Gandhi Jayanti is a national festival of India, commemorating the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi (2nd October 1869 – 30th January 1948) as he was popularly known. A veteran freedom fighter and a mass leader, he appealed through millions of Indians cutting across their religion, caste, culture of linguistic differences. India hasn’t seen any other political figure or freedom fighter with such a huge public following as Mahatma Gandhi.
His exceptional ability to influence the poor and marginalized sections throughout the country, earned him the honorific title of “Father of the Nation”. It is his birthday that the nation celebrates as “Gandhi Jayanti” on 2nd October every year. It is a national holiday in India and also observed in the world as “International Day of Non-violence.”
Long and Short Paragraph on Gandhi Jayanti in English
There are three National Festivals celebrated in India as Indian Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti. Obviously it is needless to tell you about Independence Day and Republic Day because they are the most important festivals in India and everyone knows about them. Gandhi Jayanti is also equally important and most of the people know a lot about Gandhi Jayanti. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on 2nd October every year on the occasion of the birth anniversary of the father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi.
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Paragraph on Gandhi Jayanti 1 (100 Words)
Gandhi Jayanti is one of the three National Festivals celebrated in India. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated annually on 2nd October to mark the birth anniversary of the great leader, freedom fighter and of course the father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is the full name of Mahatma Gandhi. He was a great freedom fighter who spent the whole of his life in the service of his Nation.
Mahatma Gandhi was the strong follower of Truth and Non-Violence hence 2nd October is also declared as the International Non-Violence Day and is celebrated in the whole world commemorating Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Paragraph on Gandhi Jayanti 2 (150 Words)
The festival Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on 2nd October. It is a national festival and the Government of India has declared a gazetted holiday all across the nation on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti. Schools and Collages remain opened on this day but they do not continue studies instead they conduct some social and cultural events on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti.
Also many educational institutions held some competitions related to education and art like Quiz Competition, Essay Competition, Debates and Drawing Competitions etc. Government and Non-Government Organizations find it a good opportunity to carry some social Campaign like Cleanliness Campaign and Plantation Campaigns because a public holiday will help them to gather mass attraction and co-operation.
The statues of the father of Nation all across the country are well cleaned and decorated and many political leaders deliver some speeches to the public from those statues.
Paragraph on Gandhi Jayanti 3 (200 Words)
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a national holiday in India on 2nd October every year. It commemorates the birth anniversary of father of the nation – Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi is a revered political figure and freedom fighter in India, whose contribution to India’s independence is unprecedented.
India celebrates the birthday of “Bapu”, as Gandhi was fondly called, with reverence to the man’s life and his teachings. Despite being a public holiday, people gather at offices, schools and public places to reminiscence the simple life yet great deeds of Mahatma Gandhi.
They talk about one of his greatest weapons that took the British as well as the other world by surprise – “Policy of Non-violence”. The policy of non-violence was the first of its kind in the methodology of protests and was an instant hit with the masses.
Special functions are organized in schools, during which children are told about the teachings and struggles of Gandhi. Students also enact Mahatma’s character by dressing up like him and also give speeches, sing bhajans etc.
There is no other Indian political figure or even freedom fighter, for that matter, whose birthday is so widely and grandly celebrated as that of Mahatma Gandhi or Bapu.
Paragraph on Gandhi Jayanti 4 (250 Words)
Celebrated on 2nd of October annually, Gandhi Jayanti is one of the three National events having a great importance in the life of every Indian. It is celebrated to commemorate the great leader of India Mahatma Gandhi. Everybody knows him as the Father of the Nation but this word was first used by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose on the demise of the Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Gandhi ji was born on 2nd October 1869 and since he was a great leader and beloved to everyone that is why his birth anniversary is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti every year. Gandhi had strong faith on Truth and Non-Violence. Not only Indians but also foreigners find him motivational that is why United National General Assembly announced in 2007 that the 2nd October would be celebrated as International Day of Non-Violence.
The President and Prime Minister of India celebrate this day by visiting Raj-Ghat in New Delhi which is the Samadhi Sthal of Mahatma Gandhi. They then do prayers there along with other political Leaders of India. Since Gandhi ji respected all the religions in India that is why people of different religions gather at Raj-Ghat and pay homage to Mahatma Gandhi.
Gandhi Jayanti is a festival for all that is why it is celebrated by the people of different cultures altogether and since it is a National festival so Schools and Collages in India remain closed on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti. His natural love for truth and duty will always remain in our hearts.
Paragraph on Gandhi Jayanti 5 (300 Words)
In India, 2nd October is a National Holiday and is celebrated as the Gandhi Jayanti every year. Gandhi Jayanti is actually the date on which Mahatma Gandhi was born. Mahatma Gandhi was a great leader and an Indian freedom fighter who was born on 2nd October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat State of India. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and he was a prominent political and spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement. Gandhi ji was a follower of truth and non-violence in all circumstances and he also advised everyone to follow them in his life whatever may be the situation.
Mahatma Gandhi loved his mother Putali bai the most who had influenced him a lot. These influences included feelings of energy in the weak people, living a vegetarian life, fasting for self-purification and tolerance among people of different castes. Mahatma Gandhi went England in 1888 to study the Law from University of London and became a Barrister. Mahatma Gandhi also wrote his autobiography named “My Experiment with Truth”.
Going to South Africa was a very major event in the life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi went to South Africa and accepted the practice of advocacy on a one-year agreement. In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination against Indians which made him to return India and fight against British Government and to expel them from his motherland.
The struggle of Mahatma Gandhi for the freedom of India can never be forgotten and he conducted many movements in series like Champaran Satyagrah, Non-Cooperative Movement, Salt Movement and Bharat Chhodo Movement.
Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead by Nathuram Godse on 30th January 1947 at Birla House in New Delhi. Few important things of Mahatma Gandhi that always motivate me to be a good human being are truth, non-violence, Vegetarian attitude, simplicity and trust.
Paragraph on Gandhi Jayanti 6 (350 Words)
2nd October every year is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti in India. It is a national holiday marking the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on 2nd October 1869. Gandhi wasn’t as much a political figure as much he was a freedom fighter. He was a seasoned freedom fighter having shown his exceptional skills while fighting for the rights of Indians and blacks in Africa, during his 21 years of stay there.
How Is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated
People hugely revere him for his simple living and also for his policy of truth and non-violence; thus, a good part of the celebrations usually is reminiscence of his teachings and principles. His contribution to the Indian freedom struggle and several protests that he headed are also remembered.
All his life, Gandhi had lived a simple life, like a common Indian, one of the reasons justifying his immense mass appeal. He was a favourite of all; therefore, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated by all the citizens of India, from a common farmer to a highly placed bureaucrat; from a school teacher to a popular political figure; from far north to down south and from eastern fringes of India to its western borders. Everyone remember the man and his principles.
Though, it is a national holiday, assemblies are organized in government offices, where the employees pay homage to the Father of the Nation. Usually a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi is kept on a table and people take turns to offer flowers as a mark of respect. They also give speeches on his life and principles and sing his favourite bhajan “Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram”.
In India, Mahatma Gandhi is a popular name and even the kids of kindergarten section do remember his name and his honorific “Father of the Nation”. They know exactly, who is the father of the nation and the cloth he wore (white loin cloth made of khadi) etc. This familiarity of kids with Bapu is reflected when they enact him or speak about his life and principles.
The festival of Gandhi Jayanti reaffirms every Indians faith in truth and non-violence, as the father of the nation once taught.
Paragraph on Gandhi Jayanti 7 (400 Words)
Gandhi Jayanti, celebrated on 2nd October is one of the three national festivals of India, the two other being Independence Day (15th August) and Republic Day (26th January). Gandhi was the greatest freedom fighter of his times and his popularity travelled beyond national boundaries; a reason why Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated not only in India but also in some foreign countries like Africa and United States of America.
Gandhi Jayanti Celebration
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a sober affair reminiscing on his life, freedom struggle and teachings. People gather in offices and other relevant places to discuss and talk about his contribution to the freedom struggle and his unwavering faith in truth and non-violence.
The statues of Mahatma Gandhi are washed and garlanded as a mark of respect. People belonging to all sections of society, assemble below the statue and remember what their father of the nation had taught them through his life and messages.
In national capital Delhi, eminent political personalities, rush to Raj Ghat, where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated. The offer floral wreath and talk about his contribution to the freedom struggle, remembering his teachings.
Gandhi Jayanti in South Africa
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated not only in India but also in South Africa, where he stayed for 21 years as a lawyer and a Civil Rights activist, fighting for the rights of Indians and native South Africans. Then South Africa was a British colony and discrimination against Indians and native Africans was rampant.
Mahatma Gandhi was instrumental in fighting for the rights of not only Indians working in Africa, but also for the rights of native Africans; a reason why Gandhi Jayanti is also celebrated in South Africa.
Gandhi Jayanti as the International Day of Non-Violence
Mahatma Gandhi was known the world over for his policy of non-violence. He always believed that protests those involve non violent methods are the best as they pose no harm to either the protestors or the oppressors, at the same time it is effective in making an impact, gradually bending the oppressors to heed the demands.
The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution on 15th June 2007, declaring 2nd October to be celebrated as “International Day of Non-violence.” This came as a huge recognition to Gandhi’s policy of truth and non violence.
Mahatma Gandhi was a great Indian freedom fighter and a mass leader unparalleled to any. He was like a guiding light for millions of Indians in distress and despair. His teachings and his faith in truth is engraved deep into Indian psychic. Every year on Gandhi Jayanti people remember the noble sole and reinstate their faith in his words and principles.