India is the land of people of diverse religions, traditions and castes. People of India represent the essence of our country. The diverse colours of India are its cultures, traditions and religions. It is the land of rich vegetation and wildlife. Art and entertainment is the life of India.
You will find below a number of short and long paragraphs on India. We hope these India paragraphs will help students in completing their school assignments. These will also help children to write and read out paragraphs with simple words and small sentences. Students can select any paragraph on India according to their particular requirement.
Long and Short Paragraphs on India
Paragraph on India 1 (100 words)
India is our nation. It is located in the center of South Asia. In world, Republic of India is the seventh largest country by area and the second most populated country after China. India takes honour in being the largest democracy in the world. India is a diverse country with diverse cultures, languages, climates and geography. India is a federation under republic government governed under parliamentary system. There are twenty nine states and seven union territories in India. The national capital of India is Delhi.
India is well known for its rich culture and cuisines, diverse wildlife, flora and fauna as well as for its genius minds that have made us proud around the globe.
Paragraph on India 2 (150 words)
India is a vast country with second highest population in the world. It is a country with diverse cultures, traditions and beliefs. People in India celebrate unity in diversity. Festivals like Diwali, Holi, Navratri, Ramzan, Christmas etc. are celebrated by people across India and create a sense of brotherhood and cultural unity. Each festival has its religious and cultural importance.
India is the land of diverse people belonging to various religions and speaking different languages. Our national language is Hindi. However, there are 22 different official languages spoken in India. It is the birth place of religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. People in India have diverse dressing styles, different food habits and customs that differ from place to place. Indian cuisine is famous across the world. People with different castes, creed, colour, cultures and customs live in harmony in this India. It is a perfect example of unity in diversity.
Paragraph on India 3 (200 words)
India is the land of festivals and vibrant colours of life. People of different religions and communities live here. Different festivals are celebrated with lots of enthusiasm, zeal and joy. People dress in different styles and dresses to celebrate these festivals.
National Festivals of India
India attained Independence from British Rule on 15th of August 1947 following Independence movement that largely comprised of non-violence and civil disobedience. Independence accompanied the partition of India on religious lines in two dominions – India and Pakistan. Partition also gave rise to violent riots and mass afflictions. Our Prime Mister Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of Independent India hoisted the Indian National flag on Red Fort, Delhi on 15th August 1947. Every year 15th August is celebrated as Independence Day and is declared national holiday.
Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January 1950 when constitution of India came in to effect with democratic government system initiating thenation’s transition towards being an independent republic. 26th of January has been declared as Republic Day as in 1930 on this day declaration of Purna Swaraj (Independence) was claimed.
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on second of October, our national leader and freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday.
There is nationwide holiday on National festivals. Religious festivals like Diwali, Holi, Raksha Bandhan, Christmas, Ramzan, Guru Nanak Jayanti, Ganesh Chaturthi, Baisakhi, Bihu, Pongal, Basant Panchami and many more are celebrated here with love and unity.
Paragraph on India 4 (250 words)
India is a highly populated country located in the center of South Asia. It is an extremely diverse nation with major differences in culture, climate, religion and languages.
India has chosen various symbols that portray our nation’s image. Indian National flag is tricolored – saffron, white and green. The Ashok chakra in the Centre has a 24 spoke wheel in navy blue colour that denotes righteousness.
Our national anthem is Jana Ganna Mana and the national song is Vande Matram respectively. Our national emblem consists is of four lions sitting back to back on a cylindrical base that has four Ashok chakras on each side out of which only one is visible in the front. Three lions are visible and one is hidden. It is the symbol of sovereignty and denotes strength and courage.
The national animal of India is Bengal Tiger which is a symbol of strength, grace and agility, unparalleled by other animals. National bird of India is the beautiful, colourful and graceful Peacock. It symbolizes elegance. National flower of India is lotus that symbolizes purity. It represents beauty and has special Importance in Hindi religion and mythology. National fruit of our nation is Mango and it is the symbol of tropical climate in our country. Our national tree is banyan tree that symbolizes immortality and country’s unity. Ganga is our national river as in Hinduism it is the most sacred river. Elephant has been declared our national heritage animal in 2010. Ganga river dolphin is declared our national aquatic animal and it can only survive in clean water so it is said that this mammal represents the purity of our holy river Ganga. National reptile of our nation is snake.
These symbols represent the essence of our nation.
Paragraph on India 5 (300 words)
India is an ethnically diverse country. People in India follow different religions and speak different languages. Among other things, India is known for its beautiful monuments, temples and historical buildings. Music, dance, cinema and sports are the essence of India.
India attracts many tourists from across the world. It is well-known for its historical buildings built centuries ago. Some of its well known historical monuments include Taj Mahal in Agra, Qutub Minar in Delhi, Amer Fort in Rajasthan, Ajanta and Ellora Caves in Maharashtra, Virupaksha Temple in Karnataka, Kornak Temple in Odisha. These monuments attract many tourists and devotees from around the globe.
Indian architecture is a fusion of local ancient traditions and imported styles. The vernacular architecture blends regional flavours. Taj Mahal is the most admired architectural piece in the world.
India is also known for its rich literature. The country has seen various learned poets and writers whose writings have left a mark on the people of their times and continues to inspire people even today. Some of these renowned literary people include Kabirdas, Tulsidas, Rabindranath Tagore, Khushwant Singh and R. K. Narayan.
India Excels in Sports and Entertainment
Indian music is influenced by various traditions and regional styles. Indian classical music is praised across the world and it’s most popular forms are filmy and folk music.
Many forms of dance such as Garba of Gujarat, Punjabi Bhangra, Rajasthani Ghoomar, Lavani of Maharashtra and Bihu of Assam are very popular in India. Classical dance forms of India are Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Manipuri and Mohiniyattam.
Indian Cinema is also popular across the world as it produces the most watched films in various languages including Hindi, Bhojpuri, Tamil, Marathi, Gujarati, Telugu and Punjabi. India’s movie industry is the largest in the world. The most popular sport in India is Cricket. Indian cricket team has won Cricket world cup in 1983 and 2011 and ICC world T20 2007.
India is a beautiful country with many colours to it. It excels in architecture, art and entertainment.
Paragraph on India 6 (350 words)
Our country, India is located in South Asia and is seventh largest country in the world. It shares border with seven other nations including China, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan.
India after the End of British Rule
British rule in India lasted till 1947. When British rule in India came to an end, the subcontinent was partitioned in two different countries, with majority of Hindus in India and majority of Muslims in Pakistan. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of Independent India. India is a widely diverse country, apart from various religions and believes, India is a land of several castes and tribes.
Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Jains and Buddhists in India account for a majority of population. Several riots based on caste discrimination, untouchability, gender discrimination and tensions between different groups of society up surge and result in violence at times. Indian constitution plays an important role in eradicating such social evils.
The largest religion in India is Hinduism, 79.8% people identify themselves as Hindus, 14.2% people follow Islam and 6% follow other religions such as Buddhism, Christianity and Jainism. India is culturally and religiously one of the most diverse countries in the world.
India is a newly industrialized nation and Indian Economy is growing rapidly yet it continues to face several challenges like poverty, inadequate healthcare, corruption, crimes, inequality and overpopulation. India is one of the most highly populated countries in the world.
The economic growth of India is accompanied by the growth in urban cities. India is the fastest growing economy with upsurge in Industrialization, urbanization and infrastructural development. The metro cities in India are Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad, and Kolkata.
In world, India has second largest standing army. In military expenditure India ranks fifth among all countries. Republic of India is governed under parliamentary system.
With the rise in industrialization and urbanization there has been a rise in global warming due to the emission of green house gases in our environment. The effects of global warming on our environment are severe. Global warming is also a threat for our sea life and wild life. Global warming is a major issue prevailing in India currently and needs to be prevented.
Paragraph on India 7 (400 words)
Our country India is a unique country. Its culture has influenced nations across the border. India has tropical kind of climate since most part of the country lies within the trophies. The mountain ranges and the rain bearing winds influence the climate of our country. Alteration of seasons is the main feature of India.
India – Geographical Location
Indian Ocean lies to the south of India and Arabian Sea to the west. It is bounded by Bay of Bengal on the east. Lakshadweep Sea lies to the southwest of India. Himalayan Mountains surround the northern frontiers of India. Karakoram range, Rann of Kutch, Thar Desert and Punjab Plains lie to the western border that India shares with Pakistan. Chin Hills and Kachin Hills lie to the northeast and Khasi Hills and Mizo Hills on the east of India.
Holy Rivers in India
Holy rivers of India have great importance in Indian culture. These rivers are sacred for Indian people. There are seven holy rivers in India. Holy rivers are worshiped by people in India. Bathing in holy rivers has religious significance in India. It is believed that bathing in holy rivers purifies you from sins and fears. Rivers are epitomized as Goddesses in India and have importance in Hinduism.
- Ganga is the holiest and the largest river in India. It is the most worshiped river and a holy bath in this river is considered the purest. It is also considered as the lifeline of several people who depend on it for their daily needs.
- Yamuna has importance in Hindu mythology. It is famous as Sapt Rishi Kund. Taking bath in Yamuna relieves you from fears.
- Godavari is also worshiped as a holy river and is the second largest rivers in the country. It is believed in Hinduism that the holy bath in this river also frees u from all the sins.
- Kaveri is a beautiful river. It is the most sacred river in South region of India. The importance and the sacredness of the river is well inscribed in Tamil literature.
- Saraswati flowed in northern India in Vedic era. The three holy rivers namely Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati flow intersect in Allahabad. This intersection is termed as the Triveni Sangam. Saraswati flows underground and is invisible.
- Narmada is one of the most sacred rivers after Ganga. It is believed in Hinduism that the river sprang from the body of Lord Shiva.
- River Shipra is yet another holy river flowing in the country. The holy city of Ujjain is located on its banks and is well known for Mahakleshwar temple. Kumbh mela is hosted in Ujjain and devotees come from all over the world to take holy bath in the river.
India is a traditional society much influenced by religions and cultures. India’s strength also lies in its geographical features and architectural pieces.