The Constitution of India is the superlative law of India. The manuscript offers the structure differentiating the essential political rules, code, framework, processes, duties, and powers of the government institutions. The constitution also lays down the directive principles, fundamental rights as well as the duties of citizens of India. There can be various occasions when you may be required to deliver Speech on the Constitution of India.
Long and Short Speech on Constitution of India
Respected Teachers and Dear Students!
I would like to inform you of the reason for this gathering. You would be glad to know that our school has been selected in the inter-school debate competition that would take place in the month of November, the date is not confirmed yet.
Since the topic would primarily be the constitution of India, I would like to share the basics about our constitution with an appeal that you must study books, etc. to gain detailed knowledge about the topic.
The Indian Constitution is the absolute law of our country India. This supreme document puts down the frame distinguishing the essential political code of its construction, process, authority, and responsibility of the Indian government institutions. The Constitution of India basically sets out elementary rights, directive rules, and the obligation of the citizens of India.
It is considered to be the lengthiest documented constitution that can be found in any country around the world. Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar (B.R. Ambedkar), the Chairman of the ‘drafting committee’, is broadly regarded as the main architect of the Indian Constitution.
The Indian Constitution imparts constitutional supremacy and not parliamentary pre-eminence since it was formed by a constituent assembly instead of the Indian Parliament. However, the Parliament cannot override the constitution since it was accepted by its citizens with a declaration in its preamble. As you all know that the constitution of India was accepted on 26th Nov 1949 by the Indian Constituent Assembly; however, it became effective from 26th Jan 1950 onwards.
You must not be aware that the constitution of India replaced the “Government of India Act”, 1935 which was the primary governing document of India. Not only this, in fact, India was earlier represented as the ‘Dominion of India’ that later became the ‘Republic of India’ after the Indian Constitution was adopted. 26th Jan holds a special place in every Indian’s heart, as because of this day, India became free and liberal in the real sense. The new Constitution also revoked the previous acts of the British parliament mentioned in Article 395 and the country India observes its constitution adoption day as the Republic day of India, on 26 January every year.
The original and real Constitution written in 1950 is kept and conserved in a case filled with helium at the House of Parliament, in the capital city New Delhi. You should also know that the words “socialist” and “secular” were included in the preamble during Emergency in 1976.
The Indian Constitution clearly affirms India as a secular, socialist, sovereign and democratic republic ensuring that its citizens get liberty, equality, and justice. It also attempts to promote brotherhood amongst every citizen of India and sees no difference in people on the basis of caste, creed, color, religion, etc. The Constituent Assembly drafted the Constitution of India and was chosen by the elected members of the assemblies of the province. The 299-member assembly took roughly about 3 years to draft the Indian constitution and held almost 11 sessions for a period of 165 days to create this supreme document of India.
Well, it is huge and there is much more to be discussed. I thus, suggest you all that you must read our constitution and prepare yourself for the debate and competition.
All the best and Thank You!
Respected Principal Sir, Teachers and Dear Students!
I would like to welcome you to the ‘Speech month’ held in our school every year during summer vacations. My topic today is ‘Constitution of India’.
India also called Bharat, is a ‘Union of States’ and is a Socialist, Sovereign, Secular and the Democratic Republic having the parliamentary type of government. The Constitution of India is considered the most significant document of India and the Indian Republic is ruled over according to the Indian Constitution that came into force on 26th Jan 1950, by the Constituent Assembly. The Constitution offers a Parliamentary form of government that is federal in structure with specific elementary features. The President is the legal head of the Union Executive.
According to Article 79 of the Indian Constitution, the Parliament of India is comprised of the Indian President and the 2 Houses called the States Council popularly known as the ‘Rajya Sabha’ and the House of the Indian People, popularly known as ‘Lok Sabha’. According to Article 74(1), there must be a ‘Council of Ministers’ with the Prime Minister (PM) being the Head to assist and advise the Indian President, who must also exercise his/her duties and functions according to the PM’s advice. Thus, the actual executive power and authority lie with the ‘Council of Ministers’ and the PM of India.
The constitution of India however, has given certain ‘Fundamental Rights’ to all the citizens of India. The rights cannot be withdrawn; however, in case of an emergency, rules, and guidelines may change. The majorly discussed rights include the ‘right to freedom’, right to vote’ and the ‘right to constitutional and legal remedies; these rights thus construe that each citizen in India possesses the freedom to state his/her ideas and thoughts. One can express his/her opinion, orally or in writing; however, it must be considered that the thoughts do not provoke riots and do not harm someone’s sentiments and emotions.
Any Indian citizen is free to live in any part of the nation, engage in any occupation or profession of his/her choice and speak any language, according to the Indian Constitution. However, it is seen that many people that migrate from one state to another get involved in criminal activities and run away to their homeland; such acts must strictly be prohibited. While all the citizens of India are equal in the eyes of the law; rights and duties go hand in hand and every civilian must discharge his/her duties diligently and honestly. While the constitution gives rights to every citizen to follow and spread any religion or faith; civilians must be cautious not to insult other religions.
It is important for all Indian men and women to live in harmony and perform the duties towards our nation with enthusiasm. The most important duty is to obey the laws and rules of our nation India, admire the ideas, thoughts, and rights of all other citizens, protect our nation in necessity and pay all the taxes fairly and honestly.
The most important thing is that we must respect our Constitution, a written document that not only tells how the Government of India should run; it also tells how we should conduct our behavior as a true Indian citizen.
Respected Principal, Respected Teachers, and My Dear Students!
Welcome to the 5th annual function of our school. Like every year, our school has held a speech competition. We were allowed to choose our own topic and I chose the ‘Constitution of India’ as my topic.
We all know that India got freedom from the British on the 15th of August, 1947. Despite freedom, India did not have its own constitution and thus the first and foremost thing to be done was to create its own ‘Constitution’ – the ‘Constitution of India’. A “Constitution” is a kind of charter that guides the Government on how to run the country. The Constitution of India contains the rules, responsibilities, and duties that must be followed by the Indian Government as well as by all the citizens living in India.
In order to create the Constitution, a legislative body was formed that contained the people’s elected representatives and was named as the ‘Constituent Assembly’. A sub-committee of certain members of the Indian Constituent Assembly was created for drafting the constitution; the committee was called the “Drafting Committee”. Dr. BR (Bhim Rao) Ambedkar held the position of the “Chairman of the Drafting Committee”.
He is also considered an intelligent constitutional practitioner since he studied the constitutions of approximately 60 nations before drafting the Indian constitution. That is why he is popularly known as the ‘Father of the Constitution of India’. The constitution drafted by this committee was adopted on 26th Nov 1949 and was made effective from 26th Jan 1950.
The day is proudly celebrated as the ‘Republic Day of India’. It took almost 3 years for the drafting committee to draft the Constitution because first the draft was presented in front of the Constituent Assembly. The same was discussed by the nominated representatives of the citizens in the Constituent Assembly. The representatives thus made some changes and finally, the Constitution was acknowledged and came into force.
The Constitution of India declares the country like the Democratic Republic and the actual power lies with the citizens of India. Democracy means our country is not ruled as per the monarchial system. The people vote and select their representatives through elections; the Government of India is formed that rules the country according to the constitution. The President of India is popularly called the ‘Rashtrapati’ and is the supreme head as well as the first citizen of the country. Our President is the Head of the Constitution of India and represents the people of India; however, he gets elected by the representatives who are elected by the citizens of India. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of the Indian Constituent Assembly.
The Constitution of India is the most honored document and provides legal guidelines and shares the rights of people. It is the model for political beliefs, processes, power and the authorities of the government. It is the longest constitution across the world and in 1950 had 395 articles, 8 schedules, and 22 parts. In the present day, after various amendments, the constitution of India has 448 Articles, 25 parts and 12 schedules after the latest 103rd amendment on 14 January 2019.
There is a lot to know about our Constitution and each individual should takeout time to know about the rights and duties towards our country. In the end, I would only say that we should respect our Constitution and feel proud of being an Indian citizen.
Respected Parents, Teachers, and Dear Students,
Welcome to the end of the annual sports week, today we will be announcing the winners of the sports competition held last week.
Before I share the names, I would like to talk about the Constitution of India. It is because our children are the future of our country and it is our duty to create respect in their hearts for the Constitution of India and the country.
The Constitution of India is the most important and the legal document that offers guidelines to the government and citizens to act and behave. The Indian Constitution has 448 articles; it originally had 395 articles only and the additional articles were added later through revisions and amendments. It has 103 amendments and 12 schedules, making the Indian Constitution the longest constitutional document across the world. It took almost 3 long years to prepare the draft of the constitution.
You probably do not know that the Constituent Assembly consisted of 284 members and 15 were women out of this. The draft was submitted on 26th Nov 1949 by the ‘Drafting Committee’; the committee made certain amendments and changes and the final draft was signed by all the 284 members of the Assembly on 24th Jan 1950. Two days later, on 26th January 1950, the final draft came into force. Our nation, India observed the first Republic Day on this day and it is celebrated every year with great zeal and enthusiasm. The Republic day is observed for 3 continuous days and the end of the festival is marked by ‘Beating the retreat’ on 29th Jan each year.
You would be surprised to know that the Indian Constitution was handwritten as well as calligraphed in both the languages Hindi and English. It wasn’t printed or typed. The original documents are preserved safely in the cases filled with helium in the library situated in the Parliament House of India.
Did you know that the Constitution of India is also called the ‘bag of borrowings?’ It is called so because our Constitution has adopted various features from the constitutions of other countries. For instance, the ideas of ‘liberty’, ‘equality’ and ‘fraternity’ were adopted from the Constitution of France. The concept of ‘5-year plans’ got adopted from the constitution of the USSR; the concept of ‘socio-economic’ rights was the contribution of the Ireland Constitution. Most significantly, the principles that guide the Supreme Court have been adopted from Japan. Various other concepts and ideas have been adopted from different countries to make the Indian Constitution the most sensible and judicious constitution.
Everybody knows that the Indian Constitution came into force on 26th Jan 1950 but did you know that ‘national emblem’ of India was also adopted on the same day? Our national emblem is an adaptation of the popular ‘Sarnath Lion of the king Ashoka’.
Popularly called the father of the Indian Constitution, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar played a major role in formulating the Constitution of India. He was the principal architect of the Indian constitution and he had been instrumental in enforcing a broad range of civil rights such as ‘abolition of untouchability’ and ‘freedom of religion’ and various others.
Well, I can go on and on since there is a lot to discuss our constitution. I would suggest that you must read books to understand the constitution and feel proud to be a citizen of India.