Technology Essay

Technology is the use of scientific knowledge to produce new machinery and devices that can be used to provide different services or can be employed further to create more devices. The application of information to design and produce machines and other goods to make life more convenient for the human beings is known as technology. Here are some essays of varying lengths on Technology to help you with the topic in your class tests and exams.

Long and Short Essay on Technology in English

Essay on Technology 1 (200 words)

The term technology has been derived from Greek words technne and logos. Technne means the skill required to craft something and logos stands for knowledge or discussion about something. Technology thus means the use of knowledge to create something to enhance life. Several big and small things we use in our day-to-day lives have been an outcome of technological development.

Scientists conduct research and experiment with different things to come up with newer ideas. Technologists use these ideas to develop newer devices. People these days have grown extremely accustomed to the use of these technological inventions that they simply cannot do without them. They await the launch of newer and more advanced devices. Mobile phones and cars are the best examples of this. People wait for the new models and replace them without giving it a second thought.

The smart phones offer so much, from amazing gaming experience to instant connectivity with people, that it is hard to take your eyes off it. Your car, air conditioner, microwave and other technologically advanced devices also seem as good because of the convenience they offer. However, it is wise not to go overboard with their use. Maintain a balance between science and nature to lead a peaceful life and keep your surroundings healthy.


Essay on Technology 2 (300 words)

Technology has helped in the growth and development of the mankind as a whole. Technological inventions have made living convenient. Connecting with people in different parts of the world, travelling long distance, having constant sources of entertainment and ease of cooking and storing food are some of the best things technology has offered us. But is technology really a boon to the mankind?

Technology: A Boon to the Mankind?

Well, this has always been a point of debate. While technology has paved the way for a better living its downside cannot be overlooked. The continual use of technologically advanced equipments as well as the process of their production has led to a drastic rise in all types of pollution. The rising pollution has become the cause of several health issues. Excessive use of technology has also contributed to problems such as obesity and visual impairment. Besides, it has isolated people socially more than connecting them. It has also led to a decrease in the employment opportunities particularly for the labour class.

The Relationship between Science and Technology

While science and technology are interdependent, these are two completely distinct fields of study. Science contributes to technology in several ways. It is the knowledge of science that gives way to new and innovative ideas to build different technological tools. The research and experiments conducted in science laboratories lead to the designing of various technological techniques and devices. Knowledge about science also helps in understanding the impact of technology on the environment and the society. Technology on the other hand extends the agenda of science. When the ideas are put to use, the scientists are inspired and motivated to research and experiment further to come up with newer ideas.


Technology certainly has given way to an improved lifestyle and contributed towards the growth of economies; however, the amount of damage it has done to the environment as well as the mankind is a cause of serious concern.

Essay on Technology 3 (400 words)

From the television you watch to the mobile phone you use to connect with your near and dear ones, from the car you drive to the refrigerator you use to store your food, from the air conditioners you use to beat the heat to the laptops you use to accomplish various tasks –  everything is a gift of technology.

Technology – An Integral Part of Our Life

Technology has become an integral part of our lives. It is ever-evolving and is responsible for our changing lifestyle. Newer technological inventions are taking the market by storm and people hardly take any time to get accustomed to these.

Technological advancements have also led to the growth and development of the nations as a whole.

The Downside of Technology

Here is a look at the downside of technology:

  1. Pollution

The use of technological equipment has given rise to various types of pollution. The industrial waste is thrown in the seas and other water bodies, thereby leading to water pollution, the smoke emitted by factories and vehicles causes air pollution, noise pollution is also a result of the production/ use of technological devices. Industrial waste has also led to soil pollution. Technological advancement has also given way to thermal, radioactive and light pollution.

  1. Depletion of Natural Resources

Many natural resources are being over-exploited to produce technological equipment. While these equipment have proved to be useful in many ways this practice is resulting in the depletion of natural resources which is a threat to the environment.

  1. Health Issues

Rise in the level of pollution and the weakening of natural environment has led to several health issues. The use of technology has also reduced physical activities which again has given rise to various health problems. Breathing problems, lung infection and obesity are among the problems that are on an all time high due to the increasing use of technology.

  1. Unemployment

The work which was once done manually is now accomplished with the help of machines. The production of machines has thus taken away the livelihood of several people.

  1. Nuclear Weapons

Technology has also led to the production of nuclear weapons that are a threat to the mankind.


Almost everything we use in our day-to-day life is a gift of technology and we cannot imagine our lives without most of these things. However, as much good as the technology has done to the mankind, we cannot deny the fact that it has also caused as much harm to our surroundings.

Essay on Technology 4 (500 words)

Technology is commonly defined as the use of scientific and technical information to design, create and monitor machinery, electronic devices and various other kinds of goods to serve the mankind. Technology has been classified into different categories with each of them having its own unique purpose.

Types of Technology

Here is a look at the different types of technologies:

  1. Industrial Technology

This type of technology deploys manufacturing and engineering technology for the production of machines and other equipment. Employing these technologies makes the production process quicker and more efficient. The process is also made simpler.

  1. Alternative Technology

This type of technology is known to be environment friendly compared to the other technologies that are more dominant in today’s scenario. Some of the examples of alternative technology include the use of wind turbines to produce electricity, the process of composting, use of solar panels, anaerobic digestion, biodiesel, vegetable oil, wind generators and grey-water recycling.

  1. Creative Technology

It includes art, product design and advertising made with the use of software based, electronic or data-driven device. This includes the use of 3D printing, computer graphics, virtual reality and wearable technology among other things.

  1. Architectural Technology

This involves the use of technology to design and build buildings. It is a part of architecture and building engineering. It is closely associated with the advancement in building science. At times, it is seen as a separate discipline.

  1. Low Technology

This is a term given to simple technology that does not make use of non-mechanical things to create new objects. This was mainly prevalent before the industrial revolution. It can be practiced with low capital investment and is not capable of producing high-end devices.

  1. Assistive Technology

This involves making use of different kinds of goods and services to aid people with disabilities. It includes non-mechanical, non-electronic aids, mechanical, electronic and microprocessor based equipment as well as exclusive instructional materials and services to assist disabled people in learning and functioning. It is also used to make the environment easily accessible for them.

  1. Instructional Technology

It is the practice of development, utilization, management and assessment of the procedures and resources of teaching and learning. Its main purpose is to generate engaging and effective learning experiences.

  1. Micro Technology

It is basically a technology that makes use of microelectronics. It was in the year 1960 that the scientists learned that by bringing together microscopic transistors on one chip, one could build microelectronic circuits that can enhance performance and functionality with reduced cost.

  1. Medical Technology

As the name suggests, this type of technology produces various devices and equipment to diagnose and treat different medical conditions affecting human beings and animals.

  1. Information Technology

It involves the utilization of computer systems and telecommunication to study, store, send and retrieve information. Internet is the most common example of information technology.


While technology has been classified into several categories each serving its own purpose, the core motive of all these remains the same,  that is to design and build newer devices to make life more convenient.


Essay on Technology 5 (600 words)

Technology is basically the application of information to build equipment and devices that can be put to different use. Technology has gradually become a part of our everyday life. The things we use everyday including the gas stove, refrigerator, bike, laptop, phone, air conditioner, car, lamps and internet connection have all been sourced by technology.

While technology has made life convenient for us, the negative repercussions it has cannot be overlooked. Here is how technology has impacted our lives and also how to strike a balance to overcome this impact.

Addiction towards Technology

The use of technology for improving one’s way of living is fine. However, addiction with technological devices can prove to be disastrous. Unfortunately, we have come a way too far when it comes to using the technology. Almost everyone today is glued to the technology these days. One of the apt examples of this can be the cell phones. Whether you are in a café, office or at home – everyone around just seems busy fiddling with his/her smartphone.

Similar is the addiction to air conditioners. During summers, it is almost impossible to sit without air conditioners. Summers used to be as hot a few years ago too but people did without this air cooling device but now it has become an addiction. Another example of technological addiction is the use of vehicles. We have almost forgotten how it is like to walk.

Similarly, we have grown addicted to most of the technological devices.

Negative Repercussions of Technology

This addiction towards technology is destroying us physically as well as mentally. Here is how:

  • Engrossed in technology, children these days develop social isolation that results in lack of social skills. Extreme use of technology and a socially isolated life can even lead to depression.
  • Abundant sources of entertainment are available at home and thus people do not feel the need to go out. Most kids these days stay indoors rather than indulging in outdoor activities. This leads to health problems such as obesity, poor sleeping habits and stress.
  • The use of technology has led to a drastic increase in pollution which in turn is responsible for various health problems.

Striking a Balance between Technology and Nature

Most people are unable to strike a balance between technology and nature. There are certain people who are too addicted to technology and their high standard of living that they have almost forgotten how it is like to live the natural way. On the other hand, there are those who are still stuck with the old ways of living and are hesitant to use technology to improve their standard of living.

The idea is to strike a balance between them. You must not go overboard with any of the two modes of living. It is understandable that you cannot stop working on your laptop or avoid using your mobile due to the nature of your job. However, you can certainly put it aside when you are with your family and friends. Talk to the people sitting next to you rather than constantly chasing the ones far away. Similarly, it is a good idea to try hands at gardening on the weekend rather than spending time watching movies.

Instead of using elevator or escalators it is suggested to take the stairs. Also for travelling small distances, it is better to go walking rather than using your vehicle. This way you will not only indulge in physical activity but will also do your bit to control the vehicular pollution.


Technology seems addictive due to the convenience and easy sources of comfort and entertainment it offers. However, being one with the nature is no less ecstatic. Try striking a balance between the two and you will see how your life changes for good.



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