Republic Day of India – 26 January
Republic Day 2017
Republic day 2017 in India is celebrated on 26th of January, at Thursday. In 2017, India is celebrating its 68th Republic Day. First Republic Day of India was celebrated in 1950.
Republic Day in India
Republic day in India is celebrated every year with great honour on 26th of January to honour the Constitution of India as it came into force on the same day in the year 1950. It had replaced the Government of India Act, 1935 into the governing document of the India. At this day, a national holiday is declared by the Indian Government. The new Indian constitution was sketched and approved by the Indian Constituent Assembly and decided to celebrate it on 26th of January every year as India became a republic country.
Chief Guest on Republic Day of India 2017
The chief guest on Republic Day of India 2017 was Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. He was the chief guest of Republic Day parade 26th of January 2017.
What are Special on Republic Day of India 2017
Following are the special to be happened on Republic Day of India in New Delhi in 2017:
- The crown prince of Abu Dhabi (Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan) was the chief guest on 26th of January 2017 (Republic Day Parade of India) at Rajpath, New Delhi.
- Skill India and Beti Bachao – Beti Padhao are themes for 68th Republic Day tableaux.
- The venue of Republic Day Parade, Rajpath was decorated with rows of potted plants of Date Palm (Pyramid like structure of palm leaves covered with moss) to heartily welcome the guest from UAE. UAE is one of the top cultivators of date palm all over the world and dates are its national fruit. UAE also hosts an annual International Date Palm Festival.
- There is also a surprising debut show at Rajpath performed by the National Security Guard (NSG – a team of 140 commandos) on this Republic Day to represent their brilliant skills during the parade. The surprising debut by NSG includes activities like singing the NSG anthem (written by Gulzaar – “Hain Na Hai Na Hum Hindustan, Hum Rang Rang Hain, Phir Bhi Sang Hain”) to show the India’s counter terror force, a performance by anti-hijack team, anti-sabotage team, Combat free-fallers, CBRNE team (an advanced terror fighting force of commandos wearing radiation protective suit for protection from chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear terror threats or attack), and deep divers (can kill enemies under water).
- There is also a debut of an NSG vehicle is (Sherpa – a bullet proof armoured anti hijacking vehicle). It is itself a commando, can resist powerful explosions and go under water too.
- UAE contingent (195 soldiers) is also participating first time in the Republic Day parade at Rajpath. UAE is the second country (after France) to send its soldiers to participate in the Republic Day parade of India. India always follow “Atithi Devo Bhava”, that’s why, because of being guest, UAE soldiers will lead the parade.
- Howitzer Dhanush and Aircraft Tejas (made in India) to be showcased first time in the Republic Day Parade in order to demonstrate capabilities and operational readiness of Indian Army, Navy and Air Force.
Republic Day Celebration
As Independence Day in India is celebrated to enjoy the freedom of India from the British Rule, Republic Day in India is celebrated to commemorate the coming of its own constitution into force. Officially it is celebrated every year in the national capital of India (New Delhi) at the Rajpath in the presence of the President of India. Mini celebrations are also take place in the state capitals in the presence of the governor of the state by spreading out the National Flag of the country.
January 26 is declared as the gazetted holiday all over the country by the Government of India. It is celebrated throughout the India with great enthusiasm by the students and teachers in the schools, colleges, universities and other educational institution.
An excellent parade and salute event is held by the military team at the Rajpath in front of the India Gate in the New Delhi, India.
How Republic Day is Celebrated
Events and celebrations are organized with great effort by the Government of India already to celebrate the Republic Day in the Capital. A huge and grand military parade is held in the New Delhi at Rajpath as well as the state capitals. Participants from the Indian Army, Air Force, Navy and traditional dance group takes part in the parades.
Parade held in the New Delhi starts especially when prime minister of the India offer garland at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate. It is done to commemorate all the sacrifices of the Indian army soldiers while saving their country. The military salute is taken by the President of India during the parade in the Capital whereas military salute is taken by the state governors in the state capitals. At this special day, a foreign head of the state become chief guest of the president.
National awards (Maha Veer Chakra, Ashok Chakra, Param Veer Chakra, Veer Chakra) and bravery medals are also distributed at this day to the soldiers of armed forces, common people and students from the school. Armed forces helicopters do parade in the surrounding area of the India Gate to shower the rose petals over audience. A dance parade by singing patriotic songs is also performed by the school children. Armed Forces staff performs the motorcycle rides whereas the staff from the Indian Air Force perform fly parade through the fighter planes (making tri color of the Indian Flag by the smoke) for offering the honour salute to the president.
A range of traditional and cultural programs are performed by the professionals from different states to focus the history and culture of the country. During this grand celebration, a prime minister’s rally and Lok Tarang-National Folk Dance Festival is also held from 24th of January to the 29th of January.
All the Government and non Government offices of the nation and state including post offices, banks are closed at this day. Special security is organized at this day because of the huge crowed and prevent the common people from any problem.
History of Celebrating Republic Day
India got freedom from the British Rule on 15th of August in the year 1947. At that time, there was no any permanent constitution of the country. First time, the first draft of the Indian Constitution was presented by the drafting committee to the national assembly on 4th of November in the year 1947. The first draft of the Indian Constitution was signed by the national assembly in both version, the English and the Hindi on 24th of January in the year 1950.
Then the Constitution of India came into effect on the Republic Day means 26th of January in 1950. From then, the 26th of January was started celebrating as the Republic Day in India. At this day, India was declared as the Purna Swaraj Country thus it was started celebrating every year as the anniversary of the Purna Swaraj Day.
The Constitution of India brought the power to the Indian citizens to select their own government. The oath was taken by the Dr. Rajendra Prasad as a first president of the India at Durbar Hall in the Government House. India has big history behind celebrating the Republic day.
Importance of Celebrating 26 January
Republic Day is the symbol of true spirit for the independent India where military parades, exhibiting military equipments, salute to the national flag by the Indian president and variety of events are take place at this day. Indian national flag has horizontally tricolour (upper saffron, middle white and bottom of dark green colour divided in the equal proportion) and a wheel (navy blue colour, having 24 spokes) in the centre representing the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.
India is a country having people of different cultures, societies, religions and languages who interplay with each other harmoniously. Independence to the India is the great pride as it was obtained over years after facing a variety of obstacles and hurdles.
The day is celebrated every year to feel the Indian people very proud for living in the multi cultural and independent country. Republic Day is celebrated in very colourful and exhilarating ways in order to make memorable and significant celebration of the year. National Anthem is sing by the people participated in the celebration. This celebration brings all the Indian people together at one place and thinks at one topic.
Indian republic day chief guest list
As every year, the India would follow the great Indian culture and tradition “Atithi Devo Bhav” of welcoming the prime Minister of another country as a chief guest. Next year, the Republic Day 2016, the India may heartily welcome the France President, Francois Hollande, as a chief guest at the Indian Republic Day. Below is the list of all the chief guests welcomed in India at each Republic Day from the year India was declared as the Republic country till 2016:
|2017||Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan||Abu Dhabi|
|2016||President, Francois Hollande||France|
|2015||President, Barack Obama||USA|
|2014||Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe||Japan|
|2013||King, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck||Bhutan|
|2012||Prime minister, Yingluck Shinawatra||Thailand|
|2011||President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono||Indonesia|
|2010||President, Lee Myung Bak||Republic of Korea|
|2009||President, Nursultan Nazarbayev||Kazakhstan|
|2008||President, Nicolas Sarkozy||France|
|2007||President, Vladimir Putin||Russia|
|2006||King, Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud||Saudi Arabia|
|2005||King, Jigme Singye Wangchuck||Bhutan|
|2004||President, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva||Brazil|
|2003||President, Mohammed Khatami||Iran|
|2002||President, Cassam Uteem||Mauritius|
|2001||President, Abdelaziz Bouteflika||Algeria|
|2000||President, Olusegun Obasanjo||Nigeria|
|1999||King, Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev||Nepal|
|1998||President, Jacques Chirac||France|
|1997||Prime Minister, Basdeo Panday||Trinidad and Tobago|
|1996||President, Dr. Fernando Henrique Cardoso||Brazil|
|1995||President, Nelson Mandela||South Africa|
|1994||Prime Minister, Goh Chok Tong||Singapore|
|1993||Prime Minister, John Major||United Kingdom|
|1992||President, Mário Soares||Portugal|
|1991||President, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom||Maldives|
|1990||Prime Minister, Anerood Jugnauth||Mauritius|
|1989||General Secretary, Nguyen Van Linh||Vietnam|
|1988||President, Junius Jayewardene||Sri Lanka|
|1987||President, Alan Garcia||Peru|
|1986||Prime Minister, Andreas Papandreou||Greece|
|1985||President, Raúl Alfonsín||Argentina|
|1984||King, Jigme Singye Wangchuck||Bhutan|
|1983||President, Shehu Shagari||Nigeria|
|1982||King, Juan Carlos I||Spain|
|1981||President, Jose Lopez Portillo||Mexico|
|1980||President, Valéry Giscard d’Estaing||France|
|1979||Prime Minister, Malcolm Fraser||Australia|
|1978||President, Patrick Hillery||Ireland|
|1977||First Secretary, Edward Gierek||Poland|
|1976||Prime Minister, Jacques Chirac||France|
|1975||President, Kenneth Kaunda||Zambia|
|1974||President, Josip Broz Tito||Yugoslavia|
|Prime Minister, Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike||Sri Lanka|
|1973||President, Mobutu Sese Seko||Zaire|
|1972||Prime Minister, Seewoosagur Ramgoolam||Mauritius|
|1971||President, Julius Nyerere||Tanzania|
|1969||Prime Minister, Todor Zhivkov||Bulgaria|
|1968||Prime Minister, Alexei Kosygin||Soviet Union|
|President, Josip Broz Tito||Yugoslavia|
|1965||Food and Agriculture Minister, Rana Abdul Hamid||Pakistan|
|1963||King, Norodom Sihanouk||Cambodia|
|1961||Queen, Elizabeth II||United Kingdom|
|1960||President, Kliment Voroshilov||Soviet Union|
|1958||Marshall Ye Jianying||People’s Republic of China|
|1955||Governor General, Malik Ghulam Muhammad||Pakistan|
|1954||King, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck||Bhutan|
This is the real picture of the Republic Day parade at the Rajpath by the President’s Body Guards, coming out from the President’s house, wore the winter ceremonial dress. The Bodyguard of the President of the India becomes a specially selected Indian Army from cavalry regiment, based in the Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi and a senior most unit of the Indian Army. The Bodyguards of the Indian President becomes fully responsible for guiding and protecting the President of India. They become fully equipped with equipments, BTR-60 vehicles to use in any combat and ride horses.
This is the photo of Republic Day parade by displaying an Agni-ll Ballistic missile at the Rajpath. Agni-II is a great Indian ballistic missile of an intermediate-range having target capacity of around 3,500 km to 5,000 km deep to the neighboring countries. It has been developed as a most sophisticated Indian ballistic missile of its range having the circular error probable within 40 meters of range. After it, the Agni-lll Ballistic missile of India has also been developed as its successor in the month of June in 2011.
This is an excellently decorated picture of the Lion Capital at the Rajpath on the occasion of celebrating the Republic Day of India. Just in front of the Lion Capital there is made the map of India decorated with the yellow flower. In the middle of map there is made an Indian Flag of tricolor. Below the map of India there is made three circles of the flower under a big circle. How amazing look has this decorated Lion Capital.
This is the snap of the Republic Day parade by the exclusive BSF Camel Contingent of India at the Rajpath. BSF of the India become the Border Security Force of the Government of India, under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs of India, which is responsible for the guarding the international Indian borders. BSF becomes one of the specially selected Central Armed Police Forces which was established on 1st of December in 1965 to guard the international borders of India in order to maintain the peace as well as to prevent the trans border crimes. Indian BSF has the strength of around 240,000 personnel (both, men and women) divided in 186 battalions. Indian BSF is the largest border guarding forces all over the world. The first Director General of the Indian BSF was the K. F. Rustomji who had founded the BSF in India and known as the “Founding Father of the Indian BSF”.
This is an amazing shot of the Republic Day parade by the Indian Army Madras Regiment at the Rajpath. The Madras Regiment of India is considered as the oldest regiment of the army formed in India during 1750s (Madras town was founded in the year 1639). It has become an old Indian regiment went through the various campaigns of the British Indian Army and continuously as an Indian Army. Earlier during 1660s, it was developed as Madras European Regiment by the East India Company however; later during 1750s, it was developed as a battalion by the Major Stringer Lawrence. After independence, the Madras Regiment was formed which has become involved in various campaigns like humanitarian aid operations and UN peacekeeping missions.
Highlights of Republic Day Celebration 2017 at India Gate, Rajpath
PM Narendra Modi has paid floral tribute and gave salute to the sacrificed Indian soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, Rajpath. He also signed the ceremonial book of the Republic Day celebration.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi with President of India (Shri Pranab Mukherjee) and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince (Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan) at Rajpath on Republic day of India.
UAE Contingent participation at the Republic Day Parade of India at Rajpath, India Gate.
Debut show by NSG (National Security Guard – a team of 140 commandos) at Rajpath on this Republic Day representing their brilliant skills.
Skill India tableau at Rajpath promoting the skill development and entrepreneurship all through the country.
Beti bachao beti padhao tableau at Rajpath promoting people towards save the girl child and educate the girl child.
Display of Howitzer Dhanush (Made in India, designed by Ordnance Factories Board) at Rajpath. Its maximum firing range is 38 Km. It is a 155 mm towed howitzer to be used by the Indian Army.
A tableau by the Model Government School Delhi displaying the transforming education system for the bright future of students.
A tableau by the Central Board of Excise and Customs displaying GST, the new tax system in India.
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