Anti untouchability week is celebrated (from 2nd to 8th October) to increase the awareness among people about the caste-based untouchability in the society. Earlier the untouchability was greater by the upper caste people towards the lower caste people means Dalits. Dalits were discriminated against and untouched by the upper caste people in society.
So the anti untouchability week is the act passed by the legislature parliament in the year 2011 on the 24th of May to remove the discriminated feelings about Dalits in the society. It is a very necessary phenomenon that has to be taken by the government to make the country a developed country by offering similar opportunities to the people of each category in the society of India.
Anti Un-Touchability Week 2019
Anti Un-Touchability Week 2019 will be celebrated from Wednesday (2nd of October) to Tuesday (8th of October) to raise awareness about the untouchability issue.
Several events across India are organized by the government agencies, NGOs and other associated organizations to teach people especially the village community about the ill effects of practicing untouchability.
Why Anti Un-Touchability Week is Celebrated
This event is organized by the legislature parliament denoting the theory of equity means everyone in the society is equal in sense of human rights and dignity. Instead of declaring this event the country has faced a number of incidents of inequity and injustice. Dalits from the rural and capital city areas were mistreated a lot. So it can be said that the event is not practicing very effectively to implement the agenda to get good achievements over the discrimination of Dalits.
According to the report it has been noted that at least half a dozen Dalit people in various districts have lost their existence just for touching kitchen or water of upper caste people. Families of Dalits were displaced and inter-caste couples became pathetic. They started seeking the recognition of Dalit rights in society. The victims of Dalits were beaten up by the people of higher castes and turned as a refugee in their own country.
After such a terrible condition in society, soon the variety of events related to the untouchability was increased to a great level. Reportedly, it has been noted that in recent years (2012/13) the most of the violence (80%) incidents and cruelty against the Dalits were related to the caste-based intolerance and untouchability.
Dalit rights activists with the Dalit Civil Society members have organized a 12-day national campaign to remove the caste-based inequity and untouchability. Through this campaign, they exert pressure over the government in order to apply the decisions made by it as well as draw the attention of political parties and law enforcement units.
Instead of being a variety of strong and tough constitutional rules against the untouchability, it has still remained a big national issue just because of the uncertainty in the law implementation. There is a need for running the youth orientation programs to drive the attention of the youths of the country to make it untouchability-free. There is a request by the Dalit-based organizations to the Government to carry out the precise policies, programs, and events for Dalits ensuring the same justice as well as eliminating the caste-based inequity.
There is a need to work jointly with Dalit and non-Dalit leaders of the political parties for getting equal rights for Dalits people and changing the social attitudes towards untouchability.
Main Objectives of Campaign Against untouchability
> This campaign was launched by the Dalit Civil Society to drive the government attention over the rights of Dalits.
> The campaign organized in such a manner to yield a productive result towards the importance of Dalit rights in the country’s development.
> To aware of the different organizations by creating an effective environment towards the rights and against the untouchability of Dalits.
> To drive the attention of youths to focus on the education, health and economic rights of Dalit people to make them capable and independent.
> To engage the society in the equity of people of all categories.
Role of Government
The government bodies working over the campaign of untouchability are the Dalit Development committee and National Dalit Commission which needs to strongly implement the rules and laws. The members of the Dalit Civil Society have launched 12 days long national campaign to aware of the people against untouchability and caste-based discriminations as well as exerting pressure over the government authorities to work more against untouchability.
Nepal has been declared by the Parliament as an untouchability-free nation in the year 2006 on the 4th of June. There are a variety of special economic programs implemented for better health, education, and employment for the people living under the oppressed community and poverty line. Gandhi Ji had taken fast in the Yeravada Jail in the month of September in 1932 against the untouchability.
People from the upper caste and lower caste need freedom from the earlier cruel religious beliefs to remove this terrible situation. Dalits require economic independence which is very necessary to survive. There is a need for cultural, social and moral alteration of the society as a long term solution to this deep-rooted problem. They require a good education, justice, and full rights in society.