Paragraph on National Flag of India

The National flag of India, also called the Tiranga, comprises of three colours –saffron, white and green. There is an Ashoka Chakra at the centre with 24 spokes. Our National Flag is of great importance to us. It is a symbol of sovereign India.

Long and Short Paragraphs on National Flag of India in English

You will find below a number of short and long paragraphs on National Flag of India. We hope these National Flag of India paragraphs will help students in completing their school assignments. These will also help children to write and read out paragraphs with simple words and small sentences. Students can select any of the paragraph on National Flag of India according to their particular requirement.

Short Paragraph on National Flag of India 1 (100 Words)

The National Flag of India is tri-colour flag with saffron, white and green colour. It has the saffron colour on the top, white in the centre and green at the bottom with equal width and length. Ashoka Chakra is imprinted in the centre with twenty-four spokes equally spaced. It is in navy blue colour. The flag is made of Khadi. The design of the flag was adopted in its current form on 22 July 1947 in a meeting held by the constituent assembly. It became the National flag of Independent India on 15th August 1947.

The Indian National Flag is also referred to as Tiranga. Indians hold high regard for their flag. The honour of the flag must be protected at any cost.


Paragraph on Importance of National Flag 2 (150 words)

National flag of India is rectangular and horizontal in shape with the three colour bands of saffron, white and dark green spaced equally, with Ashoka Chakra in navy blue colour in the centre. The saffron colour is the symbol of Hinduism which indicates courage and sacrifice, white colour indicates peace and truth and green colour indicates fertility and growth. The navy blue chakra in the centre is the colour for ocean and sky. It is due to the sacrifice and courage that we have achieved freedom and with truth and purity we can achieve growth and progress.

The National Flag of Independent India was first adopted on 22 July 1947 by constituent assembly. The flag is the pride of the country and represents its sovereignty. It reminds us of the sacrifices made by our freedom fighters for the freedom of the country. It is the symbol of honour and unity. It is our duty to sustain its pride and glory by all means.


Paragraph on National Flag Colours and their Meaning 3 (200 words)

National flag of India is a tricolour flag of saffron, white and green colour in a horizontal rectangular shape, with a 24 spoke Ashok Chakra in navy blue colour at its centre. In India, “tricolour” refers to our national flag also popular as “Tiranga” in Hindi. The flag is designed by Pingali Venkayya and is made of khadi, hand spun fabric, made popular in India by Mahatma Gandhi.


The colours of our national flag have a deep philosophical meaning. In our National Flag the saffron colour on the top stands for sacrifice and renunciation and indicates courage and strength, the white colour in the middle indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra in the centre, and the green colour indicates growth, fertility and auspiciousness of the land of the country.

The Ashok Chakra is the Dharma Chakra with 24 strokes spaced equally. The initial twelve spokes of the Chakra symbolize the 12 stages of suffering and the next 12 spokes symbolize no cause no effect. The total 24 spokes in the chakra also represent dharma and the symbolism of the three colours of flag is based on the secular principles of our country. The saffron stands for Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism, white colour stands for Christianity and green represents Islam.


The Indian National Flag depicts the union of all religious philosophies and the uprightness and tolerance is depicted by Ashok Chakra in the centre. The National Flag represents the concept of secularism.


Paragraph on History of National Flag 4 (250 words)

The National Flag of India represents our long struggle for freedom. It depicts the status of our country as Independent Republic.

How the Indian National Flag Evolved?

The first flag of India came into existence between 1904 and 1906. It was made by Sister Nivedita. It comprised red colour that signified freedom struggle and yellow colour that signified victory. The phrase “Bonde Matoram” was written on it in Bengali. It also contained ‘Vajra’ the symbol of strength and ‘Indra’ that depicted purity. In 1906 a new flag was designed. A tricolour flag with three equal strips i.e. blue on the top, yellow in the middle and red at the bottom.

A new flag by Madam Bhikhaji Cama was unfurled by Madam Cama at Stuttgart, Germany on 22 August 1907. The flag comprised of three colours, green on the top, golden saffron in middle and then red.


In 1921 a new flag was designed. It was tricolour, with white on the top that symbolized community of minority, green in the middle symbolized Muslims and red at the bottom represented Hindus. In 1931, a new flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya with three colors. Saffron colour at the top, white in the middle and the bottom was green with charkha in the middle.


In 1947, when India got Independence, the flag of 1931 was adopted as the National Flag of India but the ‘charkha’ was replaced by ‘chakra’ in the centre. The present design of the flag was adopted at the meeting of constitutional assembly on 22nd July 1947.


Paragraph on National Flag and Freedom Fighters 5 (300 words)

Indian freedom fighters fought for the independence of our country. They loved their country and the countrymen and had a high regard for the Indian National Flag. The British had introduced a National Flag for British India after the revolt of 1857.

Indian National Flag and Freedom Fighters

Our freedom fighters did not like it as it was quite like the flag introduced by the British. They introduced a new flag referred to as the Vande Mataram flag in 1905. This flag represented our nation and was a part of the Swadeshi Movement. This was a tri colour flag however it was quite different from our present day national flag.

It had three bands – Green, Yellow and Red. The green on the top had eight white lotuses on it that represented eight provinces of the country. The yellow band in the middle had Vande Mataram written on it and the red band at the bottom had a sun and a crescent on it.

Gandhiji later suggested a flag representing both Hindus and Muslims and the charkha that he gave high importance to. The charkha on the flag was a symbol of being self reliant and boycotting the British goods. The flag was held high during various freedom movements. The freedom fighters of our country rallied around with this flag during various freedom movements and protests.

Later, around a month before the independence of our country few prominent freedom fighters made a committee and finalised the national flag of our country – our Tiranga. This committee included freedom fighters such as Sarojini Naidu, K.M. Minshi and B.R. Ambedkar and was headed by Rajendra Prasad.


The Indian freedom fighters along with the other citizens of India pledged to respect the Indian National flag and protect its dignity at all costs. The Indian National Flag reminds us of our freedom fighters and the sacrifices they made to free the country from the clutches of the British rule.


Paragraph on National Flag and Freedom Struggle 6 (350 words)

Our national flag is of utmost importance for us. We must respect and honour our national flag and keep it flying high. It is a symbol of our country’s sovereignty. Our national flag played an important role during the freedom struggle. It was a symbol of unity and strength for the citizens of our country.

National Flag in Colonised India

Different Indian states used different flags to represent their state before the British rule. It was the British who came up with the idea of a single flag for the country to represent the nation. However, the flag introduced by them was completely different from our respected Tiranga. It was much on the lines of the Canadian and Australian flags.

National Flag during Freedom Struggle

A new flag representing the Indian Independence Movement was introduced after the partition of Bengal in 1905. This was a symbol of unity among all the castes in the country. Many new flags were proposed and adopted during the next few years.

In April 1921, Mahatma Gandhi suggested a flag with a spinning wheel or charkha at the centre. Pingali Venkayya was given the task to design this flag. It had three colours – red, white and green and a charkha imprinted on it. The red colour symbolised Hindus and green signified Muslims. The flag was a symbol of unity among Hindus and Muslims in India. This became the flag of the Indian National Congress.

In June 1947, a committee was formed to select a flag for independent India and it was decided to make certain modifications in the Indian National Congress flag and adopt it as the National Flag of India. The tri-colour flag chosen for Independent India had three bands Saffron on top, white in the middle and green at the bottom. The charkha was replaced by the Ashoka Chakra. This is how the Indian National Flag came into existence.


The Indian National Flag was hoisted by Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru on 15th August 1947 as India got independence. It flies high on all the government buildings in the country since then. Our National flag is hoisted at various places on our national festivals and it reminds us of the sacrifices of the people during the freedom struggle.


Paragraph on National Flag and Flag Hoisting in India 7 (400 words)

The Flag of The Republic of India is horizontal tri-colour flag of saffron, white and green colour. The saffron colour on the top signifies patriotism and sacrifice, the white colour in the middle stands for purity of thoughts and truth in words and actions and the green colour signifies life and prosperity. The Asoka Chakra in the centre with 24 spokes stands for progress. The Chakra also symbolizes Dharma.

Code for Hoisting the Indian National Flag

Given below are the rules mentioned in the flag code of India that should be followed while hoisting the flag:

  • The National flag of India should be hoisted upright with the saffron strip on the top in horizontal display. It should never be hoisted upside down.
  • When the flag is displayed indoors in public gatherings, it should be on the right side and on the observers left side as this is the position of authority, and it should be on the right hand side of the speaker. When displayed elsewhere it should be to the right side of the audience.
  • When the national flag is carried in a parade with other flags, it should be on the right or in the front at the centre. National flag should never be dipped to a thing or a person. During the ceremony of flag hoisting or when the flag is passing in a parade, people present should stand in attention and face the flag. The flag salutation must be followed by the singing of national anthem.
  • The flag should not be used as clothing or drapery.
  • The National flag pole should be positioned at the highest point of the building.
  • As a sign of mourning, flag should be flown at half-mast. It must be first raised to the top and then slowly brought down. The time period of such mourning and decision to do so lies with president of India.
  • On the occasion of funerals of central paramilitary, military or state forces flag is to be draped over the coffin with saffron band towards the head. The flag should not be burnt or lowered into the grave.
  • When the National flag is flown with other national flags on Indian Territory, the National flag should be at the starting point. The rightmost flag should be the National flag and is to be followed by other national flags in alphabetical order.


The Indian National Flag should be hoisted with utmost respect and the rules mentioned in the Flag code of India must be followed.



Related Information:

National Flag Adoption Day

Essay on Indian Flag/National Flag

Slogans on National Flag of India

Speech on National Flag