Subhash Chandra Bose Facts:
Born: Born on 23rd of January in 1897 in the Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, India
Died: Died on 18th of August in the year 1945
Education: University of Calcutta
Famous for: Figure of Indian independence movement
> President of the Indian National Congress (in 1938)
> General of Azad Hind army (from 1943 to 1945)
Political party: Indian National Congress and Forward Bloc
Mother: Prabhavati Devi
Father: Janakinath Bose
Spouse: Emilie Schenkl
Children: Anita Bose Pfaff
Subhash Chandra Bose Birthday 2019
The birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in 2019 was celebrated on 23rd of January, Wednesday. It was the 122nd birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
President, Vice President and Prime Minster of India paid homage to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose at the Rashtrapati Bhawan on 23rd January. A museum on Netaji was also inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the occasion at the Red Fort in New Delhi.
The students of famous sand artist Sudarshan Pattnaik, created a sand sculpture of Netaji at Puri beach to commemorate this great leader of the Indian independence movement.
The Netaji Research Bureau launched a DVD based on Netaji’s life on 21st January. The DVD narrates the complete life story of Netaji in a very simple and easy language. It aims to spread the awareness about the struggle and success of Netaji and how he contributed in the Indian freedom struggle.
Forward bloc requested the government to celebrate Netaji’s birth anniversary as ‘Desh Prem Divas’. A letter was written to the Prime Minister Narendra Modi requesting for the same.
Prime Minister also renamed three islands of Andaman and Nicobar to pay tribute to Netaji ahead of his birth anniversary. The Ross Island was renamed to ‘Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Dweep’, Neil Island was renamed as ‘Shaheed Dweep’ and Havelock Island to ‘Swaraj Dweep’.
Banga Bandhu Organisation, Jamshedpur celebrated the 122nd birth anniversary of Netaji on 23rd January. A march of 1000 people was conducted from Subhas Chandra Bose Milan Sangh, Haldwani to old Sakchi bus stand. Members paid tribute to Netaji’s statue by flowers and garlands and hold group talks and discussions on the occasion.
Subhash Chandra Bose Birthday
Subhash Chandra Bose birthday anniversary is celebrated every year with the great honor by the people including government and non government organizations. As he was one of the most well known Indian leaders during the independence movement, he has become a great legendary figure in the history of India.
It has been demanded by the Netaji’s followers to celebrate his birthday anniversary as a “Desh Prem Divas” in order to re-memorize his great sacrifice towards the country.
Biography of Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose was a great Indian nationalist and famous by the title Netaji, born on 23rd of January in the year 1897 in the Cuttack, Orissa Division of Bengal Province. When he was just 48, he got died on 18th of August in the year 1945. His mother name was Mrs. Prabhavati Devi and father name was Mr. Janakinath Bose. His father was an advocate. He was the ninth child of his parents among fourteen siblings.
Between 1920s and 1930s, he was a leader of the Indian National Congress and became the Congress President from 1938-1939. Later he was expelled from the Congress in the year 1939 and sited under the house arrest by the British. Then he went to the Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan for getting assistance for the independence of India by British rule.
He became successful in organizing an Indian National Army by the support of the Japanese. He died because of the third degree burn when he attempted to escape in the burdened plane of Japanese which got crashed in the Taiwan.
His Early Life
Subhash Chandra Bose got admission to the Protestant European School in the month of January in 1902. He then admitted to the Ravenshaw Collegiate School and again to the Presidency College after getting second position in metric exam in the year 1913. His nationalistic character came to his way and he expelled from the Presidency College. After that he joined Scottish Church College (University of Calcutta) to complete his B.A. degree in philosophy in the year 1918.
In the year 1919 he went to the England to Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge for getting appeared in the Civil Services Examination. He ranked 4th in the Civil Services Examination and got selected but he denied to work under the British government. He resigned to the civil service job and came to the India where he started the Swaraj newspaper for the promotion of Bengal Provincial Congress Committee. In 1937, he furtively married to the Emilie Schenkl (daughter of Austrian veterinarian) in the Austria.
His Political Career
He selected as the All India Youth Congress President as well as Bengal State Congress Secretary. He also became the Forward newspaper editor and worked as a CEO of the Municipal Corporation of Calcutta. Once he got tuberculosis when he was arrested.
In the year 1927, he was assigned as a general secretary of Congress party when he released from the prison. For the independence of the India, he had worked with the Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. In the case of civil disobedience he once more arrested and went to the jail.
All India Forward Bloc
He had planned the Forward Bloc on 22nd of June in the year 1939 to consolidate with the left political career. Muthuramalingam Thevar was his big political supporter who had arranged a huge rally during Subhash Chandra Bose’s visit to the Madurai on 6th of September.
From 1941 to 1943, he had lived in the Berlin. He led the Azad Hind Fauj through his eminent quotation like “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!”. In his speech on 6th of July in the year 1944, he said Mahatma Gandhi the “Father of the Nation” which was broadcasted by the Singapore Azad Hind Radio. His other famous quote was “Dilli Chalo” to encourage the INA armies. “Jai Hind”, “Glory to India!” was an additional slogan generally used by him which was later accepted by the Indian Government and Indian Armed Forces.
Japanese Prime Minister (Shinzo Abe) on his visit to the Subhash Chandra Bose’s memorial hall in the Kolkata on 23rd of August in 2007 said that, Japanese are extremely motivated by the strong will of the Bose in order to lead the independence movement in India from the British rule. He is a great personality and cherished name in the Japan.
Quotes of Subhash Chandra Bose
> “Freedom is not given, it is taken”.
> “One individual may die for an idea; but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives. That is how the wheel of evolution moves on and the ideas and dreams of one nation are bequeathed to the next”.
> “You give me your blood and I will give you Independence!”.