Biodiversity refers to the variability of life on earth and is essential for maintaining the ecological system of our planet. Thousands of species of animals, vertebrates, invertebrates, and aquatic species all together constitute the rich biodiversity of the planet earth. Rich biodiversity is a sign of a healthy environment. Conservation of biodiversity is vital for the survival of human beings as well as other living beings on Earth. A lot of emphases is being given on the conservation of biodiversity these days. This is because rich biodiversity is what makes our planet fit for living. Any place on earth with rich biodiversity has an abundance of natural resources – freshwater, plants, herbs, clean air, animals and bird species, reptiles, etc.
Long and Short Essay on Conservation of Biodiversity
Essay on Biodiversity and Conservation (250 words)
Biodiversity is vital for environmental harmony. God has created numerous species of flora and fauna and there is a reason behind these diverse creations. But, we humans seem to have turned a blind eye towards the need to maintain biodiversity and are indulging in various activities that are causing a decline in the same.
What is Biodiversity?
Biodiversity, also known as biological diversity or ecological diversity, is the diversity of the species of plants, animals and other living organisms in the world or in a particular habitat. There is a need to maintain rich biodiversity as it helps in maintaining the ecological balance on Earth. This is because each species of flora and fauna has its own role to play in the ecological system to keep it intact.
Why do We Need to Conserve Biodiversity?
Our beautiful planet has given us numerous things that occur here naturally. Natural resources, rivers, valleys, oceans, different species of animals and beautiful varieties of plants and trees are among some of these. But man is so busy growing and developing his own artificial world that he is spoiling these beautiful natural things. Today, we have exploited most of the things that were available abundantly in nature. There is a dire need to conserve these natural things. Among other things, there is a serious need for the conservation of biodiversity.
The requirement to maintain biodiversity has often been overlooked. This is because we think that we are doing well for ourselves, even though many species have gone extinct until now and that we would remain unaffected even if few more go extinct. However, this is a misconception. The richness of biodiversity is essential for the proper functioning of our environment. We would not be able to survive in the times to come if the biodiversity continues to decline.
Humans must keep a check on their activities and stop exploiting flora and fauna for serving their own selfish purposes. They must instead contribute towards the conservation of biodiversity.
Essay on Importance of Conservation of Biodiversity (400 words)
All the species of plants and animals present on Earth together form biodiversity. We depend upon each other to fulfill various needs so as to live comfortably on this planet. Rich biodiversity is vital for our survival. However, unfortunately, it is declining at a fast pace and this may put us in deep trouble in the times to come. Conservation of biodiversity is the need of the hour. We must all contribute towards the same to ensure a comfortable and peaceful life ahead.
Importance of Conservation of Biodiversity
Conservation of biodiversity is important for many reasons. Here are some of the main reasons why we must conserve biodiversity:
- Process of Food Chain
Different species of animals and plants serve as the source of food for other animals and living organisms. When one species goes extinct or shifts from one habitat to another, it results in different kinds of deficiencies for other species. Some species even starve to death as their main source of food goes extinct. Rich biodiversity thus helps in the process of the food chain.
- Nutritional Needs
We eat different kinds of fruits, vegetables, meats, fishes and other things as they satisfy different nutritional needs for the proper functioning of our body. The decline in the variety of plants and animals would mean the decline in the variety of food we eat and this is likely to result in nutritional deficiencies.
- Cleaner Air
Trees and plants inhale carbon dioxide and other harmful gases from the atmosphere and exhale the life-giving oxygen. Some plants and trees have a greater ability to purify the air and keep the atmosphere clean. The decline in the number and types of trees and plants can impact the quality of air negatively.
- Better Cultivation of Crops
Many insects, organisms and microorganisms such as earthworms, fungi, and bacteria work on different levels and make the soil fertile and maintain its health. Healthy and fertile soil are certainly better for the cultivation of crops. Loss of such species can thus be a great loss for us.
- For Medical Reasons
Many species of trees and plants are used to derive different medicines to cure various diseases. Many plants serving medicinal purposes have gone extinct in the past and many others are likely to go extinct even before the scientists discover their utility.
Thus, the richness of biodiversity is essential for the survival of living beings on Earth. This issue must be taken up seriously and stern measures must be taken to conserve biodiversity.
Essay on Conservation Methods of Biodiversity (500 words)
The need for conservation of biodiversity has been stressed numerous times as it is of utmost importance for the survival of mankind and other living beings on Earth. In addition to emphasizing the importance and need to protect and conserve biodiversity, it is essential to share the methods to conserve it.
Methods to Conserve Biodiversity
Here are some of the methods that can help in the conservation of biodiversity:
- Control Population
One of the reasons why biodiversity is declining is because of the growing human population. Trees are being cut and animals are being harmed at a large scale in order to satiate various human needs. The greater the population the higher the needs which would result in further exploitation of flora and fauna and decline in biodiversity. The first and foremost thing that needs to be done for the conservation of biodiversity is to control the human population and allow other species of plants and animals to thrive on our planet.
- Control Pollution
The growing pollution is causing harm to our beautiful planet. The temperature is rising and subsequently causing global warming. The changing climate, deteriorating air quality and the growing amount of pollution on land and in water bodies is leading to different types of diseases in many species and has also caused the extinction of several of them. Many species of flora and fauna are unable to withstand these changes in the atmosphere and it becomes extremely difficult for them to survive. It is essential to cut down on the activities leading to pollution in order to lower it.
- Keep a Tab on Deforestation
Forests are a habitat for different varieties of flora and fauna. Deforestation has been one of the main reasons for the extinction of numerous wild creatures as well as various beautiful plants. The loss of habitat makes wild animals vulnerable. They are unable to survive in the new environment. While some struggle for survival by shifting to other places others are unable to adapt to new surroundings and die.
- Avoid Wastage
It is imperative for us to avoid wastage of any kind. Most of the things we use are derived from natural resources. From the electricity we consume to the fuel we use, from the clothes we wear to the paper we write on, everything has been prepared directly or indirectly from the natural resources. We need to understand that natural resources are not only essential for us but are also vital for the survival of other species. We must thus utilize only as much as we require so that these remain available in abundance in nature for future use.
- Spread Awareness
Apart from this, one of the best methods to conserve biodiversity is by spreading awareness. People need to be sensitized about the issue so that they act responsibly and contribute towards conserving biodiversity. The government can do so at a bigger level while we can spread awareness through word of mouth and through social media.
Conservation of biodiversity is extremely important to maintain a healthy environment and ensure a comfortable life for future generations. There are many ways in which we can conserve it. We must all contribute our bit towards conserving the same.
Long Essay on Conservation of Biodiversity (600 words)
Conservation of biodiversity is vital for maintaining the Earth’s environment and sustaining life on the planet. There are a number of ways in which the richness of biodiversity helps in maintaining the ecological system and serves us. Different kinds of foods available fulfill different nutritional needs, plants clean the air, many organisms keep the soil health in check and survival of different species is possible due to the process of the food chain. These are some of the examples to show the importance of conserving biodiversity on Earth.
The Decline in Biodiversity
The continual decline in biodiversity has become a cause of concern world over. Many regions in the world have seen a major dip in the biodiversity owing to the changes in climate and increasing pollution levels. This has had a big impact on the other species living in those areas. Biodiversity is declining world over. Research shows that numerous varieties of animals go extinct each year largely due to human activities.
Western Black Rhinoceros, Dodo, Tasmanian tiger, Golden Toad, Woolly Mammoth, Caribbean Monk Seal, Ivory-billed Woodpecker, and Japanese Sea Lion are some of the species of animals that have gone extinct. Lemur, Mountain Gorilla, Vaquita, Sea Turtles, Amur Leopard, and Tiger are some of the species that are on the verge of extinction. Apart from these many species of plants and trees including Lepidodendron, Araucaria Mirabilis, Wood Cycad and Kokia Cookei have gone extinct and many others are endangered.
Need for Conservation of Biodiversity
If we continue to lose different species of flora and fauna at this speed, our survival will become extremely difficult on Earth. This is because every species of plant and animal either big or small contributes towards the maintenance of the ecological balance in its own unique way. Loss of these can have a huge impact on the environment as well as other living beings. For instance, we depend on different kinds of plants and animals as they serve as a source of food for us.
They satisfy different nutritional needs. Trees provide wood and other raw material that are used to craft numerous things that are vital for us. Similarly, different kinds of herbs are used for preparing medicines. Likewise, different species of insects and animals contribute in their own way of making the environment fit for living. If this richness of diversity is not maintained we shall lose out on many things and it will make our life difficult. This is why it is extremely important to conserve biodiversity.
How Can We Help in the Conservation of Biodiversity?
We as the general public can help in the conservation of biodiversity by avoiding wastage of the natural resources. We can also do out bit by avoiding activities that lead to pollution as pollution is the main cause of the decline in biodiversity.
Besides, we must plant trees and plants and encourage those around us to do the same. People mostly think that their contribution may not affect much and thus do not make any effort. If each one of us thinks this way we will soon be making life difficult for us. We must contribute our bit towards the conservation of biodiversity. These small contributions can lead to major changes over the course of time.
Government’s Role in the Conservation of Biodiversity
The government must sensitize people about the need for conservation of biodiversity through media, hoardings and other means. The government must also keep a tab on the human activities that are causing a decline in biodiversity. Strict action must be taken against individuals, groups, and organizations indulging in these.
Conservation of biodiversity is of utmost importance. We must all make efforts to conserve biodiversity rather than contributing to its decline.