Popularly known as Kisan Diwas, the National Farmers’ Day is a national occasion observed on 23rd December every year. National Farmer’s Day is celebrated in the honor of the former Prime Minister of India Chaudhary Charan Singh. National Farmers’ Day is celebrated across the nation with great enthusiasm and interest. On this day, several debates, events, seminars, functions, and competitions around agriculture are organized to celebrate the event.
National Farmers' Day 2019 (Kisan Diwas - Choudhary Charan Singh Jayanti)
The National Farmer’s Day or Rashtriya Kisan Divas was celebrated in India on Monday, 23rd December 2019. It is celebrated on the birthday of the 5th Prime Minister of India, Choudhary Charan Singh, who was also known as the farmer’s Prime Minister.
Netizens were active on social media and they expressed their gratitude and respect towards the former Prime Minister and his extraordinary understanding of the concerns of Indian farmers. People also thanked farmers for their hard work and labor to meet the food requirements of the 1.37 billion population of the country.
Prime Minister of India had also tweeted on Monday, December 23rd – “Remembering Chaudhary Charan Singh Ji on his Jayanti. Unwavering when it came to safeguarding the rights of hardworking farmers, Charan Singh Ji also worked tirelessly for the empowerment of the marginalized. He was at the forefront of strengthening India’s democratic fabric.”
Several events in the schools and colleges were held to let the children understand the contribution of farmers to society and also their significance for the economic and cultural progress of the nation.
Krishi Jagran a monthly publication under the DSR Agri Media Pvt Ltd had organized an event in honor of the farmers and to commemorate their unwavering hard work and perseverance. The publication holds a Limca Book of Records with 12 India Languages, 23 editions and its presence in 22 Indian states.
Krishi Jagran in collaboration with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) had organized an essay competition on the topic – “Kisan Meri Nazar Mein” (farmer in my view), which was conducted in schools all over the country in several languages. The idea behind the competition was to let the children familiar with the profession and problems of farmers.
History of National Farmers' Day (Kisan Diwas - Choudhary Charan Singh Jayanti)
National Farmers Day or Kisan Diwas is celebrated in the honor of Chaudhary Charan Singh who was the fifth Prime Minister of India. He served the country as Prime Minister for a very short tenure starting from 28th of July 1979 till 14th January 1980. He was a very simple-minded man and led an extremely simple life. During his tenure as the Prime Minister, he introduced many policies to improve the life of Indian farmers.
The magnetic personality of Chaudhary Charan Singh and various beneficial policies in the favor of farmers united all the farmers of India against the landlords and moneylenders. He followed the famous slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan' given by the 2nd Prime Minister of India. Chaudhary Charan Singh was also a very successful writer and wrote down several books depicting his thoughts on farmers and their problems; he even came out with various solutions to improve the lives of farmers.
Chaudhary Charan belonged to the farmer’s family and thus he led an extremely simple life despite being the honorable Prime Minister of India. India is primarily the land of villages and the majority of the population living in villages are farmers and agriculture is the main source of income for them. 70% of the Indian population still today thrives on the income generated through cultivation. India witnesses an interesting farming journey.
The green revolution during the 60s evolved in Punjab and Haryana transformed the agricultural picture of the country. This increased productivity and thus India became self-sufficient in various agro-commodities.
Farmers are the spine of India. The nation of lands, India celebrates Nationals Farmer’s Day every year on 23rd of December to pay honor to the great work done by the farmers of our country.
Facts about the Kisan Leader - Choudhary Charan Singh
Chaudhary Charan Singh was the Jat icon and belonged to a peasant family. This was the reason he could relate himself with the issues of the farmers and therefore, he did the best to support them. When he became the Prime Minister of India in July 1979 he made many changes to improve the lives of the farmers. This is also an interesting fact that as the Prime Minister of India, Chaudhary Charan Singh never visited the Lok Sabha. He also served as the Deputy Prime Minister during the reign of Morarji Desai.
He introduced Budget 1979 which was designed to accomplish the needs of the farmers in all respects. It had several policies in favor of Indian farmers. These initiatives of the great Kisan leader boost the confidence of all the farmers and gave them the strength to stand together against the landlords and moneylenders. The Agricultural Produce was the famous Market Bill introduced by Chaudhary Charan Singh in the Assembly. The Bill was meant to safeguard the wellbeing of the farmers against the greediness of the dealers and the landlords. The Zamindari Abolition Act was also introduced and enforced by him.
The famous “Kishan Ghat” in New Delhi is dedicated to Chaudhary Charan Singh due to his involvement with the causes related to farmer’s communities in the North. He was an avid writer too and wrote down his thoughts on farmers and problems related to them along with the solutions. Chaudhary Charan Singh died on 29 May 1987.
Why National Farmers' Day (Kisan Diwas - Choudhary Charan Singh Jayanti) is Celebrated
Born on 23 December, the humble man Chaudhary Charan Singh was also the Kisan (Farmers’) leader. He was a humble and compassionate leader and was highly popular amongst the farmers and thus he was called the Farmer’s leader too. Chaudhary Charan Singh Jayanti or the birth anniversary of Ch. Charan Singh is on December 23. It is observed as Kisan Diwas or Farmer’s day. Since farmers are the backbone of our economy; therefore our nation celebrates Farmers Day in the memory of late Ch. Charan Singh, the ex-Prime Minister of India.
He was a farmer himself and led an extremely simple life. Since he belonged to the farmer’s family he made a lot of effort towards improving the life of Indian farmers. It goes without saying that farmers are the backbone of our society and contribute greatly to the economic development of India. The majority of the Indian population lives in villages and cultivation is the main source of income for them. Thus, a day dedicated to Indian farmers would not only increase their enthusiasm but would create respect in people’s minds for them.
National Farmer’s Day is celebrated every year in all states and especially in those states which are actively engaged in farming and cultivation such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, and others. Members of the farmers and rural communities organize various agricultural shows in order to pay tribute to their adored leader. On this day various debates, forums, discussions, quizzes, competitions are organized.
Several issues related to farmers are discussed and the participants are invited to share and suggest solutions. The state governments utilize this day to introduce new Bills in favor of farmers if any. The representatives of farmers are also invited to the celebrations and motivated to put across their issues and problems. On National Farmers’ Day, homage is paid to the great and benevolent leaders of the past who were devoted to the welfare and development of farmers.
How National Farmers' Day (Kisan Diwas - Choudhary Charan Singh Jayanti) is Celebrated
The Government of Uttar Pradesh, India celebrates the National Farmer’s Day every year on 23rd of December as Kisan Samman Diwas. This is the birth date of one of the former Prime Ministers of India, Choudhary Charan Singh. He was highly compassionate towards the farmer communities and introduced several policies for benefitting farmers. Thus, Kisan Diwas or Kisan Samman Diwas or National Farmer’s day is observed on 23rd December. On this day the Uttar Pradesh government organizes many programs, seminars and discussions related to farmers of India and Divisional Agriculture Science at District and Block level, Uttar Pradesh.
Various workshops, exhibitions, and seminars are been organized on this day by the state government and rural development associations to make sure the development in the cultivation field. Officers belonging to the agriculture department and agricultural scientists visit the villages and interact with peasants and farmers to understand their issues and provide them with solutions and information about the recent agriculture techniques and different types of insurance schemes to protect their agriculture production.
During the celebration, the Agricultural Scientists and experts in the field of farming share various informational programs for the benefit of farmers. The experts also give different suggestions on avoiding the circumstances that lower down the agro-production or result in a spoilt agricultural production. Thus, to attend these programs is highly beneficial for the farmers for the development of their farming.
There are approximately 26 Agriculture Knowledge Centers and around 31 Agriculture Science Centers in Uttar Pradesh; all these centers also celebrate the National Farmer’s Day by organizing different discussions in the state. All these are organized not only to commemorate the birthday of one of the former Indian Prime Ministers but also to generate helpful and informed circumstances for farmers in the state.
Most of the states in India, especially those which are rich in agriculture such as Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, and various other states are taking ideas from Uttar Pradesh for celebrating Kisan Diwas. The Population of Uttar Pradesh is the largest in India and most of the people are engaged in farming for their living. Farmers produce food and other eatables which are distributed across the nation; the urban population greatly depends upon the farming done by the farmers all over India. Thus, it is important that the government develop more productive conditions for farmers all over India for healthier and richer cultivation.
Kisan Samman Diwas is one of the most important days for many states in India. The Agricultural Department of the State Government and the representatives of farmers come together on the same platform to discuss the issues and solutions related to farmers. The day is also utilized to increase the awareness of the farmers about the advanced technology of farming.
Choudhary Charan Singh is ever recognized as the son of the soil who belonged to the farmers’ community. The National Farmer’s Day (Kisan Diwas) is a recognition of his vision of an independent and strong Indian farmer. The whole nation celebrates the day with great enthusiasm. Messages and slogans are shared on social media. Today’s youth is more concerned about the problems of Indian farmers and organize several acts and plays to improve their condition. Time to time, the central Government foregoes the debts given to the farmers.
Despite several policies are announced and technology been improved for the betterment of cultivation, agriculture in India is still in a poor state. Every year, the Indian farmers have to fight the natural crisis such as drought, flood, poor quality seeds, etc. Even though for the last 10-15 years, farmers in India are getting a lot of relief from the government, such as receiving fair price for their production, rebate on loan, facility to use new technology for cultivation and many more; but there is yet a lot to be done to improve the conditions of the farmers and their farming practices, only then our country would be a developed country in the true sense.