In India each monument has its own unique story and relevance to different people. Some may like the same monument for different reason; some people like the history of a monument, some appreciate its architectural brilliance and some have their own different nostalgia attached to the place.
Long and Short Essay on Manuments
Essay – 1 (250 Words)
Monuments represent important peoples, struggles, success and sites of history. Monuments bring sense of pride in people for their nation and their culture. They help bring people together to celebrate monumental occasions with their community.
Popular Monuments of India
- Taj Mahal is famous for its white marble rock exterior. Taj Mahal is situated in Agra city of Uttar Pradesh, India on the south banks of Yamuna River. Constructed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, it is world famous as a symbol of love.
- Qutub Minar is part of Qutub Complex a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi, India. It is a 73 meter tall five storey tower, founded by Qutub ud Din Aibak founder of Delhi Sultanate. Minar is surrounded by quite a few historically significant monuments like Iron pillar of Delhi and Quwat-ul-Islam Masque.
- Konark Sun Temple is 13th century CE Temple, credited to King Narasimha Deva first of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty. The temple is devoted to Hindu god “Surya Dev”.
- Ajanta caves are composed of approximately 30 rock cut Buddhist caves from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE. The caves are situated in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India. These caves are in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Iron Pillar, standing 23 feet 8 inches tall the Iron Pillar of Delhi was constructed by King Chandra probably Chandragupta II. The pillar has attracted the attention for its high resistance to rust.
- Vivekananda Memorial located in Kanyakumari, is dedicated to Swami Vivekananda. It is believed that he attained enlightenment here, on the rock.
Monuments are integral part of our society; they must be treated as such. Government come up with various law and ways to protect and preserve monuments, but people need to understand that even though these monuments are government property they are also part of our history and memory. We need to act responsible and be more vigilant and active to protect our monuments.
Essay – 2 (400 Words)
A monument is history written on earth’s surface in form of archaeological script. In other words a monument is any structure build to celebrate a person, a group of people, a specific event or a specific time in history. A Monument could also be site that was not intentionally built as monument but with time have became historically and culturally important to people.
Important Monuments of Our Nation
With country as rich in history and culture as India, it’s only natural to have plethora of monuments. Often in India cities are known for their famous monuments, like the Taj Mahal in Agra, Gateway of India in Mumbai, Amar Jawan Jyoti in Jaipur and India Gate in Delhi are some prime example. Monuments in India are of various kinds there are memorials, forts, statues and commemorative sites. Here are some examples of various kinds of monuments in India:
- Statue of Unity – Opened for public on 143rd birth anniversary (31st October 2018) of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Statue of Unity also became the tallest statue in the world on that very day. Statue was build to honour Sadar Vallabhbhai Patel’s contribution in uniting 552 princely states of British India to form a single Union of India.
- Gateway of India – Located in the city of Mumbai, the Gateway of India is an arc-monument built in early twentieth century. The gate was built to commemorate the landing of King Emperor George V and Queen Empress Mary’s arrival at Apollo Bunder, Mumbai.
- Red Fort – Originally built by Tomar ruler Anangpal Tomar in 1060 AD, Red Fort has seen many reigns. Today it stands as symbol of freedom, situated in Capital of country, Red Fort was the site of first flag raising ceremony on 15th August 1947 on Independence Day. Since then every year it is ritualistic for the Prime Minister of India to unfurl the Indian national flag and address the nation from the fort.
- Khooni Darwaza – Also referred as Lal Darwaza, is situated in south of Old Delhi near Delhi Gate. Khooni Darwaza was constructed by Sher Shah Suri. It got its name because of its history; it was the gate where Jahangir had ordered the two sons of Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khan to be executed. It was also the site where Aurangzeb displayed severed head of his elder brother Dara Shikoh.
A monument helps bring sense of community in society. People gather around monuments on special occasion and celebrate, or go to picnic with friends and family. It is our responsibility to treasure our monuments, to not harm them and to stop others from harming them.
Essay – 3 (500 Words)
A Monument could be any significant structure; a war memorial, a historical building or an archaeological site. The structure doesn’t necessarily have to be created as monument or to honour someone or some event it could become monument for its historical significance or its age and size. For example the Great Wall of China was constructed as boarder wall but now due to its enormity and age it is counted as monument as it is now part of history.
What is Monument
Monument exists in a form of a symbol to remind us of an events or people of historic, cultural, artistic or political relevance. To put it more eloquently “A monument is an object built to celebrate a historic personality or group of people, or a special event.”
Like our diverse History and Culture India has equally diverse plethora of monuments. Our monuments range from monuments of religious significance to historical value, from British India to Independent India. Monuments with their location and significance are listed below:
- Konark Sun Temple – Konark Sun Temple is situated on the coastline of Odisha. This 13th century CE temple is dedicated to the Hindu sun god “Surya Dev”.
- Masrur Temple – The Masrur Temple is 18th century rock-cut temple in the Kangra Valley of Beas River in Himachal Pradesh. This Hindu temple is carved out of monolithic rocks and also known as Masroor Temple.
- Ajanta Caves – Ajanta caves are 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monument situated in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. The caves are famous for its beautiful painting and sculptures.
- Taj Mahal – Taj Mahal was made on the orders of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memories of Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal is beautiful white Marble structure situated in Agra district of Uttar Pradesh.
- Red Fort – Red Fort is very well situated in capital of the nation, Delhi India. It is where the first Prime Minister of independent India Jawahar Lal Nahru raised Indian national flag on 15th August 1947.
- Gateway of India – Located in the city of Mumbai The Gateway of India was built in the early 20th century to commemorate first landing of the British monarch in India.
- Vivekananda Rock Memorial –Vivekananda Rock Memorial was built in 1970 in honour of Swami Vivekananda. The memorial is situated in Vavathurai Kanyakumari.
- Amar Jawan Jyoti – Amar Jawan Jyoti is an Indian War Memorial constructed after Indo-Pakistani war of 1971. Situated in the city of Jaipur Rajasthan the memorial was built to commemorate the martyred and unknown soldiers, who died during the war.
- Rajghat – Rajghat is memorial dedicated to the father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi. Situated in Delhi, India it is the spot of Mahatma Gandhi’s Cremation.
Monuments at Risk
The constant emission of carbon and dust particles is contributing to the discoloration of white marble exteriors of the Taj Mahal. Not just Taj, a joint study by IIT Delhi and the Punjab Pollution Control Boards shows that industrial and vehicular emissions and open ovens are causing the golden shine of the Golden Temple to fade.
Monuments are there to teach us what kind of deeds are celebrated long after death, what our ancestors have sacrificed for us and to learn from history what we should not be doing. We need to protect our monuments for our future generations.
Essay – 4 (600 Words)
Monument is history of our world in form of architectural brilliance. Monument could be any three dimensional structure that was made in honour of a person or event, or has become significant due to its creative, historical, political, technical or architectural importance. Nations and cities often gain popularity for their monuments.
Definition of Monument
The origin of the word “Monument” could be traced back to Greek word “Mnemosynon” and Latin word “Moneo” and “Monere”, meaning ‘to remind’, ‘to advise’ or ‘to warn’. As these words literally suggest monuments are made to remind us of certain people and event, to celebrate and to teach future generations about their history.
The Great Monuments of India
Our country has had a rich history and it’s very evident by our monuments. From archeologically rich site like Ajanta cave to recently established Statue of Unity our monuments have many stories to tell, many lessons to teach. Some famous monuments from different parts of history are following:
Ajanta Caves – Situated in the district of Aurangabad Maharashtra, Ajanta caves are famous for its beautiful rock-cut sculptures and expressive paintings. These Buddhist caves are amalgamation of approximately 30 rock-cut caves, which date from 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE. These caves are protected monument in care of Archaeological Survey of India and are also in the list of UNESCO World heritage site.
Krishna Mandapam – Krishna Mandapam is a monument on the Coromandel Coast, in the Kancheepuram district of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The carvings inside the Mandapam are about Lord Krishna lifting Govardhan hill to protect villager and cowherds from heavy pouring rain. Krishna Mandapam is part of Mahabalipuram group of Monuments.
Taj Mahal – The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble tomb on the south bank of Yamuna River in Agra city. It was built in 1632 by Shah Jahan to house the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal is world famous for its beautiful architecture and is considered as symbol of love by many. The Taj Mahal is in the list of UNESCO World heritage site, since 1983. In 2007 Taj Mahal was voted in the New Seven Wonders of The World.
India Gate – Originally known as All India War Memorial, India Gate is located on Rajpath Delhi. India Gate is memorial to 70,000 soldiers of British Indian Army who died during the First World War.
Statue of Unity – The 182 meter tall statue of the first Home minister of independent India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, is located on Sardar Sarovar Dam in Gujarat. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was highly respected for his leadership in uniting the 552 princely states of British India into one Uniform India.
Decay of Our Monuments
Monuments like any other living organism need proper care and protection; they too are affected by pollution and harmful gasses. Monuments built centuries ago are severely harmed by current level of pollution. The white marble exterior of the Taj Mahal has been reducing to brownish-yellow shade over the years, due to the constant deposition of carbon and dust particles.
Not just pollution but careless human behaviour and in some cases downright vandalism of monuments isn’t helping either. Recently some youths were seen pushing the pillars at the world heritage historic site in Hampi causing it to break into pieces.
Preservation of the Monuments
Monuments are part of our history and culture, their preservation and protection should be our priority. In India the Archaeological Survey of India is actively working in order to preserve and protect monuments. UNESCO’s World Heritage Site programme also works to protect and preserve monuments around the world.
The government is doing their part and will definitely do better in future, but as citizen we also need to act responsible towards monumental sites. Basic vandalism like writing down one’s name and urinating on walls of monuments is often brushed off as no big deal. We need to act more responsibly and play our part in protected our monuments.