The topic Urbanization is a very significant one, especially in the present times from growth and better employment opportunities perspective. The excess movement of people from rural to urban areas in search of better amenities and opportunities has to lead to the excessive exploitation of natural resources, environment as well as human capital. Such exploitation has been reported by various environment research teams. To completely understand the concept of urbanization, its advantages as well as disadvantages, here we provide you with enough content that is updated and is in accordance with the recent data on Urbanization.
Long and Short Speech on Urbanization
Speech - 1
Hon'ble Principal, Vice Principal, Teachers, and My Dear Fellow Students!!
I am Monika from Class 9 and before we begin with today’s event, I thought it would be wise to deliver a short speech on the topic “Urbanization” as it holds a great impact on our lives as well our environment.
Urbanization implies an increase in the urban population. It is not a very modern or novel concept. It dates back to the time when sites like Harappa and Kalibangan were developing.
It is quite understandable that when people or an entire group of people for that matter move from one place to another, especially from rural to urban areas they look forward to a better standard of living. Then, to meet these standards, of course, many industries and factories need to be set up in order to multiply the number of jobs that boosts the economy. But on the other hand, rapid urbanization which has been taking place consumes a lot of the earth’s health and the natural resources of the region.
According to the reports of the World Health Organization, by the year 2050, more than 90 percent of the world’s population would be dwelling in urban areas.
When it comes to discussing the advantages of urbanization, these are innumerable. Urbanization helps in the overall development of a country as it is due to this movement of people from rural to urban, the local talents get opportunities in all spheres viz. education, sports, entertainment, business, tourism and by using this unique talent the overall economy of the country also increases. People who are from rural areas are kept deprived of basic facilities, but because of the process of urbanization, they make use of such resources to the best of their capabilities.
Due to urbanization, the extrinsic companies having an international presence in our nation, often set up their projects in these localities, giving jobs and also promoting the foreign direct investment. The parochial mindset of people also gets better due to urbanization. Since people from rural areas have somewhat superstitious outlook and they follow old age traditions and rituals like child marriage, dowry, gender discrimination, etc. Due to their coming to cities, such type of thinking also decreases and they begin to come out of their regressive attitude.
Urbanization also has a number of negative effects on our society. It leads to people doing illegal things like murder, kidnapping, robbery. A lot of people also believe that Urbanization is the root cause of the increasing crime rates in big cities. Since so many people move to cities, it causes scarcity of resources leading to the formation of slums in that area. Urbanization leads to an immense shift of working for a population from agriculture to industries and also leads to a decline in agricultural productivity. Due to overpopulation the cities also face natural disasters which also cause loss of people and property.
So from the above-mentioned factors, it can be concluded that even though urbanization is somehow leading to overall development, but if measures are not taken properly it can also turn into a disaster. It should come with limitations, the government should be wide awake to eradicate the disadvantages of urbanization and derive necessary benefits from it in order to build a better nation.
Speech - 2
Honorable Principal, Vice Principal, Teachers, and all My Fellow Classmates!
We all are gathered here today to speak and share our ideas on a very significant topic in present times, i.e. Urbanization. After listening to all my fellow classmates, I would now like to share my thoughts on the same.
Urbanization involves the shift of population from rural areas to the urban regions. The meaning of urbanization can be taken in two diverse contexts – sociological and demographical. Scientists believe that it is not just the movement of people, but it also has a great impact on the attitude, behavior, values, and habits of the migrants. Due to the concept of Urbanization, the composition of various cities has seen a lot of changes.
Urbanization is salutary for the economy in a lot of ways. The overall economy is enhanced due to this phenomenon. As in cities, one finds better and more employment opportunities, the standard of living of a person automatically becomes higher. The rates like death toll, birth rate, and fertility rates are also quite low in urban regions. This is mainly because, in urban centers, there are better medical facilities available and people are constantly being made aware of their health and hygiene levels. People in these regions live with better sanitation, water, electricity, education facilities. The rate of fertility is also less in urban areas because of the stress issues and pressure faced by people due to their extra workloads. Yet another advantage that people get from urbanization is that traveling becomes easy and economic for low-income groups, as facilities such as metros in urban centers provide them with much fewer travel expenses, yet more facilities.
Discussing some of the most important statistics now; In India, the share of its urban population has observed growth from 11% in the year 1911 to 28% in the year 2011. However, the urbanization rate has been erratic across the states in India. The National capital Delhi is amongst the most urbanized with over 93.18% of its population residing in urban regions. Amongst the states, such as Goa, which is mostly urbanized with half of the population residing in urban areas and then Himachal Pradesh is amongst the least urbanized states with 9.3% population living in urban regions and Dadra and Nagar Haveli is amongst the least urbanized union territories with 22.89% population living in urban regions.
Everything carries its own share of pros and cons. Urbanization has also led to a very negative impact on the environment. It causes a shortage of land. The gap between demand and supply of basic facilities is also majorly observed due to an increase in the urbanization process. And finally, the huge pollution crisis in cities has adversely affected the standard of urban living.
The above points make it clear that it is a bane as well as a boon. It all depends on how people make fair use of a given opportunity. The evolution in population accepts new things and trends without looking for the consequences. This has really disturbed the equilibrium of nature with humans. It is all on us on what steps we take to prevent ourselves from the negative impacts of urbanization.
Thank you, students, and now we all shall proceed towards the pledge taking ceremony to protect our environment.
Speech - 3
Good Morning Hon’ble Principal Ma’am, Hon’ble Teachers, and My Dear Friends!
As we know that in our school a debate competition is going to be held today and we all are very excited about the head to head competition. The topic for today’s competition is “urbanization” because it is the factor upon which everyone in these days is focusing. Before the competition begins, I would like to contribute to it by saying a few words on urbanization. It is the factor that shows the status of a country in today’s world. Increasing urbanization if higher the status of a country than on the other hand it leads to other environmental problems too. But such problems could be tackled if the process of urbanization takes place in an organized way. The urbanization in the country should be done in a way that would not harm the environment although it had harmed the environment already as we can see in our surroundings if it is an urban area. But for the future, the planning of urbanization shall not lead to environmental degradation because development does not mean to ruin nature.
As in India, we can observe that urbanization is clearly leading to environmental degradation due to the setting up of more factories, electric towers, etc that create different kinds of pollutions such as air, water, sound and noise pollutions. Actually, we need to understand that what does urbanization exactly means? Urbanization means the process of formation and growth of new cities in a country. Now, the question that arises is how the formation and growth of cities can be done in the country?
There are many factors that lead the country to the state of urbanization like industrialization. Setting up factories provides various kinds of jobs to many people. People tend to move from rural areas to urban areas in search of a job so that they could earn their livelihood. The newest techniques are getting available for the farmers to help them in agriculture and it is one of the biggest parts of the urbanization. Urbanization also provides women many opportunities for their development. Women can also take several advantages of this process through going for education or applying in paying jobs and become self-dependent because women are considered as unequal or unable to do the work that men can do. Urbanization creates many business and job opportunities for everybody and especially for women.
But, if we look at the other side of the coin, we will get to know that urban areas are more prone to crimes, rackets of illegal things like drugs, etc. They also are the homes for many health diseases that occur due to environmental degradation caused by pollutions etc. To maintain a balance between urbanization and the environment, people need to get educated and work efficiently in an environmentally friendly way by using eco-friendly technologies, products, processes, etc.
On this note, I would like to wrap up my words and wish all the participants all the best for the competition. I hope that this competition will surely help the students to fight their hesitation and on the other hand, it will increase the knowledge of the different aspects of urbanization among us also.
Thank you and have a nice day!
Speech - 4
A Very Good Morning Ladies and Gentlemen!
Today, I am very glad about being asked for becoming a part of this workshop which is specially organized for the passionate youth of the country. This workshop is organized by the various entrepreneurs across the country who wants to do something for the future of passionate people. So, let me tell you about the basic aspect of this workshop. This workshop is especially based on the concept of urbanization. As we all are aware of the fact that our country is still a developing country and thus we need to give a proper direction to the young generation who has the power to make this country count under the list of developed and successful countries. The main factor that leads a country on the path of getting developed is the urbanization.
Now, what does urbanization basically stands for? Urbanization basically refers to the shift or movement of the population from rural areas to urban areas. Urban areas are areas that are more developed than rural areas with more facilities, job opportunities, high technology, etc. Urban areas are more developed in comparison to rural areas. India has a large number of rural areas across the country. Well, if we talk about the world, then, It has been predicted that by 2050 about 64 percent of the developing world and 86 percent of the developed world will be urbanized much of which will occur in Africa and Asia.
Urbanization can be classified on the basis of its style of architecture, method of planning and historic growth of the area. Urbanization is relatable to a range of disciplines that includes geography, sociology, economics, urban planning, and public health. The phenomenon of urbanization is closely linked to the concept of modernization, industrialization and the sociological process of rationalization. Urbanization helps in creating an enormous social, economic and environmental change that provides an opportunity for sustaining the limited use of resources in order to create more sustainable land use and to conserve the biodiversity of a natural ecosystem.
The urbanization reduces the time and expense of commuting and transportation; improves opportunities for job seekers and education. In cities, things like money, services, wealth and opportunities are centralized. Many people migrate from rural to urban areas in order to alter up their social position. Businesses providing jobs and capital exchange work as a center of attraction for people. Capital exchange and flow of money go through the banks that are commonly located in cities. On the other hand, there could be alienation issues, stress, increased cost of living, tension or stress and negative social aspects that occur from mass marginalization. Sub-urbanization that is happening in the cities of the largest developing countries could be mentioned as an attempt to balance the negative aspects of urban lifestyle.
On this note, I would like to conclude my speech and extend special thanks to everyone for their support in organizing this workshop and giving me this wonderful platform to present my views as well as ideas in front of the huge number of youth of the country.
Thank you and I wish you all a great day ahead!
Speech - 5
Good Evening Ladies and Gentleman – I warmly welcome everyone to the speech ceremony of today!
But before I begin with my speech on Urbanization, please allow me to introduce myself. I, Abhishek Kalra, the founding member of the Education and Rehabilitation Centre for Child Care, would be your host for today’s evening. You all must be taken by surprise about the speech topic of today. The reason why I have chosen this topic is that it is a serious concern in the present times. The talented pool of people is streaming down to the cities for bright career and growth prospects; thereby leaving the villages vacated. If this continues, a time will come when there will be no one left to take the developmental work of villages in their hand and a major geographical part of our country will remain underdeveloped.
Urbanization, as you all know, is a natural phenomenon wherein a big chunk of population immigrates to the towns or big cities constantly over a period of time. As a consequence of which, the towns gradually get transformed into a city or a megacity. In our country, urban region implies where over millions of people live. However, in a foreign land, the numbers are still comparatively lower. Owing to the speedy development in our country, even the political, as well as industrial centers, have become urbanized.
I don’t intend to say that urbanization is dangerous for our economy; however, it is rather favorable for our nation’s economic growth in some sense. When there is economic growth, more employment opportunities are generated for the youth as a result of which their standard of living also increases. In fact, the birth rate, death rate as well as fertility rates are quite low in urban regions. Needless to say, it is because of the availability of better healthcare centers that infant death rates are low. Fertility rates come down because of the pressure and tensions faced by the people.
People live with better electricity, water, sanitation and education facilities. There is better availability of goods in the market. There is a better medium of transport facility available in the cities, such as metros whereas many rural regions are underdeveloped and people are deprived of even the basic amenities which an average city dweller gets to enjoy. With the speedy process of urbanization, competition level also increases among the people, which greatly improve their performances.
On the flip side, rapid growth leads to congestion and pollution as well. During the 1950s, not even a billion people lived in the cities but going by the current stats around four billion people from around the world now dwell in cities. Urbanization is good, but it should be well-planned because if it isn’t then the urban regions will continue to become overcrowded and of course polluted.
I sincerely hope that our government looks into it and takes corrective measures to the best interest of our humanity while also taking care of the growth and developmental measures of both the rural as well as urban regions. This is all I have to say.
Speech - 6
Hon’ble Principal, Vice Principal, Teachers and My Dear Fellow Students – Warm Greetings to one and all!
I, Supriya Bisht from Standard-VI (B), feel extremely elated at having been given the opportunity by my respectable class teacher, Mrs. Sapna Chaudhary, to address everybody in the speaker assembly of today. My speech topic is Urbanization. It is a process wherein a large chunk of people becomes permanently settled in small places forming cities. There is no fixed definition of an urban area or a city as it keeps on changing from place to place and from time to time.
According to UNO, i.e. United Nations Organization, the member countries should consider every place with over 20,000 residents living in close proximity to each other as urban, however, countries compile their data based on different standards. For example, the United States mentions the term “urban place” to refer to any locality where over 2,500 people dwell.
There is a great surge in urban population than ever before. Let’s know what all are the reasons due to which urban population is drastically increasing:
- Migration from underdeveloped or rural regions
- Formation of new industrial sectors in urban areas
- Better career and growth prospects
- Better healthcare and educational facilities
- Development of urban agglomerations
- Superstitious beliefs of orthodox behavior, such as black magic, gender discrimination, and child marriages are ruled out in favor of rational and scientific temper.
Thus, the process of urbanization is considered fruitful in many ways because when our youth from rural regions find better educational and career opportunities in urban areas, they have a chance to build a bright future for themselves and earn a better pay scale, enjoy better amenities and infrastructure. With the power of education, the youth becomes more socially informed and responsible towards society. It thus goes without saying that urbanization aids in the process of modernization and brings great social change. In fact, the birth rate, death rate, fertility as well as IMR rates are lower in urban regions as compared to the rural regions.
Whereas on the other hand, urbanization also entails some disadvantages as it is considered a mixed blessing. Let’s know the reasons:
- Land shortage
- The gap between demand and supply of the basic amenities (such as electricity and water supply, public transport, sanitary and housing services, etc) widens.
- Great ecological dis-balance because of pollution that affects the quality of life.
- Drop-in agricultural produce as people switches from farm-based activity to industrial machinery works.
- Metro cities are unable to cope with the situation of natural calamities, such as earthquakes or floods as a result of which many people lose both their lives and property.
In the end, all I want to say is that the process of urbanization should not be absolutely labeled as unrewarding; however, it is our government that needs to take proper measures towards generating better health care and educational facilities for our youth living in rural regions. This is the only way to bring the growth of rural areas at par with the urban regions and make available latest state-of-the-art technologies to our farmers so that they prosper and our nation also prospers.