Gandhi Jayanti Essay

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in India, every year on 2nd October, to commemorate the Birth of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2nd October 1869-30th January 1948). Gandhi is commonly called Mahatma Gandhi and also has a nick name “Bapu”. He was the greatest motivator and independence campaigner of his times. His unique ability to connect with the poor made him a mass leader of India, also earning him the sobriquet “Father of the Nation”. His policy of peaceful, non violent protests was something new to the world and also acknowledged by the many nations. In India, he is considered as the torchbearer of freedom struggle and is highly respected for his simplicity and adherence to the principles. Therefore, his birthday on Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October is a National Holiday and people spend time remembering his teachings and principles.

Long and Short Essay on Gandhi Jayanti in English

Gandhi jayanti is one of the important national events of India celebrated every year on 2nd of October, a birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

We have provided essay on Gandhi Jayanti in order to help students as they generally get assigned for the same when the date comes closer.

Following Gandhi Jayanti essay are written using very simple words under various words limit according to the need and requirement of students of different class standard.

Essay and paragraph writing competitions are generally organized in the schools in order to celebrate this national event. Dear students you can select any essay given below according to your need and requirement.

Gandhi Jayanti Essay 1 (100 words)

Gandhi Jayanti is the birth anniversary of the father of the nation (Mahatma Gandhi, also called Bapu). Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on 2nd of October as a national event all over the India. It is celebrated by organizing many purposeful activities in the schools, colleges, educational institutions, government offices, communities, society, and other places. 2nd of October has been declared as the national holiday by the government of India. At this day, government offices, banks, schools, colleges, companies, etc all through the India remain closed however it is celebrated with great enthusiasm and lots of preparations.

Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti Essay 2 (150 words)

Gandhi Jayanti is one of the 3 national holidays of India (other two are Independence day and Republic day). It is celebrated every year on 2nd of October to pay tribute to the Father of the Nation means Mahatma Gandhi. It is considered as one of the historical occasions that’s why on 2nd of October all the bad activities like selling of alcohol is strictly prohibited by the government in order to show respect of nation to its patriotic leader. 2nd of October in 1869 was the day when this legendary leader took birth. It is celebrated all over the India in each state and Union Territory.

One of the great importance of cerebrating this day is; 2nd of October has been declared as the International Day of Non Violence by the United Nations General Assembly on 15th of June in 2007. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in order to pay honor and memorize the national legend, Mahatma Gandhi, who struggled a lot against British rule for the independence of India throughout his life.


Gandhi Jayanti Essay 3 (200 words)

Gandhi Jayanti is the birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi celebrated all across the country on 2nd of October as a national event. It is celebrated as the national holiday in order to pay honor to the Father of the nation, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (popularly known as Bapu). This day is internationally celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence after the declaration by the United Nations General Assembly on 15th of June in 2007. Gandhi ji was the preacher of non-violence and he followed the way of non-violence all through his struggle for independence of country. He is remembered today by us as a symbol of peace and truth.


Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday, so all the schools, colleges, government and private offices remain closed for whole day. Bapu has been set before us and all the future generations as an example of simple living and high thinking. He was always against smoking and drinking that’s why on Gandhi Jayanti selling of alcohol is prohibited whole day by the government. He was a patriotic leader who started the non-violence movement for the independence of India from British rule. His significant role in the achievement of independence of India is unforgettable. We pay a heartily tribute every year by remembering him and his works on his birthday anniversary, the Gandhi Jayanti.


Gandhi Jayanti Essay 4 (250 words)

Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday celebrated all through the India every year on 2nd of October to mark the birth anniversary of the Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He is well known as Father of the Nation or Bapu. This title is not declared officially to him as it is not permitted by the Constitution of India to make someone a father of nation. The birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi has been declared as International Day of Non-Violence by The United Nations General Assembly on 15th of June 2007. Gandhi is celebrated as the national holiday all through the India however as International Day of Non-Violence all through the world.

Schools and government offices remain closed at this day all over the country. It is observed in all the states and union territories of India. It is celebrated as one of the three national events of India (other two are Independence Day, 15 August and Republic Day, 26 January). It is marked by including some important activities such as prayer services, tributes by the government officials at Raj Ghat, Gandhi’s memorial in New Delhi (cremation place).

Other activities are like prayer meetings, commemorative ceremonies, drama play, speech recitation (on the themes like non-violence, glorifying peace, and Gandhi’s effort in Indian Freedom Struggle), essay writing, quiz competition, painting competition, poem recitation, etc in the schools, colleges, local government institutions and sociopolitical institutions. Best award is granted to the students doing best in any of the competition. At this day, his favorite bhajan, Raghupathi Raghava Rajaram, is generally sung in his memory during celebration.


Gandhi Jayanti Essay 5 (300 words)

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year as the third important national event. It is celebrated on 2nd of October by the Indian people all over the country to pay tribute to the Mahatma Gandhi at his birthday. He is popularly known as the Father of the Nation or Bapu. He was a patriotic leader and led the country all through the Indian independence movement by following the way of non-violence. According to him, truth and non-violence are the only tools to win the fight for independence from British rule. He went to the jail many times however continued his non-violence movement till the freedom of country. He was always in the favor of social equality however against untouchability.

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated with huge preparations at the Raj Ghat or Gandhiji’s Samadhi in New Delhi by the government officials. Cremation place at Raj Ghat gets decorated with garlands and flowers. A homage is paid to this great leader by placing wreaths at the Samadhi and some flowers. A religious prayer is also held in the morning at samadhi. It is celebrated as the national festival especially by the students in schools and colleges all over the country.

Students celebrate this occasion by playing drama, reciting poem, song, speech, essay writing, and participating in other activities like quiz competition, painting competition, etc based on the life of Mahatma Gandhi and his works. His most favorite devotional song ”Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram” is also sung by the students in his memory. Best performing students are awarded with the prizes. He has been the role model and inspirational leader for many political leaders and especially the youths of the country. Other great leaders such as Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela, James Lawson, etc got inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi’s theory of non-violence and peaceful way to fight for freedom and liberty.


Gandhi Jayanti Essay 6 (400 words)

Gandhi Jayanti is a national event celebrated every year to pay tribute to the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. This day is also celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence all over the world. Gandhi Jayanti has been declared as International Day of Non-Violence by the United Nations General Assembly on 15th of June 2007. Gandhi Jayanti is observed as a national holiday all through the country in order to commemorate the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (born on 2nd of October in 1869). His non-violence movement for independence of India is still continues influencing political leaders and youths of our own country as well as other countries worldwide.

The aim of celebrating Gandhi Jayanti as the International Day of non-violence is to distribute Bapu’s philosophy, believe in non-violence, principle, etc all over the world. It is celebrated through theme based proper activities in order to enhance the public awareness worldwide. Gandhi Jayanti celebration involves commemorating Mahatma Gandhi’s life and his contributions in India’s Independence. He was born in a small coastal town (Porbandar, Gujarat) however he performed great works all through his life which still influences the people in advance era.

He worked great for achieving Sawaraj, remove untouchability from society, abolition of other social evils, improving economic condition of farmers, empowering women rights and many more. The movements run by him are non-cooperation movement in 1920, Dandi March or Salt Satyagraha in 1930 and Quit India Movement in 1942 in order to help Indian people in getting freedom from British rule. His Quit India Movement was a call to British to leave India. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in various innovative ways by the students, teachers, government officials, etc all over the country. It is celebrated at Raj Ghat, New Delhi by offering flowers on Gandhi’s statues, singing his favorite devotional song “Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram” and other ceremonial activities by the government officials.

It is one of the three National Holidays of the country (other two are Independence Day and Republic Day) celebrated every year in the schools, colleges, educational institutions, government and non-government organizations, etc. Schools, colleges, government offices, post offices, banks, etc remain closed on Gandhi Jayanti in order to pay tribute to the great leader of India. We remember Bapu and his great deeds by celebrating the Gandhi Jayanti. Students are assigned for various tasks to perform at this day such as poem or speech recitation, drama play, essay writing, slogan writing, group discussion, etc based on the life and works of Mahatma Gandhi.

Essay on Civil Disobedience Movement by Mahatma Gandhi – Essay 7 (800 Words)


The literal meaning of Civil Disobedience is disobeying of the civil law, specifically as way to protest for certain demands. Mahatma Gandhi used civil disobedience as a non-violent way to protest against the British Rule. He launched many civil disobedience movements during the British rule protesting against many harsh Acts and Policies of the British government. Civil Disobedience was one of the reasons which led to the independence of India.

Civil Disobedience Movements by Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji used Non-violent Civil Disobedience movements on a mass scale to uproot the British government. Gandhiji believed that the British government was able to rule us because of the support they got from the Indians. He said that apart from administration, Britishers also relied on Indians for their economical and business needs. He demanded the complete boycott of the British products and emphasized the importance of ‘Swadeshi’ products.

  • Causes Responsible for the Mass Civil Disobedience Movement

The cruel policies of the British government which were evident in Simon’s Commission and Rowlett Act challenged the complete independence or ‘Purna Swaraj’, a dream of Mahatma Gandhi. British government was also very reluctant in providing dominion status to India. Gandhiji warned the British government that if complete independence is not given to India then they should be ready to face the consequences in terms of mass civil disobedience. All such social and political events concreted the launch of civil disobedience movement.

  • Civil Disobedience Movements led by Mahatma Gandhi

Though the civil disobedience movement was started in 1919 with the launch of Non-cooperation movement against the British government after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, it became prominent only after the salt march. The Namak Satyagrah or the Salt March was the inception of the mass civil disobedience movement. Led by Mahatma Gandhi, the Salt March was a 26 days march conducted from the Sabarmati Ashram on 12th March 1930 and ended on 6th April 1930 at Dandi, a coastal village in Gujarat.

The march was started with few members, the number of followers increased as it gained momentum. The main aim of the march was to protest against the British taxation system and breaking the law which was against the local production of salt. This lead to the mass civil disobedience and people started making salt on a large scale challenging the law imposed by the British government. Consequently there were huge arrests done on a large scale.

The salt march which started to locally produce salt took a face of mass civil disobedience movement. People started boycotting British products and the emphasis on Swadeshi movement became more eminent. British cloths and products were burnt on a very large scale. Farmers refused paying taxes to the British government.

People started resigning from the prominent government posts of the British administration. Teachers, soldiers and people from civil services left their jobs supporting the national movement. The Civil Disobedience of 1930 saw a huge participation of women. Women from all sections of the society took an active participation in ‘satyagrah’ and started production and selling of salt and in course supporting the civil disobedience movement.

  • Effects of Civil Disobedience Movement

The Civil Disobedience Movement shook the foundation of the British Rule and they suffered huge economical and administrative losses. The ‘Swadeshi’ Movement helped to set up many manufacturing units to manufacture the products in India.

The boycott of the British products impacted the imports from the Britain. People refused to pay taxes to the government and started producing salt on a larger scale which highly affected the Britishers in monetary ways. The most beneficial part of the protest was that the British government was in dilemma on how to react to the non-violent protests and civil disobedience.

Even the British officials said that it was easy to fight the violent protesters than the non-violent protesters. The non-violent civil disobedience movement attracted the international attention to the Indian freedom struggle and also revealed the cruel policies of Britishers against Indians. The Quit India movement launched on 8th August 1942 was the final nail in the coffin of British Government and they agreed to give India complete Independence once the World War II ends.


The Civil Disobedience Movement played a significant role in the Indian freedom struggle. It helped to unite the nation and fought for a cause. It started with a pinch of salt but became a national movement against the British government. Civil Disobedience was a non-violent movement which did not spill even a single drop of blood and made a huge impact on Indian freedom struggle.

It was due the Mahatma Gandhi that the Indian freedom struggle got an international platform and the whole world was shook by his strong determination and will power. He showed the power of non-violence to the world and showed that all wars are not won by violence but some can be won without picking up a weapon or spilling a single drop of blood.



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