Hockey Essay

Hockey is a field game played between two teams consisting of eleven players each. The game is played with sticks and a ball. Each team tries to score a goal by hitting the ball in opponent team’s goal with the help of hockey sticks. There are many types of hockey games such as bandy – played on ice; field hockey- played on grass or artificial turf and rink hockey or roller hockey played with five members in each team.  Games similar to the hockey have been played in the ancient Egypt, almost 4000 years ago, dating before 1272 BC. Field Hockey is also the national sports of India.

Long and Short Essay on Hockey in English

We have provided below various short and long essay on hockey game under various words limit to help students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, etc.

Essays or paragraphs writing have been one of the common strategies followed by the teachers to enhance writing skill and knowledge of student about any topic.

All the hockey essay provided below are written in easy words and simple sentences.

So, students can select any of the essays given below according to their need and requirement:

Hockey Essay 1 (100 words)

Hockey is a national game of India however played all over the country. It is a fast game played between two teams against each other. Each team has 11 players. All the players aim to hit the ball in other team net in order to get more score. Our country has been the world champion of hockey in 1928 and had won 6 gold medals in the Olympics games.

The period between 1928 to 1956 is known as the golden era of Indian hockey. The brilliant Indian hockey players has made the country so proud of them as they have won Olympics games for hockey many times for India. They knew well the magic of playing hockey and won the heart of everyone.


Hockey Essay 2 (150 words)

Hockey is a most popular game and known as the national game of India. Playing it regularly benefits us in many ways. It helps in improving the body stamina by offering good health. The person playing and practicing it, needs more effort and dedication to continue. It is an outdoor game generally liked by Indian youths. It is not so easy however regular practice of this game may help a lot to be the champion.

There are 11 players in each team (divided as five forwards, two full backs, three half backs, and a goal-keeper). It is played in two halves of 35 minutes with an interval of 5 to 10 minutes. It is a game of much interest and enjoyment easily motivates watchers to see the hockey match. It provides various health and financial benefits to the player. A person interested in this game can easily make his/her nice career.

Hockey Essay 3 (200 words)


Hockey is a national game of India in spite of ever-growing popularity of other games and sports in India (like cricket, badminton, etc). It is not officially recognized however chosen as national game. The golden period of hockey in India was from 1928 to 1956 when its brilliant players had won the six consecutive Olympic gold medals for it.


Later, the future of hockey got in darkness after the death of a hockey star and hero named Dhyan Chand. At that time many hockey-playing Anglo Indians were migrated to the Australia. However, recently it is seen a little growth in the interest of Indian players towards hockey. Dhanraj Pillay was another hero of Indian field hockey who has been a former captain of Indian hockey team. Currently he is appointed as the manager of Indian hockey team. He had won an Arjuna Award for Hockey.

Why Hockey is National Game of India

Hockey has been chosen as the National Game because of the golden period of hockey in India (from 1928 to 1956). At that time, the Indian hockey players were doing really excellent job of them, so their regular win and outstanding talent was the reason to choose this game as a national game of the country. During that golden time, India had actively participated and played 24 Olympic matches. And the most surprising thing was that it had won all the matches scoring 178 goals and conceding only 7 goals. It had won gold medals in Tokyo Olympics (1964) and Moscow Olympics (1980).


Hockey is a nice game and mostly liked by the students. In order to bring another golden period for the hockey, it should be promoted in the schools and colleges among students to actively participate. Talented children should be properly trained to play hockey right from the school level. There should be the arrangement of necessary funds and other facilities for students by the government in order to preserve the Indian glory.


Hockey Essay 4 (250 words)

Hockey is a nice game generally liked and played by the youths of the country. It is also played in other countries worldwide. However, it is the national game of India, as India has been glorified by this sport many times through amazing wins. Indian has been the world champion in the field of hockey for many years.

Now this game has also been popular in other countries such as Holland, Germany, Pakistan, Australia, England, etc. It is a fast game, in which players have to run all time whenever game takes its speed. It is a game of two teams with eleven players in each. Players have to be alert all through the time till game becomes over. All the positions of players in this game (such as goal keeper, right backs, centre forwards and left backs) become very important.


Some of the Indian heroes of golden era hockey were Dhyan Chand, Ajit Pal Singh, Dhanraj Pillay, Ashok Kumar, Udham Singh, Baboo Nimal, Balbir Singh Sr., Mohammed Shahid, Gagan Ajit Singh, Leslie Claudius, etc. They were real heroes who led India towards a huge success in the field of hockey. Dhyan Chand was a brilliant hockey player who is still called as the wizard of hockey.

India became the world champion first time in hockey in 1928 and won the Gold Medal at Amsterdam Olympics. After that year, India had continued maintaining its world championship in hockey till it lost to win in the Rome Olympics. Later, it got seventh place in Montreal Olympics, regained Gold Medal in Moscow Olympics (1980); however, again lost a Gold Medal in 1984.


Hockey Essay 5 (300 words)


Hockey is an outdoor game played by two teams having eleven players in each. It has been chosen as the national game of India because India has been a world champion in hockey for many years. It is not officially declared as the national game however only considered as the national game as India had won many gold medals in hockey. It is played in many countries all over the world. It is not an expensive game and can be played by any youth. It is a game of much interest and enjoyment which involves lot of action and suspense. It is very fast game and situation changes very often in this game which creates surprise.

Importance of Hockey in India

Hockey is a game of much importance in India as it is chosen as the national game because it had made India a world champion in hockey many times. This game has a big and bright history as it was deep rooted in India by the brilliant hockey players. It is one of the oldest known sports of India however the root has been weak now because of the lack of talented hockey players and required facilities. This game is considered to be in existence for around 1200 years old before the Ancient Games of Olympia.

Earlier it was played in different variations, however currently it is played as field hockey which was developed in British Isles in 19th century. It was an English school game however brought to India by British Army regiments. Later, it was spread internationally and got worldwide popularity. In order to govern this game and standardize its rules, London Hockey Association was formed. Later, the International Hockey Federation (in 1924) and International Federation of Women’s Hockey were formed.

First hockey club in India was formed in Calcutta (1885-86). Indian hockey players made their successful Olympic debut in 1928 Amsterdam Games where they won the Olympic gold medal. It happened because of a brilliant Indian hockey legend named Dhyan Chand. He really mesmerized all the Indians in front of the Amsterdam crowd. India continuously won six Olympic gold medals and 24 consecutive hockey matches during its golden era of hockey. Some of the outstanding players of golden era of hockey were Dhyan Chand, Balbir Singh Sr., Ajit Pal Singh, Ashok Kumar, Udham Singh, Dhanraj Pillay, Baboo Nimal, Mohammed Shahid, Gagan Ajit Singh, Leslie Claudius, etc.


Hockey Essay 6 (400 words)


Hockey is a most popular and interesting game played in many countries. It has been chosen as the national game of India however never got any official declaration. This game has two teams with eleven players in each. Players of a team in this game aimed to make maximum goals against other team by putting a ball into the opponent’s goal post using hockey stick. Our country has made an excellent record in the field of hockey after winning the six Olympic gold medals and various consecutive matches. The period when India won various consecutive hockey matches is called as the golden period (1928 to 1956). Dhyan Chand was a famous hockey player of the golden time and known as the wizard of hockey because of his outstanding achievement.

History and Origin of Hockey

Hockey is an ancient game played for years in India. It is played with a hockey stick and a ball. It was played in Ireland before 1272 BC and during 600 BC in Ancient Greece. There are various variations of the hockey; some of them are named as field hockey, ice hockey, sledge hockey, roller hockey, street hockey, etc. Now-a-days, field hockey is generally played. Ice hockey was evolved as a derivative of field hockey to be played in the icy conditions of Canada and northern United States.

Equipment Needed to Play Hockey

Playing hockey game in safe manner requires some important equipment which are named as helmet, neck guard, shoulder pads, elbow pads, Jockstrap with cup pocket and protective cup (to support or protect male genitals), hockey stick, and a puck or ball.

Forms of Hockey

Other forms of the hockey (derived from hockey or its predecessors) are like air hockey, beach hockey, ball hockey, box hockey, deck hockey, floor hockey, foot hockey, gym hockey, mini hockey, nok Hockey, pond hockey, power hockey, rossall hockey, skater hockey, table hockey, underwater hockey, unicycle hockey and many more.

Future of Hockey in India

As we all know that, the good time of hockey game in India became really over after the golden era of hockey in India. It was due to the lack of interested and talented hockey players as well as required facilities for youths to continue the game in future. It seems that it will never finish and the golden era of hockey will return back because of the love, respect and dedication of Indian youths in this national game.

However, it needs a lot of effort, dedication and support by the Indian government to bring golden period of hockey back in India. Hockey India League is planning to implement some effective strategies to expand hockey teams (8 teams by 2016 and 10 teams by 2018). There is a favorable agreement made between Hockey India and Hockey Australia to participate in hockey for the upcoming three seasons (6 match test tournament will take place from 2016 to 2018 in Australia).


Hockey is a national game of India. It is only said so, however not officially declared. Now, it is our responsibility to make it an officially declared national game by bringing its golden period again. It should be highly promoted among students from the school time by providing them all the facilities from the end of teachers, parents and government.



Also See:

Essay on Sports

Essay on Importance of Sports

Speech on Sports

Paragraph on Football

Paragraph on Sports and Games

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