Sardar Patel Jayanti is celebrated on 31st October each year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (31st October 1875 – 15th December 1950). Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel also known as Sardar Patel was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India and a veteran freedom fighter. He played a significant role in the integration of post-independence India and during the Indo-Pakistan war of 1947. While working as the Deputy Prime Minister, he also held the portfolio of the Union Home Minister of India. His sheer determination and exceptional administrative qualities in dealing with small princely states to concede with Indian dominion, has earned him the sobriquet “Iron man of India”.

Long and Short Speech on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Jayanti

Speech 1

Good Morning Respected teachers, my dear friends, and other respected guests. My name is ____. I have been working/studying here for ______ years now and have been a part of every event celebration.

I am once again honored to address you all on one of such similar occasions of national significance. I believe that a majority of you must already be knowing that today is the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

He was a veteran freedom fighter who subsequently became the First Deputy Prime Minister, when India gained independence on 15th August 1947. He is still greatly admired by Indian political and administrative circles for his uncompromising stand on a united India as well as for laying the foundation of modern all India services.

Therefore, his birth anniversary on 31st October isn’t only celebrated in schools but also in administrative offices throughout the country.

The statues of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, present at various locations throughout the country are washed clean, garlanded and offered floral wrath. People gather at the statue and remember his unparalleled wit and uncompromising attitude for national integration.

Though the day isn’t a public holiday and schools, colleges and offices remain open as a usual working day. Yet, people take time to recollect some of the exceptional qualities of Sardar Patel and his stern decision-making skills when it comes to the benefit of the nation.

The schools hold an event mostly during the morning assembly session. Teachers tell the students about the contribution of Sardar Patel to the Indian freedom struggle and also why is he called the Iron Man of India. Students and staff are also encouraged to speak about him.

Sardar Patel laid the foundation of modern all India services and is also known as the father of the Indian Civil Services. For these reasons, he is highly admired by the officers of Indian Civil Services, now the Indian Administrative Services.

For those who don’t know, I would like to add that it is because of his deep understanding of Indian customs, culture, and rituals, that he was able to formulate a precise civil administrative system.

The celebrations of Sardar Patel’s birth anniversary are more prominent in the national capital Delhi. Prominent leaders of the ruling party as well as opposition, pay their homage to Sardar Patel, remembering his works.

Friends, the united and one India that we see today, has been possible only because of the stern resolve of Sardar Patel. Had he not been there, India mostly would have been fragmented into small princely states with their own rule of law.


Therefore, his birthday isn’t only a usual commemoration of the birth anniversary of a political leader but also an event to celebrate the unity and integrity of the nation. It is our integrity as one nation that we celebrate today on his birthday.

I hope that you all have understood now, the real meaning of celebrating the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel and what is its significance.

Leaving you in the same spirit of nationalism and integration, I would like to end my speech. But, before winding, I would like you to get informed more and more about the iron man of India and his exceptional works.

Thank You!!


Speech 2

Good Morning everyone!! Respected teachers, Principal Sir, students, my batch mates, and other staff members. My name is ___________, and I am a student of class _______.

Today, we have gathered here on a very special occasion, the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. It is special and also rare occasions when we celebrate two causes. Firstly, it is the birth of Sardar Patel, the iron man of India and secondly, we celebrate the integrity of India, as Sardar Patel had visualized.

As we all know that Sardar Patel was a freedom fighter who subsequently became independent India’s first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister. This, in fact, is only a small fraction of the man’s colossal persona.

The most talked about and admired works of Sardar Patel is his pursuance to the small kingdoms to concede with the dominion of India. He uncompromisingly wanted a united India; therefore, he tried tirelessly to convince princely states to accept Indian dominion. He even threatened them with military power if they displayed ignorance. It is purely because of his vision and ability that we breathe in a united India.


His Jayanti is therefore celebrated with unparalleled zeal and enthusiasm, throughout the country. It is not only his birthday that we celebrate but also our unity, on the day. That is why it is also celebrated as National Unity Day. For those, who don’t know, I would like to add that, National Unity Day was instituted by the Government of India in 2014, to commemorate the efforts of Sardar Patel in making a united India.

His Jayanti is celebrated in schools/colleges and in offices. People/students assemble to pay floral tribute and remember Sardar Patel’s contribution to freedom struggle as well as in unification of India after independence.

I hope you all are aware that special events on Sardar Patel Jayanti are organized at the statue of Unity located in Kevadiya Gujarat. A series of events are organized at the statue of unity in which the local population, tourists, and government officials and politicians take part.

Run for Unity is also organized in various locations throughout India, to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel as well as the cultural and religious unity of the nation. The race is usually in the form of a marathon with participants from different walks of society.

I would further like to add that the run for unity reminds us of Sardar Patel’s distinguished and uncompromising commitment to national unity. I hereby request you all to celebrate this Sardar Patel Jayanti with exceptional zeal and enthusiasm and also remember the man’s great efforts in keeping India free, progressive and united.

Sardar Patel Jayanti will continue to be celebrated with the same zeal and respect for the man and his steely resolve. He was not only a veteran freedom fighter and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi but was also a shrewd political visionary.

With this, I would like to conclude my speech on Sardar Patel Jayanti and thank you all for being such a patient listener. I would like to once again request you all to celebrate the day and pay homage to the iron man of India.