Paragraph on Noise Pollution

Noise pollution is the spread of undesirable extreme voices harmful for the environment, human life and animal life. Any noise that violates the nature and upsets the human and animal life is hazardous. The noise level of 50 DB is normal for residential areas and the noise level above 97 DB is considered harmful. Chronic exposure to noise poses serious threat to the psychological and physical health of humans and also has damaging effect on animal life.

You will find below a number of short and long paragraphs on Noise Pollution. We hope these Noise Pollution paragraphs will help students in completing their school assignments. These will also help children to write and read out paragraphs with simple words and small sentences. Students can select any paragraph on Noise Pollution according to their particular requirement.

Long and Short Paragraphs on Noise Pollution

Noise Pollution Paragraph 1 (100 words)

Noise pollution is the proliferation of excessive noise that causes adverse effect on human health and other living species. We are generally used to the voice of TV, humans, dogs barking, noise due to traffic, etc. This has become a part of our lives but the continuous exposure to excessive voice can be harmful and have negative effects on our health. The excessive voice is mainly caused by machines, transportation systems, loud music and traffic. Extreme noise pollution can cause cardiovascular problem in human beings and also an increased occurrence of coronary artery disease among other severe health issues. In animals also high noise pollution can increase the risk of death.


Noise Pollution Paragraph 2 (150 words)

Noise pollution refers to environmental noise. It is the spread of extreme voices which has harmful impact on life on earth. Noise pollution can be indoor as well as outdoor. Indoor noise pollution that is mainly caused in the residential areas is due to loud music, humans screaming, domestic dogs barking, etc. Noise pollution is also generated due to household electricity generators and various kitchen and cleaning appliances. The outdoor noise can be mainly caused due to machines, aircrafts, trains and other transport systems. Industrial areas are on a rise and this is another cause of noise pollution.

Noise pollution can affect the health and behavior of humans adversely. Excessive voice can also cause damage to the physiological health. Elderly people exposed to excessive voice may suffer extensively reduced hearing sensitivity. Even children are more vulnerable to noise pollution. Moreover tolerance of noise is mostly independent of decibel levels. Excessive voice can also have severe effect on the wild life. It changes balance in the biological interaction between predator and prey increasing the risk of death. It also hinders the use of sounds in communication. Thus, both human and animal life is affected due to noise pollution.


Noise Pollution Paragraph 3 (200 words)

Noise pollution refers to environmental pollution. It can be defined as the continuous exposure to the elevated sound levels that may harm human activities, health and other living organisms. As per World Health Organization, up to 70 DB sound level is normal for living beings but the constant exposure to noise level 85 DB or more can be distressing. For example if you work in an Aviation Industry you are more likely to be exposed to noise more than 85DB noise level for longer hours daily.


This can damage the ears. It not only has an adverse effect on your health but also causes disturbance in day to day activities. It leads to sleep disturbance, effects work performance, interferes with communication and violates the overall environment. This type of noise pollution is more prevalent in urban areas.

It is so omnipresent in present day society that we often fail to even notice it anymore. The road traffic sounds are caused due to cars, trucks, buses, ambulances and other vehicles. The situation gets even worse due to traffic jams that give rise to honking. Whether we realize or not noise pollution can be hazardous to our health in various ways so it has to be prevented.


Noise Pollution Paragraph 4 (250 words)

Noise pollution refers to extreme noise that impacts human and animal life negatively. It refers to the undesirable noise explosion caused directly or indirectly due to human activities and natural calamities. There are various natural and human sources producing noise that is unpleasant to the ears. Our environment is filled with various sounds caused naturally such as thunderstorms, lighting, cyclone, landslides, tornado, volcanic eruptions and animal voices and sounds produced by falling water. These are all naturally produced noises.

Most of the natural calamities giving way to these sounds are occurring frequently due to the impact of Global warming. The major concern is the voices caused due to human activities that are the manmade sources of noise pollution. The human sources of noise pollution include transportation, industrialization, commercialization, construction activities, factories, defense machinery and domestic noise among other things. Humans, animals and environment are adversely affected due to noise pollution. It leads to discomfort and disruption in human activities and can also raise several mental and physical ailments.

It is extremely important to control noise pollution and create awareness about the same. Industries and factories producing large amount of noise should be established away from the forests, residential and other settlement areas. The sound proof interiors in buildings should be used. More and more trees should be planted as it reduces the sound and air pollution in the environment. Legislative rules and regulations need to be planned and implemented effectively to control and reduce noise pollution. Limits should be set to control noise pollution by legal provisions.



Noise Pollution Paragraph 5 (300 words)

Noise pollution is the transmission of noise in the environment with harmful impact on activities of human beings or wild life. The unwanted sound that is unpleasant, disruptive and loud to earshot is noise. Noise pollution is harmful for the physical as well as mental health. When noise disturbs normal activities of life such as sleep, communication or lessens the quality of life it becomes unwanted. Noise can also have severe effect on our wildlife.

Impact of Noise Pollution on Wild Life

By changing the delicate balance in the predator and prey detection, disturbing the communication, in relation to reproduction and navigation, noise can have damaging effect on wild animals increasing the risk of death. Over exposure to noise pollution can lead to loss of hearing temporarily or permanently. Influence of noise pollution on animals can be decline of usual habitat in the noisy areas. This can lead endangered species to the path of extinction.

Noise also impacts their involuntary tendency to increase their vocal effort. It impacts not only one species but it will mask the voice of other species and eventually will lead the whole ecosystem to speak louder. If creatures don’t speak loudly their voice will be masked directly or indirectly due to human activities causing noise pollution. Marine life is also negatively affected by noise pollution caused by ships and military sonar. Noise pollution is known to have caused death of various species of animals living on land and water.


Noise pollution was not considered to be a major issue earlier. Its impact was not even this severe few decades back. But due to urbanization the issue of noise pollution is increasing and has now become a major concern. Serious measures need to be taken for the prevention of noise pollution to avoid the adverse effect of it on the lives of human, wildlife and environment.


Noise Pollution Paragraph 6 (350 words)

Noise pollution is generally defined as the propagation of elevated noise in the environment harmful to human beings and animals. Noise pollution in the environment is caused due to many reasons.

Reasons of Noise Pollution

Let us have a look at some major factors responsible for noise pollution in detail below:

Industrialization: Use of modern technology and machinery in industries produces larger amount of noise pollution. Other equipments like generators, compressors, exhaust fans etc produce greater amount of noise.

Transportation: Traffic on the roads is increasing due to urbanization. Highest noise is produced by aircrafts and trains. Other transport vehicles also cause noise pollution and the traffic jams to make the situation even worse.

Construction Activities: The construction activities like mining, construction of buildings, bridges, roads, dams, etc. have increased due to development in our country. This increases noise pollution in our environment.

Domestic Noise Pollution: Domestic noise due to excess use of music systems, TV, mixer, grinders, washing machines, vacuum cleaners, etc. also cause large amount of noise. The problem is severe in urban areas. More and more people from rural areas are moving to urban areas, so higher the population in urban areas higher the noise pollution.

Defense Machinery: High amount of noise pollution in environment is caused due to military tanks, shooting practices, explosions, rocket launching, airplane training etc. High pitched noises from jet engines have damaging effect on ears.

Natural Calamities: Natural calamities like hurricanes and cyclones can have adverse effect on environment and cause immense noise pollution. High-pitched noise created due to lighting and thunderstorms also creates noise pollution and impacts human and animal life.

Social Events: We all are aware that in events like marriages, parties, concerts, etc. loud noise is created due to loud music, burning crackers, loud human voices, etc. In the places like discos, clubs, and restaurants also the noise is created by loud music and people. The noise created from these events is called nuisance as opposed to noise pollution.


Thus, lack of urban planning and several other factors are responsible for unwanted noise and the problem of noise pollution is rising and harming our environment. The adverse effects of noise pollution can harm human and animal life severely. Thus, prevention is vital and can be mitigated by efficient urban planning.


Noise Pollution Paragraph 7 (400 Words)

Noise pollution is the environmental noise; it usually refers to the excessive voice that is harmful for human life and animal life. In modern times the impact of noise pollution has become a major concern. Given below are the adverse effects of noise pollution:

Damage the Ear: Overexposure to excessive voice can cause damage to one of the most important organs of the body i.e. the ear. Hearing injury due to noise pollution can either be temporary or permanent depending on the decibel levels and consistency of exposure. When the sound is higher than 80DB it becomes uproar for the ear and can damage the ear temporarily. When the noise is extreme above 100DB for the considerable period of time it can damage the ear permanently.

Cardiovascular Issue: Noise pollution in environment can also be the reason for heart related problems. Exposure to high intensity noise can increase blood pressure as the arteries get restricted which disrupts the smooth flow of blood and increases the normal heart rate. The sudden abnormal changes in the blood flow increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases in the longer run.

Sleep Disturbance: Disturbance in sleeping due to noise pollution can impact your overall well-being. It is a fact that noise can disturb your sleep and this leads to annoyance in human behavior. When someone is unable to have a sound sleep on a regular basis it can reduce their energy level and result in extreme fatigue and stress.

Mental Health Issues: Exposure to excessive voice can increase stress levels and anger. The constant noise in the locality can also trigger headaches, stress, and strain. This can also lead to emotional imbalance.

Communication Issue: The noise in environment more than 50 decibels doesn’t let people talk effectively. This makes it difficult to understand the speech of the other person and can lead to misunderstandings. This also raises anger of a person and creates disinterest in communication.

Disturbance in Studies: Noise pollution in the locality can cause disturbance in reading, writing and learning activities of the children. It interrupts the concentration of the child and affects their studies adversely.

Poor Intellectual Function: With constant exposure to excess noise the ability to learn, read and understand also decreases significantly. Frequent bombardment of noise can decrease the problem solving capabilities and memory of a person. Research has shown that a person constantly exposed to noise pollution tends to show relatively low intellectual function. Overall productivity of a person is affected.


Thus noise pollution can have several negative effects on human life. Considering the negative effects of noise, preventive measures need to be taken to reduce the noise pollution.



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