Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru was a veteran Independence activist and senior leader of the Congress party. He closely worked with Mahatma Gandhi and had assisted in almost all of his freedom movements- non-cooperation and civil disobedience, etc. Though, belonging to an affluent family, hailing from Allahabad, Pt. Nehru jumped into the freedom struggle at a very early age. He trained to be a Barrister, in Inner Temple London and returned to India to pursue his career and thus got himself enrolled in Allahabad High Court.
Long and Short Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru
Essay 1 (250 words)
Jawaharlal Nehru was the son of a prominent lawyer named Motilal Nehru. Jawaharlal Nehru took birth in the year 1889 on the 14th of November in the Allahabad, India. He was blessed to become the first Prime Minister of Independent India later. His family was a very influential political family where he got his earlier study and went to England at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge for the higher studies and returned to India as a famous lawyer.
His father was a lawyer however also interested in the Nationalist Movement as a prominent leader. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru also joined the country freedom movement with Mahatma Gandhi and went to jail several times. The hard works of him made him able to become the first Indian prime minister and understand all the responsibilities of the country. He got married to the Kamala Kaul in 1916 and became the father of a sweet little girl named Indira in 1917.
In the meeting of the Indian National Congress, he met the Mahatma Gandhi in 1916. After the event of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, he vowed to fight for India with the Britishers. Even after being criticized for his works, he became one of the most influential leaders of the freedom struggle. He became the longest and first serving Prime Minister of India from 1947 to 1964. After serving the country with his great works, he died in the year 1964 on May 27 because of the stroke problem. He was an author also and written may famous books including his autobiography named Toward Freedom (1941).
Essay 2 (300 words)
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a great person, leader, politician, writer, and speaker. He loved children so much and was a great friend of the poor people. He always understood himself as the true servant of the people of India. He worked hard all through the day and night for making this country a successful country. He became the first Prime Minister of Independent India and thus called the architect of modern India. In India, many people born great and Chacha Nehru was one of them. He was the person having great vision, honesty, hard labor, sincerity, patriotism and intellectual powers.
He was the giver of a famous slogan as “Aram Haram Hai.” He became the first chairman of the National Planning Commission and two years later he started a National Development Council in order to improve the living standard of the Indian people to make a better quality of life. The First Five Year Plan was launched and implemented in 1951 under his guidance. He was very fond of the children so he has created many ways for the growth and development of them. Later Children’s Day was declared by the Indian government to be celebrated every year for the wellness of the children on his birthday anniversary. Currently, another program named Bal Swachhta Abhiyan has been launched by the Indian government to be celebrated on his birthday anniversary.
He always gave the priority to the improvement of the untouchables, people of weaker sections of society, the right of women and children's welfare. “Panchayati Raj” system was launched throughout the country in order to take great steps in the right direction for the welfare of the Indian people. He publicized the “Panch Sheel” system in order to maintain international peace and harmony with India and made India one of the leading countries of the world.
Essay 3 (400 words)
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is counted among the very famous personalities of India and almost every Indian knows about him very well. He was very fond of the children and loved them much. Children of his time were used to saying him as Chacha Nehru. He was the most popular national and international figure. He is considered as the maker of modern India because of his hardship during his first prime ministership of India. He became the first and longest-serving prime minister of the country from the year 1947 till 1964. He took the responsibility of India to lead it ahead just after the independence of the country.
He was born on the 14th of November in 1889 at Allahabad, India to the Motilal Nehru. His father Motilal Nehru was a prominent and successful lawyer and very rich person of that time. He provided the environment to his son as a prince. Pt. Nehru took his earlier study at home in the observation of the most efficient teacher. At his 15, he went to England for higher studies at public school in Harrow and Cambridge University. He completed his degree in the year 1910 and joined law just like his father and truly he became a lawyer later. He started practicing his law in the Allahabad High Court after his return to the country. He got married to the Kamala Kaul in the year 1916 at the age of 27 and became the father of Indira.
He saw that people of India were treated very badly by the Britishers then he promised to join the freedom movement and fight for India against the Britishers. His patriotic heart did not allow him to sit comfortably and forced him to join the Indian independence movement with the Bapu and finally, he joined the Non-cooperation Movement of Mahatma Gandhi. He had to go to the jail several times however did not give up and continued his fight by suffering all the punishment cheerfully. Finally Indian got independence on the 15th of August in 1947 and citizens of India selected him as a first Indian prime minister to lead the country in the right direction.
After his selection as the prime minister of India, he had created many ways to progress the country under his guidance. Dr. Rajendra Prasad (the late President) said about him that “The country is marching forward on the road of progress in the leadership of Panditiji”. Serving the country with his hardship, he died on the 27th of May in 1964 because of the heart attack.
Essay 4 (600 Words)
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889. His father Motilal Nehru was a noted lawyer of Allahabad. Jawaharlal Nehru's mother's name was Swaroop Rani. Jawaharlal Nehru was the only son of Motilal Nehru. Nehru belonged to a family of Saraswat Brahmin of the Kashmiri dynasty.
Jawaharlal Nehru received education from some of the best schools and universities in the world. He did his studies from Harrow and completed a law degree from Trinity College, Cambridge. He spent seven years in England developing a rational approach to Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the leaders who played a leading role in the freedom movement. He became the first Prime Minister of India after independence. Jawaharlal Nehru is regarded as the creator of modern India.
Role in the Freedom struggle
Jawaharlal Nehru returned to India in 1912 and started advocacy. He joined the Home Rule League in 1917. His real initiation into politics came two years later in 1919 when he came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi. At that time Mahatma Gandhi launched a campaign against the Rowlett Act. Nehru was attracted to Mahatma Gandhi's active but peaceful, civil disobedience movement. Gandhi himself saw a ray of hope and the future of India in the young Jawaharlal Nehru.
Jawaharlal Nehru took an active part in the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920–1922 and was arrested for the first time during this period. He was released after a few months. From 1926 to 1928, Jawaharlal served as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee.
Tenures as the President of Indian National Congress
In December 1929, an annual session of the Congress was held in Lahore in which Jawaharlal Nehru was elected President of the Congress Party. During this session, a resolution was also passed which demanded 'complete Swarajya' and on 26th January 1930, Jawaharlal Nehru unfurled the flag of independent India in Lahore.
Nehru was elected to the post of President of the Congress in 1936, 1937 and 1946 and became the second leader after Gandhiji in the nationalist movement. He was arrested in 1942 during the Quit India Movement in 1945 and was just left. In 1947, he played an important role in the negotiations with the British Government on the issue of partition and independence of India and Pakistan.
As the First Prime Minister of Independent India
In 1947 he became the first Prime Minister of independent India. Pt. Nehru effectively faced formidable challenges such as large-scale migration and riots on the new border with Pakistan, the integration of close to 500 princely states into the Indian Union, the creation of a new constitution, and the establishment of a political and administrative framework for parliamentary democracy.
Contribution to the Nation and the World
Jawaharlal Nehru played an important role in the development of India. He formed the Planning Commission, encouraged the development of science and technology and launched three consecutive five-year plans. Due to his policies, a new era of agriculture and industry started in the country.
Nehru had also played a major role in the development of India's foreign policy. Jawaharlal Nehru, together with Tito and Nasser, created a non-aligned movement for the elimination of colonialism in Asia and Africa. He served as a mediator in resolving other international problems such as ending the Korean War, resolving the Suez Canal dispute and offering India's services and international policing for the Congo Accord.
Although Pt. Nehru was a great leader of his time yet he could not improve India's relations with Pakistan and China. In 1962, China invaded India, which Nehru failed to predict. This was a major setback for him and perhaps his death was also the reason. On 27th May 1964, Jawaharlal Nehru died because of a heart attack.