooner or later, we are going to run out of them.

Why we should Save Water and Electricity

There are plenty of reasons to save both water and electricity and some of them are very similar. First of all, from the individual’s point of view, saving these two resources means saving money. It’s simple – when you save water, your water bill isn’t high and the same principle works for electricity.

Second, conserving both is good for the environment. Less use of energy means that fewer fossil fuels are burnt and less pollution from that burning is released into the atmosphere. Conserving water ensures that we don’t deplete our sources of fresh water; more importantly, we don’t pollute water with pesticides and harmful chemicals that leave fresh water undrinkable and harm ecosystems that rely on that water.

Third, while electricity is generated using natural resources, water is a natural resource. Conserving both leads to conservation of resources that we are rapidly running out of and that are non-renewable.


Both water and electricity are essential to our lives. Without water, there will be no life. Without electricity, most of our daily necessities and needs will be unattainable. However, the stress on both these resources and the amounts that are being used need to reduce or soon there won’t be enough water or electricity to go around.


Essay on Importance of Saving Water and Electricity – Essay 2 (400 words)


There are two resources that are essential to a thriving life – water, which is required to keep you alive and healthy and electricity which runs so much of our daily life that we would be quite lost without it. Both these resources occur in nature in a way. Water is directly found in water bodies, ice fields and glaciers. Electricity is generated using coal or natural gas, both of which can be extracted from the earth by mining.

Importance of Water and Electricity Conservation

Although both resources occur more or less naturally, both are finite. Only around 3.5 percent of all the water on the planet is fresh water and only one percent is accessible to us. Similarly, coal and natural gas deposits have only a certain amount of these resources. The major problem here is that the world’s population is increasing by leaps and bounds and the demand for both these resources is extremely high.

Since these resources are finite, the demand far outstrips the supply. It is even believed by many scientists and geologists that unchecked, we will consume so much of both that we will soon run out. The consequences of this are quite frightening. Without electricity, our modern way of life will collapse since so much of it depends on energy. Without water, we ourselves won’t survive very long.

Another point here is that we are polluting the water bodies that supply us and damaging the environment, through water pollution and through the mining practices we use to extract coal and natural gas. This means that not only are additional sources of fresh water unsafe for human consumption but also the environment is under attack. Under this kind of abuse, our environment will soon not be able to sustain us.

It becomes obvious then that these resources need to be used judiciously, if we are to have any hope of making them last. We need to realize the problem of shortage before it occurs and do whatever we can to save electricity and water. In addition, we need to spread awareness so that more and more people take steps towards conservation.


In the end, it is up to us to use measures that will ensure availability of water and electricity for a longer time. If charity begins at home, so does conservation. We need to take small, simple and consistent steps to see to it that these precious resources aren’t wasted.


Essay on Urging Students to Save Electricity and Water – Essay 3 (450 Words)


Water and electricity are considered basic resources to live in modern times. Water is the most important because without it there literally would be no life. Electricity also holds a place of grave importance because most of modern existence is powered by it. However, there are only so many sources of fresh water in the world. Similarly, there is only a limited amount of fossil fuels that can be used to generate electricity. These two resources are essentially finite. Our population, on the other hand, keeps growing every day. As this happens, the demands for these two resources increases but their sources become scarce.

Unfortunately, we are so used to having an abundance of both that we have grown careless. Every day in many ways we waste huge amounts of these resources without thinking twice. For many of us it is habit that we have cultivated from childhood. Ensuring that the next generation does not follow the same wasteful habits is now a priority.

Teaching Students about Water and Electricity Conservation

We need to ensure that the urgency of dwindling natural resources, the reality of environmental damage and the immediate need for conservation is something that new generations understand very well. The best way to do so is by educating students. Students need to be aware of this because they are the agents of change. They are the ones who gain the latest knowledge and they are the ones idealistic enough to utilize it for everyone’s betterment. For this reason, environmental sciences need to be taught in every grade.

Students are learning as they grow up that these resources are essential to our existence. They’re also learning that the same resources are finite. Students more open to new ideas and thoughts. Therefore, when shown the impact of the lack of resources and conservation of those same resources, students are much more likely to follow steps for conservation. They are also more likely to involve their families and communities in the effort to conserve these two resources. Most importantly, though, students have inventive minds and are most likely to come up with ideas that can help us use less or conserve more of water and electricity.


If we want generations to grow up with conservation as one of their values, it is very important that we teach them this value right from the beginning. The earlier we do so, the more well embedded these values will be. In our efforts to conserve electricity and water students must be the forerunners. Only then will we see effective change.


Essay on Conservation of Water and Electricity – Essay 4 (600 words)


Water and electricity are two resources we absolutely need – water because it is essential to life and electricity because the modern world would not be possible without it. Unfortunately, these resources are finite; there is only so much fresh water in the world and electricity is generated from fossil fuels which are a dwindling natural resource. What makes matters worse is that the global population increases day by day making the demand for these resources higher. In order to ensure that future generations have enough of both resources, we need to conserve them.

Conservation of Water

There is no denying the fact that we need water to survive. Some studies have speculated that the human body can go only three days without water. This isn’t surprising since sixty percent of our body is made up of water. However, this is also the resource that gets wasted the most. We leave taps running, don’t pay attention to leaks and pollute the sources of fresh water we so desperately need. It is becoming imperative that we take steps to reverse this or we will soon lose this resource completely.

There are certain steps all of us can take on an individual level to help conserve water. Some of them are:

  • When you shave or brush your teeth in the morning, don’t leave the water running. By turning of the tap you can save around nineteen litres of water a day.
  • You can buy water conserving adapters and have them fitted to your taps. They will halve the flow of water from the taps.
  • Fill up the sink to the halfway mark with water when you wash the dishes, instead of using running water. You can save around thirty litres every fifteen minutes this way.
  • Make sure that all leaks are repaired properly. Thirty litres of water a day is lost through leaks.
  • Shower instead of taking a bath in the bathtub. The difference between the latter and the former is one hundred and ten litres.

Conservation of Electricity

Electricity plays such a major role in our lives that we feel the pinch the moment power gets cut. Pretty much every appliance we use in the house is dependent on electricity. However, when we leave these things connected and running even though we are not using them, we end up wasting huge amounts of electricity.

Some steps we can take to conserve electricity are:

  • Switch off lights and fans when we leave a room.
  • Use energy-efficient bulbs rather than the regular ones. They are brighter and use much less electricity.
  • When not using an appliance such as a washing machine or television, switch them off from where they’re connected into the socket.
  • When not charging electronic devices, make sure to turn off the chargers or disconnect them.
  • In summer, find times when you can open up the windows for air circulation and cooling instead of switching on the air conditioner.


There are many small ways in which we can conserve electricity and water. When we take these steps not only will they reduce the amount of water or energy you need to use but also lower the bills you have to pay for them. Making these steps a habit will serve everyone better in the long run.


Essay on Saving Water and Electricity: Small Changes, Big Rewards – Essay 5 (800 words)


Water is an absolutely essential resource for us. This is not surprising considering the fact that more than sixty percent of our bodies are made up of water. In fact, water is more than a mere resource; it is life. Without water, there would be no life on this planet. Even today, if we are deprived of water, we would die out very quickly.

Electricity doesn’t hold the same importance as water in the overall scheme of things; we would certainly not die without it. It is an invention of the modern era, however, and everything we use in these times is powered by electricity. Without electricity our entire way of life will be set back by at least five hundred years.

Saving Water and Electricity

Considering how important the two resources are – one to our survival and one to our way of life – there can be no doubt about the fact that everyone needs these resources. The problem is that since the population of the earth is growing every day, the demand for these resources is also increasing. However, these resources are not infinite.

Indeed, even though water covers seventy percent of the planet, only around two point five percent is fresh water and one point five percent of that is trapped in ice fields and glaciers. We only have access to the remaining one percent which can be found in lakes, ponds and rivers and in underground pockets. It is this groundwater that we usually tap into. Unfortunately, the levels of water under the earth are either diminishing because of the enormous demand or are contaminated due to chemicals that seep into the ground. In short, we are running out of water.

Electricity is mostly generated using fossil fuels such as natural gas and coal. These are naturally occurring substances generally found in the earth or refined from crude deposits. Since modern life runs on electricity supplies, the demand for it is high and increasing every day. The increasing population requires more electricity to be generated but the resources that generate this electricity are finite. To put it simply we are running out of coal and petroleum which yields natural gas.

This is why it is imperative that we save these resources. If we do not take steps now, soon we may no longer have them at our disposal.

Tips to Conserve Water and Electricity

In light of this looming crisis, it becomes every individual’s responsibility to conserve these resources. Fortunately, there are quite a few small steps we can take to save water and electricity. These small steps can have a huge impact if the majority of people follow them. There are some simple hacks that we can utilize to conserve both.

  • When washing clothes in a washing machine, ensure that you have put in a full load of clothes so that you don’t need to run it multiple times. This saves both water and electricity.
  • Instead of using the dryer function, hang your clothes out to dry. This simple step can save you a lot of electricity.
  • Use bio-friendly soap while washing clothes to ensure that the run-off doesn’t pollute sources of fresh water.
  • When leaving a room, ensure that electrical appliances are not running needlessly. Switch them off.
  • When going to take a shower, collect the cold water that first comes out in a bucket. You can put this water in jugs for use around the house.
  • Unplug any chargers that are not charging a device.
  • In summers, if the heat allows it, turn off the air conditioner and instead open up some windows. This ensures circulation of air, keeping your home cool. At the same time, it lessens the use of electricity and keeps your power bills lower.
  • Switch from regular bulbs to fluorescent bulbs. They use a fraction of the electricity that a normal bulb uses and are brighter.
  • Instead of washing dishes under running tap water, fill the sink halfway and wash dishes in that water.
  • Don’t leave the tap running while brushing your teeth or performing any other ablutions.
  • Locate any leaks in the plumbing and have them repaired immediately. You can save close to thirty litres of water this way.


These are some of the tips that you can utilize every day in your home and even at work to conserve water and electricity. In doing so, not only will these resources last longer, but also reduce the carbon footprint of your home or work. In all ways, this is a win-win scenario for you and for the environment.



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