The environment is getting polluted on daily basis due to human activities. Environmental issues such as global warming, acid rain, waste disposal, ozone layer depletion, climate change and many others has affected the life of not only humans but also the animals as well as plants and trees. It is now on an alarming condition. If we remain negligent about the environmental issues they will become disastrous for both the life and property. If we would not change ourselves, days are not far when we will see the natural disasters striking us more often in the form of flash floods, tsunamis and cyclones.

Several NGOs around the world play their important role in teaching people as to how their small actions when combined together can play a vital role in protecting this planet. If we look at the environment around us, we can see that there are a number of issues that come to our attention.

Long and Short Essay on Environmental Issues in English

Here some long and short essay on environmental issues in English are given into different words limits according to the need and requirement of students. The Environment Essays will provide you the information about the environmental issues those have become a cause of worry for the entire world.

In the essay on environmental issues you will find out that what are the real problems, how they will be controlled, and their effects on the living organisms. What measures the governments should take to lessen the harmful effects and what should an individual should do for the betterment of the future.

You can use these essays on environmental issues in your school assignments or during discussions on the subject with your classmates and teachers. You will also become aware about the things that are not good for the environment. We also get aware about consequences of global warming, acid rain, natural disasters etc. on an individual and the mass people.

Essay on Environmental Issues – 1 (200 Words)

At first when we think about pollution, the air and water pollution is on the top. As we know air and water is essential for the survival of life. But due to human activities both are getting polluted. That turns the life of the living being miserable. People using contaminated water suffer from many chronic and fatal diseases. Air pollution gives them respiratory ailments.

Apart from this the temperature of the earth is getting increased. Many harmful rays from the sunlight reach directly on the earth surface as there are holes in the ozone layer, causing many kinds of eye-problems and skin problems. The waste that goes in the rivers not only contaminates the water but also fills the river bottoms hence making them shallow.

Hence we should keep concern on this special issue which will prove to be more dangerous in the future. Systematic planning and proper initiatives will be more effective with the participation of every individual. If we don’t keep close concern to this there will be an escalation of natural disasters that can extinct the whole living organisms. Because of global warming, glaciers are melting causing the volume of water to increase in the seas and oceans. That gives a warning to the coastal areas.

Hence we should think positively on the environmental issues and make proper arrangements and training programmes for the individuals to lessen the activities that make the environment polluted. Government and media should openly talk with the people and create awareness among the people.


Essay on Environmental Issues – 2 (300 Words)

Rapidly increasing population and economic growth and uncontrolled growth in urbanization and industrialization, large scale expansion and intensification of agriculture by the use of chemicals, and destruction of forests, etc. are the main environmental issues in India. Resource depletion, environmental degradation, loss of bio-diversity etc. are the major environmental issues.


India’s environmental problems include various natural hazards, especially cyclone and annual monsoon floods, population growth, increasing personal consumption, industrialization, infrastructural development, poor agricultural practices and uneven distribution of resources.

The main problems related to environmental pollution and important resources vary from local, regional to global level. Air pollution is mainly caused by burning of fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum in industries and motor vehicles. These gases omitted by the vehicles and industries are harmful to humans, animals and plants, so we have to keep the air around us clean. We have to establish parks near our locality and plant and care trees as they are our respiratory partners.

Two main global environmental problems are the increasing greenhouse effect, which is increasing the average temperature of the Earth and also causing the depletion of ozone in the stratosphere. The increase of the greenhouse effect is mainly due to increased emissions of carbon dioxide and CFCs and also due to deforestation. Due to this, there can be a drastic change in the nature of rain pattern and global temperature. Also, it can also cause a lot of damage to living organisms.

These issues are a matter of deep concern for us and to realize our duties to save the environment for all living creatures that are a part of this ecosystem. Love and respect for nature would bring some change.


Essay on Environmental Issues – 3 (400 Words)


The environment is polluted mainly because of urbanization and industrial growth. Increased vehicular traffic in major cities is the main cause of pollution. Other reasons for this are two stoke engines, old vehicles, traffic congestion, bad roads, outdated automated technologies and traffic management system.

Causes of Environment Pollution

The problem of industrial pollution is often serious in places where petroleum refinery, chemical, iron and steel, non-metal products, pulp and paper factories and textile industries are located. Even small casting units, chemical construction and brick making kilns also pollute the air.


Slum-dwellers, dirty settlements and less ventilated and dim lighted houses and those who use domestic stoves, wood, coal for cooking also cause pollution. Smoked air in homes has a harmful effect on the health of women and children. Vehicles, diesel generators, construction activities and loud speakers are other reasons for polluting the atmosphere in cities. Apart from this, thermal power plants are also other sources of pollution.

Environmental degradation has become harmful for all the living beings. Polluted environment leads to various kinds of diseases. There is a danger of extinction of many species of flora and fauna that are valuable for the ecosystem. As we know that nature keeps balance and eating habits of all organisms are bonded in a food chain. Due to environmental issues the balance of the nature is disturbed and we will have to become a prey of its fury someday.

Suggestions to Control the Fury

The activities related to environment should be taken from the books to the ground level. With this, the surrounding communities will be able to take necessary steps in this direction by becoming aware of the environment. The mass people should be taught to use solar-powered table lamps, torches, mobile chargers, solar cookers, solar cars, bio gas plants and nurseries etc. and using cardboard boxes and cloth bags.

Government can also make the community aware by understanding the existing possibilities, by making guidelines for the manufacturers to manufacture the products that are least harmful to the environment. Media can play an important role to raise posters and slogans and communicate with the people through advertisements.


Environmental problems such as pollution, climate change, global warming etc. is motivating humans to rethink about their lifestyle and now the need for environmental protection and environmental management is important. Today, what we need most is to make the general public and educated readers aware of the issue of environmental crisis.


Essay on Environmental Issues – 4 (500 Words)


The environment is the total unit of all the physical, chemical and biological factors that surround an organism or ecological population and determine their form and life. The biological components of the environment include everything from microorganisms to insects, animals and plants and all the biological activities and processes associated with them. While the inorganic components of the environment contain non-living elements such as: mountains, rocks, river, wind and climate elements etc.

In general terms, it is a unit consisting of all biotic and abiotic elements, facts, processes and events that affect our lives. It pervades us and every event in our lives depends on it. All actions by humans directly and indirectly affect the environment. Thus, there is also an interdependent relation between an organism and the environment.

Causes of Environmental Degradation

After industrial revolution machines are invented those omit harmful gases in the environment. The fuel used in them release harmful gases like carbon mono-oxide, sulphur di-oxide, and methane. These gases when dissolved in the rain drops form acids that can corrode the monuments and old buildings. The effect of acid rain can also be observed on crops and vegetation. The gases mixed in the air are harmful for the respiratory system and people would suffer from chronic diseases like asthma, bronchitis, TB etc.

The other essential natural resource for life, water is also getting polluted by the cities and factories waste. This is not only affecting the human life but also has proved harmful for the aquatic life.

In the race of urbanization many trees have been cut down to settle a human colony or a manufacturing unit. It seems correct that to meet out the need of the people the areas are snatched from the forests. But think, will it not harm the environment, will it not disturb the wild life system, or the whole ecosystem.

Environmental pollution is one of the major causes of the global warming. The percentage of carbon di-oxide in the air is getting increased due to various factors that are resulting in the increase in the temperature of the earth all around. It is known as global warming.

Due to global warming the glaciers on the high altitudes are melting that increase the volume of water in oceans and seas. That is a threatening of flood or shrinking of land into sea or ocean for the people living in coastal areas.


The above discussed all environmental issues are very important for us to realize our duties towards the nature. Not any institution or combined associations can solve the problem. The efforts are being carried out since a long period of time. But we have to think on a broad level we must find a solution to control in a natural way. Otherwise human have started purchasing drinking water, a day will come when humans will run for purchasing oxygen.


Essay on Environmental Issues – 5 (600 Words)


With the passage of time and the use of natural resource as a broad level, we depleted our planet at a dangerous level. Its environment suffers from various ailments. We have observed many changes during the course of time. In summers the heating pattern of the sun is breathtaking, while the uneven rain pattern affected the agricultural practices. Many kinds of famine and natural disasters are being observed now a day. The earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are frequently being observed in the world. Many people lost their lives to such kind of incidents.

Important Issues Related to Environment

Let us talk on some important issues related to environment.

  • Biodiversity: The earth’s environment is made up of all living thing of our planet and the ecosystem. This biodiversity is the vital and complex feature of our planet. From the tiny micro-organism to a tall giraffe or huge elephant play an important role in up keeping the environment. Due to Environmental issues the biodiversity is in danger. Several species of animals are going to or have already reached the level of extinction. Depletion of forest area is the main reason as the lost their habitat. It also affects their reproduction.
  • Water and Water Pollution: It is said that 70% of the earth surface is covered by water. But this is a matter of concern that how much of it is fit for human use. It is also said that only 3% of the total water on the earth is pure in the form of glaciers and underground water. With oil spills, an abundance of plastic waste and toxic chemicals entering our waterways, we’re damaging the most valuable resource of our planet.
  • Deforestation: Plants and trees are the most vital part of the human life. Trees supply oxygen, food, and medicines to everyone. People are depleting forests for their increasing demand. Natural wildfire is a common event in summers. People also cut the trees in unjust way to earn more and more profit. To habitat the population more land is needed hence trees are cut down on a large scale.
  • Pollution: Pollution is the major cause of the environmental degradation. All kinds of pollutions such as air, water, soil, noise, radioactive, light and thermal pollution are deeply affecting our environment. All kind of pollutions are inter-linked and influence one-another.
  • Climate Change: Green house gases are the main reason of climate change. Greenhouse gases in the environment increase due to human activities like transportation and industrialization, thereby increasing green house effect which ultimately causes earth’s average surface temperature to rise.

Effect of the Environmental Issues

As pointed out by a recent UN report, without unprecedented changes in our actions and behaviour, our planet will suffer drastically from global warming in just 12 years. Greenhouses gases are the main cause of climate change, trapping in the sun’s heat and warming the surface of the earth.

The rise in sea level due to melting of glaciers is covering the land area. Flood, Drought, and many other natural disasters affect the life and ecosystem. The rising temperature of the ocean water due to global warming harms the aquatic life too.


Less use of motor vehicles and use of solar power will reduce our carbon footprint, as will switching off electrical items when they’re not in use. More importantly, we need to educate the world on the effects and severity of global warming, before it’s too late.

There are a wide range of initiatives in place to combat the biggest environmental concerns – from recycling schemes to major legislation reforms including the awareness among the people.



There are many environmental issues in this modern technological world affecting our health and lifestyle to a great extent. All the environmental issues are need to be solved on urgent basis by the effort of all human beings on this planet. It is very necessary to enhance the awareness among common public especially youths (as they can better understand and handle the situation).

Essay writing competitions are very common which are organized in the school campus or outside the campus by the school authority or government in order to improve awareness as well as knowledge of the students on particular topic. We have provided many essay on environmental issues to help students. Some of the topics are like environment, global warming, pollution, deforestation, water pollution, etc.




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