The Constitution of India with 395 articles and 12 schedules was accepted on 26th November 1949 and it came into force on 26th January 1950; celebrated as the Republic Day of India with great enthusiasm and fervor. Constitution Day Speech is significant as Republic day is specifically celebrated at schools and colleges and many speeches are delivered throughout the celebration.
Long and Short Speech on Indian Constitution Day in English
We are sharing here some sample speeches on the Constitution Day that can be used for ideas and thoughts. The language of the speech is extremely simple and you can use your own language according to the type of setting you are delivering the speech within. Our short speech on the Constitution Day can be used as a sample at the school level and the long speech on Constitution Day can be used at the college level and by the teachers as well as principals.
Speech on Constitution Day of India 1
Respected Principal, Vice Principal, Beloved Teachers and My Dear Students- Warm Greetings Everyone!
I Shakti Sinha, being the class teacher of Humanities section has been given an opportunity to speak on Constitution Day which I feel, is a privilege talking about. Constitution Day is celebrated every year on 26 November and it is the day when our constitution was adopted in the year 1949 by the Constituent Assembly. The constitution formally came into implementation in the year 1950 on 26th January.
Constitution Day is also referred to as Samvidhan Divas in literal terms in India. The day is commemorated to celebrate and honor Dr. Bhim Rao (B.R.) Ambedkar who was the father of our constitution. He drafted the constitution with systematic research and analysis and that is the reason why our constitution is considered to be the supreme document of India. It had a vision of future and an inert message of peace and tranquility.
The constitution of India teaches a special lesson. You all might be wondering what is the lesson that is associated with the constitution, as it is just a legal document that every individual being citizen of India needs to obey. The message that is embedded in the making of the constitution is patience and unanimity. The constituent assembly drafted every policy keeping in mind every community of our nation. They reached at decisions unanimously and with equal consensus. Each article mentioned in the constitution was drafted in consideration with the evolution of society. You, as students should learn this trait of our constitution makers which will help you all in your future endeavors.
Constitution Day helps to ignite the lamp of knowledge in the minds of new generation, which includes students like you who can understand the importance of Indian constitution, respect it and follow it religiously. It makes us stay connected in the current era when people are forgetting the importance of democracy. Celebrating Constitution Day is a way by which we all can pay tribute to the father of the Indian Constitution and spread his philosophies and thoughts.
India was initially governed by the regulation of princely states and there was a need to have a document which laid the framework for our country’s political code, rules, procedures etc. There was also a necessity of a document which describes the fundamental rights and duties of the citizens residing in our country so that we could flourish and add up to the overall development of the country to reach new heights.
Therefore, I would want you all to at least read our constitution once in a lifetime as it is well augmented from every dimension and gives a reflection of the Indian Nation. The constitution is considered to be comprehensive as it accommodates our needs and priorities and we all should respect it in every possible manner. An important facet that the makers included in the constitution is that every individual is equal before law and that there is absolutely no kind of discrimination based on caste, creed, religion or languages.
Speech on Constitution Day of India 2
Hon’ble Vice Principal, Beloved Teachers and My Dear Students- I Thank you all for giving me this wonderful opportunity to deliver a speech on a very important topic which is Constitution Day.
Being the Principal of this school, I take immense pleasure to sensitize you all on this significant topic. Indian constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949, which is considered as an important landmark in the country’s journey of being independent, sovereign republic. The constitution came into force on 26 January 1950.
The constituent assembly with members from across communities reflects the diversity of our country. It took approximately two years for constitution makers to develop a comprehensive constitution which would reflect the development of our country. The Indian constitution stood test of the time as India has been a successful democracy unlike many other countries that became independent at the same time, but are struggling for a democratic setup.
The Constitution of India is more than a set of articles and schedules. It does more than merely establish and empower the institutions of governance for India. Instead, several political scientists and scholars refer to the constitution as a “Transformative Constitution”, which basically means that it is embedded with vision and reflection of future. Till date, it is not required to change an article altogether; rather, law only makes amendments in the articles and this aspect proves that our constitution was drafted with proper analysis and examination. The entire credit for drafting goes to a commendable leader Dr. B.R Ambedkar who is also regarded as the father of the India Constitution. Its provisions are not just concerned with India as it is, but with the fulfillment of social and economic justice for all of India’s citizens.
I should tell you all an amazing fact about our constitution which is that – you all know that India faced extraordinary challenges at the time of Independence, including safeguarding the lives and well-being of millions of people displaced by Partition. Amongst violence and uncertainty, the Constituent Assembly convened to draft a Constitution which was appropriate to a nation with exceptional diversity, divided by language, race, caste and class. While facing this challenge, members of the Constituent Assembly drew encouragement and inspiration from experiences of several other nations.
There is an important lesson to be learnt from our constitution makers which is taking decisions with lot of patience among people from diverse communities. It was difficult to reach at a unanimous decision which would support every community of our nation. They accomplished the task well and this aspect was also emphasized by our Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi, this very year i.e. 2018 in his “Mann Ki Baat” motivational speech.
Therefore, I feel glad to be here today to speak on our Constitution as it is unique due to its openness to differences and diversities, in its acceptance and employment of intellectual traditions and lessons from around the world, in its commitment to social welfare and uplift. I hope we all respect our constitution religiously which is very important in today’s times.
Speech on Constitution Day of India 3
Respected Principal, Respected Teachers, Dear Students, Parents and all the Visitors – Warm Greetings to you all!
First of all, let me take the opportunity to welcome you all to the 15th annual celebration of our school. I am overwhelmed to have been given the opportunity to speak on this day. Today I am going to talk about the Constitution Day of India that we celebrate on 26th November each year. I am sure you all know that India has its own Constitution, but do you know how much struggles our freedom fighters had to do in order to get their own constitution. Constitution Day is one of the most significant days in the history of India as our nation got the official recognition of independent nation on this day.
The Constitution is the ultimate law of our nation. It provides the framework and guidelines for the political procedures, principles and the powers of government. It has 395 articles and 12 schedules and thus forms the longest constitution across the world. India became an independent nation on 15th August 1947; however it did not have its own constitution until 26th January, 1950. A committee, under the leadership of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was formed that created the constitution of India on 26th November 1949; the same was implemented on 26th January 1950.
We all know that India faced various political and emotional problems post Independence; the most critical being rehabilitation and reestablishment of the immigrants that migrated from the neighboring country Pakistan. Maintaining the law and order, implementing the law equality on all and amalgamating the princely states were the major challenges at that time. The Constitution is the set of rules, laws and regulations that guide a country’s administration. Various freedom fighters were involved in forming the Constitution and Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhai Patel, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, Sarojini Naidu and Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru were some of the most noteworthy figures. Dr. B.R Ambedkar was the Chairman and led the Drafting Committee that created and implemented the Indian Constitution and he is popularly known as the father of the Indian Constitution.
While forming the Constitution, the Drafting committee did the detailed scrutiny of each and every issue faced by India during that time. Several meetings were held during the formation of the Constitution and different laws recommended by the British regime during 1909, 1919 and 1935, ‘the American Bill of Rights’, ‘the British Parliamentary system’, ‘Ireland’s Social Directive Policies’ and others were studied in order to take guidance; some guidelines were even included in the Indian Constitution. Dr. Ambedkar along with all the other members of the committee ensured that the Constitution of India gives utmost importance to equality. Article 14 guides the principles of equality and it signifies that no individual is above the law and justice prevails irrespective of a persons’ caste, sex, political status, etc. Finally, the Indian Constitution was accepted on 26th November, 1949 and the same came into force on 26th January, 1950.
Constitution Day signifies the true spirit of the independent India and let us all vow today that we will forever respect our nation and the Constitution of India.
Thank You and Jai Hind!
Speech on Constitution Day of India 4
Respected Principal Sir, Respected teachers, staffs and my dear students,
Like every year, this year again we have assembled to celebrate the Constitution Day of India. On behalf of the entire school administration, I would like to welcome you all to the event organized by the students of our school. I am overwhelmed to see the enthusiasm each one of you has been displaying today.
The Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950. Before the constitution of India was formed, the country followed law and order as guided by the British. On 26th Jan, 1950, the constitution of India came into power; therefore the day has a very important significance in Indian history. The Constitution day represents pride of our Independent nation India and signifies the actual spirit of our independent nation India. On this occasion, I would like to take the opportunity to speak few lines about the Constitution of India. The Indian Constitution is the supreme power of India and even the Parliament of India doesn’t have the power to override the constitution.
Constitution day is the day when our nation India became a sovereign country in the actual sense, despite being independent from the British rule on 15th August 1947. A committee was created under Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar’s leadership and it took approximately 2 years and 11 months for the committee to create a permanent and independent constitution for itself; the nation’s laws and orders were functioning according to the laws created and executed by the British until then.
Hence, after various amendments, the Constitution of India was approved and accepted on 26th November 1949 (known as the Constitution Day of India) and the same completely came into effect on 26th January, 1950 (Known as the Republic Day of India). Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of India and took oath on this day; the President is the constitutional head of the Union’s administration. Our Constitution offers for a Parliamentary type of government that has federal structure and has various unitary characteristics.
One of the most important articles of the Indian Constitution is Article14 and it lays down that the State should not deny or refuse to any individual equality and fairness before law and equal protection of the Indian laws within the Indian Territory. Equality before law signifies that each individual will be administered by the law in an equal manner and no special benefit should be given to any individual irrespective of his rank, position or condition. It also signifies that no individual is greater than the law and each individual should be treated equally without any discrimination of age, religion, race, sex, caste, political influence or place of birth, affluence, poverty, etc.
Well, there is a lot to say about the Constitution of India, but I would rest my speech here with a hope that each one of you would behold the importance of our Constitution, respect and maintain the Constitution of our nation in all situations.