In present times, the biggest problem of environmental imbalance is global warming because of which the temperature of the earth is increasing and the steps of human life are moving towards destruction. At such a time, if we do not take any big step to save the environment, then the day is not far when our very existence will be in danger. This is the right time to throw light on these issues because denying these problems is not a solution. While joining the race of top economies at the international level, India should also follow the path that nourishes the environment.

Most environmental problems are associated with environmental degradation and increased human population and human consumption of resources. Environmental degradation involves all changes in the environment that are undesirable and threaten life and sustainability in a particular region or the entire earth. Hence, pollution, climate change, erosion of biodiversity and other natural disasters are included in this. Along with environmental degradation, the growth in population at an exponential rate and changing patterns of human consumption are the root cause of almost all environmental problems nowadays.

Long and Short Essay on Environmental Problems in English

Here are the essay on Environmental Problems that our world is facing today of varied lengths to help you in your exams and home work assignments and projects.

You can select any one of the Environmental Problems essays given below in accordance to your requirement.

In these Environmental Problems essay, the current problems of the environment that our world is facing are described with the remedies and duty of every person living on the earth.

Environmental Problems Essay – 1 (200 words)

There are two major environmental challenges India currently faces. The first is the population explosion and the demands of billions of its citizens, are a strain on environment and its sustainability. The other biggest challenge in this is the lack of environmental awareness and protection. Despite the efforts made by government agencies and environmental organizations, there is a lack of efforts by the public. Until these changes occur, expectations of improvement are very low. We hope on the youth and the younger generations of the country to do honest and good work in the interest of future generations.

The most important thing is that we humans have to keep positive thinking to save our earth and work selflessly to avoid environmental pollution. We have to work with the goal in mind that we are protecting ourselves, our family, the country and this earth.

More efforts will have to be made to conserve groundwater and to store rainwater. Apart from petrol, diesel, and electricity, we also have to find energy options from the other sources of energy. The use of solar energy and wind energy will have to be emphasized. Needless and loud sounds have to be banned. New experiments and trials would have to be done in the field of technology.


Environmental Problems Essay – 2 (300 words)

Increasing pollution is one of the biggest problems of the present time, which is increasing rapidly in modern and technologically advanced societies. The whole world is aware and worried about this problem. Due to pollution, the environment in which man lives is getting bad to worse gradually.

As human civilization is developing, the amount of pollution in the environment is increasing. The activities of man and his lifestyle are responsible for increasing it. Along with the development of civilization, man has made many new inventions, due to which the trend of industrialization and urbanization has increased.


If we consider the main reason for increasing pollution is the unjust activities of human beings, which are exploiting natural resources indiscriminately, making this earth a pile of garbage and waste. Water, air and land are polluted by throwing garbage here and there, which are harmful to the health of entire living beings of the whole world.

Due to population growth, man cut forests at a large scale to occupy land for farming and making their residences. Chemical fertilizers are being used to produce crops, which is polluting not only land but also water. Air is polluted due to the use of various new means of transport. You have to endure extreme heat somewhere and extreme cold elsewhere. Not only this, all the living beings are also facing different types of diseases.

If we do not seriously think on this problem today, then nature itself will take some terrible steps to balance and we humans will have to suffer the terrible consequences of pollution. To avoid pollution we have to plant excessive trees. Indiscriminate exploitation of natural resources in nature must be avoided. We have to avoid the use of plastic items as well. The garbage should not be thrown here and there.


Environmental Problems Essay – 3 (400 words)


Nowadays environment is the most discussed topic at national and international level. Increasing environmental pollution has attracted the attention of the whole world. Today, there is talk of water, land and air pollution and to make the space pollution free. Although discussions are getting more and less work has been done but still these discussions are creating awareness towards the environment in the common man.

Statistical Analysis

Different nations consider themselves owners of natural resources contained within their geographical boundaries and have been consuming them as they wanted. They have been forgetting to understand that no one can bind many dimensions of the environment like air, sea, temperature etc. within geographical boundaries. The biggest challenge facing the human community around the world right now is pure air, pure water and pure food. According to environmental experts, it is mandatory to have green forest on the lowest 33 percent of the total land area, but from the data obtained it is found that only 22 percent of the green forest area in India remains.


In many developing and developed countries, the total forest area remains 20 percent to 30 percent. According to the Russian astronomer, the total forest area on the earth is reduced by 40 to 50 percent and the water and conservation potential has been lost. A report released by the United Nations Environmental Protection Program in Nairobi says that 25 percent of the world’s desert has been created by the indiscriminate felling of forests.

A report by the Washington-based research institute states that increasing the temperature of the atmosphere will result in brisk sunshine, resulting in millions of acres of land turning into deserts and the land becoming poisonous and barren. West Germany and Czechoslovakia have been badly affected by this tragedy. Based on the data received and the research done by various agencies, it can be said that some possible efforts can be made to prevent or reduce the increasing pollution. Such as

  • Solid control over the growing population around the world,
  • Expansion of social forestry and the system of rehabilitation of degraded or destroyed forests,
  • Effective prevention of tree cutting and promotion of tree conservation work,
  • Facilitated reduction in the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and medicine.

It is estimated that considering all these things, if we get to know about the importance of pollution and environment along with our daily activities and behavior, then success can be achieved in this direction.


It is the duty of every nation to keep its environment clean and healthy. There has been a change in the attitude of the nations towards the environment, but efforts to exploit natural resources in this race of development have dwarfed the efforts of environmental protection.


Environmental Problems Essay – 4 (500 words)


Due to increase in human activities, urbanization, industrialization etc., the environment has been rapidly destroyed. This has severely affected the survival mechanism of life. Anomalies of development in various regions of the world have become a serious problem for our common global environment. As a result, we are facing complex environmental issues that deserve attention. Important global issues are:

  • Green house effect (green planetary effect) and global warming
  • loss of biodiversity
  • Desertification
  • Depletion of the ozone layer
  • Acid rain
  • Oil leakage
  • Disposal of hazardous waste

Initiatives taken by UNO

Several environmental organizations have been set up by the United Nations at national and international levels. An environmental organization is an organization that protects the environment against any kind of misuse and degradation, as well as these organizations take care of and analyze the environment and also create cells to achieve these goals. United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), World Health Organization (WHO) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) are some of the main international agencies.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

UNEP was formed by the United Nations General Assembly in Stockholm, Sweden in the United Nations, in the same year as a result of the conference over the human environment. UNEP has played an important role in developing international environmental traditions.

Apart from this, UNEP also informed them that in working with environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs), developing and implementing policies with national government and regional institutions, and promoting environmental science and information.

UNEP has also been active in the development and implementation of environment related schemes and providing financial assistance, through appropriate environmental efforts, for sustainable development of the environment. The functions of UNEP are executed by the following six departments:

  • Early Warning and Assessment
  • Environmental Policy Implementation
  • Technology, Industry and Economics
  • Regional cooperation
  • Environmental Law and Conventions
  • Communications and Public Information

Funding of the UNEP

The UNEP receives the necessary funding for its programs from the Environment Fund, which is maintained by voluntary cooperation of member governments, with the help of more than seventy trustee funds, and little from the regular budget of the United Nations.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Agreement and Protocol

At the UN Climate Change Conference of the United Nations a decade ago, most of the countries got involved in an international treaty – started thinking and working unanimously on what should be done to reduce global warming and the inevitable reasons behind temperature rise.

Facing the Problem and Finding out the Solution

This convention sets an objective to stabilize the concentration of greenhouse gases “at a level that prevents any kind of dangerous human interference with the climate system.” The conference should keep a regular and accurate list of greenhouse gases emitted from industrialized countries. Developing countries are also being encouraged to make lists.


Economic development is necessary for the world’s poorest countries. Since such progress is not possible to be achieved if any kind of hardship created by climate change. Therefore, these countries should help in the way of reducing emissions in such a way that there is no hindrance in their economic progress. It is also recognized that developing countries’ attitude towards climate change is flawed. Therefore, UNEP appeals to special efforts to reduce its terrible consequences.


Environmental Problems Essay – 5 (600 words)


Today, India is the fastest growing population in the world, while lagging behind in conservation of environment and ecology. Today, the world has been suffering from many environmental problems which have increased considerably over the last few decades. This is the right time to throw light on these issues because denying these problems is not a solution.

While joining the race of top economies at the international level, India should also follow the path that nourishes the environment. Our disregard for the environment can cause havoc and a damage that can never be repaired. In this way, we should be aware of the damage caused by the environment. It’s too late anyway.

Environmental Problems that Our World is Facing Today

Here are some of the world’s environmental problems that the countries of the world are facing today:

Air Pollution

Air pollution is one of the worst problems affecting the world. Average life chances are reduced by about 15 months due to air pollution. Globally, India is also home to 11 out of 20 polluted cities in terms of air pollution. According to the 2016 ranking of Environmental Performance Index, India ranks 141 out of 180 countries in terms of air pollution.

Fall in Ground Water Level

Declining groundwater level is the biggest threat to food security and livelihood in the world. For decades, there has been a lot of difficulty in accessing and using underground water table. According to news reports, excessive exploitation of limited groundwater resources for irrigation of cash crops has led to a 6 percent drop in water availability within 10 meters.

Low rainfall and drought are also the main reasons for groundwater degradation. The problem of drought is highest in the north-western, Mediterranean and south-eastern parts of the world.

Climate Change

Due to increase in the temperature of the earth the climate of the earth is also changed. Unusual rain and flood destroy human life and property as well as frequent volcanic eruptions and earthquakes are repeated after few months. The seasons have also been changed causing a devastating effect on agriculture. In May 2016, Phalodi in Jodhpur district of Rajasthan recorded a temperature of 51 degrees Celsius. The danger can be reduced only by increasing the use of renewable resources to control ‘carbon emissions’.

In the last several years, climate change has been a subject which has not only warned the scientists but also the common man. Today a normal person seems to be aware of this and also maintains his opinion which is a good sign.

Unjustified Use of Plastic

The indiscriminate use of plastic is another major concern for the countries of the world. The demand for polymers in India is expected to shoot up from 11 million tons in 2012-13 to 16.5 million tons in 2016-17.

Damage to Biodiversity

In the Red Data Book released by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, 47 species of plants and animals in India are listed among the critically endangered species. Ecological and natural habitat damage has endangered many indigenous species including Siberian cranes, Himalayan wolves and Kashmir deer, all on the verge of extinction.


5th June is celebrated as the World Environment Day. Today every country in the world expresses its commitment to work in this direction. But one downside of this is that no country is coming forward to adopt those policies. The main reason for this is that many countries feel that after adopting these policies, the development work of their country will be interrupted and they will be left behind the other countries. In India, more than 127 institutions and research centers are working to know and research the possible adverse effects of climate change.



Related Information:

Essay on Environmental Pollution

Essay on Environment Protection

Essay on Environment and Development

Essay on Environment and Human Health