Environment commonly refers to the surroundings in which all living and non-living things reside and establish a sense of attraction with one another. These include air, water, soil, human beings, animals, etc. However being a part of the city, town or village, we observe that the environment around us was originally a natural landscape, for instance, a desert, a forest, or even a river that has been shovelled by humans for buildings, roads and factories.
But even the people belonging to the metropolitan cities get their food, fish, fuel wood and fodder supplied from rural areas, which are eventually extracted from the natural landscapes. Hence, our dependence on natural resources has made it essential for us to take considerable measures to prevent the destruction and depletion of our natural environment.
Long and Short Essay on Save Environment in English
Here are the essays of varied lengths on the aforementioned topic to help you with your exams and assignments. You can select any Save Environment essay in accordance with your requirement:
Short Essay on Save Environment – Essay 1 (200 words)
A geographical area or the natural world that includes mineral soil, air and water, animals, etc. which is affected by human activity is termed as environment. With the movement of the Homo sapiens towards urbanisation and industrialization which led to the development in medical, industrial and societal field, the natural landscape got replaced by concrete buildings and roads. However, our dependency on these natural landscapes for food, water for drinking and agriculture, fuel wood, etc. still persists. This dependency of ours on nature is to such a large extent that we cannot survive without protecting its resources.
These natural resources can broadly be categorized into renewable and non-renewable ones. Renewable resources are the ones that can be regenerated naturally. These include water, forest, crops etc. On the contrary, the non-renewable resources such as oils and minerals cannot be replenished and in the present scenario are being consumed at a very fast pace.
The main factors leading to this rapid depletion of all forms of natural resources are population growth and ‘consumerism’ on the part of the privileged sections of the society. This has led to loss of not only wildlife and trees, but has also disrupted the eco-system. Thus, it is high time that we should stop misusing these natural resources and instead use them judiciously.
Essay on Importance of Saving Our Environment – Essay 2 (300 words)
The sum total of all the surroundings of a living being including air, water, sunlight, etc. and also the living organism like animals, plants, humans, etc that provide sustainable conditions for growth and development, constitutes the environment.
Importance of Saving Our Environment
Today in the industrial and urban sectors, this environment comprises of well paved roads, multi-story concrete buildings and skyscrapers. Their main motive is to accommodate the increasing population and provide various luxuries to the affluent sections of the society.
However, despite this movement the reliability of humans on the resources derived from nature still persists. We use air for breathing, water for drinking and other daily chores. Even the food we eat is derived from plants and animals including vegetables, milk, eggs, etc. In consideration of these requirements, protection of these resources has become very important which can be categorised as:
- Renewable Resources: As the word suggests, renewable resources can be renewed naturally through rainfall and re-growth. However, these will be depleted if their consumption at this fast pace continues, even before nature can replace them. For example, rubber, timber, fresh water.
- Non-Renewable Resources: These resources have been formed over a period of millions of years under the soil and hence cannot be replenished. Once used, the non-renewable resources including fossil fuels such as coal and oil can’t be renewed.
The need of the hour is to prevent the misuse of resources and instead use them judiciously as Mother Earth cannot sustain with this rapid utilization of resources. This is only possible through ‘sustainable development’. Moreover, the solid and liquid by-products discarded as garbage by manufacturing units should be equitably managed in order to prevent pollution that leads to various diseases like cancer and gastro-intestinal diseases. This is possible only if steps are taken on the individual basis, rather than depending entirely on the government.
Essay on How to Protect and Save Environment – Essay 3 (400 words)
Since the beginning of time, environment has helped us in establishing a relationship with the flora and fauna, and has ultimately determined our formation and survival. It has given us various gifts, for e.g. water, sunlight, air, creatures and fossil fuels which have made our planet worth living.
How to Protect and Save Environment
Since these resources are available in abundance, they are being overly used and consumed at a very high pace due to explosion in population and also to meet the luxurious demands of the privileged sections of the society. Thus, it has become important to conserve these natural resources in all the ways. Here are a few ways in which the excessive use of natural resources can be preserved:
- Mineral and Energy Resources: The energy extracted from various minerals including coal, oil, and various fossil fuels is used massively in power generation plants and also in vehicles, which contribute majorly towards air pollution. In order to prevent the air borne diseases caused by their extraction and consumption, the use of the renewable resources like sunlight, wind and tidal energy must be promoted.
- Forest Resources: Forests play a very vital role in preventing soil erosion and also reduces the effects of drought as they prevent the running off of the rain water from the ground. Moreover, they not only keep the climatic conditions under control but also maintain carbon dioxide levels for the living organism. Thus, it is vital to preserve and expand forests which can be done by promoting the sale of non-timber products, promoting the states rotational grazing schemes and most importantly planting more trees.
- Water Resources: The aquatic ecosystems are used by people for their daily chores, such as drinking, cooking, washing etc. and the water cycle maintains it through evaporation and precipitation. However, fresh water is being overly consumed by man and wasted because of deforestation (floods). It is also getting polluted at a massive rate. In order to prevent water crisis in the near future, a number of measures need to be taken, which include building of small reservoirs instead of mega projects, promoting drip irrigation, preventing leakages, treating and recycling municipal waste.
- Food Resources: The various technologies used during the green revolution that helped in reducing starvation by booming the production of crops, in actuality degraded the quality of soil. Thus, sustainable methods of food production need to be used that include using alternates to inorganic fertilizers and pesticides, promoting consumption of crops that grow on poor soil, etc.
Thus, it is only through sustainable development and proper management that we as individuals can take steps to protect and save environment.
Essay on Save Environment Save Earth – Essay 4 (500 words)
“No generation has a freehold on this earth. All we have is a life tenancy– with a full repairing lease.” These words have been very aptly quoted by Margaret Thatcher and define our temporary relationship with the natural environment. Despite various gifts that we have been provided by nature to make our life seemingly easy and this planet worth living, such as air, sunlight, water, animals and minerals, we have for our own selfish gains overtly exploited them.
Need to Save Environment to Save Earth
To meet our present day needs due to increasing population levels, we have been persistently without any check consuming the natural resources. We are not concerned for our future generations. Thus, the need of the hour is to conserve both the renewable and non-renewable resources, provided by nature if we really need to save mother Earth.
Effects of Pollution on Environment
During the last few decades, water, air and land have been contaminated for achieving short term gains at the cost of long term ecological losses to the environment. These undesirable changes have had disastrous effects not only on plants and wildlife, but also on humans which have been discussed as follows:
- Air Pollution: The development of transportation system and large-scale use of petrol and diesel has accelerated the production of both undesirable solid and gaseous particles in the air, in quantities that are harmful for the environment. With the increase in the levels of carbon monoxide, chloro-fluoro-carbons, sulphur oxides, hydrocarbons and even lead, the ozone layer responsible for protection from ultra violet rays has started depleting. This has also resulted in increase in temperatures, commonly known as ‘global warming’.
- Water Pollution: Untreated human and animal wastes, suspension of water soluble inorganic chemicals from industries such as mercury and lead and draining of organic chemicals including detergent and oils in the fresh water ponds and rivers has made their water unfit for any use. This has adversely affected aquatic life, reduced crop yields and also made the water unsafe for consumption by both humans and animals.
- Soil Pollution: Due to the excessive spraying of fertilizers and pesticides like DDT, use of irrigation water that is high in salts for the purpose of increasing crop yields, in the long run renders land useless. This is known as soil pollution which is also accelerated by soil erosion caused due to human activities such as construction, deforestation, etc.
- Noise Pollution: Noise emanating from vehicles, factories and specially the bursting of crackers during Diwali in India contributes to noise pollution. This adversely affects the animals as they are not able to adapt to such noises and in turn undergo hearing loss.
Every individual must solely contribute towards conserving the environment and not majorly depend on the government itself. Knowingly or unknowingly we contribute towards pollution on daily basis. Hence, as the consumers of the gifts of nature it is our responsibility to promote rain water harvesting, take part both individually and collectively in the process of recycling products, avoiding wastage of resources such as electricity and fresh water, etc. It is by taking little steps that we can effectively improve the health of our ailing planet.
Essay on Save Environment Save Life – Essay 5 (600 words)
The gifts provided by the natural environment are bliss for mankind as well as for the other living organisms. These natural resources including air, sunlight, fresh water, fossil fuels etc. are so vital that life can never be possible without them. However, with the increase in the greed for material goods by the large population, these resources are being used and misused beyond their limits. This, rather than ‘economic development’ is proving to be more hazardous for human health, which has been discussed below.
Reasons to Save Environment to Save Life on Earth
Following are the points describing pollution due to Misuse and Wastage of natural resources and their effects on life of living beings on the earth, thus we must save our environment to save life on earth:
- Air Pollution: The increase in the use of petrol and diesel for transportation and the burning of fossil fuels in industries to produce energy make a terrible contribution in polluting the air. This results in an increase in the levels of sulphur oxides, hydrocarbons, chloro-fluoro-carbons, carbon monoxide, etc. These hazardous gases negatively affect human health causing chronic bronchitis, lung cancer and various other respiratory diseases. Also, causing the depletion of ozone layer, making mankind vulnerable to ultraviolet rays, air pollution not only accelerates ‘global warming’ but also weakens the immune system.
- Water Pollution: The suspension of water soluble inorganic chemicals from industries, release of untreated human and animal wastes in fresh water and draining of fertilizers and pesticides during irrigation in rivers lead to water pollution. This not only makes the water unfit for drinking, such that its consumption causes gastro-intestinal diseases but also causes cancer. Moreover, by affecting the aquatic life negatively, water pollution makes fish unfit for consumption.
- Soil Pollution: Use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in soil not only kills’ bad but also good pests, thereby providing us with less nutritious crops. Also, the exposure to chemical infected crops due to soil pollution over several years causes mutations, produces cancer, etc. Soil erosion caused due to excessive deforestation and construction aids in the frequency of floods, which results in the destruction of human life on a massive scale.
- Noise Pollution: Excessive noise emanating from factories and vehicles can cause physical damage to the ear, resulting in temporary or permanent hearing loss. Amongst Homo sapiens, noise pollution also has negative effect on mental, emotional and psychological health, causing stress, anxiety and irritability, thereby adversely affecting the performance at work.
Methods for Saving the Environment
Pondering over the pages of history, it can be observed that our ancestors were more concerned about saving our environment, than we are today. This can be witnessed in the contributions of Sunderlal Bahuguna, who through Chipko Movement guarded the forest resources. Similarly, Medha Patkar effectively saved the environment of the tribal people, which was negatively impacted due to the construction of dams on the Narmada River. We as the youth of today can take small steps, to similarly save our natural environment:
- We should promote and also apply to the concept of 3R’s, i.e. reduce, recycle and reuse in order to prevent the excessive use of non-renewable resources. For instance, metal scrap can be used to make new metal products.
- Use energy efficient tube lights and bulbs that save energy.
- Reduce the use of paper and wood products wherever possible and go for e-book and e-paper.
- Reduce the use of fossil fuels by opting to walk or using car pool or public transport.
- Use jute/cloth bags instead of plastic bags.
- Use rechargeable batteries/ solar panels.
- Setting up compost bin to produce manure to reduce the use of fertilizers.
Though government has formulated various schemes and established laws in favour of saving both nature and wildlife. It is still the duty of each person individually to protect the environment for our future generations, as we are the people consuming its benefits. This can be very appropriately connoted in the words of Lester Brown, “We have not inherited this earth from our forefathers: we have borrowed it from our children”.