Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a political activist and a freedom fighter of India, born on 2 October 1869. Since he was born in a Jain family, he was purely a vegetarian and a supporter of non-violence. His father wanted him to have a government job, so he went to South Africa to complete his education of Barrister.
In South Africa, he came to know about racial discrimination going on in society. The white people were considered superior to others. Since Mahatma Gandhi was from India and was dark, he too had to go through this discrimination.
When he returned to India from South Africa, he also saw oppression on Indians by the British government. He got very angry after seeing this situation of Indians in their country. He decided to agitate against this behaviour of the British government, but being a Jain, he was not allowed to commit violence. Therefore, he adopted the path of Satyagraha to carry out the movement in a peaceful manner.
Satyagraha means to plead for truth peacefully. He drove the British from India on the strength of Satyagraha. Champaran Satyagrah, Kheda Satyagrah, and Salt Satyagrah are some examples of this peaceful protest by Mahatma Gandhi.