Qutb Minar also called Qutub Minar is a minaret located in Mehrauli in New Delhi. The minar is 73 meters tall and shaped like a tapering tower with a base diameter of 14.3 meters and 2.7 meters at the peak. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The construction of Qutub Minar was started by Qutb ud Din Aibak in around 1192 and was completed by his successor and son-in-law Shamsuddin Iltutmish. Further modifications to the monument were made by Firoz Shah Tughlaq and Sher Shah Suri. The Qutub Minar is surrounded by several other historical monuments. It is a very popular picnic spot for domestic as well as foreign tourists.
Long and Short Essay on Qutub Minar
Essay 1 (250 words)
Qutub Minar is the most famous and one of the tallest minar of India. It is located in Delhi at Aurobindo Marg, Mehrauli and has been added to the world heritage sites. It is a second tallest minar of India which was constructed in 1192 by the Qutab-ud-din Aibak and completed later by his one of the successor named Iltutmish. It is a soaring conical tower built in the Indo-Islamic Afghan architectural style. The height of this minar is 73 meters (237.8 feet) having 379 steps or staircases.
There is an attractive green garden surrounding the Qutub Minar drawing the mind of visitors. It is one of the most famous and attractive destinations of tourists in India. It is the most visited monument of India where people from the corner of the world come to see every year. It is a five stories tower built-in unique designs (first three stories are built using red sandstones and top two stories are built using marble and sandstones) having a base diameter of 14.3 meters and a top diameter of 2.7 meters.
There is another taller minar adjacent to the Qutub Minar is Alai Minar. Qutub Minar symbolizes the victory and strength of Islam as well as served earlier to call people for prayer at Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque. It is the attractive tourist destination in Delhi and mostly visited by the kids, children and school students in their summer or winter vacations.
Essay 2 (300 words)
Qutub Minar is located in south Delhi at Aurobindo Marg, Mehrauli. It is the most famous magnificent structure made up of red sandstones called Qutb Minar. It is the second tallest tower of India stand alone as it is from the ancient time for more than 800 years. The manufacturing of this tower was started in 1192 by the Qutab-ud-din Aibak (known as the first successful Muslim ruler who built this Islamic dynasty in India). It is believed as this tower was ordered to be built as the famous historic monument of India after defeating the Rajputs. The manufacturing of this tower was completed by one of his successors named Iltutmish.
It is a splendid piece of Mughal architecture and has become a popular tourist spot in India. It attracts millions of tourists especially students every year. It has been declared as one of the World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO. In ancient times, Qutub-ud-din Aibak came to India, fought to Rajputs and became successful to defeat them. In order to celebrate his victory over the Rajputs, he ordered to build this unique piece of minar. The construction of it was completed in several centuries however some changes are made from time to time (last change was done by the Sikandar Lodi). Originally it was built of only one story tall and other stories were added by the later rulers.
The base diameter of it is 14.32 meter and the top diameter is 2.7 meter. It is a 73-meter tall minar containing 379 steps or staircases. It is considered that it was of seven stories however the top two were fell in the earthquake. Some other unique structures such as Alai-Darwaza, Tomb of Iltutmish, two mosques, etc are surrounding this tower as well as enhancing its attraction. It is built in the Indo-Islamic architectural style.
Essay 3 (400 words)
Qutub Minar is the second tallest and ever attractive historical monument of India located in Delhi at Aurobindo Marg, Mehrauli. It is built in a unique architectural style using red sandstones and marble. It is considered that Mughals built this victory tower to celebrate their victories over the Rajputs. It is counted amongst famous towers of the world and added to the world heritage sites. It is a 73-meter tall tower having a 14.3-metre base diameter, 2.7 meter top diameter, 379 staircases, and a five-story building.
The construction of the Qutub Minar was started by the Qutab-ud-din Aibak however finished by the Iltutmish. The construction of this minar was completed in 1200 A.D. It is one of the great masterpieces of the Mughal architecture having number of storeys with beautiful carvings. It is one of the attractive sightseeing which attracts a huge crowd every year from every corner of the world. It had faced many damages because of the earthquakes however restored and renovated each time by the respective rulers. Firoz Shah had repaired its two top floors which were damaged in the earthquake. Another restoration was done by the Sikandar Lodi in 1505 and Major Smith in 1794 to repair damaged parts of the minar. It opens up at 6 am in the morning and closed at 6 pm in the evening every day of the week.
The minar is built many years ago using red sandstone, sandstones, and marbles. It contains several flanged and cylindrical shafts and its story is separated by balconies. The first three storeys of the Qutub Minar are built using red sandstone however fourth and fifth storeys are built using marble and sandstone. There is a Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque (considered as the first mosque built in India) at the base of this minar. There is an iron pillar of height 7 meter in the Qutb complex written with Brahmic inscriptions. The walls of the minar are written with various verses from the Quran (Muslim’s holy mythological scripture). It also contains its history written in Devnagari and Arabic characters.
It is the famous monument of tourist attractions including other structures near it. From ancient times, it is believed that one who encircle it (iron pillar) with hands by standing in front of it with his back, would get his all wishes fulfilled. Tourists from many corners of the world come here every year to see the beauty of this historical and unique monument.