The word pollution refers to the introduction of contaminants (pollutants) into the environment, having an adverse effect on it. Pollution is caused mainly due to human induced factors like – industrialization, deforestation, inefficient waste disposal etc. Pollution can be further classified into various categories like – water pollution, air pollution, noise pollution, plastic pollution, land pollution, light pollution, radioactive pollution etc. Hence pollution is a phenomenon having adverse effect on our natural resources – water, air etc or on overall environment.

Long and Short Essay on Pollution in English

Pollution in India is a big environmental issue which everyone must be aware of. Our kids and school going children of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 usually get topics of pollution to write essay or recite speech on this. Parents should know about the types, causes and prevention measures of the pollution in order to help their kids. We have provided below some essay on pollution to help you and your kids. You can select any pollution essay according to the need and requirement:

Air Pollution | Water Pollution | Soil Pollution | Noise Pollution | Land Pollution | Thermal Pollution

Pollution Essay 1 (100 words)

The word “pollution” indicates the presence on an unwanted foreign material into something. Hence, with reference to the earth, pollution means the contamination of our natural resources by different pollutants, produced mainly due to human activities. Today, pollution is the most significant issue that concerns the health of our environment.

Industries emanating toxic gases and insoluble waste, damage our natural resources of air, soil and water. There could be various examples of human induced pollutants, like – plastics, littering, radioactive contamination, soil contamination etc. Pollution must be dealt with immediately and globally as well. Natural resources, which we are losing due to pollution today, have been produced in millions of years and might take another Million to repair.


Pollution Essay 2 (100 words)

Pollution refers to the presence of unwanted substances into our natural resources; polluting them and having an adverse effect on the overall environment. Environmental pollution leads to global warming and unexpected climatic changes besides depleting natural resources further damaging the environment and the life on earth.

The major factors causing environmental pollution are human generated – fossil fuels production and combustion pollutes the air, use of pesticides pollutes the soil, littering of plastic pollutes the oceans and water bodies, deforestation leads to air pollution etc. Natural resources on the planet are limited but the factors polluting them are many. There is a global need to take immediate adequate measures towards restoration and preservation of natural resources, before they get damaged up to the point of no return.


Pollution Essay 3 (150 words)


Pollution is the mixing of some harmful or poisonous materials into the natural resources available on the earth. It affects the ordinary living of the species on this planet by disturbing the natural life cycle.

Types of Pollution

Pollution can be of many types like noise pollution, air pollution, soil pollution, water pollution etc. Air pollution is increasing day by day because of the growing number of automobiles, release of poisonous gases, smoke from industrial companies, finely dissolved solids, liquid aerosols, etc in the atmosphere. The air we breathe every moment causes several lungs disorders.


In this way soil and water pollution are also caused by the mixing up of the sewage water (having germs, viruses, harmful chemicals, etc) in drinking water and also some dangerous agrochemicals such as pesticides, fungicides, herbicides, organic compounds like ether, benzene and some radioactive materials including radium and thorium, solid wastes (industrial ashes, rubbish, garbage), etc in soil.


We need to follow all the measures implemented by the government to check harmful effects of pollution. We should reduce the use of vehicles, save water, follow organic agriculture system etc to stop pollution.

Pollution Essay 4 (150 words)


Environmental pollution is the condition when the natural cycle of our environment gets disturbed and harms us. Some harmful environmental contaminants created by us in the form of smoke, solid or liquid wastes get intermingled into the environment and pollute it. Some bad chemical compositions which we use on daily basis get intermingled into the environment and disturb its natural functioning and natural processes which directly affect our health.

How to Prevent Environmental Pollution

It is only human who can check the environmental pollution by limiting their bad activities. We can stop environmental pollution by planting more trees and taking care of the existing ones. Reduce the usage of vehicles, reuse and recycle items, proper disposal of waste, saying no to polythene and maintaining a proper sanitation and cleanliness in our surroundings could also reduce pollution.


Our environment and we, both are incomplete without the help of each other. Unknowingly we all are creating problems and challenges to the environment and it is our responsibility that we should try our best to maintain the healthy environment in order to continue the natural processes easily.


Pollution Essay 5 (200 words)


Pollution has become a major environmental issue as it has created lots of health hazards to the people and animals of any age group. In the recent years the rate of pollution is increasing very sharply because of the industrialized waste material mixing out directly into the soil, air and water. In spite of this, people are still least concerned about pollution and its effects. The time has come when it needs to be tackled very seriously otherwise our future generations would suffer a lot.


Types of Pollution

Pollution is classified into many categories according to the natural resources getting affected such as air pollution, soil pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, etc. There are also various other types of pollution which are harmful to us as well as the natural biodiversity of our planet.

Causes of Pollution

Continuous cutting down of the forests, high vehicle usage, rapid urbanization and large production through industrialization has highly affected the natural environment. Harmful and poisonous wastes created from such activities causes irreversible changes to the soil, air and water which ultimately push lives towards pain. Rate of pollution is also increasing due to the selfishness of the human beings to earn more money and to fulfill some unnecessary wishes.


The issue of pollution needs a public level social awareness programmes to destroy by its root and get complete relief from this issue. It is also the responsibility of every individual to contribute from his level in reducing and preventing pollution, and then only we can give a pollution free environment to our next generations.

Pollution Essay 6 (200 words)


Environmental pollution is the biggest problem in the modern times and no species on earth is untouched by this issue. The contamination of the natural environment gives birth to lots of diseases in human beings and affects the normal survival of animals and other organisms.

Effects of Pollution

It affects us in all aspects such as socially, economically, physically and mentally. The increasing pollution not only affects the lives of human beings but it also has adverse effects on all the species present on earth. The increasing pollution has also given rise to many major environmental problems like global warming and climate change.

Causes of Pollution

Pollution is caused due to vehicle emissions, industrial wastes and smoke, improper waste disposal, too much use of plastics and polythene etc. Too much use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides also causes pollution and contaminates ground water.

Prevention of Pollution

If we want to fight the issue of pollution then we have to reduce the usage of vehicles, control industrial smoke, save water, reduce use of coal and petroleum products etc. The use of plastic and polythene should be completely banned, and too much use of fertilizers and pesticides should be controlled.


Environmental pollution is not the problem of a single country; it is the issue of the whole world, so it needs the effort by all of us together to prevent it. If it is not taken under control, it may affect whole planet to a great extent in the future and will also pose a question of human survival.


Pollution Essay 7 (250 words)


Pollution is the addition of any foreign or poisonous substances into the environment at very fast rate than the environment natural accommodation. The pollution of natural resources causes imbalance in the ecosystem. Pollution is one of the most important issues which is being faced by almost every country in the world.


The major causes of this issue are industrialization, deforestation, urbanization etc. The by-products of many activities which are the part of our daily routine also add up to this issue. Different types of pollutants which are disturbing our natural ecosystem are toxic gases (NO, SO2, CO2, CO, NO2), halogens (Iodine, Chlorine, Bromine), deposited matters (Dust, Smog, Grit), agrochemicals (Insecticides, Pesticides, Herbicides) etc.

Noise, photochemical oxidants (photochemical smog, Peroxyacetyl Nitrate, Ozone, Nitrogen Oxides), organic compounds from industries (Acetic Acid, Benzene, Ether), radioactive materials (Radium, Thorium), some solid wastes (ash, garbage) etc are also responsible for causing pollution.


Air, water and soil pollution are the most dangerous forms of pollution causing direct health disorders to the human beings. We have no safe drinking water, no pure air to inhale and no pollution free land to crop. The industrial development and green house effect have adversely affected our ecosystem leading to climate change. Human greed and misuse of freedom lead them towards serious degradation and mismanagement of natural resources.


This widely spreading pollution need to be taken under control for the healthy survival of life on the planet in future. If we want to give a better environment and a better world to our future generations then we have to seriously take strict actions to stop pollution and make earth a better place to live in.


Pollution Essay 8 (250 words)


Earth is considered as the only planet suitable for the life existence in the whole universe but the contamination of natural resources with harmful substance causes hazards to the survival of species and affects natural ecosystem balance. Increasing number of vehicles on the roads and rapid industrialization increases the risk of air pollution as they add heavy amount of poisonous gases in the environment.

How Pollution Affects Us and Our Environment

Pollution affects us and our environment in the following ways:

  • Acid Rain

The release of harmful chemicals, poisonous gases, and dust into the air falls back to earth through acid rains and harms the growth of crops and life. Acid rain causes various harmful effects to farmers as well as to various species and animals.

  • Agricultural Contamination

Water pollution is increasing because of the direct drainage of industrial liquid wastes into the ocean, lakes, rivers, ponds and other water bodies. This water is used by the farmers in growing crops might be toxic in nature and affects our health.

  • Global Warming and Climate Change

The increased amount of pollution has given rise to Global Warming which is the core of many problems. It has also resulted in climate change which is affecting the natural ecosystem of earth and has lead to extinction of various species.


Pollution has highly affected the natural ecosystem of earth and the biodiversity of a place. If the increasing rate of pollution is not stopped now then it might give rise to major problems in future and lead to severe health and environment degradation.


Pollution Essay 9 (300 words)


Pollution has become the most serious issue as everyone is facing lots of health hazards in their daily life. Various types of pollutants from the industrial garbage and other activities are contaminating our natural resources like air, water, soil etc. After being mixing into the soil, air and water, they are directly affecting human beings and animals and causing variety of fatal ailments to their health.

Pollution in Cities

The rate of pollution in the cities is higher than the villages because of the vehicle transportation. Fumes from factories and industries are affecting the quality of clean air in cities and making it not fit for breathing. Soiled water from the big sewage system, garbage from the households, by-products of factories and industries get mixed in rivers, lakes and oceans making the water toxic and acidic.

Pollution in Villages

Though the rate of pollution in villages is less as compared to the cities, but the rapid urbanization has resulted in polluting the clean environment of villages too. The increase of transportation and usage of pesticides and fertilizers have highly affected the quality of air and soil in villages. It has also resulted in the contamination of the ground water leading to various diseases.

Prevention of Pollution

Pollution in cities and villages can only be prevented by raising a social awareness among people. Initiatives like reducing vehicle usage, planting more trees, limiting the use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture, proper disposal of industrial waste etc can be done to stop pollution. Government should also ban the usage of plastics and polythene to save our planet from the dangers of pollution.


Man-made technological advancement is the major reason of all types of pollution. So it becomes important that before the issue of pollution crosses danger line we must take strict and quick steps to curb out pollution and save our Mother Nature and environment from degrading further. Our united approach could only help us to fight pollution and save our environment from its hazards.


Pollution Essay 10 (300 words)


Environmental pollution is a major issue for the whole human fraternity on this planet today. We are continuously adding impurities to the environment unknowingly through our careless activities. Environmental pollution affects the natural processes and living of human beings. When we play with the natural cycles of the environment which consists of air, earth, water, land, plants and animals, it will definitely create big challenge to us and makes healthy life almost impossible. It hampers the existence of both human and nature together as both are the dependent on each other.

Major Causes of Pollution

Following are the major causes of pollution:

  • Cutting of Trees

The biggest issue to the environmental pollution is the removal of forests for urban development. Decreasing number of the trees day by day increases the level of toxic gases in the environment as trees absorb most of the carbon dioxide present in the environment.

  • Industrialization and Transportation

The rapid industrialization and transportation also causes too much of toxic gases emitted in the environment causing air pollution. The improper waste disposal of these industries in lakes and rivers leads to water pollution affecting the water quality and killing aquatic animals.

  • Fertilizers and Pesticides

Farmers use too much of fertilizers and pesticides for high yield which leads to contamination of water bodies including ground water. When this water is used for consumption it leads to various fatal diseases.


For our good health we need fresh and pure air to breathe, uncontaminated food to eat and clean water to drink but increasing pollution has made everything quite difficult for us. Apart from affecting us, pollution has also lead to many ecological problems like global warming, climate change and extinction of many species.

We have to take the issue of pollution very seriously else it will destroy us very soon. Everyone should come forward and contribute their bit in reducing pollution and make our environment clean and pure.


Pollution Essay 11 (400 words)


In the modern world of technological advancement, pollution has become a serious environmental issue affecting the lives on earth. Pollution is undoubtedly affecting the whole environment and ecosystem and thus the normal quality of life. Our naturally beautiful environment on the earth is deteriorating day by day just by the foolish acts of human beings and the irony is that they themselves are getting affected by their deeds.

Types of Pollution

Some of the most important types of the pollution are air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution and noise pollution. Major types of pollution are given as below:

  • Air Pollution

The main cause of air pollution is the heavy emissions of harmful and poisonous gases coming from the increasing number of vehicles, factories and open burning. Most of the air pollution is carried out by the transportation system on daily basis. Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide are the toxic gases polluting the air and reducing the oxygen level in the environment.

Some other habits like open burning of household garbage and leftovers of crops etc are also worsening the air quality. Air pollution causes respiratory disorders including lung cancer among human beings.

  • Water Pollution

Water pollution is also a big issue directly affecting the marine life as they only depend on the nutrients found in the water for their survival. Gradual disappearance of the marine life would really affect the livelihood of human beings and animals. Harmful wastes from factories, industries, sewage systems, farms etc are directly dumped into the main sources of water like rivers, lakes and oceans making the water contaminated. Drinking contaminated water can cause various water borne diseases.

  • Soil Pollution

Soil pollution is caused by the excessive use of fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides and other chemical compounds. This contaminates the crop produced on the soil and this when consumed can cause severe health hazards.

  • Noise Pollution

The source of noise pollution is the noise created from the heavy machinery, vehicles, radio, TV, speakers etc which causes hearing problems and sometimes deafness. Noise pollution highly affects the elderly people and might also lead to heart attacks and depression.


Each and every type of pollution is dangerous and might result in a very serious consequence.  We should take care of our environment to maintain the natural ecosystem. It requires a joint effort from everyone to get control over the issue of pollution so that we can get a healthy and unpolluted environment. Preventing pollution is also very important to save other innocent species on earth and make the environment suitable for them.


Pollution Essay 12 (400 words)


Environment pollution is the mixing of harmful pollutants into the environment causing disturbance to the natural processes and cycles. Various types of environmental pollution are categorized as water pollution, air pollution, land pollution and noise pollution. Since last decade, there is a great increase in the level of pollution and scenario has become worse than earlier. It is the time to fight pollution and save our ecosystem from its effects.

Effects of Pollution

All the natural gases in the environment make their balance by reacting each other. Some of them are used as a food by the plants and trees like carbon dioxide. But, just imagine what will happen when there will be no plants and vegetation. Decreasing number of plants and trees causes less use of carbon dioxide which gets concentrated into the environment and in turn increases environmental temperature level leading to global warming which is the epicenter of problems.

How to Stop Pollution

Pollution has become a major challenge in the current time and needs to be checked now before it takes the face of a monster. We can definitely prevent pollution by the below given measures:

  • Planting More Trees

Reforestation or planting more trees is one of the best methods to fight pollution. The more we plant trees the more carbon dioxide and other harmful gases get absorbed from the environment making the air clean.

  • Reduce the Use of Vehicles

The less we use of vehicles the lesser the harmful smokes goes into the environment making the pollution level come down. Use of bicycles for short distance is a better option.

  • Proper Waste Disposal System

Proper waste disposal system will help to prevent the toxic elements of industries from going in to the environment and will help in making air and water clean. It will also save the aquatic animals in the river and oceans and help them flourish without any hazards.

  • Limited use of Fertilizers and Pesticides

Farmers should restrict the use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture and opt for bio- fertilizers and natural manure to improve the yield of crops. It will help in saving fertility of soil and also save ground water from getting contaminated.

  • Recycle and Reuse

Recycling is the best way to fight pollution. It helps to reduce littering of waste thus keeping our environment clean and safe from harmful products.


We still have time to save our ecosystem and what we need is the unison effort from each and every individual. Environmental pollution needs a global level awareness and every one of us should understand our mistakes and should stop the things we generally do intentionally or unintentionally which leads to pollution. We should understand our responsibility and should work to make our planet a better place for us as well as other species.


Long Essay on Pollution – Essay 13 (1600 Words)


Pollution has become a global concern in today’s time. It has changed the face of our beautiful Earth. It is slowly destroying our environment and making it difficult to survive here. Several species of flora and fauna have become extinct because of the harmful impact of pollution and many others are on the verge of extinction.

Pollution has been divided into various categories based on its nature. Different types of pollutions are causing harm to our planet in different ways. Here is a look at the types of pollution, their causes, effects and the measures that can be taken to reduce them.

Types of Pollution

Here is a look at the different types of pollution, their causes and impact on the environment and life on Earth.

  1. Air Pollution

Air pollution is said to be the most hazardous pollution. The primary cause of this pollution is the industrial and vehicular smoke. The harmful gases emitted by these sources pollute the air and make it difficult to breath. The increase in the number of factories and vehicles has led to the rise in air pollution. This has given rise to numerous health problems. Bronchitis and lung diseases are two common health problems caused due to air pollution.

Air pollution is not only impacting human health but is also deteriorating the environment by contributing to global warming.

  1. Water Pollution

The industrial and household waste often finds its way into the rivers and other water bodies thereby polluting them. Our once pure and pious water bodies have now become a breeding ground for several diseases as these have been filled with large number of waste plastic products, chemical wastes and other non-biodegradable wastes. These pollutants mixed in water are impacting our health. Water pollution has especially become a threat to the marine creatures. Several of them die each day as a result of this pollution.

  1. Land Pollution

The industrial and household waste that doesn’t get dumped in the water keeps lying on the land. While attempts are made to destroy or recycle it, a large amount of it does not get disposed off. This causes land pollution which becomes a breeding ground for mosquitoes, flies and other insects that cause various deadly diseases.

It also refers to the contamination of soil due to waste products that eventually turn toxic. Soil pollution is also caused due to regular usage of insecticides, pesticides and other strong chemicals. This type of pollution is often referred to as soil pollution.

  1. Noise Pollution

Noise pollution is caused due to high intensity sound made by machines installed in factories. It is also caused due to the vehicles on the road, the bursting of fire crackers and music played on loud speakers. Noise pollution can cause stress and impact the brain adversely. It can also cause hearing impairment.

  1. Light Pollution

Light Pollution is an excess, unwanted or inappropriate light over a   particular area. Light pollution may be in the form of Urban Glow- Excessive unwanted glare over an urban area, Trespass- light falling without want, intent or need, Glare- Excessive light or bright light and Clutter- An unwanted group of lights like in an over lit urban areas.

  1. Radioactive Pollution

Radioactive Pollution refers to the presence of unwanted radioactive substances in the atmosphere. Radioactive Pollution could be a result of radioactive weapon explosion or testing, mining and handling radioactive substances or accidents in radioactive power plants. Radioactive substances present in atmosphere pollute even natural water resources, making them harmful to consumption or even domestic use.

  1. Thermal Pollution

Thermal Pollution refers to a sudden change in the temperature of water bodies; a change that is big enough to disturb its ecological balance. Use of water as coolants in various industries is the main reason of Thermal Pollution. When water used as coolant is suddenly released back into the water bodies, it decreases its overall oxygen content, as gases are less soluble in hotter liquids; as a result aquatic life suffers due to sudden change in temperature and oxygen scarcity.

  1. Visual Pollution

Anything human made, which obstructs your view constitutes visual pollution. It includes bill boards, sign boards, antennas, trash cans, electric poles, towers, wires, vehicles, buildings etc. Constant exposure to visual pollution may result in eye fatigue, stress and depression. Unplanned and non regulated construction of habitation is the major cause of Visual Pollution.

Most Polluted Cities around the World

While some cities around the globe have managed to keep the pollution levels low others are known for their alarming level of pollution. Most polluted places around the world include Kanpur, Delhi, Varanasi, Patna, Peshawar, Karachi, Shijiazhuang, Heze, Chernobyl, Bamenda, Beijing and Moscow.

These cities are known for poor air quality and enormous land and water pollution. Life in these cities has become miserable and this is largely due to the negligence of people and government of these places. It is time they should take cue from the cities that have low levels of pollution and incorporate similar strategies to bring down their pollution level.

Ways to Reduce Pollution

Now that we know the causes and effects of different types of pollution, let us understand how we can contribute towards reducing it. Here are some of the ways by which we can bring down the pollution level:

  1. Car Pool

Vehicular smoke is a major cause of air pollution. With the increasing number of vehicles on the road, the pollution levels are rising at a rapid speed. Car pooling can help in reducing air pollution. Car pooling means sharing the space in your car or your colleague’s while travelling to work. It can also be brought down if we use public transport more often instead of travelling via our own cars each time.

  1. Say No to Firecrackers

Firecrackers burnt during festivals such as Diwali, Dussehra and New Year create a lot of air and noise pollution that leads to various health problems. These are especially disturbing for small babies, elderly people and animals. We must act as responsible human beings and stop bursting crackers to avoid unnecessary pollution.

  1. Recycle/ Reuse

Waste plastic and other non biodegradable stuff adds to pollution on land and water. It must be brought down by avoiding their use. In case we use them, we must not dispose them off and purchase new ones immediately, we should reuse them a couple of times before disposing them off. We must also make an effort to send such used things for recycling.

  1. Keep the Surroundings Clean

We must keep our surroundings clean by throwing the waste products in the dustbin rather than throwing them away on the land or into the water bodies. We can create a big impact if each one of us remains particular about keeping the environment clean.

  1. Restrict Use of Insecticides and Fertilizers

It is essential to restrict the use of insecticides, pesticides, fertilizers and other strong chemicals as they tend to cause soil pollution. It is suggested to use natural methods to fertilise the soil and keep insects at bay.

  1. Plant More Trees

Plants and trees absorb harmful gases such as carbon di-oxide and carbon monoxide and exhale the life giving oxygen. Thus, they help in reducing the effect of air pollution. We must plant more and more trees to ensure cleaner air.

  1. Start Compost

A compost pile is a good way to decompose waste food, leaves and plants and turn them into fertilizer. It helps in clearing the waste material and turns it into something useful. It is easy to start and manage.

  1. Don’t Misuse or Overuse Light

Avoiding the misuse or overuse of lights in our houses as well as cities will effectively reduce the light pollution. A particular area should have only that much light sources installed those are needed; avoiding the installation of excess light sources. Also the use of very bright and unwanted lights should be avoided at public places.

  1. Strict Policies on Radioactive Substances Use

The use of radioactive substances should be avoided in the first place and if it is to be used; extreme caution must be exercised. Respective governments should avoid the use of radioactive materials for destructive purposes like nuclear weapons, weapons of mass destruction etc.

  1. Strict Industrial Regulations

Industries using the natural resources should be made accountable for the damages they do to the environment. Any industry using water as a coolant must be made to cool off the water to natural temperature, before releasing it back into the water body. This will considerably reduce the Thermal Pollution and help retain our natural resources.

  1. Plan the Construction

Today construction is carried out faster than ever before; moreover, it is unplanned and sporadic. Such unregulated and unplanned construction results in Visual Pollution. If you are residing in a city, then you know that it’s difficult to see beyond a couple metres up or straight, even if you are standing on a roof. Cities must be planned in such a way that emphasis is also put on reducing the visual pollution.


Pollution is ruining our environment day by day. We must take it as our responsibility to reduce pollution by following the aforementioned methods in order to make our world a better place to live. If we continue to ignore this problem and keep adding to the pollution rather than looking for ways to reduce it, we shall soon have to face fatal consequences.



More Essays on Pollution:

Pollution Essay : Air Pollution | Water Pollution | Soil Pollution | Noise Pollution | Land Pollution | Thermal Pollution

Pollution Slogans : Air Pollution Slogans | Water Pollution Slogans | Soil Pollution Slogans | Noise Pollution Slogans

More on Plastic Pollution: Essay on Plastic Bag | Essay on Plastic Pollution | Why Plastic Bags Should be Banned Essay | Plastic Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solutions | Why Plastic Bags are Harmful for Health


Related Information:

Speech on Pollution

Paragraph on Pollution

Article on Pollution

Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Essay on Environment

Slogans on Environment

Essay on Pollution due to Urbanization

Essay on Pollution and its Effects

Essay on Pollution due to Festivals

Essay on Pollution Due to Firecrackers

Essay on Environmental Pollution

Essay on Vehicle Pollution