All Saints Day celebration is commonly known as the All Hallows, The Feast of All Saints, or the Solemnity of All Saints. The special day is a solemnity which is being celebrated yearly on 1st of November by the people of Western Christianity as well as on the first Sunday of November after the Pentecost by the people of Eastern Christianity. It is celebrated to honour all of the saints worldwide whether they are known or unknown.
It is the 2nd day of Hallowmas which starts during the sunrise in the month of November and ends during the sunset. It is the spiritual celebration which is celebrated with a great zeal and courage a day before the All Souls’ Day.
All Saints Day 2019
All saints day 2019 will be celebrated on 1st of November, at Friday.
Facts About All Saints Day
Date: 1st of November
Also known as:
- Solemnity of All Saints
- The Feast of All Saints
- All Hallows
Feast Type: Solemnity; Holy Day of Obligation
Prayer: Litany of the Saints
- Catholic Church
- Eastern Orthodoxy
- Anglican Communion
- Lutheranism and Methodism
- Other Christian denominations
Liturgical Color: White
Date of celebration:
- 1st of November in the Western Christianity
- 1st Sunday of November after Pentecost in the Eastern Christianity
Observances: Church services
Related to the:
- All Souls’ Day
- Day of the Dead
Why All Saints Day is Celebrated
According to the Western Christian religion, the All Saints Day is celebrated at 1st of November to memorialize all those who have achieved the saintly vision in the Heaven. The day is celebrated as a national holiday in most of the traditional Catholic countries. The people at Catholic Church and other Anglican churches, remember the realistic personalities who have been purified and reached to heaven.
The Christians who involve in the All Saints’ Day celebration believes that there is a type of spiritual bond which exists between the people in the Church suffering and people in the heaven means in the Church triumphant as well as the living means in the Church militant.
The people of other Christian traditions celebrate and respond to this day other different ways. Such as the people related to the Methodist Church, commemorate and honor the dead members of neighboring congregation.
According to the Eastern Christian religion, in the 19th century, all saints had attained immense fame during the time of the Byzantine Emperor named Leo VI “the Wise”. His wife named Empress Theophano (who had lived a religious life) is commemorated at 16th of December.
The husband of her had built a church in the memory of her after her death in order to dedicate her in 893. It is considered that he got banned doing so, that’s why he determined to bestow the same to All Saints. She is too honored and remembered during the celebration of All Saints Day. Traditionally the celebration of the day was expanded by the Leo.
The Sunday, after the Pentecost Sunday means 50 days after the Easter is set for the remembrance of all the local respected saints like All Saints of America and All Saints of Mount Athos etc. Accordingly, the 3rd Sunday after Pentecost is observed to commemorate the All Saints of St. Petersburg and New Martyrs of Turkish Yoke etc.
The History and Origin of All Saints Day
In the earlier centuries, the day was celebrated during Easter season even in the Eastern Churches (both Catholic and Orthodox) people celebrate it like that. The current date means 1st November was first organized as a celebration of All Saints Day by the Pope Gregory III during 731-741 only for the diocese of Rome and it was extended for the entire Church by the Pope Gregory IV during 827-844. All Saints Day is celebrated by all the Christian saints specially who have no their own particular feast days in Protestant, Roman Catholic, Anglican and other churches.
The exact date of the origin of All Saints Day cannot be sketched with firmness as it is observed on different days in various places. However, at some places it is believes that it has origin in the pagan observation of 13th of May (means the Feast of Lemures). According to the Liturgiologists, it is believed that the origin of the day was Lemuria festival.
The celebration of the day was set at 1st of November by the declaration of the Louis, the religious, and with the consent of all bishops. The day is celebrated at 1st Sunday of November in the United Methodist Church to remember all the Saints means those who died as well as members of neighboring church congregation. There is a tradition of lighting a candle by the Acolyte and calling out the each person’s name by the clergy during the celebration. Chanting of prayers and other readings take place in the event. People at Lutheran churches concurrently celebrate All Saints Day and Reformation Day on the Sunday.
According to the Catholicism, there is a holy day of obligation at All Saints Day in most of the countries such as England, Wales and people celebrate it by gathering together.
Custom of Celebrating All Saints day
- People visit cemeteries
- Offering Soul Cakes to the poor
All Saints Day is celebrated at a graveyard in the Sanok by flowering and lighting the candles to offer honour to the deceased relatives. In the Mexico, Portugal, Spain and other countries offerings are made by the people on this day. There is a traditional performance of playing the Don Juan Tenorio in the Spain takes place. Children in Portuguese celebrate it through the Pao-por-Deus tradition in which they go door-to-door and receive nuts, cakes and pomegranates.
Traditional celebration takes place by the Filipinos in which they visit the problems of relatives of deceased person, offer prayers, flowers, lit candles and etc. Which is now has been replaced by them as spending the day at graveyard near the loved ones. They sing song using musical instruments, burn fire crackers and do other rituals. People in France, Hungary, Argentina, Chile, Austria, Belgium, Italy, Malta, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Spain and America are used to offer flowers at the graves of relatives who died. In some countries people lit candles too.
In some other English speaking countries the day is celebrated traditionally with the chant “For All the Saints” by the William Walsham How for which the special tune is “Sine Nomine” by the Ralph Vaughan Williams. Another tune which is commonly sung during this day is “I Sing a Song of the Saints of God”.
What Do People Do On All Saints Day
It is celebrated by the Christians in most of the countries all over the world. In some countries people make offerings of flowers to the graves of their dead relatives. Whereas, people from other countries lit candles at the graves of their deceased relatives. In some parts of the Asia like Philippines, people clean and repair the graves as well as put down flowers and lit candles.
In the France, the day is celebrated in the church to memorialize all the saints however, in the evening their focus twirls towards the dead. At this day, cemeteries are cleaned up, decorated and getting packed with people. At this day there is public holiday in most of the countries including Bolivia, Germany, Hungary, Parts of Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Liechtenstein, Croatia, France, Portugal, Spain, Belgium, Chile, Sweden (1st Saturday of the November), The Philippines and Poland.
The Symbols Associated with All Saints’ Day:
- The crown.
- A bundle of wheat.
- Symbols and images of individual saints.
- Rayed Manus Dei (means the hand of God).
Why Do Catholics Pray to Saints
Catholics are used to pray to saints at All Saints Day. Actually they request to the saints to bless them by connecting them to the God as they more closer to the God. Catholics asks to saints in their prayer to pray for them to the God or to lead them more closer to the Christ. Catholics understands that the saints who are in the heaven are close to the God and they are connected to the saints through the spiritual union.
Thus praying means requesting to the saints is different from praying to the God. Catholics requests to the saints to message their prayer to the God quickly and easily instead of praying to the God directly.